Germanium Sulfide

GeS
CAS 12025-32-0


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(5N) 99.999% Germanium Sulfide Powder GE-S-05-P Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Germanium Sulfide Ingot GE-S-05-I Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Germanium Sulfide Chunk GE-S-05-CK Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Germanium Sulfide Lump GE-S-05-L Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Germanium Sulfide Sputtering Target GE-S-05-ST Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
GeS 12025-32-0 24871955 6367215 MFCD00135539 234-704-6 sulfanylidenegermanium N/A [Ge]=S InChI=1S/GeS/c1-2 VDNSGQQAZRMTCI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
GeS

104.71

Solid 615 °C
(1,139 °F)
N/A N/A 105.893249 105.89325 Da 0 Safety Data Sheet

Sulfide IonGermanium Sulfide is a crystalline solid used as a semiconductor and in photo optic applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Germanium (Ge) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolGermanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. Germanium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2. The germanium atom has a radius of 122.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 211 pm. Germanium was first discovered by Clemens Winkler in 1886. In its elemental form, germanium is a brittle grayish white semi-metallic element. Germanium is too reactive to be found naturally on Earth in its native state.High Purity (99.999%) Germanium (Ge) Metal It is commercially obtained from zinc ores and certain coals. It is also found in argyrodite and germanite. It is used extensively as a semiconductor in transitors, solar cells, and optical materials. Other applications include acting an alloying agent, as a phosphor in fluorescent lamps, and as a catalyst. The name Germanium originates from the Latin word "Germania" meaning "Germany," For more information on germanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of germanium products, visit the Germanium Information Center.

Sulfur Bohr ModelSulfur (S) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSulfur or Sulphur (atomic symbol: S, atomic number: 16) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 3 element with an atomic radius of 32.066. The number of electrons in each of Sulfur's shells is 2, 8, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ne]3s2 3p4. In its elemental form, sulfur has a light yellow appearance. The sulfur atom has a covalent radius of 105 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 180 pm. In nature, sulfur can be found in hot springs, meteorites, volcanoes, and as galena, gypsum, and epsom salts. Sulfur has been known since ancient times but was not accepted as an element until 1777 when Antoine Lavoisier helped to convince the scientific community that it was an element and not a compound. For more information on sulfur, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of sulfur products, visit the Sulfur Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Precautions N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
N/A        

GERMANIUM SULFIDE SYNONYMS
Thioxo-λ2-germane, sulfanylidenegermanium, thioxogermanium, Germanium monosulfide, Germanium(II) sulfide

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Germanium

  • Tobias Rosenthal, Simon Welzmiller, Lukas Neudert, Philipp Urban, Andy Fitch, Oliver Oeckler, Novel superstructure of the rocksalt type and element distribution in germanium tin antimony tellurides, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 219, November 2014
  • Rahmat Agung Susantyoko, Xinghui Wang, Leimeng Sun, Kin Leong Pey, Eugene Fitzgerald, Qing Zhang, Germanium coated vertically-aligned multiwall carbon nanotubes as lithium-ion battery anodes, Carbon, Volume 77, October 2014
  • Chia-Yun Chou, Gyeong S. Hwang, On the origin of the significant difference in lithiation behavior between silicon and germanium, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 263, 1 October 2014
  • T.N.H. Tengku Kamarul Bahri, H. Wagiran, R. Hussin, M.A. Saeed, I. Hossain, H. Ali, Dosimetric properties of germanium doped calcium borate glass subjected to 6 MV and 10 MV X-ray irradiations, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 336, 1 October 2014
  • S. Takács, M.P. Takács, A. Hermanne, F. Tárkányi, R. Adam-Rebeles, Excitation functions of longer lived radionuclides formed by deuteron irradiation of germanium, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 336, 1 October 2014
  • Siwen Zhang, Bosi Yin, Yang Jiao, Yang Liu, Xu Zhang, Fengyu Qu, Ahmad Umar, Xiang Wu, Ultra-long germanium oxide nanowires: Structures and optical properties, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 606, 5 September 2014
  • M.E. Koleva, M. Dutta, N. Fukata, SERS substrates of doped germanium nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 187, September 2014
  • Rene Feder, Carsten Bundesmann, Horst Neumann, Bernd Rauschenbach, Ion beam sputtering of germanium – Energy and angular distribution of sputtered and scattered particles, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 334, 1 September 2014
  • Bofei Liu, Lisha Bai, Xiaodan Zhang, Dekun Zhang, Changchun Wei, Jian Sun, Qian Huang, Xinliang Chen, Jian Ni, Guangcai Wang, Ying Zhao, Light management in hydrogenated amorphous silicon germanium solar cells, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 128, September 2014
  • Gyeong Ock Park, Jong Wook Roh, Jeongmin Kim, Kang Yeol Lee, Byungjin Jang, Kyu Hyoung Lee, Wooyoung Lee, Enhanced thermoelectric properties of germanium powder/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(4-styrenesulfonate) composites, Thin Solid Films, Volume 566, 1 September 2014
  • Debasree Chowdhury, Debabrata Ghose, Safiul Alam Mollick, Homoepitaxy of germanium by hyperthermal ion irradiation, Vacuum, Volume 107, September 2014
  • S.A. Mazen, N.I. Abu-Elsaad, Characterization and magnetic investigations of germanium-doped lithium ferrite, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 7, Part B, August 2014
  • Stefan Stefanov, Carmen Serra, Alessandro Benedetti, Jorge Carlos Conde, Jens Werner, Michael Oehme, Jörg Schulze, Stephan Wirths, Dan Buca, Stefano Chiussi, Structure and composition of Silicon–Germanium–Tin microstructures obtained through Mask Projection assisted Pulsed Laser Induced Epitaxy, Microelectronic Engineering, Volume 125, 1 August 2014
  • S. Richter, S. Blaeser, L. Knoll, S. Trellenkamp, A. Fox, A. Schäfer, J.M. Hartmann, Q.T. Zhao, S. Mantl, Silicon–germanium nanowire tunnel-FETs with homo- and heterostructure tunnel junctions, Solid-State Electronics, Volume 98, August 2014
  • Qi Cai, Baojian Xu, Lin Ye, Teng Tang, Shanluo Huang, Xiaowei Du, Xiaojun Bian, Jishen Zhang, Zengfeng Di, Qinghui Jin, Jianlong Zhao, Stable Functionalization of Germanium Surface and Its Application in Biomolecules Immobilization, Applied Surface Science, Available online 30 July 2014
  • L. de los Santos Valladares, A. Bustamante Dominguez, J. Llandro, S. Holmes, O. Avalos Quispe, R. Langford, J. Albino Aguiar, C.H.W. Barnes, Surface morphology of amorphous germanium thin films following thermal outgassing of SiO2/Si substrates, Applied Surface Science, Available online 21 July 2014
  • Johann Hlina, Rainer Zitz, Harald Wagner, Filippo Stella, Judith Baumgartner, Christoph Marschner, s-Bond electron delocalization of branched oligogermanes and germanium containing oligosilanes, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Available online 14 July 2014
  • Minghuan Zhang, Rongsheng Cai, Yujuan Zhang, Chao Wang, Yiqian Wang, Guy G. Ross, David Barba, Evolution of microstructural defects with strain effects in germanium nanocrystals synthesized at different annealing temperatures, Materials Characterization, Volume 93, July 2014
  • Jian Ni, Qun Liu, JianJun Zhang, Jun Ma, Hao Wang, XiaoDan Zhang, Ying Zhao, Microcrystalline silicon–germanium solar cells with spectral sensitivities extending into 1300 nm, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 126, July 2014
  • V.A.G. Rivera, Y. Ledemi, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, E. Marega Jr., Green-to-red light tuning by up-conversion emission via energy transfer in Er3 +–Tm3 +-codoped germanium–tellurite glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volumes 392–393, 1 June 2014

Recent Research & Development for Sulfides

  • Man-Ning Lu, Chao-Shuan Dai, Sheng-Yen Tai, Tsung-Wu Lin, Jeng-Yu Lin, Hierarchical nickel sulfide/carbon nanotube nanocomposite as a catalytic material toward triiodine reduction in dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Caihong Feng, Le Zhang, Zhihui Wang, Xiangyun Song, Kening Sun, Feng Wu, Gao Liu, Synthesis of copper sulfide nanowire bundles in a mixed solvent as a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Guiqiang Wang, Juan Zhang, Shuai Kuang, Shaomin Liu, Shuping Zhuo, The production of cobalt sulfide/graphene composite for use as a low-cost counter-electrode material in dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Xiaodong Li, Zemin Zhang, Lulu Chen, Zhongping Liu, Jianli Cheng, Wei Ni, Erqing Xie, Bin Wang, Cadmium sulfide quantum dots sensitized tin dioxide–titanium dioxide heterojunction for efficient photoelectrochemical hydrogen production, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Erkan Aydin, Mehmet Sankir, Nurdan Demirci Sankir, Conventional and rapid thermal annealing of spray pyrolyzed copper indium gallium sulfide thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Jorge Omar Gil Posada, Peter J. Hall, Post-hoc comparisons among iron electrode formulations based on bismuth, bismuth sulphide, iron sulphide, and potassium sulphide under strong alkaline conditions, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jiaqin Yang, Wei Guo, Di Li, Caiying Wei, Hongmin Fan, Liyan Wu, Wenjun Zheng, Synthesis and electrochemical performances of novel hierarchical flower-like nickel sulfide with tunable number of composed nanoplates, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Hee-Je Kim, Su-Weon Kim, Chandu V.V.M. Gopi, Soo-Kyoung Kim, S. Srinivasa Rao, Myeong-Soo Jeong, Improved performance of quantum dot-sensitized solar cells adopting a highly efficient cobalt sulfide/nickel sulfide composite thin film counter electrode, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jianhua Han, Zhifeng Liu, Boluo Yadian, Yizhong Huang, Keying Guo, Zhichao Liu, Bo Wang, Yajun Li, Ting Cui, Synthesis of metal sulfide sensitized zinc oxide-based core/shell/shell nanorods and their photoelectrochemical properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Yaoming Xiao, Wei-Yan Wang, Shu-Wei Chou, Tsung-Wu Lin, Jeng-Yu Lin, In situ electropolymerization of polyaniline/cobalt sulfide decorated carbon nanotube composite catalyst toward triiodide reduction in dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • J. Song, G.R. Li, C.Y. Wu, X.P. Gao, Metal sulfide counter electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells: A balanced strategy for optical transparency and electrochemical activity, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Caiyun Liu, Huifang Wu, Bingjun Han, Baocun Zhu, Xiaoling Zhang, A highly selective fluorescent chemodosimeter for imaging hydrogen sulfide in living cells, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 110, November 2014
  • Ling Fei, Yufeng Jiang, Yun Xu, Gen Chen, Yuling Li, Xun Xu, Shuguang Deng, Hongmei Luo, A novel solvent-free thermal reaction of ferrocene and sulfur for one-step synthesis of iron sulfide and carbon nanocomposites and their electrochemical performance, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Vieille Benoit, Lefebvre Cédric, Coppalle Alexis, Post fire behavior of carbon fibers Polyphenylene Sulfide- and epoxy-based laminates for aeronautical applications: A comparative study, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Yousef Fazli, Seied Mahdi Pourmortazavi, Iraj Kohsari, Meisam Sadeghpur, Electrochemical synthesis and structure characterization of nickel sulfide nanoparticles, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • S.I. Sadovnikov, A.I. Gusev, Effect of particle size on the thermal expansion of nanostructured lead sulfide films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • O. Shpotyuk, S. Kozyukhin, Ya. Shpotyuk, P. Demchenko, V. Mitsa, M. Veres, Coordination disordering in near-stoichiometric arsenic sulfide glass, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • Xiaomeng Wu, Shichao Zhang, Hua Fang, Zhijia Du, Ruoxu Lin, Feasibility of utilizing three-dimensional nanoarchitecture to endow metal sulfides with superior Li+ storage capability, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014
  • Anirban Das, Eric Hall, Chien M. Wai, Energy transfer between lead sulfide quantum dots in the liquid phase, Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 147, Issue 3, 15 October 2014