|Product||Product Code||Request Quote|
|(5N) 99.999% Germanium Sulfide Powder||GE-S-05-P||Request Quote|
|(5N) 99.999% Germanium Sulfide Ingot||GE-S-05-I||Request Quote|
|(5N) 99.999% Germanium Sulfide Chunk||GE-S-05-CK||Request Quote|
|(5N) 99.999% Germanium Sulfide Lump||GE-S-05-L||Request Quote|
|(5N) 99.999% Germanium Sulfide Sputtering Target||GE-S-05-ST||Request Quote|
|Formula||CAS No.||PubChem SID||PubChem CID||MDL No.||EC No||IUPAC Name||Beilstein
|PROPERTIES||Compound Formula||Mol. Wt.||Appearance||Melting Point||Boiling Point||Density||Exact Mass||Monoisotopic Mass||Charge||MSDS|
|N/A||N/A||105.893249||105.89325 Da||0||Safety Data Sheet|
Germanium Sulfide is a crystalline solid used as a semiconductor and in photo optic applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.
Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. The number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2. The germanium atom has a radius of 122.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 211 pm. Germanium was first discovered by Clemens Winkler in 1886. In its elemental form, germanium is a brittle grayish white semi-metallic element. Germanium is too reactive to be found naturally on Earth in its native state. It is commercially obtained from zinc ores and certain coals. It is also found in argyrodite and germanite. It is used extensively as a semiconductor in transitors, solar cells, and optical materials. Other applications include acting an alloying agent, as a phosphor in fluorescent lamps, and as a catalyst. The name Germanium originates from the Latin word "Germania" meaning "Germany," For more information on germanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of germanium products, visit the Germanium element page.
Sulfur or Sulphur (atomic symbol: S, atomic number: 16) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 3 element with an atomic radius of 32.066. The number of electrons in each of Sulfur's shells is 2, 8, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s2 3p4. In its elemental form, sulfur has a light yellow appearance. The sulfur atom has a covalent radius of 105 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 180 pm. In nature, sulfur can be found in hot springs, meteorites, volcanoes, and as galena, gypsum, and epsom salts. Sulfur has been known since ancient times but was not accepted as an element until 1777, when Antoine Lavoisier helped to convince the scientific community that it was an element and not a compound. For more information on sulfur, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of sulfur products, visit the Sulfur element page.
|HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION|
|Material Safety Data Sheet||MSDS|
|Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
|GERMANIUM SULFIDE SYNONYMS|
|Thioxo-λ2-germane, sulfanylidenegermanium, thioxogermanium, Germanium monosulfide, Germanium(II) sulfide|
|PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES|
|Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.|
Recent Research & Development for Germanium
- Germanium-silicon alloy and core-shell nanocrystals by gas phase synthesis. Mehringer C, Kloner C, Butz B, Winter B, Spiecker E, Peukert W. Nanoscale. 2015 Mar 12
- On the structural landscape in endohedral silicon and germanium clusters, M@Si12 and M@Ge12. Goicoechea JM, McGrady JE. Dalton Trans. 2015 Jan 30.
- Synthesis of silicon-germanium axial nanowire heterostructures in a solvent vapor growth system using indium and tin catalysts. Mullane E, Geaney H, Ryan KM. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015 Feb 25
- Tensile Strained Germanium Nanowires Measured by Photocurrent Spectroscopy and X-ray Microdiffraction. Guilloy K, Pauc N, Gassenq A, Gentile P, Tardif S, Rieutord F, Calvo V. Nano Lett. 2015 Mar 16.
- Contrasting reactivities of silicon and germanium complexes supported by an N-heterocyclic guanidine ligand. Lui MW, Merten C, Ferguson MJ, McDonald R, Xu Y, Rivard E. Inorg Chem. 2015 Feb 16
- Integration of SrTiO3 on Crystallographically Oriented Epitaxial Germanium for Low-Power Device Applications. Hudait MK, Clavel M, Zhu Y, Goley PS, Kundu S, Maurya D, Priya S. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Mar 11
- Facile Synthesis of pH-sensitive Germanium Nanocrystals with High Quantum Yield for Intracellular Acidic Compartment Imaging. Li F, Wang J, Sun S, Wang H, Tang Z, Nie G. Small. 2015 Jan 12.
- Anisotropy analysis of third-harmonic generation in a germanium-doped silica optical fiber. Borne A, Katsura T, Félix C, Doppagne B, Segonds P, Bencheikh K, Levenson JA, Boulanger B. Opt Lett. 2015 Mar 15
- Carbon-Coated Germanium Nanowires on carbon nanofibers as Self-Supported Electrodes for Flexible Lithium-Ion Batteries. Li W, Li M, Yang Z, Xu J, Zhong X, Wang J, Zeng L, Liu X, Jiang Y, Wei X, Gu L, Yu Y. Small. 2015 Feb 2.
- Germanium Nanowires-in-Graphite Tubes via Self-Catalyzed Synergetic Confined Growth and Shell-Splitting Enhanced Li-Storage Performance. Sun Y, Jin S, Yang G, Wang J, Wang C. ACS Nano. 2015 Mar 9.
- Cost-Effective Scalable Synthesis of Mesoporous Germanium Particles via a Redox-Transmetalation Reaction for High-Performance Energy Storage Devices. Choi S, Kim J, Choi NS, Kim MG, Park S. ACS Nano. 2015 Feb 24
- Probing Lithium Germanide Phase Evolution and Structural Change in a Germanium-in-Carbon Nanotube Energy Storage System. Tang W, Liu Y, Peng C, Hu MY, Deng X, Lin M, Hu JZ, Loh KP. J Am Chem Soc. 2015 Feb 25
- Germanium nanocrystals as luminescent probes for rapid, sensitive and label-free detection of Fe(3+) ions. Carolan D, Doyle H. Nanoscale. 2015 Mar 12
- Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of the interactions between the organic germanium compound Ge-132 and saccharides. Shimada Y, Sato K, Tokuji Y, Nakamura T. Carbohydr Res. 2015 Jan 29
- [Influence of coordination compounds of germanium (IV) and stannum (IV) on activity of some microbial enzymes with glycolytic and proteolytic action]. Varbanets' LD, Matseliukh OV, Nidialkova NA, Hudzenko OV, Avdiiuk KV, Shmatkova NV, Se?fullina I?. Mikrobiol Z. 2014 Nov-Dec
- Next generation device grade silicon-germanium on insulator. Littlejohns CG, Nedeljkovic M, Mallinson CF, Watts JF, Mashanovich GZ, Reed GT, Gardes FY. Sci Rep. 2015 Feb 6
- Assessing the Potential Roles of Silicon and Germanium Phthalocyanines in Planar Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaic Devices and How Pentafluoro Phenoxylation Can Enhance Π-Π Interactions and Device Performance. Lessard BH, White RT, Al-Amar M, Plint T, Castrucci JS, Josey DS, Lu ZH, Bender TP. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Mar 11
- Germanium anode with excellent lithium storage performance in a germanium/lithium-cobalt oxide lithium-ion battery. Li X, Yang Z, Fu Y, Qiao L, Li D, Yue H, He D. ACS Nano. 2015 Feb 24
- Mid-infrared all-optical modulation in low-loss germanium-on-silicon waveguides. Shen L, Healy N, Mitchell CJ, Penades JS, Nedeljkovic M, Mashanovich GZ, Peacock AC. Opt Lett. 2015 Jan 15
Recent Research & Development for Sulfides
- Reduction of acid rock drainage using steel slag in cover systems over sulfide rock waste piles. de Almeida RP, Leite AD, Borghetti Soares A. Waste Manag Res. 2015 Mar 6.
- Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 Thin Film Solar Cell with 10.7 % Conversion Efficiency Obtained by Selenization of the Na-doped Spray-Pyrolyzed Sulfide Precursor Film. Septina W, Kurihara M, Ikeda S, Nakajima Y, Hirano T, Kawasaki Y, Harada T, Matsumura M. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Mar 16.
- Impact of reduced water consumption on sulfide and methane production in rising main sewers. Sun J, Hu S, Sharma KR, Bustamante H, Yuan Z. J Environ Manage. 2015 Mar 5
- Endogenous Prostaglandins and Afferent Sensory Nerves in Gastroprotective Effect of Hydrogen Sulfide against Stress-Induced Gastric Lesions. Magierowski M, Jasnos K, Kwiecien S, Drozdowicz D, Surmiak M, Strzalka M, Ptak-Belowska A, Wallace JL, Brzozowski T. PLoS One. 2015 Mar 16
- Effects of Hydrogen Sulfide on Modulation of Theta-Gamma Coupling in Hippocampus in Vascular Dementia Rats. Xu X, Liu C, Li Z, Zhang T. Brain Topogr. 2015 Mar 14.
- Room-temperature phosphorescence determination of melamine in dairy products using l-cysteine-capped Mn-doped zinc sulfide (ZnS) quantum dots. Demirhan BE, Demirhan B, Kara HE. J Dairy Sci. 2015 Mar 11.
- Tadalafil Integrates Nitric Oxide-Hydrogen Sulfide Signaling to Inhibit High Glucose-Induced Matrix Protein Synthesis in Podocytes. Lee HJ, Feliers D, Mariappan M, Sataranatarajan K, Ghosh Choudhury G, Gorin Y, Kasinath BS. J Biol Chem. 2015 Mar 9.
- Role of hydrogen sulfide within the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus in the control of gastric function in rats. Sun HZ, Yu KH, Ai HB. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 Mar 14.
- Hydrogen sulfide maintains mitochondrial DNA replication via demethylation of TFAM. Li S, Yang G. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2015 Mar 10.
- Facile assembly of oppositely charged silver sulfide nanoparticles into photoluminescent mesoporous nanospheres. Tan L, Liu S, Yang Q, Shen YM. Langmuir. 2015 Mar 15.
- Cinnamaldehyde promotes root branching by regulating endogenous hydrogen sulfide. Xue YF, Zhang M, Qi ZQ, Li YQ, Shi Z, Chen J. J Sci Food Agric. 2015 Mar 6.
- Severe hydrogen sulfide intoxication treated with therapeutic hypothermia: a case report. Wu SH, Chen KF, Chan YL. Am J Emerg Med. 2015 Feb 20.
- BDNF-TrkB Pathway Mediates Neuroprotection of Hydrogen Sulfide against Formaldehyde-Induced Toxicity to PC12 Cells. Jiang JM, Zhou CF, Gao SL, Tian Y, Wang CY, Wang L, Gu HF, Tang XQ. PLoS One. 2015 Mar 6
- Hydrogen sulfide mitigates homocysteine-mediated pathological remodeling by inducing miR-133a in cardiomyocytes. Kesherwani V, Nandi SS, Sharawat SK, Shahshahan HR, Mishra PK. Mol Cell Biochem. 2015 Mar 13.
- Hydrogen sulfide improves cardiomyocytes electrical remodeling post ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. Sun YG, Wang XY, Chen X, Shen CX, Li YG. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2015 Jan 1
- Matrix metalloproteinases in atherosclerosis: role of nitric oxide, hydrogen sulfide, homocysteine, and polymorphisms. Vacek TP, Rehman S, Neamtu D, Yu S, Givimani S, Tyagi SC. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2015 Feb 27
- Cadmium sulfide quantum dots induce oxydative-stress and behavioural impairments in the marine clam Scrobicularia plana. Buffet PE, Zalouk-Vergnoux A, Poirier L, Lopes C, Risso-de Faverney C, Guibbolini M, Gilliland D, Perrein-Ettajani H, Valsami-Jones E, Mouneyrac C. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2015 Mar 13.
- Study and modeling of the evolution of gas-liquid partitioning of hydrogen sulfide in model solutions simulating winemaking fermentations. Mouret JR, Sablayrolles JM, Farines V. J Agric Food Chem. 2015 Mar 12.
- Denitrifying sulfide removal process on high-salinity wastewaters. Liu C, Zhao C, Wang A, Guo Y, Lee DJ. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2015 Mar 17.
- Hexametaphosphate-Capped Silica Mesoporous Nanoparticles Containing CuII Complexes for the Selective and Sensitive Optical Detection of Hydrogen Sulfide in Water. El Sayed S, Milani M, Licchelli M, Martínez-Máñez R, Sancenón F. Chemistry. 2015 Mar 10.