Chromium-53 Metal Isotope
|Chromium 53 Metal
||NDS 61,47 (1990)
Chromium 53 Metal (Chromium-53) is a stable (non-radioactive) isotope of Chromium. It is both naturally occurring and a produced by fission. Chromium 53 Metal is one of over 250 stable Metallic isotopes produced by American Elements for biological and biomedical labeling, as target materials and other applications. Chromium Metal 53 additionally has special application in noninvasive studies of chromium metabolism and human requirements. Also, mechanisms for the onset of adult diabetes. Chromium Metal is also available in ultra high purity and as nanoparticles. For thin film applications it is available as rod, pellets, pieces, granules and sputtering targets and as either an ingot or powder. Chromium Metal 53 isotopic material is generally immediately available. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.
Chromium (atomic symbol: Cr, atomic number: 24) is a Block D, Group 6, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 51.9961. The number of electrons in each of Chromium's shells is 2, 8, 13, 1 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d5 4s1. Chromium was first discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in 1797. It was first isolated in 1798, also by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin. The chromium atom has a radius of 128 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 189 pm. In its elemental form, chromium has a lustrous steel-gray appearance. Chromium is the hardest metal element in the periodic table and the only element that exhibits antiferromagnetic ordering at room temperature, above which it tranforms into a paramagnetic solid. The most common source of chromium is chromite ore (FeCr2O4). Due to its various colorful compounds, Chromium was named after the Greek word 'chroma' meaning color. For more information on chromium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of chromium products, visit the Chromium Information Center.
|PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
|Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.
Recent Research & Development for Chromium
- Guangye Wei, Jingkui Qu, Zhihui Yu, Yongli Li, Qiang Guo, Tao Qi, Mineralizer effects on the synthesis of amorphous chromium hydroxide and chromium oxide green pigment using hydrothermal reduction method, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 113, February 2015
- Fei Liu, Yehua Jiang, Han Xiao, Jun Tan, Study on fragmentation and dissolution behavior of carbide in a hot-rolled hypereutectic high chromium cast iron, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 618, 5 January 2015
- Zhiwei Zhao, Hongjuan Zheng, Shaojing Liu, Jianhong Shen, Weiqiang Song, Jinshen Chen, Low temperature synthesis of chromium carbide (Cr3C2) nanopowders by a novel precursor method, International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, Volume 48, January 2015
- Meike V.F. Schlupp, Ji Woo Kim, Aude Brevet, Cyril Rado, Karine Couturier, Ulrich F. Vogt, Florence Lefebvre-Joud, Andreas Züttel, Avoiding chromium transport from stainless steel interconnects into contact layers and oxygen electrodes in intermediate temperature solid oxide electrolysis stacks, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
- T.J. Pan, B. Zhang, J. Li, Y.X. He, F. Lin, An investigation on corrosion protection of chromium nitride coated Fe–Cr alloy as a bipolar plate material for proton exchange membrane fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
- Chun Wu, Jiao Gao, Qinglan Zhao, Youwei Zhang, Yansong Bai, Xingyan Wang, Xianyou Wang, Preparation and supercapacitive behaviors of the ordered mesoporous/microporous chromium carbide-derived carbons, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
- W. Węglewski, M. Basista, A. Manescu, M. Chmielewski, K. Pietrzak, Th. Schubert, Effect of grain size on thermal residual stresses and damage in sintered chromium–alumina composites: Measurement and modeling, Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 67, December 2014
- Tapas Debnath, Ahamed Ullah, Claus H. Rüscher, Altaf Hussain, Chromium substitution in mullite type bismuth aluminate: Bi2CrxAl4−xO9 with 0≤x≤2.0, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 220, December 2014
- Konstantinos Kapnisis, Georgios Constantinides, Harry Georgiou, Daniel Cristea, Camelia Gabor, Daniel Munteanu, Brigitta Brott, Peter Anderson, Jack Lemons, Andreas Anayiotos, Multi-scale mechanical investigation of stainless steel and cobalt–chromium stents, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, Volume 40, December 2014
- Hui Zhang, Yong Zou, Zengda Zou, Chuanwei Shi, Effects of chromium addition on microstructure and properties of TiC–VC reinforced Fe-based laser cladding coatings, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014