Cesium Sulfate

Cs2SO4
CAS 10294-54-9


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Cesium Sulfate CS-SAT-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Cesium Sulfate CS-SAT-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Cesium Sulfate CS-SAT-04 Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Cesium Sulfate CS-SAT-05 Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Cs2SO4 10294-54-9 24853771 25137 MFCD00010959 233-662-6 dicesium sulfate N/A [Cs+].[Cs+].[O-]S([O-])(=O)=O InChI=1S/2Cs.H2O4S/c;;1-5(2,3)4/h;;(H2,1,2,3,4)/q2*+1;/p-2 FLJPGEWQYJVDPF-UHFFFAOYSA-L

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
Cs4O4S 361.87 White 272 °C
(522 °F)
N/A 4.243 g/cm3 361.763 361.763 0 Safety Data Sheet

Cesium Sulfate is a moderately water and acid soluble Cesium source for uses compatible with sulfates.Sulfate compounds are salts or esters of sulfuric acid formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogens with a metal. Most metal sulfate compounds are readily soluble in water for uses such as water treatment, unlike fluorides and oxides which tend to be insoluble. Organometallic forms are soluble in organic solutions and sometimes in both aqueous and organic solutions. Metallic ions can also be dispersed utilizing suspended or coated nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and deposited utilizing sputtering targets and evaporation materials for uses such as solar energy materials and fuel cells. Cesium Sulfate is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity and high purity compositions improve both optical quality and usefulness as scientific standards. Nanoscale (See also Nanotechnology Information and Quantum Dots) elemental powders and suspensions, as alternative high surface area forms, may be considered. We also produce Cesium Sulfate Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Cesium (Cs) and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolCesium or Caesium (atomic symbol: Ce, atomic number: 55) is a Block S, Group 1, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 132.9054519. The number of electrons in each of Cesium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 1 and its electron configuration is [Xe] 6s1. Cesium Bohr ModelThe cesium atom has a radius of 265 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 343 pm. Cesium is a member of the alkali group of metals. Elemental CesiumIt is one of three metals that occur as a liquid at room temperature, the others being mercury and gallium. Cesium's main commercial source is pollucite ore; however, it is also found in beryl, avogadrite, pezzottaite, and londonite. Cesium was discovered by Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff in 1860 and first isolated by Carl Setterberg in 1882. In its elemental form, cesium has a silvery gold appearance. The word Cesium originates from the Latin word "caesius," meaning "sky blue," which refers to the vibrant blue lines in its spectrum. For more information on cesium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of cesium products, visit the Cesium Information Center.

Sulfur Bohr ModelSulfur (S) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSulfur or Sulphur (atomic symbol: S, atomic number: 16) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 3 element with an atomic radius of 32.066. The number of electrons in each of Sulfur's shells is 2, 8, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ne]3s2 3p4. In its elemental form, sulfur has a light yellow appearance. The sulfur atom has a covalent radius of 105 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 180 pm. In nature, sulfur can be found in hot springs, meteorites, volcanoes, and as galena, gypsum, and epsom salts. Sulfur has been known since ancient times but was not accepted as an element until 1777 when Antoine Lavoisier helped to convince the scientific community that it was an element and not a compound. For more information on sulfur, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of sulfur products, visit the Sulfur Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Precautions 22-24/25
RTECS Number FL0800000
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany 2
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
N/A        

CESIUM SULFATE SYNONYMS
Caesium sulphate, Dicesium sulfate, Sulfuric acid, dicesium salt

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Cesium

  • Pankaj Kandwal, Prasanta Kumar Mohapatra, A highly efficient solvent system containing chlorinated cobalt dicarbollide in NPOE—Dodecane mixture for effective transport of radio-cesium from acidic wastes, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 469, 1 November 2014
  • J.N. Sharma, Amar Kumar, Vikas Kumar, S. Pahan, C. Janardanan, V. Tessi, P.K. Wattal, Process development for separation of cesium from acidic nuclear waste solution using 1,3-dioctyloxycalix[4]arene-crown-6 + isodecyl alcohol/n-dodecane solvent, Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 135, 15 October 2014
  • Andrey Vendilo, Konstantin Popov, Marja Lajunen, Vyacheslav Chistov, Dmitry Djigailo, Hannu Rönkkömäki, Viktor Privalov, Igor Pletnev, A cesium-133 nuclear magnetic resonance study of the cesium cation сomplexation by macrocyclic polyethers in hydrophobic RITLs, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Sarah N. Spisak, Alexander V. Zabula, Alexander S. Filatov, Marina A. Petrukhina, Self-assembly of charged corannulene with cesium ions: Always in the bowl, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Available online 2 September 2014
  • Kitheri Joseph, K.V. Govindan Kutty, M.C. Goswami, P.R. Vasudeva Rao, Viscosity and crystallization mechanism of cesium loaded iron phosphate glasses, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 587, 10 July 2014
  • Sathasivam Pratheep Kumar, Buvaneswari Gopal, Synthesis and leachability study of a new cesium immobilized langbeinite phosphate: KCsFeZrP3O12, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Hang Long, Pingxiao Wu, Lin Yang, Zhujian Huang, Nengwu Zhu, Zhixian Hu, Efficient removal of cesium from aqueous solution with vermiculite of enhanced adsorption property through surface modification by ethylamine, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 428, 15 August 2014
  • Alfred K. Hill, Laura Torrente-Murciano, In-situ H2 production via low temperature decomposition of ammonia: Insights into the role of cesium as a promoter, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 39, Issue 15, 15 May 2014
  • Yan-Hong Deng, Yan-Qing Li, Qing-Dong Ou, Qian-Kun Wang, Fu-Zhou Sun, Xiang-Yu Chen, Jian-Xin Tang, The doping effect of cesium-based compounds on carrier transport and operational stability in organic light-emitting diodes, Organic Electronics, Volume 15, Issue 6, June 2014
  • N. Osada, K. Ishii, S. Matsuyama, H. Sugai, K. Kusano, Y. Nozawa, S. Yamauchi, M. Karahashi, S. Oshikawa, K. Kikuchi, S. Koshio, K. Watanabe, S. Itoh, Y. Suzuki, A. Terakawa, Y. Kikuchi, F. Fujishiro, A. Ishizaki, H. Arai, Remediation of plants contaminated with cesium by aqueous cleaning, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 318, Part A, 1 January 2014

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

  • Marta García-Maté, Angeles G. De la Torre, Laura León-Reina, Enrique R. Losilla, Miguel A.G. Aranda, Isabel Santacruz, Effect of calcium sulfate source on the hydration of calcium sulfoaluminate eco-cement, Cement and Concrete Composites, Volume 55, January 2015
  • Jin Gi Hong, Yongsheng Chen, Evaluation of electrochemical properties and reverse electrodialysis performance for porous cation exchange membranes with sulfate-functionalized iron oxide, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 473, 1 January 2015
  • Jie-Cen Zhong, Fang Wan, Yan-Qiong Sun, Yi-Ping Chen, Luminescent hybrid lanthanide sulfates and lanthanide sulfonate-carboxylates with 1,10-phenanthroline involving in-situ oxidation of 2-mercaptonbenzoic acid, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 221, January 2015
  • Haihan Zhou, Gaoyi Han, Dongying Fu, Yunzhen Chang, Yaoming Xiao, Hua-Jin Zhai, Petal-shaped poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/sodium dodecyl sulfate-graphene oxide intercalation composites for high-performance electrochemical energy storage, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 272, 25 December 2014
  • Edgar Ventosa, Marcel Skoumal, Francisco Javier Vázquez, Cristina Flox, Joan Ramon Morante, Operando studies of all-vanadium flow batteries: Easy-to-make reference electrode based on silver–silver sulfate, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 271, 20 December 2014
  • Xiaoshi Lang, Dianlong Wang, Chiyu Hu, Shenzhi Tang, Junsheng Zhu, Chenfeng Guo, The use of nanometer tetrabasic lead sulfate as positive active material additive for valve regulated lead-acid battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • L. Liu, J.P. Cheng, J. Zhang, F. Liu, X.B. Zhang, Effects of dodecyl sulfate and nitrate anions on the supercapacitive properties of α-Co(OH)2, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • J. Stroh, M.-C. Schlegel, E.F. Irassar, B. Meng, F. Emmerling, Applying high resolution SyXRD analysis on sulfate attacked concrete field samples, Cement and Concrete Research, Volume 66, December 2014
  • Neda Mobasher, Susan A. Bernal, Oday H. Hussain, David C. Apperley, Hajime Kinoshita, John L. Provis, Characterisation of Ba(OH)2–Na2SO4–blast furnace slag cement-like composites for the immobilisation of sulfate bearing nuclear wastes, Cement and Concrete Research, Volume 66, December 2014
  • Mark Whittaker, Maciej Zajac, Mohsen Ben Haha, Frank Bullerjahn, Leon Black, The role of the alumina content of slag, plus the presence of additional sulfate on the hydration and microstructure of Portland cement-slag blends, Cement and Concrete Research, Volume 66, December 2014