Cerium Nitrate

Ce(NO3)3
CAS 10108-73-3


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Cerium Nitrate CE-NAT-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Cerium Nitrate CE-NAT-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Cerium Nitrate CE-NAT-04 Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Cerium Nitrate CE-NAT-05 Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Ce(NO3)3 10108-73-3 29291979 24948 N/A 233-297-2 cerium(3+); trinitrate N/A [Ce+3].O=[N+]([O-])[O-].[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O InChI=1S/Ce.3NO3/c;3*2-1(3)4/q+3;3*-1 HSJPMRKMPBAUAU-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
CeN3O9 326.13 White 1.9 g/cm3 325.868892 325.868892 0 Safety Data Sheet

Nitrate IonCerium Nitrate is a highly water soluble crystalline Cerium source for uses compatible with nitrates and lower (acidic) pH. All metallic nitrates are inorganic salts of a given metal cation and the nitrate anion. The nitrate anion is a univalent (-1 charge) polyatomic ion composed of a single nitrogen atom ionically bound to three oxygen atoms (Formula: NO3) for a total formula weight of 62.05. Nitrate compounds are generally soluble in water. Nitrate materials are also oxidizing agents. When mixed with hydrocarbons, nitrate compounds can form a flammable mixture. Nitrates are excellent precursors for production of ultra high purity compounds and certain catalyst and nanoscale (nanoparticles and nanopowders) materials. Cerium Nitrate is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Cerium Nitrate Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Cerium (Ce) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolCerium (atomic symbol: Ce, atomic number: 58) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 140.116. The number of electrons in each of cerium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 19, 9, 2 and its electron configuration is [Xe]4f2 6s2. Cerium Bohr ModelThe cerium atom has a radius of 182.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 235 pm. In its elemental form, cerium has a silvery white appearance. Cerium is the most abundant of the rare earths metals. It is characterized chemically by having two valence states, the +3 cerous and +4 ceric states. The ceric state is the only non-trivalent rare earth ion stable in aqueous solutions. Elemental CeriumIt is, therefore, strongly acidic and moderately toxic. It is also a strong oxidizer. The cerous state closely resembles the other trivalent rare earths. Cerium is found in the minerals allanite, bastnasite, hydroxylbastnasite, monazite, rhabdophane, synchysite and zircon. Cerium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth, Jöns Jakob Berzelius, and Wilhelm Hisinger in 1803 and first isolated by Carl Gustaf Mosander in 1839. The element was named after the asteroid Ceres. For more information on cerium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of cerium products, visit the Cerium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H272-H318
O,Xi
8-41
17-26-39
FK6300000
UN 1477 5.1/PG 2
2
Flame Over Circle-Oxidizing gases and liquids Corrosion-Corrosive to metals      

CERIUM NITRATE SYNONYMS
Nitric acid cerium salt, Cerous nitrate, Cerium trinitrate, Cerium(3+) cation trinitrate

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Cerium

  • Gordon A. Alanko, Brian Jaques, Allyssa Bateman, Darryl P. Butt, Mechanochemical synthesis and spark plasma sintering of the cerium silicides, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Chao Lu, Hao Wu, Yun Zhang, Heng Liu, Baojun Chen, Naiteng Wu, Sen Wang, Cerium fluoride coated layered oxide Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2 as cathode materials with improved electrochemical performance for lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Martynas Misevicius, Martynas Kilmanas, Serdar Culunlu, Simas Sakirzanovas, Ayse Uztetik Morkan, Aldona Beganskiene, Aivaras Kareiva, On the sol–gel fabrication and characterization of undoped and cerium-doped Sr4Al14O25, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • Horng-Huey Ko, Guoli Yang, Moo-Chin Wang, Xiujian Zhao, Thermal behavior and crystallization kinetics of cerium dioxide precursor powders, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Lingguang Sun, Qiang Chen, Jiagang Wu, Zhihang Peng, Zhi Tan, Dingquan Xiao, Jianguo Zhu, Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of cerium-doped (NaBi)0.49[ ]0.02Bi2Nb1.98Ta0.02O9-based piezoceramics, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Junghwa Park, Dukjoon Kim, Effect of cerium/18-crown-6-ether coordination complex OH quencher on the properties of sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) fuel cell electrolyte membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 469, 1 November 2014
  • Leopold Kokou, Jincheng Du, Short- and medium-range structures of cerium aluminophosphate glasses: A molecular dynamics study, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 403, 1 November 2014
  • R. Suresh, V. Ponnuswamy, R. Mariappan, Consequence of source material on the surface properties of nebulizer spray coated cerium oxide thin films, Vacuum, Volume 109, November 2014
  • B. Valdez, S. Kiyota, M. Stoytcheva, R. Zlatev, J.M. Bastidas, Cerium-based conversion coatings to improve the corrosion resistance of aluminium alloy 6061-T6, Corrosion Science, Volume 87, October 2014
  • Yongdeuk Gong, Daewoong Choi, Bo-Young Han, Jonghyun Yoo, Song-Hee Han, Yonghoon Lee, Remote quantitative analysis of cerium through a shielding window by stand-off laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 453, Issues 1–3, October 2014
  • Christofer E. Whiting, John M. Douglas, Bethany M. Cremeans, Chadwick D. Barklay, Daniel P. Kramer, Oxygen exchange reaction kinetics for cerium(IV) oxide at 1000 °C, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 218, October 2014
  • J.P. Winterstein, C.B. Carter, Electron-beam damage and point defects near grain boundaries in cerium oxide, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 12, October 2014
  • Saadi Berri, Djamel Maouche, Miloud Ibrir, Badis Bakri, Electronic structure and magnetic properties of the perovskite cerium manganese oxide from ab initio calculations, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Jayapalan Saranya, Kugalur Shanmugam Ranjith, Padmanaban Saravanan, Devanesan Mangalaraj, Ramasamy Thangavelu Rajendra Kumar, Cobalt-doped cerium oxide nanoparticles: Enhanced photocatalytic activity under UV and visible light irradiation, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Mahdi Robat Sarpoushi, Mahdi Nasibi, Mohammad Ali Golozar, Mohammad Reza Shishesaz, Mohammad Reza Borhani, Sajad Noroozi, Electrochemical investigation of graphene/cerium oxide nanoparticles as an electrode material for supercapacitors, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • M. van Soestbergen, V. Baukh, S.J.F. Erich, H.P. Huinink, O.C.G. Adan, Release of cerium dibutylphosphate corrosion inhibitors from highly filled epoxy coating systems, Progress in Organic Coatings, Volume 77, Issue 10, October 2014
  • D. Naga Durgasri, T. Vinodkumar, Fangjian Lin, Ivo Alxneit, Benjaram M. Reddy, Gadolinium doped cerium oxide for soot oxidation: Influence of interfacial metal–support interactions, Applied Surface Science, Volume 314, 30 September 2014
  • Cui Ye, Huan Guo, Menghuan Zhang, Hongguo Zhu, Jianqiang Hu, Xuandi Lai, Aiqing Li, Synthesis and enhanced electrochemical property of Au-doped cerium phosphate nanowires, Materials Letters, Volume 131, 15 September 2014
  • Jie Sun, Gang Wang, Preparation and corrosion resistance of cerium conversion coatings on AZ91D magnesium alloy by a cathodic electrochemical treatment, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 254, 15 September 2014
  • X. Jiang, S.-H. Song, Enhanced hot ductility of a Cr–Mo low alloy steel by rare earth cerium, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 613, 8 September 2014

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

  • L. Liu, J.P. Cheng, J. Zhang, F. Liu, X.B. Zhang, Effects of dodecyl sulfate and nitrate anions on the supercapacitive properties of a-Co(OH)2, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Baogang Zhang, Ye Liu, Shuang Tong, Maosheng Zheng, Yinxin Zhao, Caixing Tian, Hengyuan Liu, Chuanping Feng, Enhancement of bacterial denitrification for nitrate removal in groundwater with electrical stimulation from microbial fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Xu Wang, Dahai Pan, Qian Xu, Min He, Shuwei Chen, Feng Yu, Ruifeng Li, Synthesis of ordered mesoporous alumina with high thermal stability using aluminum nitrate as precursor, Materials Letters, Volume 135, 15 November 2014
  • Javad Baneshi, Mohammad Haghighi, Naeimeh Jodeiri, Mozaffar Abdollahifar, Hossein Ajamein, Urea–nitrate combustion synthesis of ZrO2 and CeO2 doped CuO/Al2O3 nanocatalyst used in steam reforming of biomethanol for hydrogen production, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Ian Y.Y. Bu, Sol–gel production of aluminium doped zinc oxide using aluminium nitrate, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • N. Sivakumar, V. Jaisankar, G. Chakkaravarthi, G. Anbalagan, Synthesis, crystal structure, optical, thermal and mechanical characterization of poly bis(thiourea) silver(I) nitrate single crystals synthesized at room temperature, Materials Letters, Volume 132, 1 October 2014
  • Jing Cai, Ping Zheng, Mahmood Qaisar, Peide Sun, Effect of electrode types on simultaneous anaerobic sulfide and nitrate removal in microbial fuel cell, Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 134, 25 September 2014
  • Raka Mukherjee, Sirshendu De, Adsorptive removal of nitrate from aqueous solution by polyacrylonitrile–alumina nanoparticle mixed matrix hollow-fiber membrane, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 466, 15 September 2014
  • Mircea Niculescu, Ionut Ledeti, Mihail Bîrzescu, New methods to obtain carboxylic acids by oxidation reactions of 1,2-ethanediol with metallic nitrates, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 767, 15 September 2014
  • Bikshandarkoil R. Srinivasan, Comments on the paper: ‘Studies on structural, thermal and optical properties of novel NLO crystal bis l-glutamine sodium nitrate’, Materials Letters, Volume 131, 15 September 2014
  • Redrothu Hanumantharao, S. Kalainathan, Reply to “Comments on the paper: Studies on structural, thermal and optical properties of novel NLO crystal bis l-glutamine sodium nitrate”, Materials Letters, Volume 131, 15 September 2014
  • N. Hosseini, F. Karimzadeh, M.H. Abbasi, G.M. Choi, Microstructural characterization and electrical conductivity of CuxMn3-xO4 (0.9=x=1.3) spinels produced by optimized glycine–nitrate combustion and mechanical milling processes, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • J.L. Camas-Anzueto, A.E. Aguilar-Castillejos, J.H. Castañón-González, M.C. Lujpán-Hidalgo, H.R. Hernández de León, R. Mota Grajales, Fiber sensor based on Lophine sensitive layer for nitrate detection in drinking water, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Volume 60, September 2014
  • Wattana Tuichai, Prasit Thongbai, Vittaya Amornkitbamrung, Teerapon Yamwong, Santi Maensiri, Na0.5Bi0.5Cu3Ti4O12 nanocrystalline powders prepared by a glycine–nitrate process: Preparation, characterization, and their dielectric properties, Microelectronic Engineering, Volume 126, 25 August 2014
  • Reza Shokrani, Mohammad Haghighi, Naeimeh Jodeiri, Hossein Ajamein, Mozaffar Abdollahifar, Fuel cell grade hydrogen production via methanol steam reforming over CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 nanocatalyst with various oxide ratios synthesized via urea-nitrates combustion method, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 39, Issue 25, 22 August 2014
  • Lina Shi, Jianhua Du, Zuliang Chen, Mallavarapu Megharaj, Ravendra Naidu, Functional kaolinite supported Fe/Ni nanoparticles for simultaneous catalytic remediation of mixed contaminants (lead and nitrate) from wastewater, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 428, 15 August 2014
  • Xinxin Jiang, Kaiqiang Wu, Lianyi Shao, Miao Shui, Xiaoting Lin, Mengmeng Lao, Nengbing Long, Yuanlong Ren, Jie Shu, Lithium storage mechanism in superior high capacity copper nitrate hydrate anode material, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 260, 15 August 2014
  • Inmaculada Pérez-Toro, Alicia Domínguez-Martín, Duane Choquesillo-Lazarte, Esther Vílchez-Rodríguez, Alfonso Castiñeiras, Juan Niclós-Gutiérrez, Synthesis, thermogravimetric study and crystal structure of an N-rich copper(II) compound with tren ligands and nitrate counter-anions, Thermochimica Acta, Available online 12 August 2014
  • Seung-Young Park, Chan Woong Na, Jee Hyun Ahn, Rak-Hyun Song, Jong-Heun Lee, Preparation of highly porous NiO–gadolinium-doped ceria nano-composite powders by one-pot glycine nitrate process for anode-supported tubular solid oxide fuel cells, Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, Available online 4 August 2014
  • Laxman Singh, Uma Shanker Rai, Kamdeo Mandal, Byung Cheol Sin, Sang-Ick Lee, Youngil Lee, Dielectric, AC-impedance, modulus studies on 0.5BaTiO3·0.5CaCu3Ti4O12 nano-composite ceramic synthesized by one-pot, glycine-assisted nitrate-gel route, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 7, Part A, August 2014