Bismuth Selenide

Bi2Se3
CAS 12068-69-8


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Powder BI-SE-05-P Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Ingot BI-SE-05-I Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Chunk BI-SE-05-CK Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Lump BI-SE-05-L Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Sputtering Target BI-SE-05-ST Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Bismuth Selenide Wafer BI-SE-05-WSX Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Bi2Se3 12068-69-8 24864986 6379269 MFCD00014200 235-104-7 selenium; selenoxobismuth N/A [BiH3+3].[BiH3+3].[Se-2].[Se-2].[Se-2] InChI=1S/2Bi.3
Se/q2*+3;3*-2
FBGGJHZVZAAUKJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
Bi2Se3 654.84 Dull Grey 706 °C
(1303 °F)
N/A 6.82 g/cm3 657.710331 657.710388 Da 0 Safety Data Sheet

Selenide IonBismuth Selenide is a crystalline solid used as a semiconductor and in photo optic applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Bismuth (Bi) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Bismuth (atomic symbol: Bi, atomic number: 83) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 208.98040(. The number of electrons in each of Bismuth's shells is 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5 and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3. Bismuth Bohr ModelThe bismuth atom has a radius of 156 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 207 pm. In its elemental form, bismuth is a silvery white brittle metal. Bismuth is the most diamagnetic of all metals and, with the exception of mercury, its thermal conductivity is lower than any other metal. Elemental Bismuth Bismuth has a high electrical resistance, and has the highest Hall Effect of any metal (i.e., greatest increase in electrical resistance when placed in a magnetic field). Bismuth is found in bismuthinite and bismite It is also produced as a byproduct of lead, copper, tin, molybdenum and tungsten extraction. Bismuth was first discovered by Early Man. The name Bismuth originates from the German word 'wissmuth,' meaning white mass. For more information on bismuth, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of bismuth products, visit the Bismuth Information Center.

Selenium Bohr ModelSelenide(Se) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSelenium (atomic symbol: Se, atomic number: 34) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 4 element with an atomic radius of 78.96. The number of electrons in each of Selenium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p4. The selenium atom has a radius of 120 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 190 pm. Selenium is a non-metal with several allotropes: a black, vitreous form with an irregular crystal structure; three red-colored forms with monoclinic crystal structures; and a gray form with a hexagonal crystal structure, the most stable and dense form of the element. Elemental Selenium One of the mose common uses for selenium is in glass production; the red tint that it lends to glass neutralizes green or yellow tints from impurities in the glass materials. Selenium was discovered and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius and Johann Gottlieb Gahn in 1817. The origin of the name Selenium comes from the Greek word "Selênê," meaning moon. For more information on selenium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of selenium products, visit the Selenium Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H301-H331-H373-H410
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
3
Skull and Crossbones-Acute Toxicity  Health Hazard Environment-Hazardous to the aquatic environment    

BISMUTH SELENIDE SYNONYMS
Bismuth(3+) selenide (2:3), guanajuatite, selenium; selenoxobismuth, Bismuth(III) selenide, selanylidenebismuth; selenium, dibismuth selenium(2-), Dibismuth triselenide, selenium; selenoxobismuth

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Bismuth

  • Phuoc Huu Le, Chien-Neng Liao, Chih Wei Luo, Jihperng Leu, Thermoelectric properties of nanostructured bismuth–telluride thin films grown using pulsed laser deposition, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Guangzhi Dong, Huiqing Fan, Pengrong Ren, Xiao Liu, Hole conduction and nonlinear current–voltage behavior in multiferroic lanthanum-substituted bismuth ferrite, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Jorge Omar Gil Posada, Peter J. Hall, Post-hoc comparisons among iron electrode formulations based on bismuth, bismuth sulphide, iron sulphide, and potassium sulphide under strong alkaline conditions, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Xiaohua Zhang, Wei Ren, Feng Xin, Peng Shi, Structures and electric properties of cubic bismuth based pyrochlore thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • Masayuki Takashiri, Kazuo Imai, Masato Uyama, Harutoshi Hagino, Saburo Tanaka, Koji Miyazaki, Yoshitake Nishi, Effects of homogeneous irradiation of electron beam on crystal growth and thermoelectric properties of nanocrystalline bismuth selenium telluride thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Wang Wei, Ning Pingfan, Fang Jinglu, Wang Weixing, Mechanism of dielectric nonlinear characteristics in bismuth-based cubic pyrochlores, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Y. Saddeek, H. Shokry Hassan, G. Abd elfadeel, Fabrication and analysis of new bismuth borate glasses containing cement kiln dust, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 403, 1 November 2014
  • C. Karunakaran, S. Kalaivani, Enhanced visible light-photocatalysis by hydrothermally synthesized thallium-doped bismuth vanadate nanoparticles, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Zhenzhou Rong, Xi'an Fan, Fan Yang, Xinzhi Cai, Guangqiang Li, Microwave activated hot pressing: A new consolidation technique and its application to fine crystal bismuth telluride based compounds, Powder Technology, Volume 267, November 2014
  • Lingxia Li, Dan Xu, Shihui Yu, Helei Dong, Yuxin Jin, Haoran Zheng, Effect of substrate on the dielectric properties of bismuth magnesium niobate thin films prepared by RF magnetron sputtering, Vacuum, Volume 109, November 2014
  • Suyuan Zeng, Rongfeng Tang, Shengxia Duan, Lei Li, Caihua Liu, Xianli Gu, Saisai Wang, Dezhi Sun, Kinetically controlled synthesis of bismuth tungstate with different structures by a NH4F assisted hydrothermal method and surface-dependent photocatalytic properties, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 432, 15 October 2014
  • Qing Liao, Yanjie Wang, Yan Chen, Yanying Wei, Haihui Wang, Novel bifunctional tantalum and bismuth co-doped perovskite BaBi0.05Co0.8Ta0.15O3-d with high oxygen permeation, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 468, 15 October 2014
  • Dong Hoon Son, Bok Hyeon Kim, Seung Ho Lee, Seongjae Boo, Won-Taek Han, Ultra-broadband near-infrared emission in bismuth borosilicate glasses incorporated with Er3 +, Tm3 +, and Yb3 + ions, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • Xijia He, Jianbei Qiu, Yong Yang, Dacheng Zhou, Xuhui Xu, Shengxian Wei, Abnormal near-infrared luminescence property of bismuth doped calcium germanate glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • A.A. Novikov, B.S. Bokstein, A.L. Petelin, A.O. Rodin, Grain boundary wetting kinetics of bismuth melt into copper polycrystalline structure, Materials Letters, Volume 133, 15 October 2014
  • ZhangSheng Liu, HuaShen Ran, JiNan Niu, PeiZhong Feng, YaBo Zhu, One-pot synthesis of Bismuth Oxyhalide/Oxygen-rich bismuth oxyhalide Heterojunction and its photocatalytic activity, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 431, 1 October 2014
  • Xue Lin, Zongxiao Liu, Xiaoyu Guo, Chunbo Liu, Hongju Zhai, Qingwei Wang, Limin Chang, Controllable synthesis and photocatalytic activity of spherical, flower-like and nanofibrous bismuth tungstates, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 188, October 2014
  • Gowrish K. Rao, Doping ZnS and ZnSe thin films with bismuth: A comparison between sandwiching technique and nano-particle incorporation, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Zhengyang Bin, Lian Duan, Chen Li, Deqiang Zhang, Guifang Dong, Liduo Wang, Yong Qiu, Bismuth Trifluoride as a low-temperature-evaporable insulating dopant for efficient and stable organic light-emitting diodes, Organic Electronics, Volume 15, Issue 10, October 2014
  • R. Wongmaneerung, J. Padchasri, R. Tipakontitikul, T.H. Loan, P. Jantaratana, R. Yimnirun, S. Ananta, Phase formation, dielectric and magnetic properties of bismuth ferrite–lead magnesium niobate multiferroic composites, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 608, 25 September 2014

Recent Research & Development for Selenides

  • Azam Sobhani, Masoud Salavati-Niasari, A new simple route for the preparation of nanosized copper selenides under different conditions, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 6, July 2014
  • Margaret A. Tiedemann, Chelsea L. Mandell, Benny C. Chan, Chip Nataro, X-ray structures and oxidative electrochemistry of phosphine sulfides and phosphine selenides, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Available online 18 June 2014
  • Matthew D. Ward, Eric A. Pozzi, Richard P. Van Duyne, James A. Ibers, Syntheses, structures, and optical properties of the indium/germanium selenides Cs4In8GeSe16, CsInSe2, and CsInGeSe4, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 212, April 2014
  • Xiao Li, Shouri Sheng, Haiyou Su, Li Liu, Xiao-Ling Liu, Polymer-bound phenylselenenylmethyl sulfone as an efficient reagent for the solid-phase synthesis of (E)-vinyl phenyl selenides, Reactive and Functional Polymers, Volume 77, April 2014
  • Elena Yu. Zakharova, Sergey M. Kazakov, Anna A. Isaeva, Artem M. Abakumov, Gustaaf Van Tendeloo, Alexey N. Kuznetsov, Pd5InSe and Pd8In2Se – New metal-rich homological selenides with 2D palladium–indium fragments: Synthesis, structure and bonding, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 589, 15 March 2014
  • Shivani Gulati (nee Doomra), Kuldip K. Bhasin, Synthesis and characterization of novel 2-fluoro/chloro-3-pyridyl selenides: X-ray crystal structure of bis(2-fluoro-3-pyridyl) diselenide and bis(2-fluoro-3-pyridylseleno) methane, Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, Volume 156, December 2013
  • Wei-Wei Xiong, Kaiqi Ye, Ling Ye, Qichun Zhang, Syntheses, crystal structures, and properties of two new one-dimensional heterometallic selenides: [DBNH]4[M3Sn4Se11(Se2)2] (M = Cd, Hg), Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 35, September 2013
  • Ming-Yan Chung, Chi-Shen Lee, New quinternary selenides: Syntheses, characterizations, and electronic structure calculations, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 202, June 2013
  • Yanqing Lai, Can Han, Chang Yan, Fangyang Liu, Jie Li, Yexiang Liu, Thermodynamic analysis on metal selenides electrodeposition, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 557, 25 April 2013
  • Alexander V. Artem'ev, Ludmila A. Oparina, Nina K. Gusarova, Nikita A. Kolyvanov, Oksana V. Vysotskaya, Irina Yu. Bagryanskaya, Boris A. Trofimov, Chemoselective synthesis of first representatives of bis(diorganothiophosphinyl)selenides, (R2P = S)2Se, from secondary phosphine sulfides and elemental selenium, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 30, April 2013
  • Christian M. Schurz, Pia Talmon-Gros, Falk Lissner, Thomas Schleid, The gadolinium nitride selenides Gd3NSe3 and Gd23N5Se27: Three connectivity types of [NGd4]9+ tetrahedra and fivefold coordinated Gd3+ cations, Solid State Sciences, Volume 17, March 2013
  • Arkady G. Makarov, Alexander Yu. Makarov, Irina Yu. Bagryanskaya, Makhmut M. Shakirov, Andrey V. Zibarev, New polyfluorinated aromatic and aza-aromatic diselenides, selenyl chlorides, non-symmetric selenides and selenoxides, Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, Volume 144, December 2012
  • Dariusz Bialek, Konrad Kowalski, Jacek Scianowski, Zbigniew Rafinski, Andrzej Wojtczak, Preparation and characterization of new chiral ferrocenyl selenides, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 712, 1 August 2012
  • Dongjiang Zhao, Sheng Zhang, Geping Yin, Chunyu Du, Zhenobo Wang, Jie Wei, Effect of Se in Co-based selenides towards oxygen reduction electrocatalytic activity, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 206, 15 May 2012
  • Christian Bartsch, Thomas Doert, Pronounced site preference and mixed dinuclear dichalcogenide anions (SSe)2- in ternary lanthanum sulfide selenides – The solid solution LaS1.9–LaSe1.9, Solid State Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 4, April 2012
  • M. Yogeswari, G. Kalpana, Half-metallic ferromagnetism in alkaline earth selenides by first principles calculations, Computational Materials Science, Volume 54, March 2012
  • Azam Sobhani, Masoud Salavati-Niasari, Fatemeh Davar, Shape control of nickel selenides synthesized by a simple hydrothermal reduction process, Polyhedron, Volume 31, Issue 1, 4 January 2012
  • Christian Bartsch, Thomas Doert, Ternary lanthanum sulfide selenides a-LaS2-xSex (0<x<2) with mixed dichalcogenide anions X22- (X=S, Se), Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 185, January 2012
  • John O. Thompson, Michael D. Anderson, Tim Ngai, Thomas Allen, David C. Johnson, Nucleation and growth kinetics of co-deposited copper and selenium precursors to form metastable copper selenides, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 509, Issue 40, 6 October 2011
  • Madhu, R.N. Singh, Palladium selenides as active methanol tolerant cathode materials for direct methanol fuel cell, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 36, Issue 16, August 2011