Gold Sulfate


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Gold Sulfate AU-SAT-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Gold Sulfate AU-SAT-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Gold Sulfate AU-SAT-04 Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Gold Sulfate AU-SAT-05 Contact American Elements

Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
AuSO4 293.03 Powder N/A N/A N/A N/A Safety Data Sheet

Sulfate IonGold Sulfate is a moderately water and acid soluble Gold source for uses compatible with sulfates.Sulfate compounds are salts or esters of sulfuric acid formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogens with a metal. Most metal sulfate compounds are readily soluble in water for uses such as water treatment, unlike fluorides and oxides which tend to be insoluble. Organometallic forms are soluble in organic solutions and sometimes in both aqueous and organic solutions. Metallic ions can also be dispersed utilizing suspended or coated nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and deposited utilizing sputtering targets and evaporation materials for uses such as solar energy materials and fuel cells. Gold Sulfate is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Gold (Au) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Gold (atomic symbol: Au, atomic number: 79) is a Block D, Group 11, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 196.966569. The number of electrons in each of Gold's shells is 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f142 5d10 6s1. Gold Bohr ModelThe gold atom has a radius of 144 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 217 pm. Gold was first discovered by Early Man prior to 6000 B.C. In its elemental form, gold has a metallic yellow appearance. Elemental Gold Gold is a soft metal and is usually alloyed to give it more strength. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity, and is unaffected by air and most reagents. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements. Gold is often found as a free element and with silver as a gold silver alloy. Less commonly, it is found in minerals as gold compounds, usually with tellurium. For more information on gold, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of gold products, visit the Gold Information Center.

Sulfur Bohr ModelSulfur (S) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSulfur or Sulphur (atomic symbol: S, atomic number: 16) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 3 element with an atomic radius of 32.066. The number of electrons in each of Sulfur's shells is 2, 8, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ne]3s2 3p4. In its elemental form, sulfur has a light yellow appearance. The sulfur atom has a covalent radius of 105 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 180 pm. In nature, sulfur can be found in hot springs, meteorites, volcanoes, and as galena, gypsum, and epsom salts. Sulfur has been known since ancient times but was not accepted as an element until 1777 when Antoine Lavoisier helped to convince the scientific community that it was an element and not a compound. For more information on sulfur, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of sulfur products, visit the Sulfur Information Center.

Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Precautions N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)

Gold Powder Gold Nanoparticles Gold Metal Gold Sheet Gold Nitrate
Gold Acetate Tin Gold Alloy Gold Foil Gold Chloride Copper Gold Nickel Alloy
Gold Sputtering Target Gold Oxide Pellets
Gold Pellets
Gold Fluoride Gold Bar
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Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages

Recent Research & Development for Gold

  • Xi Ke, Yantong Xu, Changchun Yu, Jie Zhao, Guofeng Cui, Drew Higgins, Qing Li, Gang Wu, Nanoporous gold on three-dimensional nickel foam: An efficient hybrid electrode for hydrogen peroxide electroreduction in acid media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Tamara V. Basova, Roman G. Parkhomenko, Igor K. Igumenov, Aseel Hassan, Mahmut Durmus, Ayse Gül Gürek, Vefa Ahsen, Composites of liquid crystalline nickel phthalocyanine with gold nanoparticles: Liquid crystalline behaviour and optical properties, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Xianyi Cao, Fei Shen, Minwei Zhang, Jiajia Guo, Yeli Luo, Jingyue Xu, Ying Li, Chunyan Sun, Highly sensitive detection of melamine based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer between rhodamine B and gold nanoparticles, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Sandeep Nigam, Chiranjib Majumder, Comparison between cluster and slab model for Pt-group atom adsorption on gold and silver substrate, Surface Science, Volume 630, December 2014
  • Shuiping Liu, Lianjiang Tan, Xiaoqiang Li, Jiajia Fu, Ioannis S. Chronakis, Mingqiao Ge, Gold nanoparticles–gelatin hybrid fibers with bright photoluminescence, Materials Letters, Volume 135, 15 November 2014
  • Guowen An, Shuguang Li, Wan Zhang, Zhenkai Fan, Yajie Bao, A polarization filter of gold-filled photonic crystal fiber with regular triangular and rectangular lattices, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • Yangyang Duan, Jing Wang, Fan Gao, Jing Wang, Yiye Li, Xin Wang, Guangjun Nie, Mesoporous silica-coating of gold nanorods by a templated method, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • Stephanie Vial, Dmytro Nykypanchuk, Francis Leonard Deepak, Marta Prado, Oleg Gang, Plasmonic response of DNA-assembled gold nanorods: Effect of DNA linker length, temperature and linker/nanoparticles ratio, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 433, 1 November 2014
  • Shweta Verma, B. Tirumala Rao, A.K. Srivastava, H.S. Patel, S. Satapathy, M.P. Joshi, V.K. Sahu, L.M. Kukreja, Studies on interdependent optical properties of Rhodamine 6G dye and gold nanoparticles at different dilutions of aqueous solutions, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • Qingsong Jiang, Jian Gao, Hong Tao, Guojia Fang, Helin Wei, Lin Yi, Enhanced performance of dye-sensitized solar cells using silica/gold core–shell spheres modified photoanodes, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Mahdi Malekshahi Byranvand, Ali Nemati Kharat, One pot green synthesis of gold nanowires using pomegranate juice, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Jing Liu, Changyuan Hu, Jingkun Xu, Fengxing Jiang, Fei Chen, Enhanced photocatalytic performance of partially reduced graphene oxide under simulated solar light through loading gold nanoparticles, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Jing Li, Minmin Chang, Xinmu Zhou, Dongping Li, Yongxiu Li, Facile synthesis of gold nanopuncheons with high-index facets and their SERS effects on Rhodamine 6G, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014
  • Mostafa Roosta, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Maryam Mohammadi, Removal of Alizarin Red S by gold nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon combined with ultrasound device: Optimization by experimental design methodology, Powder Technology, Volume 267, November 2014
  • Eran Shaffir, Yaron Kauffmann, Ilan Riess, Void formation in gold films on yttrium-doped zirconia in the initial stage of de-wetting, Acta Materialia, Volume 79, 15 October 2014
  • Weidong Ruan, Tieli Zhou, Ge Hui, Yue Wang, Xiaoli Chong, Xu Wang, Wei Song, Xiaoxia Han, Bing Zhao, Particle lithography-based patterning of polyelectrolyte template films and their application in fabrication of gold/silver nanoparticle assembly, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 432, 15 October 2014
  • J. Burunkova, I. Csarnovics, I. Denisyuk, L. Daróczi, S. Kökényesi, Enhancement of laser recording in gold/amorphous chalcogenide and gold/acrylate nanocomposite layers, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • S. Mammeri, S. Ouichaoui, H. Ammi, A. Dib, Sputtering and surface structure modification of gold thin films deposited onto silicon substrates under the impact of 20–160 keV Ar+ ions, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 337, 15 October 2014
  • Hoon Choi, Taegyeong Kang, Kiju Um, Jinku Kim, Kangtaek Lee, Reduction of silver ions in gold nanoparticle suspension for detection of dihydroxybenzene isomers, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 459, 5 October 2014
  • Xiaoqin Li, Jinru Li, Long Jiang, A silica-gold core-shell structure to mimic the large size of gold particles for promoting cell growth: A comparative study of the silica core size and the nanogold amount in the shell, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 459, 5 October 2014

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

  • New Bioactive Sulfated Alkenes from the Sea Cucumber Apostichopus japonicus. La MP, Li C, Li L, Sun P, Tang H, Liu BS, Gong W, Han H, Yi YH, Zhang W. Chem Biodivers. 2012 Jun;9(6):1166-71. doi: 10.1002/cbdv.201100324. PMID: 22700234 [PubMed - in process]
  • Mammalian Sulf1 RNA alternative splicing and its significance to tumour growth regulation. Gill RB, Day A, Barstow A, Zaman G, Chenu C, Dhoot GK. Tumour Biol. 2012 Jun 15. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22700218 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • [Influence of nutrient medium composition on the production of capsule polysaccharide by Streptococcus pneumonia 19A serotype]. [No authors listed] Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2012 Mar-Apr;(2):12-7. Russian. PMID: 22693804 [PubMed - in process]
  • The Potential Biotechnological Applications of the Exopolysaccharide Produced by the Halophilic Bacterium Halomonas almeriensis. Llamas I, Amjres H, Mata JA, Quesada E, Béjar V. Molecules. 2012 Jun 12;17(6):7103-20. PMID: 22692238 [PubMed - in process]
  • Metabolism of Vertebrate Amino Sugars with N-glycolyl Groups: Incorporation of N-glycolylhexosamines into mammalian glycans by feeding N-glycolylgalactosamine. Bergfeld AK, Pearce OM, Diaz SL, Lawrence R, Vocadlo DJ, Choudhury B, Esko JD, Varki A. J Biol Chem. 2012 Jun 12. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22692203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] Free Article
  • Naturally occurring steroids in Xenopus oocyte during meiotic maturation. Unexpected presence and role of steroid sulfates. Haccard O, Dupré A, Liere P, Pianos A, Eychenne B, Jessus C, Ozon R. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2012 Jun 8. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22687883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Adsorption of Ammonia by Sulfuric Acid Treated Zirconium Hydroxide. Glover TG, Peterson GW, Decoste JB, Browe MA. Langmuir. 2012 Jun 11. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22686609 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • CHARMM Additive All-Atom Force Field for Phosphate and Sulfate Linked to Carbohydrates. Mallajosyula SS, Guvench O, Hatcher E, Mackerell AD Jr. J Chem Theory Comput. 2012 Feb 14;8(2):759-776. Epub 2011 Dec 26. PMID: 22685386 [PubMed]
  • Properties of municipal solid waste incineration ashes with respect to their separation temperature. Keppert M, Pavlik Z, Tydlitát V, Volfová P, Svarcová S, Syc M, Cerny R. Waste Manag Res. 2012 Jun 7. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22677916 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Recommendations and Considerations for the Use of Biologics in Orthopedic Surgery. Zwingenberger S, Nich C, Valladares RD, Yao Z, Stiehler M, Goodman SB. BioDrugs. 2012 Jun 6. doi: 10.2165/11631680-000000000-00000. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22671767 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Enhanced Reactive Adsorption of Hydrogen Sulfide on the Composites of Graphene/Graphite Oxide with Copper (Hydr)oxychlorides. Mabayoje O, Seredych M, Bandosz TJ. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2012 Jun 5. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22667349 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • New potential markers for the detection of boldenone misuse. Gómez C, Pozo OJ, Geyer H, Marcos J, Thevis M, Schänzer W, Segura J, Ventura R. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2012 Jun 2. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22664392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Elucidation of (-)-epicatechin metabolites after ingestion of chocolate by healthy humans. Actis-Goretta L, Leveques A, Giuffrida F, Michailidis FR, Viton F, Barron D, Duenas-Paton M, Gonzalez-Manzano S, Santos-Buelga C, Williamson G, Dionisi F. Free Radic Biol Med. 2012 Jun 1. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22664313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Biotransformation of flavonols and taxifolin in hepatocyte in vitro systems as determined by liquid chromatography with various stationary phases and electrospray ionization-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Vacek J, Papousková B, Kosina P, Vrba J, Kren V, Ulrichová J. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2012 Jun 15;899:109-15. Epub 2012 May 14. PMID: 22664057 [PubMed - in process]
  • Identification of O-methyl-(-)-epicatechin-O-sulphate metabolites by mass-spectrometry after O-methylation with trimethylsilyldiazomethane. Actis-Goretta L, Lévèques A, Giuffrida F, Destaillats F, Nagy K. J Chromatogr A. 2012 Jul 6;1245:150-7. Epub 2012 May 17. PMID: 22663977 [PubMed - in process]
  • Hyaluronan-chondroitin hybrid oligosaccharides as new life science research tools. Kakizaki I, Suto S, Tatara Y, Nakamura T, Endo M. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 May 31. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22659745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Variability of water chemistry in tundra lakes, petuniabukta coast, central spitsbergen, svalbard. Mazurek M, Paluszkiewicz R, Rachlewicz G, Zwolinski Z. ScientificWorldJournal. 2012;2012:596516. Epub 2012 May 1. PMID: 22654629 [PubMed - in process] Free PMC Article
  • High Viscosity of Imidazolium Ionic Liquids with the Hydrogen Sulfate Anion: A Raman Spectroscopy Study. Ribeiro MC. J Phys Chem B. 2012 Jun 11. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22646491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • The C-terminal fragment of axon guidance molecule Slit3 binds heparin and neutralizes heparin`s anticoagulant activity. Condac E, Strachan H, Gutierrez-Sanchez G, Brainard B, Giese C, Heiss C, Johnson D, Azadi P, Bergmann C, Orlando R, Esmon CT, Harenberg J, Moremen K, Wang L. Glycobiology. 2012 May 28. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22641771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • [Sulfate reduction, formation and oxidation of methane in Holocene era sediments of the Vyborg Bay, Baltic Sea]. Pimenov NV, Kanapatskii TA, Sigalevich PA, Rusanov II, Veslopolova EF, Grigor'ev AG, Zhamoida VA. Mikrobiologiia. 2012 Jan-Feb;81(1):84-95. Russian. No abstract available. PMID: 22629685 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]