Gadolinium Ingot

High Purity Gd Metal Ingots
CAS 7440-54-2


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Gadolinium Ingot GD-M-02-I Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Gadolinium Ingot GD-M-03-I Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Gadolinium Ingot GD-M-04-I Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Gadolinium Ingot GD-M-05-I Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Gd 7440-54-2 24855949 23982 MFCD00011022 231-162-2 N/A [Gd] InChI=1S/Gd UIWYJDYFSGRHKR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
157.25 Silvery 7901kg/m³ N/A 1312°C 3250°C 0.105 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K 140.5 microhm-cm @ 25°C 1.1 Paulings 0.055 Cal/g/K @ 25°C 72 K-Cal/gm atom at 3266°C 3.70 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

Ultra High Purity IngotAmerican Elements produces metallic Gadolinium Ingots with the highest possible density. Ingots are generally the least costly metallic form and useful in general applications. Our standard Ingot size is nominally 2-3 cm x 3-8 cm x 6-12 cm. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We can also provide Pieces and Shot in smaller ranges.American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above. We also produce Gadolinium as rod, pellets, powder, pieces, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request.

Gadolinium Element SymbolGadolinium (atomic symbol: Gd, atomic number: 64) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 157.25.Gadolinium Bohr Model The number of electrons in each of Gadolinium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2. The gadolinium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Gadolinium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in 1880 and first isolated by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886. In its elemental form, gadolinium has a silvery-white appearance. Gadolinium is a rare earth or lanthanide element that possesses unique properties advantageous Elemental Gadolinium Pictureto specialized applications such as semiconductor fabrication and nuclear reactor shielding. It is utilized for both its high magnetic moment (7.94μB) and in phosphors and scintillator material. When complexed with EDTA ligands, it is used as an injectable contrast agent for MRIs. The element is named after the Finnish chemist and geologist Johan Gadolin. For more information on Gadolinium, including properties, satefy data, research, and American Elements' catalog of Gadolinium products, visit the Gadolinium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Warning
H261
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
UN 3208 4.3/PG 3
3
Flame-Flammables        

CUSTOMERS FOR GADOLINIUM INGOTS HAVE ALSO LOOKED AT
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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


Have a Question? Ask a Chemical Engineer or Material Scientist
Request an MSDS or Certificate of Analysis





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Recent Research & Development for Gadolinium

  • Md.T. Rahman, C.V. Ramana, Gadolinium-substitution induced effects on the structure and AC electrical properties of cobalt ferrite, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Sandrine Ricote, Huayang Zhu, W. Grover Coors, Christodoulos Chatzichristodoulou, Robert J. Kee, Equilibrium and transient conductivity for gadolinium-doped ceria under large perturbations: I. Experiments, Solid State Ionics, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Cuiling Wang, Xiaofeng Liang, Haijian Li, Huijun Yu, Zhen Li, Shiyuan Yang, Structure and properties of gadolinium loaded calcium phosphate glasses, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 453, Issues 1–3, October 2014
  • D. Staicu, V.V. Rondinella, C.T. Walker, D. Papaioannou, R.J.M. Konings, C. Ronchi, M. Sheindlin, A. Sasahara, T. Sonoda, M. Kinoshita, Effect of burn-up on the thermal conductivity of uranium–gadolinium dioxide up to 100 GWd/tHM, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 453, Issues 1–3, October 2014
  • Marie Caisso, Florent Lebreton, Denis Horlait, Sébastien Picart, Philippe M. Martin, René Bès, Catherine Renard, Pascal Roussel, Daniel R. Neuville, Kathy Dardenne, Jörg Rothe, Thibaud Delahaye, André Ayral, Nanostructured gadolinium-doped ceria microsphere synthesis from ion exchange resin: Multi-scale in-situ studies of solid solution formation, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 218, October 2014
  • Hassan Ali Zamani, Farnoush Faridbod, Mohammad Reza Ganjali, A new selectophore for gadolinium selective sensor, Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 43, 1 October 2014
  • D. Naga Durgasri, T. Vinodkumar, Fangjian Lin, Ivo Alxneit, Benjaram M. Reddy, Gadolinium doped cerium oxide for soot oxidation: Influence of interfacial metal–support interactions, Applied Surface Science, Volume 314, 30 September 2014
  • T.S. Senthil, Dongjin Kim, N. Muthukumarasamy, Misook Kang, Closely packed dense network rutile nanorods with gadolinium for efficient dye sensitized solar cells, Applied Surface Science, Volume 313, 15 September 2014
  • Daniel J. Gregg, Zhaoming Zhang, Gordon J. Thorogood, Brendan J. Kennedy, Justin A. Kimpton, Grant J. Griffiths, Paul R. Guagliardo, Gregory R. Lumpkin, Eric R. Vance, Cation antisite disorder in uranium-doped gadolinium zirconate pyrochlores, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 452, Issues 1–3, September 2014
  • Hiroyuki Usui, Masahito Nomura, Hiroki Nishino, Masatoshi Kusatsu, Tadatoshi Murota, Hiroki Sakaguchi, Gadolinium silicide/silicon composite with excellent high-rate performance as lithium-ion battery anode, Materials Letters, Volume 130, 1 September 2014
  • S.C. Panigrahi, Piyush R. Das, B.N. Parida, R. Padhee, R.N.P. Choudhary, Dielectric and electrical properties of gadolinium-modified lead-zirconate-titanate system, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 604, 15 August 2014
  • Md.T. Rahman, M. Vargas, C.V. Ramana, Structural Characteristics, Electrical Conduction and Dielectric Properties of Gadolinium Substituted Cobalt Ferrite, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Available online 4 August 2014
  • Seung-Young Park, Chan Woong Na, Jee Hyun Ahn, Rak-Hyun Song, Jong-Heun Lee, Preparation of highly porous NiO–gadolinium-doped ceria nano-composite powders by one-pot glycine nitrate process for anode-supported tubular solid oxide fuel cells, Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, Available online 4 August 2014
  • Hung-Wei Yang, Chiung-Yin Huang, Chih-Wen Lin, Hao-Li Liu, Chia-Wen Huang, Shih-Sheng Liao, Pin-Yuan Chen, Yu-Jen Lu, Kuo-Chen Wei, Chen-Chi M. Ma, Gadolinium-functionalized nanographene oxide for combined drug and microRNA delivery and magnetic resonance imaging, Biomaterials, Volume 35, Issue 24, August 2014
  • Wen Xing, Protima Rauwel, Charles H. Hervoches, Zuoan Li, Reidar Haugsrud, Structure and transport properties in un-doped and acceptor-doped gadolinium tungstates, Solid State Ionics, Volume 261, August 2014
  • Jesus Gonzalez-Julian, Omar Cedillos-Barraza, Sven Döring, Stefan Nolte, Olivier Guillon, William E. Lee, Enhanced oxidation resistance of ZrB2/SiC composite through in situ reaction of gadolinium oxide in patterned surface cavities, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Available online 28 July 2014
  • Bruno L. Augusto, Fábio B. Noronha, Fabio C. Fonseca, Francisco N. Tabuti, Rita C. Colman, Lisiane V. Mattos, Nickel/gadolinium-doped ceria anode for direct ethanol solid oxide fuel cell, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 39, Issue 21, 15 July 2014
  • Yang Zou, Fei Yin, Xiao-Jun Zhou, Jing Chen, Qing-Jin Meng, A CuII–GdIII–CuII heterometallic coordination polymer constructed by gadolinium(III) ion and copper(II) Schiff-base building block: Structure and magnetic property, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 45, July 2014
  • Imen Miladi, Marie-Thérèse Aloy, Emma Armandy, Pierre Mowat, David Kryza, Nicolas Magné, Olivier Tillement, François Lux, Claire Billotey, Marc Janier, Claire Rodriguez-Lafrasse, Combining ultrasmall gadolinium-based nanoparticles with photon irradiation overcomes radioresistance of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, Available online 28 June 2014