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Germanium Concentrate

High Purity Ge Metal Concentrate
CAS 7440-56-4


Product Product Code Request Quote
(2N) 99% Germanium Concentrate GE-M-02-CONC Request Quote
(3N) 99.9% Germanium Concentrate GE-M-03-CONC Request Quote
(4N) 99.99% Germanium Concentrate GE-M-04-CONC Request Quote
(5N) 99.999% Germanium Concentrate GE-M-05-CONC Request Quote

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Ge 7440-56-4 24855958 6326954 MFCD00085310 231-164-3 N/A [Ge] InChI=1S/Ge GNPVGFCGXDBREM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
72.61 Black Lump 5.323 gm/cc N/A 937.4°C 2830°C 0.602 W/cm/K @ 302.93 K microhm-cm @ 20°C 1.8 Paulings 0.077 Cal/g/K @ 25°C 68 K-cal/gm atom at 2830°C 8.3 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

Germanium ConcentrateAmerican Elements offers germanium concentrate with a majority germanium base component. Preparation of germanium concentrate typically involves the removal of water from an germanium solution. American Elements specializes in producing high purity Germanium Concentrate with the smallest possible average grain sizes for use in preparation of pressed and bonded sputtering targets and in Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). Germanium concentrate is similar to powder in that it is made up of minute, dry particles of pure substance. Concentrate is also useful in any application where high surface areas are desired such as water treatment and in fuel cell and solar applications. Nanoparticles () also produce very high surface areas. Our standard Concentrate particle sizes average in the range of - 325 mesh, - 100 mesh, 10-50 microns and submicron (< 1 micron). We can also provide many materials in the nanoscale range. See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above. We also produce Germanium as rod, ingot, pieces, pellets, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request. Germanium concentrate is advantageous for transportation since it reduces weight and volume. A solution can be reproduced at the time of usage with the addition of a solvent.

Germanium (Ge) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolGermanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. Germanium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2. The germanium atom has a radius of 122.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 211 pm. Germanium was first discovered by Clemens Winkler in 1886. In its elemental form, germanium is a brittle grayish white semi-metallic element. Germanium is too reactive to be found naturally on Earth in its native state.High Purity (99.999%) Germanium (Ge) Metal It is commercially obtained from zinc ores and certain coals. It is also found in argyrodite and germanite. It is used extensively as a semiconductor in transitors, solar cells, and optical materials. Other applications include acting an alloying agent, as a phosphor in fluorescent lamps, and as a catalyst. The name Germanium originates from the Latin word "Germania" meaning "Germany," For more information on germanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of germanium products, visit the Germanium element page.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Warning
H315-H319-H335
Xi
36/37/38
26-36/39
LY5200000
N/A
3
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity        

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Request an MSDS or Certificate of Analysis

Recent Research & Development for Germanium

  • Germanium-silicon alloy and core-shell nanocrystals by gas phase synthesis. Mehringer C, Kloner C, Butz B, Winter B, Spiecker E, Peukert W. Nanoscale. 2015 Mar 12
  • On the structural landscape in endohedral silicon and germanium clusters, M@Si12 and M@Ge12. Goicoechea JM, McGrady JE. Dalton Trans. 2015 Jan 30.
  • Synthesis of silicon-germanium axial nanowire heterostructures in a solvent vapor growth system using indium and tin catalysts. Mullane E, Geaney H, Ryan KM. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015 Feb 25
  • Tensile Strained Germanium Nanowires Measured by Photocurrent Spectroscopy and X-ray Microdiffraction. Guilloy K, Pauc N, Gassenq A, Gentile P, Tardif S, Rieutord F, Calvo V. Nano Lett. 2015 Mar 16.
  • Contrasting reactivities of silicon and germanium complexes supported by an N-heterocyclic guanidine ligand. Lui MW, Merten C, Ferguson MJ, McDonald R, Xu Y, Rivard E. Inorg Chem. 2015 Feb 16
  • Integration of SrTiO3 on Crystallographically Oriented Epitaxial Germanium for Low-Power Device Applications. Hudait MK, Clavel M, Zhu Y, Goley PS, Kundu S, Maurya D, Priya S. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Mar 11
  • Facile Synthesis of pH-sensitive Germanium Nanocrystals with High Quantum Yield for Intracellular Acidic Compartment Imaging. Li F, Wang J, Sun S, Wang H, Tang Z, Nie G. Small. 2015 Jan 12.
  • Anisotropy analysis of third-harmonic generation in a germanium-doped silica optical fiber. Borne A, Katsura T, Félix C, Doppagne B, Segonds P, Bencheikh K, Levenson JA, Boulanger B. Opt Lett. 2015 Mar 15
  • Carbon-Coated Germanium Nanowires on carbon nanofibers as Self-Supported Electrodes for Flexible Lithium-Ion Batteries. Li W, Li M, Yang Z, Xu J, Zhong X, Wang J, Zeng L, Liu X, Jiang Y, Wei X, Gu L, Yu Y. Small. 2015 Feb 2.
  • Germanium Nanowires-in-Graphite Tubes via Self-Catalyzed Synergetic Confined Growth and Shell-Splitting Enhanced Li-Storage Performance. Sun Y, Jin S, Yang G, Wang J, Wang C. ACS Nano. 2015 Mar 9.
  • Cost-Effective Scalable Synthesis of Mesoporous Germanium Particles via a Redox-Transmetalation Reaction for High-Performance Energy Storage Devices. Choi S, Kim J, Choi NS, Kim MG, Park S. ACS Nano. 2015 Feb 24
  • Probing Lithium Germanide Phase Evolution and Structural Change in a Germanium-in-Carbon Nanotube Energy Storage System. Tang W, Liu Y, Peng C, Hu MY, Deng X, Lin M, Hu JZ, Loh KP. J Am Chem Soc. 2015 Feb 25
  • Germanium nanocrystals as luminescent probes for rapid, sensitive and label-free detection of Fe(3+) ions. Carolan D, Doyle H. Nanoscale. 2015 Mar 12
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of the interactions between the organic germanium compound Ge-132 and saccharides. Shimada Y, Sato K, Tokuji Y, Nakamura T. Carbohydr Res. 2015 Jan 29
  • [Influence of coordination compounds of germanium (IV) and stannum (IV) on activity of some microbial enzymes with glycolytic and proteolytic action]. Varbanets' LD, Matseliukh OV, Nidialkova NA, Hudzenko OV, Avdiiuk KV, Shmatkova NV, Se?fullina I?. Mikrobiol Z. 2014 Nov-Dec
  • Next generation device grade silicon-germanium on insulator. Littlejohns CG, Nedeljkovic M, Mallinson CF, Watts JF, Mashanovich GZ, Reed GT, Gardes FY. Sci Rep. 2015 Feb 6
  • Assessing the Potential Roles of Silicon and Germanium Phthalocyanines in Planar Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaic Devices and How Pentafluoro Phenoxylation Can Enhance Π-Π Interactions and Device Performance. Lessard BH, White RT, Al-Amar M, Plint T, Castrucci JS, Josey DS, Lu ZH, Bender TP. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Mar 11
  • Germanium anode with excellent lithium storage performance in a germanium/lithium-cobalt oxide lithium-ion battery. Li X, Yang Z, Fu Y, Qiao L, Li D, Yue H, He D. ACS Nano. 2015 Feb 24
  • Mid-infrared all-optical modulation in low-loss germanium-on-silicon waveguides. Shen L, Healy N, Mitchell CJ, Penades JS, Nedeljkovic M, Mashanovich GZ, Peacock AC. Opt Lett. 2015 Jan 15