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About Sulfates

Sulfates, is a chemical compound containing the sulfate anion, (SO42-). Sulfates are salts or esters of sulfuric acid, H2SO4, formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogen atoms with a metal cation or organic group. Most metal sulfates are readily soluble in water, but calcium sulfate is only slightly soluble, while barium, lead, and strontium sulfates are insoluble. Sulfates are widely distributed in nature. Barium sulfate occurs as barite; calcium sulfate is found as gypsum, alabaster, and selenite; Epsom salts are magnesium sulfate; sodium sulfate occurs as its decahydrate, Glauber's salt; and strontium sulfate occurs as celestite. Some sulfates were formerly known as vitriols; blue vitriol is cupric sulfate, green vitriol is ferrous sulfate, and white vitriol is zinc sulfate. Sulfates play a significant role both in the chemical industry and in biological systems. Sulfuric acid is used in lead storage batteries and in the manufacture of nitric acid; copper sulfate is a common algicide.

Sulfate Products

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of sulfate compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its sulfates products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

  • Efficacy of spinal additives neostigmine and magnesium sulfate on characteristics of subarachnoid block, hemodynamic stability and postoperative pain relief: A randomized clinical trial. Joshi-Khadke S, Khadke VV, Patel SJ, Borse YM, Kelkar KV, Dighe JP, Subhedar RD. Anesth Essays Res. 2015 Jan-Apr: Anesth Essays Res
  • Evidence for an Unrecognized Secondary Anthropogenic Source of Organosulfates and Sulfonates: Gas-Phase Oxidation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Sulfate Aerosol. Riva M, Tomaz S, Cui T, Lin YH, Perraudin E, Gold A, Stone EA, Villenave E, Surratt JD. Environ Sci Technol. 2015 Apr 16. : Environ Sci Technol
  • Dialysate with high dissolved hydrogen facilitates dissociation of indoxyl sulfate from albumin. Tange Y, Takesawa S, Yoshitake S. Nephrourol Mon. 2015 Feb 25: Nephrourol Mon
  • GAG-ID: Heparan Sulfate and Heparin Glycosaminoglycan High-Throughput Identification Software. Chiu Y, Huang R, Orlando R, Sharp JS. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2015 Apr 17.: Mol Cell Proteomics
  • Heparin/Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans Glycomic Interactome in Angiogenesis: Biological Implications and Therapeutical Use. Chiodelli P, Bugatti A, Urbinati C, Rusnati M. Molecules. 2015 Apr 10: Molecules
  • The many roles of mellitic acid during barium sulfate crystallization. Boon MP, Freeman S, Ogden MI, Oliveira A, Richmond WR, Skelton BW, Jones F. Faraday Discuss. 2015 Apr 16. : Faraday Discuss
  • A new vanadium sulfate with ferrimagnetic and NLO properties constructed from novel discrete umbrella-like [VV3-O)4VIV4O5(SO4)4(en)]5- anions. Zhou S, Wan H, Hu G, Zhang Y, Liu Y, Miao H, Zhu D, Xu Y. Dalton Trans. 2015 Apr 14. : Dalton Trans
  • The interaction of human papillomavirus type 16 particles with heparan sulfate and syndecan-1 molecules in the keratinocyte extracellular matrix plays an active role in infection. Surviladze Z, Sterk RT, Ozbun MA. J Gen Virol. 2015 Apr 14.: J Gen Virol
  • Dominance of sulfur-fueled iron oxide reduction in low-sulfate freshwater sediments. Hansel CM, Lentini CJ, Tang Y, Johnston DT, Wankel SD, Jardine PM. ISME J. 2015 Apr 14.: ISME J
  • Strawberry Phytochemicals Inhibit Azoxymethane/Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Colorectal Carcinogenesis in Crj: CD-1 Mice. Shi N, Clinton SK, Liu Z, Wang Y, Riedl KM, Schwartz SJ, Zhang X, Pan Z, Chen T. Nutrients. 2015 Mar 10