Gadolinium Ingot

High Purity Gd Metal Ingots
CAS 7440-54-2


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Gadolinium Ingot GD-M-02-I Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Gadolinium Ingot GD-M-03-I Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Gadolinium Ingot GD-M-04-I Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Gadolinium Ingot GD-M-05-I Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Gd 7440-54-2 24855949 23982 MFCD00011022 231-162-2 N/A [Gd] InChI=1S/Gd UIWYJDYFSGRHKR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
157.25 Silvery 7901kg/m³ N/A 1312°C 3250°C 0.105 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K 140.5 microhm-cm @ 25°C 1.1 Paulings 0.055 Cal/g/K @ 25°C 72 K-Cal/gm atom at 3266°C 3.70 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

Ultra High Purity IngotAmerican Elements produces metallic Gadolinium Ingots with the highest possible density. Ingots are generally the least costly metallic form and useful in general applications. Our standard Ingot size is nominally 2-3 cm x 3-8 cm x 6-12 cm. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We can also provide Pieces and Shot in smaller ranges.American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above. We also produce Gadolinium as rod, pellets, powder, pieces, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request.

Gadolinium Element SymbolGadolinium (atomic symbol: Gd, atomic number: 64) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 157.25.Gadolinium Bohr Model The number of electrons in each of Gadolinium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2. The gadolinium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Gadolinium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in 1880 and first isolated by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886. In its elemental form, gadolinium has a silvery-white appearance. Gadolinium is a rare earth or lanthanide element that possesses unique properties advantageous Elemental Gadolinium Pictureto specialized applications such as semiconductor fabrication and nuclear reactor shielding. It is utilized for both its high magnetic moment (7.94μB) and in phosphors and scintillator material. When complexed with EDTA ligands, it is used as an injectable contrast agent for MRIs. The element is named after the Finnish chemist and geologist Johan Gadolin. For more information on Gadolinium, including properties, satefy data, research, and American Elements' catalog of Gadolinium products, visit the Gadolinium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Warning
H261
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
UN 3208 4.3/PG 3
3
Flame-Flammables        

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Request an MSDS or Certificate of Analysis





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Recent Research & Development for Gadolinium

  • Md. T. Rahman, M. Vargas, C.V. Ramana, Structural characteristics, electrical conduction and dielectric properties of gadolinium substituted cobalt ferrite, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 617, 25 December 2014
  • Liang Shi, Lixin Cao, Rongjie Gao, Yanling Zhao, Huibin Zhang, Chenghui Xia, Synthesis and characterization of gadolinium-doped nanotubular titania for enhanced photocatalysis, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 617, 25 December 2014
  • Samuel Taub, Robert E.A. Williams, Xin Wang, David W. McComb, John A. Kilner, Alan Atkinson, The effects of transition metal oxide doping on the sintering of cerium gadolinium oxide, Acta Materialia, Volume 81, December 2014
  • Yukina Taki, Kenji Shinozaki, Tsuyoshi Honma, Vesselin Dimitrov, Takayuki Komatsu, Electronic polarizability and interaction parameter of gadolinium tungsten borate glasses with high WO3 content, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 220, December 2014
  • Jesus Gonzalez-Julian, Omar Cedillos-Barraza, Sven Döring, Stefan Nolte, Olivier Guillon, William E. Lee, Enhanced oxidation resistance of ZrB2/SiC composite through in situ reaction of gadolinium oxide in patterned surface cavities, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 16, December 2014
  • Md.T. Rahman, C.V. Ramana, Gadolinium-substitution induced effects on the structure and AC electrical properties of cobalt ferrite, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • G.L. Song, J. Su, G.J. Ma, T.X. Wang, H.G. Yang, F.G. Chang, Effects of trivalent gadolinium and cobalt co-substitution on the crystal structure, electronic transport, and ferromagnetic properties of bismuth ferrite, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Sandrine Ricote, Huayang Zhu, W. Grover Coors, Christodoulos Chatzichristodoulou, Robert J. Kee, Equilibrium and transient conductivity for gadolinium-doped ceria under large perturbations: I. Experiments, Solid State Ionics, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Kyoung Sub Kim, Wooram Park, Kun Na, Gadolinium-chelate nanoparticle entrapped human mesenchymal stem cell via photochemical internalization for cancer diagnosis, Biomaterials, Available online 7 October 201
  • Michael J. Sgro, Warren E. Piers, Synthesis, characterization and reactivity of yttrium and gadolinium silyl complexes, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 422, 1 October 2014