|Product||Product Code||Order or Specifications|
|(2N) 99% Cerium Oxide||CE-OX-02|
|(3N) 99.9% Cerium Oxide||CE-OX-03|
|(4N) 99.99% Cerium Oxide||CE-OX-04|
|(5N) 99.999% Cerium Oxide||CE-OX-05|
|Formula||CAS No.||PubChem CID||MDL No.||EC No||IUPAC Name||Beilstein
|PROPERTIES||Compound Formula||Mol. Wt.||Appearance||Melting Point||Boiling Point||Density||Monoisotopic Mass||Charge||MSDS|
|CeO2||172.12||White to Yellow Powder||2,400° C (4,352° F)||3,500° C (6,332° F)||7.22 g/cm3||171.895 g/mol||171.895264 Da||0||Safety Data Sheet|
Cerium oxide is a highly insoluble thermally stable Cerium source suitable for glass, optic and ceramic applications. Cerium(IV) oxide is produced by the calcination of cerium oxalate or cerium hydroxide and is generally immediately available in most volumes. American Elements can produce materials to custom specifications by request, in addition to custom compositions for commercial and research applications and new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as numerous other machined shapes and in the form of solutions and organometallic compounds. Ultra high purity and high purity forms also include metal powder, submicron powder and nanomaterials, targets for thin film deposition, and pellets for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available, as is additional technical and safety (MSDS) data. Please contact us for information on lead time and pricing above.
Cerium (atomic symbol: Ce, atomic number: 58) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 140.116. The number of electrons in each of cerium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 19, 9, 2 and its electron configuration is [Xe]4f2 6s2. The cerium atom has a radius of 182.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 235 pm. In its elemental form, cerium has a silvery white appearance. Cerium is the most abundant of the rare earths metals. It is characterized chemically by having two valence states, the +3 cerous and +4 ceric states. The ceric state is the only non-trivalent rare earth ion stable in aqueous solutions. It is, therefore, strongly acidic and moderately toxic. It is also a strong oxidizer. The cerous state closely resembles the other trivalent rare earths. Cerium is found in the minerals allanite, bastnasite, hydroxylbastnasite, monazite, rhabdophane, synchysite and zircon. Cerium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth, Jöns Jakob Berzelius, and Wilhelm Hisinger in 1803 and first isolated by Carl Gustaf Mosander in 1839. The element was named after the asteroid Ceres. For more information on cerium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of cerium products, visit the Cerium Information Center.
|HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION|
|Material Safety Data Sheet||MSDS|
|Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
|CERIUM OXIDE SYNONYMS|
|Cerium(IV) oxide, Ceric oxide, Dioxocerium, Cerium dioxide, Needlal, Ceria, Opaline, Cerium(IV) dioxide, Ceric dioxide, Nidoral, Diketocerium|
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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
|Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.|
Recent Research & Development for Cerium
- Toxicity and bio-accumulation of inhaled cerium oxide nanoparticles in CD1 mice. Aalapati S, Ganapathy S, Manapuram S, Anumolu G, Prakya BM. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Nov.
- Comparative hazard identification of nano- and micro-sized cerium oxide particles based on 28-day inhalation studies in rats. Gosens I, Mathijssen LE, Bokkers BG, Muijser H, Cassee FR. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Sep.
- The electrochemical behavior of cerium (III/IV) complexes: Thermodynamics, kinetics and applications in synthesis. - NA Piro, JR Robinson, PJ Walsh, EJ Schelter - Coordination Chemistry 2014 - Elsevier
- Adsorptional removal of methylene blue by guar gum-cerium (IV) tungstate hybrid cationic exchanger. Gupta VK, Pathania D, Singh P, Kumar A, Rathore BS. Carbohydr Polym. 2014
- The role of chemical interactions between thorium, cerium, and lanthanum in lymphocyte toxicity. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2014 create date:2013/08/13 | first author:Oliveira MS
- Wet Air Oxidation of phenol over Pt and Ru catalysts supported on cerium-based oxides: Resistance to fouling and kinetic modelling. S Keav, AE de los Monteros, J Barbier Jr… - Applied Catalysis 2014 - Elsevier
- Sustained inhibition of neovascularization in vldlr(-/-) mice following intravitreal injection of cerium oxide nanoparticles and the role of the ASK1-P38/JNK-NF-ÎºB pathway. Biomaterials. 2014 create date:2013/10/22 | first author:Cai X
- Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Modify the Antioxidative Stress Enzyme Activities and Macromolecule Composition in Rice Seedlings. Environ Sci Technol. 2013 create date:2013/11/26 | first author:Rico CM
- A Cerium(IV)-Carbon Multiple Bond. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2013 create date:2013/11/28 | first author:Gregson M
- High-Temperature, High-Pressure Hydrothermal Synthesis, Crystal Structures, and Spectroscopic Studies of a Uranium(IV) Phosphate (Na10U2P6O24) and the Isotypic Cerium(IV) Phosphate (Na10Ce2P6O24). Inorg Chem. 2013 create date:2013/11/15 | first author:Lai YH
- Pulmonary cerium dioxide nanoparticle exposure differentially impairs coronary and mesenteric arteriolar reactivity. Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2013 create date:2013/05/07 | first author:Minarchick VC
- Electrochemical determination of BCR/ABL fusion gene based on in situ synthesized gold nanoparticles and cerium dioxide nanoparticles. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2013 | first author:Li S
- Thermopower enhancement by encapsulating cerium in clathrate cages. Nat Mater. | first author:Prokofiev A
- A positron annihilation spectroscopic investigation of europium-doped cerium oxide nanoparticles. Nanoscale. | first author:Thorat AV
- Custom Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Protect against a Free Radical Mediated Autoimmune Degenerative Disease in the Brain. ACS Nano. 2013 create date:2013/11/26 | first author:Heckman KL
- Effect of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles on the Quality of Rice ( Oryza sativa L.) Grains. J Agric Food
- Structure and special chemical reactivity of interface-stabilized cerium oxide nanolayers on TiO(2)(110). Nanoscale. 2013 | first author:Agnoli S
- Electroanalytical evaluation of antioxidant activity of cerium oxide nanoparticles by nanoparticle collisions at microelectrodes. J Am Chem Soc. 2013 | first author:Sardesai NP
- Construction of heterocyclic structures by trivalent cerium salts promoted bond forming reactions. Properzi R, Marcantoni E. Chem Soc Rev. 2013 Nov 11.
- The role of chemical interactions between thorium, cerium, and lanthanum in lymphocyte toxicity. Oliveira MS, Duarte IM, Paiva AV, Yunes SN, Almeida CE, Mattos RC, Sarcinelli PN. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2014.