Cerium Nitrate

Ce(NO3)3
CAS 10108-73-3


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Cerium Nitrate CE-NAT-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Cerium Nitrate CE-NAT-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Cerium Nitrate CE-NAT-04 Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Cerium Nitrate CE-NAT-05 Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Ce(NO3)3 10108-73-3 29291979 24948 N/A 233-297-2 cerium(3+); trinitrate N/A [Ce+3].O=[N+]([O-])[O-].[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O InChI=1S/Ce.3NO3/c;3*2-1(3)4/q+3;3*-1 HSJPMRKMPBAUAU-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
CeN3O9 326.13 White 1.9 g/cm3 325.868892 325.868892 0 Safety Data Sheet

Nitrate IonCerium Nitrate is a highly water soluble crystalline Cerium source for uses compatible with nitrates and lower (acidic) pH. All metallic nitrates are inorganic salts of a given metal cation and the nitrate anion. The nitrate anion is a univalent (-1 charge) polyatomic ion composed of a single nitrogen atom ionically bound to three oxygen atoms (Formula: NO3) for a total formula weight of 62.05. Nitrate compounds are generally soluble in water. Nitrate materials are also oxidizing agents. When mixed with hydrocarbons, nitrate compounds can form a flammable mixture. Nitrates are excellent precursors for production of ultra high purity compounds and certain catalyst and nanoscale (nanoparticles and nanopowders) materials. Cerium Nitrate is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Cerium Nitrate Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Cerium (Ce) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolCerium (atomic symbol: Ce, atomic number: 58) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 140.116. The number of electrons in each of cerium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 19, 9, 2 and its electron configuration is [Xe]4f2 6s2. Cerium Bohr ModelThe cerium atom has a radius of 182.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 235 pm. In its elemental form, cerium has a silvery white appearance. Cerium is the most abundant of the rare earths metals. It is characterized chemically by having two valence states, the +3 cerous and +4 ceric states. The ceric state is the only non-trivalent rare earth ion stable in aqueous solutions. Elemental CeriumIt is, therefore, strongly acidic and moderately toxic. It is also a strong oxidizer. The cerous state closely resembles the other trivalent rare earths. Cerium is found in the minerals allanite, bastnasite, hydroxylbastnasite, monazite, rhabdophane, synchysite and zircon. Cerium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth, Jöns Jakob Berzelius, and Wilhelm Hisinger in 1803 and first isolated by Carl Gustaf Mosander in 1839. The element was named after the asteroid Ceres. For more information on cerium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of cerium products, visit the Cerium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H272-H318
O,Xi
8-41
17-26-39
FK6300000
UN 1477 5.1/PG 2
2
Flame Over Circle-Oxidizing gases and liquids Corrosion-Corrosive to metals      

CERIUM NITRATE SYNONYMS
Nitric acid cerium salt, Cerous nitrate, Cerium trinitrate, Cerium(3+) cation trinitrate

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Cerium

  • Toxicity and bio-accumulation of inhaled cerium oxide nanoparticles in CD1 mice. Aalapati S, Ganapathy S, Manapuram S, Anumolu G, Prakya BM. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Nov.
  • Comparative hazard identification of nano- and micro-sized cerium oxide particles based on 28-day inhalation studies in rats. Gosens I, Mathijssen LE, Bokkers BG, Muijser H, Cassee FR. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Sep.
  • The electrochemical behavior of cerium (III/IV) complexes: Thermodynamics, kinetics and applications in synthesis. - NA Piro, JR Robinson, PJ Walsh, EJ Schelter - Coordination Chemistry 2014 - Elsevier
  • Adsorptional removal of methylene blue by guar gum-cerium (IV) tungstate hybrid cationic exchanger. Gupta VK, Pathania D, Singh P, Kumar A, Rathore BS. Carbohydr Polym. 2014
  • The role of chemical interactions between thorium, cerium, and lanthanum in lymphocyte toxicity. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2014 create date:2013/08/13 | first author:Oliveira MS
  • Wet Air Oxidation of phenol over Pt and Ru catalysts supported on cerium-based oxides: Resistance to fouling and kinetic modelling. S Keav, AE de los Monteros, J Barbier Jr… - Applied Catalysis 2014 - Elsevier
  • Sustained inhibition of neovascularization in vldlr(-/-) mice following intravitreal injection of cerium oxide nanoparticles and the role of the ASK1-P38/JNK-NF-κB pathway. Biomaterials. 2014 create date:2013/10/22 | first author:Cai X
  • Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Modify the Antioxidative Stress Enzyme Activities and Macromolecule Composition in Rice Seedlings. Environ Sci Technol. 2013 create date:2013/11/26 | first author:Rico CM
  • A Cerium(IV)-Carbon Multiple Bond. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2013 create date:2013/11/28 | first author:Gregson M
  • High-Temperature, High-Pressure Hydrothermal Synthesis, Crystal Structures, and Spectroscopic Studies of a Uranium(IV) Phosphate (Na10U2P6O24) and the Isotypic Cerium(IV) Phosphate (Na10Ce2P6O24). Inorg Chem. 2013 create date:2013/11/15 | first author:Lai YH
  • Pulmonary cerium dioxide nanoparticle exposure differentially impairs coronary and mesenteric arteriolar reactivity. Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2013 create date:2013/05/07 | first author:Minarchick VC
  • Electrochemical determination of BCR/ABL fusion gene based on in situ synthesized gold nanoparticles and cerium dioxide nanoparticles. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2013 | first author:Li S
  • Thermopower enhancement by encapsulating cerium in clathrate cages. Nat Mater. | first author:Prokofiev A
  • A positron annihilation spectroscopic investigation of europium-doped cerium oxide nanoparticles. Nanoscale. | first author:Thorat AV
  • Custom Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Protect against a Free Radical Mediated Autoimmune Degenerative Disease in the Brain. ACS Nano. 2013 create date:2013/11/26 | first author:Heckman KL
  • Effect of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles on the Quality of Rice ( Oryza sativa L.) Grains. J Agric Food
  • Structure and special chemical reactivity of interface-stabilized cerium oxide nanolayers on TiO(2)(110). Nanoscale. 2013 | first author:Agnoli S
  • Electroanalytical evaluation of antioxidant activity of cerium oxide nanoparticles by nanoparticle collisions at microelectrodes. J Am Chem Soc. 2013 | first author:Sardesai NP
  • Construction of heterocyclic structures by trivalent cerium salts promoted bond forming reactions. Properzi R, Marcantoni E. Chem Soc Rev. 2013 Nov 11.
  • The role of chemical interactions between thorium, cerium, and lanthanum in lymphocyte toxicity. Oliveira MS, Duarte IM, Paiva AV, Yunes SN, Almeida CE, Mattos RC, Sarcinelli PN. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2014.

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

  • Stable isotope analysis of plant-derived nitrate - novel method for discrimination between organically and conventionally grown vegetables. Mihailova A, Pedentchouk N, Kelly SD. Food Chem. 2014.
  • Screening of assimilatory and dissimilatory denitrifying microbes isolated from nitrate-contaminated water and soil. Seenivasagan R, Rajakumar S, Kasimani R, Ayyasamy PM. Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2014.
  • Copper, zinc superoxide dismutase and nitrate reductase coimmobilized bienzymatic biosensor for the simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate. Madasamy T, Pandiaraj M, Balamurugan M, Bhargava K, Sethy NK, Karunakaran C. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Feb.
  • Stable isotope analysis of plant-derived nitrate - Novel method for discrimination between organically and conventionally grown vegetables. Mihailova A, Pedentchouk N, Kelly SD. Food Chem. 2014 July
  • Multicenter, double-blind, parallel group study investigating the non-inferiority of efficacy and safety of a 2% miconazole nitrate shampoo in comparison with a 2% ketoconazole shampoo in the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis of the scalp. Buechner SA. J Dermatolog Treat. 2014
  • Effect of nitrate ions on the efficiency of sonophotochemical phenol degradation. Zaviska F, Drogui P, El Hachemi EM, Naffrechoux E. Ultrason Sonochem. 2014 Jan.
  • Photoluminescence studies on the complexation of Eu(III) and Tb(III) with acetohydroxamic acid (AHA) in nitrate medium. Pathak PN, Mohapatra M, Godbole SV. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 Nov.
  • A potential carrier based on liquid crystal nanoparticles for ophthalmic delivery of pilocarpine nitrate. Li J, Wu L, Wu W, Wang B, Wang Z, Xin H, Xu Q. Int J Pharm. 2013 Oct.
  • Synthesis, growth and characterization of a nonlinear optical crystal: Bis l-proline hydrogen nitrate. Selvaraju K, Kirubavathi K. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 Nov.
  • Nitrate removal from eutrophic wetlands polluted by metal-mine wastes: Effects of liming and plant growth. González-Alcaraz MN, Conesa HM, Alvarez-Rogel J. J Environ Manage. 2013 Oct.
  • Affinity binding via Zinc(II) for controlled orientation and electrochemistry of Histidine-tagged nitrate reductase in self-assembled monolayers. Campbell WH, Henig J, Plumeré N. Bioelectrochemistry. 2013.
  • The nitrate time bomb: a numerical way to investigate nitrate storage and lag time in the unsaturated zone. Wang L, Butcher AS, Stuart ME, Gooddy DC, Bloomfield JP. Environ Geochem Health. 2013.
  • Direct and indirect photodegradation of estriol in the presence of humic acid, nitrate and iron complexes in water solutions. Chen Y, Zhang K, Zuo Y. Sci Total Environ. 2013 Oct.
  • Nitrate source apportionment in a subtropical watershed using Bayesian model. Yang L, Han J, Xue J, Zeng L, Shi J, Wu L, Jiang Y. Sci Total Environ. 2013 Oct.
  • A novel and efficient synthesis of diverse dihydronaphtho[1,2-b]furans using the ceric ammonium nitrate-catalyzed formal [3 + 2] cycloaddition of 1,4-naphthoquinones to olefins and its application to furomollugin. Xia L, Lee YR. Org Biomol Chem. 2013 Sep.
  • Synthesis, spectroscopic (FT-IR/NMR) characterization, X-ray structure and DFT studies on (E)-2-(1-phenylethylidene) hydrazinecarboximidamide nitrate hemimethanol. Ozdemir N, Inkaya E, Saripinar E, Akyüz L, Ilhan IÖ, Aydin S, Dinçer M, Büyükgüngör O. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 Oct.
  • Comments on the "Nitrate contamination in ground water of some rural areas of Rajasthan, India" by Suthar et al. Satpathy KK, Padhi RK, Samantara MK. Hazard Mater. 2013 Sep.
  • Nitrate-based niche differentiation by distinct sulfate-reducing bacteria involved in the anaerobic oxidation of methane. Green-Saxena A, Dekas AE, Dalleska NF, Orphan VJ. ISME J. 2013 Sep.
  • Model-Based Integration and Analysis of Biogeochemical and Isotopic Dynamics in a Nitrate-Polluted Pyritic Aquifer. Zhang YC, Prommer H, Broers HP, Slomp CP, Greskowiak J, van der Grift B, Van Cappellen P. Environ Sci Technol. 2013.
  • Nitrogen Oxyanion Dependent Dissociation of a Two-Component Complex that Regulates Bacterial Nitrate Assimilation. Luque-Almagro VM, Lyall VJ, Ferguson SJ, Roldan MD, Richardson DJ, Gates AJ. J Biol Chem. 2013.