Gallium Arsenide

High Purity GaAs
CAS 1303-00-0


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(5N) 99.999% Gallium Arsenide Powder GA-AS-05-P Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Gallium Arsenide Ingot GA-AS-05-I Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Gallium Arsenide Chunk GA-AS-05-CK Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Gallium Arsenide Lump GA-AS-05-L Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Gallium Arsenide Sputtering Target GA-AS-05-ST Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Gallium Arsenide Wafer GA-AS-05-WSX Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
GaAs 1303-00-0 14770 MFCD00011017 215-114-8 gallanylidynearsane N/A [As]#[Ga] InChI=1S/As.Ga JBRZTFJDHDCESZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting
Point
Boiling
Point
Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
AsGa 144.64 Gray crystalline solid 1238°C N/A 5.32 g/cm3 143.84717 143.84717 0 Safety Data Sheet

Arsenide IonGallium Arsenide is a semiconductor with superior electronic properties to silicon. It has a higher saturated electron velocity and higher electron mobility, allowing it to function at microwave frequencies. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Gallium (Ga) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolGallium (atomic symbol: Ga, atomic number: 31) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 69.723. Gallium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Gallium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 3 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1. The gallium atom has a radius of 122.1 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 187 pm. Gallium was predicted by Dmitri Mendeleev in 1871. It was first discovered and isoalted by Hans Christian Oersted in 1825. Elemental Gallium In its elemental form, gallium has a silvery appearance. Gallium is one of three elements that occur naturally as a liquid at room temperature, the other two being mercury and cesium. Gallium does not exist as a free element in nature and is sourced commercially from bauxite and sphalerite. Currently, gallium is used in semiconductor materials for microelectronics and optics. The element name originates from the Latin word 'Gallia', the old name of France, and the word 'Gallus,' meaning rooster. For more information on gallium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of gallium products, visit the Gallium Information Center.

Arsenic Bohr ModelArsenic (As) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolArsenic (atomic symbol: As, atomic number: 33) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 4 element with an atomic radius of 74.92160. The number of electrons in each of arsenic's shells is 2, 8, 18, 5 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3. The arsenic atom has a radius of 119 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 185 pm. Arsenic was discovered in the early Bronze Age, circa 2500 BC. It was first isolated by Albertus Magnus in 1250 AD. In its elemental form, arsenic is a metallic grey, brittle, crystalline, semimetallic solid.Elemental Arsenic Arsenic is found in numerous minerals including arsenolite (As2O3), arsenopyrite (FeAsS), loellingite (FeAs2), orpiment (As2S3), and realgar (As4S4). Arsenic has numerous applications as a semiconductor and other electronic applications as indium arsenide, silicon arsenide and tin arsenide. Arsenic is finding increasing uses as a doping agent in solid-state devices such as transistors. For more information on arsenic, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of arsenic products, visit the Arsenic Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H301 + H331-H410
Hazard Codes T,N
Risk Codes 23/25-50/53
Safety Precautions 20/21-28-45-60-61
RTECS Number LW8800000
Transport Information UN 1557 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
Skull and Crossbones-Acute Toxicity  Environment-Hazardous to the aquatic environment      

GALLIUM ARSENIDE SYNONYMS
Gallium monoarsenide; Arsinidynegallium; gallanylidynearsane

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


Have a Question? Ask a Chemical Engineer or Material Scientist
Request an MSDS or Certificate of Analysis





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Recent Research & Development for Gallium

  • Doubly TEMPO-coordinated gadolinium(iii), lanthanum(iii), and yttrium(iii) complexes. Strong superexchange coupling across rare earth ions. Murakami R, Nakamura T, Ishida T. Dalton Trans. 2014.
  • Nuclear magnetization in gallium arsenide quantum dots at zero magnetic field. Sallen G, Kunz S, Amand T, Bouet L, Kuroda T, Mano T, Paget D, Krebs O, Marie X, Sakoda K, Urbaszek B. Nat Commun. 2014.
  • Clinical significance of late gadolinium enhancement in patients <20 years of age with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Smith BM, Dorfman AL, Yu S, Russell MW, Agarwal PP, Mahani MG, Lu JC. Am J Cardiol. 2014
  • Gallium oxide nanorods: novel, template-free synthesis and high catalytic activity in epoxidation reactions. Lueangchaichaweng W, Brooks NR, Fiorilli S, Gobechiya E, Lin K, Li L, Parres-Esclapez S, Javon E, Bals S, Van Tendeloo G, Martens JA, Kirschhock CE, Jacobs PA, Pescarmona PP. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2014.
  • Ultrasonic cavitation of molten gallium: Formation of micro- and nano-spheres. Kumar VB, Gedanken A, Kimmel G, Porat Z. Ultrason Sonochem. 2014.
  • Synthesis and characterization of functional multicomponent nanosized gallium chelated gold crystals. Zambre A, Silva F, Upendran A, Afrasiabi Z, Xin Y, Paulo A, Kannan R. Chem Commun (Camb). 2014 Jan.
  • Gallium SPECT/CT for Permanent Catheter Infection. Chuang TL, Wang YF. Clin Nucl Med. 2014.
  • Acute gangrenous cholecystitis diagnosed on gallium scan. Ma HY, Freeman LM. Clin Nucl Med. 2014 Mar.
  • Microencapsulation of gallium-indium (Ga-In) liquid metal for self-healing applications. Blaiszik BJ, Jones AR, Sottos NR, White SR. J Microencapsul. 2014.
  • The structure of hyperalkaline aqueous solutions containing high concentrations of gallium - a solution X-ray diffraction and computational study. Radnai T, Bálint S, Bakó I, Megyes T, Grósz T, Pallagi A, Peintler G, Pálinkó I, Sipos P. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2014.
  • Lacrimal Gland Uptake of (67)Ga-gallium Citrate Correlates with Biopsy Results in Patients with Suspected Sarcoidosis. Tannen BL, Kolomeyer AM, Turbin RE, Frohman L, Langer PD, Oh C, Ghesani NV, Zuckier LS, Chu DS. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2014.
  • Organo-gallium/indium chalcogenide complexes of copper(i): molecular structures and thermal decomposition to ternary semiconductors. Kluge O, Biedermann R, Holldorf J, Krautscheid H. Chemistry. 2014 Jan.
  • Gallium-mediated siderophore quenching as an evolutionarily robust antibacterial treatment. Ross-Gillespie A, Weigert M, Brown SP, Kümmerli R. Evol Med Public Health. 2014 Jan.
  • Effect of Microtextured Surface Topography on the Wetting Behavior of Eutectic Gallium-Indium Alloys. Kramer RK, Boley JW, Stone HA, Weaver JC, Wood RJ. Langmuir. 2014 Jan.
  • Gallium-68 DOTATOC PET/CT In Vivo Characterization of Somatostatin Receptor Expression in the Prostate. Todorovic-Tirnanic MV, Gajic MM, Obradovic VB, Baum RP. Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2014 Jan.
  • A hybrid density functional view of native vacancies in gallium nitride. Gillen R, Robertson J. J Phys Condens Matter.
  • Effect of microtextured surface topography on the wetting behavior of eutectic gallium-indium alloys. Kramer RK, Boley JW, Stone HA, Weaver JC, Wood RJ. Langmuir. 2014.
  • Total neutron scattering investigation of the structure of a cobalt gallium oxide spinel prepared by solvothermal oxidation of gallium metal. Playford HY, Hannon AC, Tucker MG, Lees MR, Walton RI. J Phys Condens Matter.
  • Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) Photovoltaic Devices Made Using Multistep Selenization of Nanocrystal Films. Harvey TB, Mori I, Stolle CJ, Bogart TD, Ostrowski DP, Glaz MS, Du J, Pernik DR, Akhavan VA, Kesrouani H, Vanden Bout DA, Korgel BA. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces.

Recent Research & Development for Arsenides

  • RF-to-DC characteristics of direct irradiated on-chip gallium arsenide Schottky diode and antenna for application in proximity communication system. Mustafa F, Hashim AM. Sensors (Basel). 2014
  • Nuclear magnetization in gallium arsenide quantum dots at zero magnetic field. Sallen G, Kunz S, Amand T, Bouet L, Kuroda T, Mano T, Paget D, Krebs O, Marie X, Sakoda K, Urbaszek B. Nat Commun. 2014.
  • A New Layered Iron Arsenide Superconductor: (Ca,Pr)FeAs2. Yakita H, Ogino H, Okada T, Yamamoto A, Kishio K, Tohei T, Ikuhara Y, Gotoh Y, Fujihisa H, Kataoka K, Eisaki H, Shimoyama JI. J Am Chem Soc. 2014 Jan.
  • Corrigendum: Two-dome structure in electron-doped iron arsenide superconductors. Iimura S, Matsuishi S, Sato H, Hanna T, Muraba Y, Kim SW, Kim JE, Takata M, Hosono H. Nat Commun. 2013 Dec.
  • Inelastic Neutron Scattering Study of a Nonmagnetic Collapsed Tetragonal Phase in Nonsuperconducting CaFe_{2}As_{2}: Evidence of the Impact of Spin Fluctuations on Superconductivity in the Iron-Arsenide Compounds. Soh JH, Tucker GS, Pratt DK, Abernathy DL, Stone MB, Ran S, Bud'ko SL, Canfield PC, Kreyssig A, McQueeney RJ, Goldman AI. Phys Rev Lett. 2013.
  • An ab initio study of the electronic structure of boron arsenide, BAs. Magoulas I, Kalemos A. J Chem Phys. 2013 Oct.
  • DNA detection using plasmonic enhanced near-infrared photoluminescence of gallium arsenide. Tang L, Chun IS, Wang Z, Li J, Li X, Lu Y. Anal Chem. 2013 Oct.
  • Effects of a low-level semiconductor gallium arsenide laser on local pathological alterations induced by Bothrops moojeni snake venom. Aranha de Sousa E, Bittencourt JA, Seabra de Oliveira NK, Correia Henriques SV, Dos Santos Picanço LC, Lobato CP, Ribeiro JR, Pereira WL, Carvalho JC, Oliveira da Silva J. Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2013.
  • Formation of gallium arsenide nanostructures in Pyrex glass. Howlader MM, Zhang F, Jamal Deen M. Nanotechnology. 2013.
  • First-principles determination of ultrahigh thermal conductivity of boron arsenide: a competitor for diamond? Lindsay L, Broido DA, Reinecke TL. Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Jul 12.
  • Formation of gallium arsenide nanostructures in Pyrex glass. Howlader MM, Zhang F, Jamal Deen M. Nanotechnology. 2013 Aug 9.
  • Homologous Series of Rare-Earth Zinc Arsenides REZn2-xAs2n(REAs) (RE = La-Nd, Sm; n = 3, 4, 5, 6). Lin X, Mar A. Inorg Chem. 2013 May 28.
  • Evaluation of the carcinogenicity of gallium arsenide. Bomhard EM, Gelbke HP, Schenk H, Williams GM, Cohen SM. Crit Rev Toxicol. 2013 May 4.
  • Epitaxial lift-off process for gallium arsenide substrate reuse and flexible electronics. Cheng CW, Shiu KT, Li N, Han SJ, Shi L, Sadana DK. Nat Commun. 2013.
  • Transmetalation of chromocene by lithium-amide, -phosphide, and -arsenide nucleophiles. Scheuermayer S, Tuna F, Pineda EM, Bodensteiner M, Scheer M, Layfield RA. Inorg Chem. 2013.
  • Magnetic ordering in tetragonal 3d metal arsenides M2As (M = Cr, Mn, Fe): an ab initio investigation. Zhang Y, Brgoch J, Miller GJ. Inorg Chem. 2013 Mar.
  • Effect of doping on the magnetostructural ordered phase of iron arsenides: a comparative study of the resistivity anisotropy in doped BaFe2As2 with doping into three different sites. Ishida S, Nakajima M, Liang T, Kihou K, Lee CH, Iyo A, Eisaki H, Kakeshita T, Tomioka Y, Ito T, Uchida S. J Am Chem Soc. 2013 Feb 27;135(8):3158-63.
  • [A matrix gallium-arsenide detector for roentgenoraphy]. Vorob'ev AP, Golovnia SN, Gorokhov SA, Parahin VV, Polkovnikov MK, Aizenshtat GI, Lelekov MA, Koretskaia OV, Novikov VA, Tolbanov OP, Tiazhev AV, Borodin DV, Osipov IuV. Med Tekh. 2012 Sep-Oct.
  • Susceptibility anisotropy in an iron arsenide superconductor revealed by x-ray diffraction in pulsed magnetic fields. Ruff JP, Chu JH, Kuo HH, Das RK, Nojiri H, Fisher IR, Islam Z. Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Jul 13.
  • Universal heat conduction in the iron arsenide superconductor KFe2As2: evidence of a d-wave state. Reid JP, Tanatar MA, Juneau-Fecteau A, Gordon RT, de Cotret SR, Doiron-Leyraud N, Saito T, Fukazawa H, Kohori Y, Kihou K, Lee CH, Iyo A, Eisaki H, Prozorov R, Taillefer L. Phys Rev Lett.