Bismuth Selenide

Bi2Se3
CAS 12068-69-8


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Powder BI-SE-05-P Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Ingot BI-SE-05-I Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Chunk BI-SE-05-CK Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Lump BI-SE-05-L Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Sputtering Target BI-SE-05-ST Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Wafer BI-SE-05-WSX Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Bi2Se3 12068-69-8 24864986 6379269 MFCD00014200 235-104-7 selenium; selenoxobismuth N/A [BiH3+3].[BiH3+3].[Se-2].[Se-2].[Se-2] InChI=1S/2Bi.3
Se/q2*+3;3*-2
FBGGJHZVZAAUKJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
Bi2Se3 654.84 Dull Grey 706 °C
(1303 °F)
N/A 6.82 g/cm3 657.710331 657.710388 Da 0 Safety Data Sheet

Selenide IonBismuth Selenide is a crystalline solid used as a semiconductor and in photo optic applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Bismuth (Bi) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Bismuth (atomic symbol: Bi, atomic number: 83) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 208.98040(. The number of electrons in each of Bismuth's shells is 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5 and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3. Bismuth Bohr ModelThe bismuth atom has a radius of 156 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 207 pm. In its elemental form, bismuth is a silvery white brittle metal. Bismuth is the most diamagnetic of all metals and, with the exception of mercury, its thermal conductivity is lower than any other metal. Elemental Bismuth Bismuth has a high electrical resistance, and has the highest Hall Effect of any metal (i.e., greatest increase in electrical resistance when placed in a magnetic field). Bismuth is found in bismuthinite and bismite It is also produced as a byproduct of lead, copper, tin, molybdenum and tungsten extraction. Bismuth was first discovered by Early Man. The name Bismuth originates from the German word 'wissmuth,' meaning white mass. For more information on bismuth, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of bismuth products, visit the Bismuth Information Center.

Selenium Bohr ModelSelenide(Se) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSelenium (atomic symbol: Se, atomic number: 34) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 4 element with an atomic radius of 78.96. The number of electrons in each of Selenium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p4. The selenium atom has a radius of 120 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 190 pm. Selenium is a non-metal with several allotropes: a black, vitreous form with an irregular crystal structure; three red-colored forms with monoclinic crystal structures; and a gray form with a hexagonal crystal structure, the most stable and dense form of the element. Elemental Selenium One of the mose common uses for selenium is in glass production; the red tint that it lends to glass neutralizes green or yellow tints from impurities in the glass materials. Selenium was discovered and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius and Johann Gottlieb Gahn in 1817. The origin of the name Selenium comes from the Greek word "Selênê," meaning moon. For more information on selenium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of selenium products, visit the Selenium Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H301-H331-H373-H410
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
3
Skull and Crossbones-Acute Toxicity  Health Hazard Environment-Hazardous to the aquatic environment    

BISMUTH SELENIDE SYNONYMS
Bismuth(3+) selenide (2:3), guanajuatite, selenium; selenoxobismuth, Bismuth(III) selenide, selanylidenebismuth; selenium, dibismuth selenium(2-), Dibismuth triselenide, selenium; selenoxobismuth

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Bismuth

  • Development of an electrochemically reduced graphene oxide modified disposable bismuth film electrode and its application for stripping analysis of heavy metals in milk. Ping J, Wang Y, Wu J, Ying Y. Food Chem. 2014.
  • Synthesis and structural studies of the simplest bismuth(iii) oxo-salicylate complex: [Bi4(μ3-O)2(HO-2-C6H4CO2)8]·2Solv (Solv = MeCN or MeNO2). Boyd TD, Kumar I, Wagner EE, Whitmire KH. Chem Commun (Camb). 2014.
  • Silver-Free Two-Component Approach in Gold Catalysis: Activation of [LAuCl] Complexes with Derivatives of Copper, Zinc, Indium, Bismuth, and other Lewis Acids. Fang W, Presset M, Guérinot A, Bour C, Bezzenine-Lafollée S, Gandon V. Chemistry. 2014
  • Characterization by combined optical and FT infrared spectra of 3d-transition metal ions doped-bismuth silicate glasses and effects of gamma irradiation. Elbatal FH, Abdelghany AM, Elbatal HA. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014
  • An atomistic insight into the corrosion of the oxide film in liquid lead-bismuth eutectic. Li D, Song C, He HY, Liu CS, Pan BC. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2014
  • Optical properties of Nd(3+) doped bismuth zinc borate glasses. Shanmugavelu B, Venkatramu V, Ravi Kanth Kumar VV. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014
  • Low-Coordinate Bismuth Cations. Schwamm RJ, Day BM, Coles MP, Fitchett CM. Inorg Chem. 2014
  • Visualization of the Coalescence of Bismuth Nanoparticles. Niu KY, Liao HG, Zheng H. Microsc Microanal. 2014
  • Thermodynamic evidence for valley-dependent density of states in bulk bismuth. Küchler R, Steinke L, Daou R, Brando M, Behnia K, Steglich F. Nat Mater. 2014
  • Superconducting Double Perovskite Bismuth Oxide Prepared by a Low-Temperature Hydrothermal Reaction. Rubel MH, Miura A, Takei T, Kumada N, Mozahar Ali M, Nagao M, Watauchi S, Tanaka I, Oka K, Azuma M, Magome E, Moriyoshi C, Kuroiwa Y, Azharul Islam AK. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2014
  • Bismuth-induced effects on optical, lattice vibrational, and structural properties of bulk GaAsBi alloys. Sarcan F, Dönmez O, Kara K, Erol A, Akal N E, Cetinarikan M, Makhloufi H, Arnoult A, Fontaine C. Nanoscale Res Lett. 2014
  • Controllable extracellular biosynthesis of bismuth sulfide (Bi(2) S(3) ) nanostructure by sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) in water-oil two-phase system. Yue L, Wu Y, Liu X, Xin B, Chen S. Biotechnol Prog. 2014
  • Ho(3+) -doped strontium-aluminium-bismuth-borate glasses for green light emission. Rajesh D, Dhamodhara Naidu M, Ratnakaram YC, Balakrishna A. Luminescence. 2014
  • Recrystallized Arrays of Bismuth Nanowires with Trigonal Orientation. Limmer SJ, Yelton WG, Erickson KJ, Medlin DL, Siegal MP. Nano Lett. 2014
  • Main group bismuth(iii), gallium(iii) and diorganotin(iv) complexes derived from bis(2-acetylpyrazine)thiocarbonohydrazone: synthesis, crystal structures and biological evaluation. Zhang N, Tai Y, Li M, Ma P, Zhao J, Niu J. Dalton Trans. 2014
  • Development of an electrochemically reduced graphene oxide modified disposable bismuth film electrode and its application for stripping analysis of heavy metals in milk. Ping J, Wang Y, Wu J, Ying Y. Food Chem. 2014 May.
  • Graphite felt modified with bismuth nanoparticles as negative electrode in a vanadium redox flow battery. Suárez DJ, González Z, Blanco C, Granda M, Menéndez R, Santamaría R. ChemSusChem. 2014
  • Synthesis and photocatalytic properties of bismuth titanate with different structures via oxidant peroxo method (OPM). J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014 | first author:Nogueira AE
  • Bismuth subsalicylate tablet masquerading as vanishing button battery in the stomach. Khara HS, Diehl DL, Metwally MJ, Schwender BJ. Gastrointest Endosc. 2014
  • Bismuth sulphides prepared by thermal and hydrothermal decomposition of a single source precursor: the effect of reaction parameters on morphology, microstructure and catalytic activity. Siqueira GO, de Oliveira Porto A, Viana MM, da Silva HV, de Souza YG, da Silva HW, de Lima GM, Matencio T. Phys Chem Chem Phys.

Recent Research & Development for Selenides

  • Theoretical investigation of electronic states and spectroscopic properties of tellurium selenide molecule employing relativistic effective core potentials. Chattopadhyaya S, Nath A, Das KK. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014.
  • Highly Efficient Copper-Zinc-Tin-Selenide (CZTSe) Solar Cells by Electrodeposition. Jeon JO, Lee KD, Seul Oh L, Seo SW, Lee DK, Kim H, Jeong JH, Ko MJ, Kim B, Son HJ, Kim JY. ChemSusChem. 2014.
  • Band Gap-Tunable Molybdenum Sulfide Selenide Monolayer Alloy. Su SH, Hsu YT, Chang YH, Chiu MH, Hsu CL, Hsu WT, Chang WH, He JH, Li LJ. Small. 2014.
  • Synthesis, structures and DFT calculations of 2-(4,6-dimethyl pyrimidyl)selenolate complexes of Cu(i), Ag(i) and Au(i) and their conversion into metal selenide nanocrystals. Sharma RK, Wadawale A, Kedarnath G, Manna D, Ghanty TK, Vishwanadh B, Jain VK. Dalton Trans. 2014.
  • Two-Dimensional Tin Selenide Nanostructures for Flexible All-Solid-State Supercapacitors. Zhang C, Yin H, Han M, Dai Z, Pang H, Zheng Y, Lan YQ, Bao J, Zhu J. ACS Nano. 2014.
  • Enhanced performance of cadmium selenide quantum dot-sensitized solar cells by incorporating long afterglow europium, dysprosium co-doped strontium aluminate phosphors. Sun H, Pan L, Piao X, Sun Z. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014 Feb.
  • Electric double-layer transistor using layered iron selenide Mott insulator TlFe1.6Se2. Katase T, Hiramatsu H, Kamiya T, Hosono H. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014.
  • Structural and topological control on physical properties of arsenic selenide glasses. Kaseman DC, Hung I, Gan Z, Aitken B, Currie S, Sen S. J Phys Chem B. 2014.
  • Investigation of Reaction Mechanisms of Bismuth Tellurium Selenide Nanomaterials for Simple Reaction Manipulation Causing Effective Adjustment of Thermoelectric Properties. Kim C, Kim DH, Kim JT, Han YS, Kim H. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014 Jan.
  • Ultrafast charge- and energy-transfer dynamics in conjugated polymer: cadmium selenide nanocrystal blends. Morgenstern FS, Rao A, Böhm ML, Kist RJ, Vaynzof Y, Greenham NC. ACS Nano. 2014 Feb.
  • Enhanced performance of cadmium selenide quantum dot-sensitized solar cells by incorporating long afterglow europium, dysprosium co-doped strontium aluminate phosphors. Sun H, Pan L, Piao X, Sun Z. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014 Feb.
  • Electrodeposition of Antimony Selenide Thin Films and Application in Semiconductor Sensitized Solar Cells. Ngo TT, Chavhan S, Kosta I, Miguel O, Grande HJ, Tena-Zaera R. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2014.
  • Ammonia-rich high temperature superconducting intercalates of iron selenide revealed through time-resolved in-situ X-ray and neutron diffraction. Sedlmaier SJ, Cassidy SJ, Morris RG, Drakopoulos M, Reinhard C, Moorhouse SJ, O'Hare D, Manuel P, Khalyavin D, Clarke SJ. J Am Chem Soc. 2013 Dec.
  • Colloidally stable selenium@copper selenide core@shell nanoparticles as selenium source for manufacturing of copper-indium-selenide solar cells. Dong H, Quintilla A, Cemernjak M, Popescu R, Gerthsen D, Ahlswede E, Feldmann C. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014 Feb.
  • Copper-indium-selenide quantum dot-sensitized solar cells. Yang J, Kim JY, Yu JH, Ahn TY, Lee H, Choi TS, Kim YW, Joo J, Ko MJ, Hyeon T. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013.
  • Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) Photovoltaic Devices Made Using Multistep Selenization of Nanocrystal Films. Harvey TB, Mori I, Stolle CJ, Bogart TD, Ostrowski DP, Glaz MS, Du J, Pernik DR, Akhavan VA, Kesrouani H, Vanden Bout DA, Korgel BA. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013.
  • Electroluminescent, polycrystalline cadmium selenide nanowire arrays. Ayvazian T, van der Veer WE, Xing W, Yan W, Penner RM. ACS Nano. 2013.
  • Controllable synthesis of metal selenide heterostructures mediated by Ag2Se nanocrystals acting as catalysts. Zhou J, Huang F, Xu J, Wang Y. Nanoscale. 2013.
  • Electroluminescent, Polycrystalline Cadmium Selenide Nanowire Arrays. Ayvazian T, van der Veer WE, Xing W, Yan W, Penner RM. ACS Nano. 2013 Sep.
  • Silicon nanowire-silver indium selenide heterojunction photodiodes. Kulakci M, Colakoglu T, Ozdemir B, Parlak M, Unalan HE, Turan R. Nanotechnology. 2013.