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Germanium Concentrate

High Purity Ge Metal Concentrate
CAS 7440-56-4


Product Product Code Request Quote
(2N) 99% Germanium Concentrate GE-M-02-CONC Request Quote
(3N) 99.9% Germanium Concentrate GE-M-03-CONC Request Quote
(4N) 99.99% Germanium Concentrate GE-M-04-CONC Request Quote
(5N) 99.999% Germanium Concentrate GE-M-05-CONC Request Quote

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Ge 7440-56-4 24855958 6326954 MFCD00085310 231-164-3 N/A [Ge] InChI=1S/Ge GNPVGFCGXDBREM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
72.61 Black Lump 5.323 gm/cc N/A 937.4°C 2830°C 0.602 W/cm/K @ 302.93 K microhm-cm @ 20°C 1.8 Paulings 0.077 Cal/g/K @ 25°C 68 K-cal/gm atom at 2830°C 8.3 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

Germanium ConcentrateAmerican Elements offers germanium concentrate with a majority germanium base component. Preparation of germanium concentrate typically involves the removal of water from an germanium solution. American Elements specializes in producing high purity Germanium Concentrate with the smallest possible average grain sizes for use in preparation of pressed and bonded sputtering targets and in Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). Germanium concentrate is similar to powder in that it is made up of minute, dry particles of pure substance. Concentrate is also useful in any application where high surface areas are desired such as water treatment and in fuel cell and solar applications. Nanoparticles () also produce very high surface areas. Our standard Concentrate particle sizes average in the range of - 325 mesh, - 100 mesh, 10-50 microns and submicron (< 1 micron). We can also provide many materials in the nanoscale range. See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above. We also produce Germanium as rod, ingot, pieces, pellets, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request. Germanium concentrate is advantageous for transportation since it reduces weight and volume. A solution can be reproduced at the time of usage with the addition of a solvent.

Germanium (Ge) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolGermanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. Germanium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2. The germanium atom has a radius of 122.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 211 pm. Germanium was first discovered by Clemens Winkler in 1886. In its elemental form, germanium is a brittle grayish white semi-metallic element. Germanium is too reactive to be found naturally on Earth in its native state.High Purity (99.999%) Germanium (Ge) Metal It is commercially obtained from zinc ores and certain coals. It is also found in argyrodite and germanite. It is used extensively as a semiconductor in transitors, solar cells, and optical materials. Other applications include acting an alloying agent, as a phosphor in fluorescent lamps, and as a catalyst. The name Germanium originates from the Latin word "Germania" meaning "Germany," For more information on germanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of germanium products, visit the Germanium element page.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Warning
H315-H319-H335
Xi
36/37/38
26-36/39
LY5200000
N/A
3
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity        

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Germanium

  • Probing Electronics as a Function of Size and Surface of Colloidal Germanium Nanocrystals. Alexandra Lauren Holmes, Jeanette Hütges, Anna Reckmann, Elayaraja Muthuswamy, Klaus Meerholz, and Susan M. Kauzlarich. J. Phys. Chem. C: February 13, 2015
  • Cost-Effective Scalable Synthesis of Mesoporous Germanium Particles via a Redox-Transmetalation Reaction for High-Performance Energy Storage Devices. Sinho Choi, Jieun Kim, Nam-Soon Choi, Min Gyu Kim, and Soojin Park. ACS Nano: February 9, 2015
  • Assessing the potential roles of silicon phthalocyanine and germanium phthalocyanines in planar heterojunction organic photovoltaic devices and how pentafluoro phenoxylation can enhance π-π interactions and device performance. Benoît H. Lessard, Robin T. White, Mohammad Al-Amar, Trevor G Plint, Jeffrey S Castrucci, David S Josey, Zheng-Hong Lu, and Timothy P Bender. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces: February 9, 2015
  • Oxygen Transport and Incorporation in Pt/HfO2 Stacks Deposited on Germanium and Silicon. Guilherme Koszeniewski Rolim, Angelo Gobbi, Gabriel Vieira Soares, and Cláudio Radtke. J. Phys. Chem. C: February 6, 2015
  • Probing Lithium Germanide Phase Evolution and Structural Change in a Germanium-in-Carbon Nanotube Energy Storage System. Wei Tang, Yanpeng Liu, Chengxin Peng, Mary Y. Hu, Xuchu Deng, Ming Lin, Jian Zhi Hu, and Kian Ping Loh. J. Am. Chem. Soc.: February 3, 2015
  • Germanium Anode with Excellent Lithium Storage Performance in a Germanium/Lithium–Cobalt Oxide Lithium-Ion Battery. Xiuwan Li, Zhibo Yang, Yujun Fu, Li Qiao, Dan Li, Hongwei Yue, and Deyan He. ACS Nano: January 28, 2015
  • Contrasting Reactivities of Silicon and Germanium Complexes Supported by an N-Heterocyclic Guanidine Ligand. Melanie W. Lui, Christian Merten, Michael J. Ferguson, Robert McDonald, Yunjie Xu, and Eric Rivard. Inorg. Chem.: January 26, 2015
  • Operando X-ray Scattering and Spectroscopic Analysis of Germanium Nanowire Anodes in Lithium Ion Batteries. Katharine E. Silberstein, Michael A. Lowe, Benjamin Richards, Jie Gao, Tobias Hanrath, and Héctor D. Abruña. Langmuir: January 23, 2015
  • Heterolytic Activation of Dihydrogen Molecule by Hydroxo-/Sulfido-Bridged Ruthenium–Germanium Dinuclear Complex. Theoretical Insights. Noriaki Ochi, Tsuyoshi Matsumoto, Takeya Dei, Yoshihide Nakao, Hirofumi Sato, Kazuyuki Tatsumi, and Shigeyoshi Sakaki. Inorg. Chem.: January 5, 2015
  • Elucidation of the Local and Long-Range Structural Changes that Occur in Germanium Anodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries. Hyeyoung Jung, Phoebe K. Allan, Yan-Yan Hu, et. al. Chem. Mater.: January 5, 2015