Cerium Board

High Purity Ce Boards
CAS 7440-45-1


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Cerium Board CE-M-02-BRD Contact American Elements
(2N5) 99.5% Cerium Board CE-M-025-BRD Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Cerium Board CE-M-03-BRD Contact American Elements
(3N5) 99.95% Cerium Board CE-M-035-BRD Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Cerium Board CE-M-04-BRD Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Cerium Board CE-M-05-BRD Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Ce 7440-45-1 24869828 23974 MFCD00010924 231-154-9 N/A [Ce] InChI=1S/Ce GWXLDORMOJMVQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
140.12 Silvery 6689kg/m³ N/A 795°C 3360°C 0.113/cm/K @ 298.2 K 75.0 microhm-cm @ 25 °C 1.1 Paulings 0.049 Cal/g/K @ 25°C 95 K-cal/gm atom at 3426°C 2.12 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

99.999% High Purity Cerium BoardSee research below. American Elements specializes in producing Cerium Boards in various thicknesses and sizes. Most Boards are produced from cast Ingots for use in coating and thin film Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Organometallic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) for specific applications such as fuel cells and solar energy. Thickness can range from 0.04" to 0.25" for all metals. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (see Nanotechnology and Quantum Dots application discussions) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. Cerium metal was historically used in alloys to make permanent magnets, but this has become a less common use for the metal. Currently cerium metal is used in a number of alloys for a wide range of applications. Alloying cerium with iron improves machinability of automotive power-train components. Cerium can be added to magnesium alloys as a grain boundary modifier and can be used to make aluminum alloys. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. We also produce Cerium shapes are available by request.

Cerium (Ce) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolCerium (atomic symbol: Ce, atomic number: 58) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 140.116. The number of electrons in each of cerium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 19, 9, 2 and its electron configuration is [Xe]4f2 6s2. Cerium Bohr ModelThe cerium atom has a radius of 182.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 235 pm. In its elemental form, cerium has a silvery white appearance. Cerium is the most abundant of the rare earths metals. It is characterized chemically by having two valence states, the +3 cerous and +4 ceric states. The ceric state is the only non-trivalent rare earth ion stable in aqueous solutions. Elemental CeriumIt is, therefore, strongly acidic and moderately toxic. It is also a strong oxidizer. The cerous state closely resembles the other trivalent rare earths. Cerium is found in the minerals allanite, bastnasite, hydroxylbastnasite, monazite, rhabdophane, synchysite and zircon. Cerium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth, Jöns Jakob Berzelius, and Wilhelm Hisinger in 1803 and first isolated by Carl Gustaf Mosander in 1839. The element was named after the asteroid Ceres. For more information on cerium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of cerium products, visit the Cerium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H228-H302-H312-H315-H319-H332-H335
F, Xn
11-20/21/22-36/37/38
16-26-36/37/39
N/A
UN 1333 4.1/PG 2
3
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity Flame-Flammables      

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Request an MSDS or Certificate of Analysis





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Recent Research & Development for Cerium

  • Chao Lu, Hao Wu, Yun Zhang, Heng Liu, Baojun Chen, Naiteng Wu, Sen Wang, Cerium fluoride coated layered oxide Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2 as cathode materials with improved electrochemical performance for lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Martynas Misevicius, Martynas Kilmanas, Serdar Culunlu, Simas Sakirzanovas, Ayse Uztetik Morkan, Aldona Beganskiene, Aivaras Kareiva, On the sol–gel fabrication and characterization of undoped and cerium-doped Sr4Al14O25, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • Junghwa Park, Dukjoon Kim, Effect of cerium/18-crown-6-ether coordination complex OH quencher on the properties of sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) fuel cell electrolyte membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 469, 1 November 2014
  • Yongdeuk Gong, Daewoong Choi, Bo-Young Han, Jonghyun Yoo, Song-Hee Han, Yonghoon Lee, Remote quantitative analysis of cerium through a shielding window by stand-off laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 453, Issues 1–3, October 2014
  • Christofer E. Whiting, John M. Douglas, Bethany M. Cremeans, Chadwick D. Barklay, Daniel P. Kramer, Oxygen exchange reaction kinetics for cerium(IV) oxide at 1000 °C, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 218, October 2014
  • J.P. Winterstein, C.B. Carter, Electron-beam damage and point defects near grain boundaries in cerium oxide, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 12, October 2014
  • Saadi Berri, Djamel Maouche, Miloud Ibrir, Badis Bakri, Electronic structure and magnetic properties of the perovskite cerium manganese oxide from ab initio calculations, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 201 4
  • Jayapalan Saranya, Kugalur Shanmugam Ranjith, Padmanaban Saravanan, Devanesan Mangalaraj, Ramasamy Thangavelu Rajendra Kumar, Cobalt-doped cerium oxide nanoparticles: Enhanced photocatalytic activity under UV and visible light irradiation, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Mahdi Robat Sarpoushi, Mahdi Nasibi, Mohammad Ali Golozar, Mohammad Reza Shishesaz, Mohammad Reza Borhani, Sajad Noroozi, Electrochemical investigation of graphene/cerium oxide nanoparticles as an electrode material for supercapacitors, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Cui Ye, Huan Guo, Menghuan Zhang, Hongguo Zhu, Jianqiang Hu, Xuandi Lai, Aiqing Li, Synthesis and enhanced electrochemical property of Au-doped cerium phosphate nanowires, Materials Letters, Volume 131, 15 September 2014
  • X. Jiang, S.-H. Song, Enhanced hot ductility of a Cr–Mo low alloy steel by rare earth cerium, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 613, 8 September 2014
  • Fatemeh Heidari, Abdullah Irankhah, Effect of surfactants and digestion time on nano crystalline cerium oxide characteristics synthesized by differential precipitation, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part B, September 2014
  • Nidhi Sinha, Geeta Ray, Sonia Bhandari, Sanjay Godara, Binay Kumar, Synthesis and enhanced properties of cerium doped ZnO nanorods, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • R. Suresh, V. Ponnuswamy, R. Mariappan, Nanostructured cerium oxide thin films by nebulized spray pyrolysis (NSP) technique: Impact of surfactants on the structural, optical and compositional properties, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part B, September 2014
  • Ismail A.M. Ibrahim, Zoltán Lencéš, Lubomír Benco, Monika Hrabalová, Pavol Šajgalík, Cerium-doped LaSi3N5: Computed electronic structure and band gaps, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 11, September 2014
  • Wei Li, Yuqing Sun, Huamin Kou, Min Chen, Yun Shi, Xiqi Feng, Yubai Pan, Jingkun Guo, Preparation of cerium fluoride suspensions for grain-orientation by a strong magnetic field assisted slip-casting process, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 7, Part B, August 2014
  • Rojana Pornprasertsuk, Manow Piyaworapaiboon, Supatra Jinawath, Fabrication of Y-doped barium cerium zirconate thin films by electrostatic spray deposition technique for protonic ceramic fuel cell application, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 7, Part A, August 2014
  • Pinyang Fang, Peng Liu, Zengzhe Xi, Wei Long, Xiaojuan Li, Effect of cerium additives on structure and electrical properties of Aurivillius oxides (K0.16Na0.84)0.5Bi4.5Ti4O15, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 186, August 2014
  • Joonhyeon Kang, Sujin Byun, Seunghoon Nam, Suji Kang, Taeho Moon, Byungwoo Park, Synergistic improvement of oxygen reduction reaction on gold/cerium-phosphate catalysts, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 39, Issue 21, 15 July 2014
  • D. Naga Durgasri, T. Vinodkumar, Fangjian Lin, Ivo Alxneit, Benjaram M. Reddy, Gadolinium doped cerium oxide for soot oxidation: Influence of interfacial metal-support interactions, Applied Surface Science, Available online 12 July 2014