Indium Acetylacetonate

In(CH3COCHCOCH3)3
CAS 14405-45-9


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Indium Acetylacetonate IN-ACAC-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Indium Acetylacetonate IN-ACAC-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Indium Acetylacetonate IN-ACAC-04 Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Indium Acetylacetonate IN-ACAC-05 Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
In(C5H7O2)3 14405-45-9 16687813 MFCD00013494 238-378-6 (z)-4-bis[(z)-1-methyl-
3-oxobut-1-enoxy]
indiganyloxypent-3-en-2-one
[In+3].O=C(/C=C
(\[O-])C)C.[O-]\C(
=C/C(=O)C)C.[O-
]\C(=C/C(=O)C)C
InChI=1S/3C5H8O
2.In/c3*1-4(6)3-5(2
)7;/h3*3,6H,1-2H3;
/q;;;+3/p-3/b3*4-3-;
SKWCW
FYBFZIX
HE-LNTIN
UHCSA-K

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting
Point
Boiling
Point
Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
C15H21InO6 412.15 White to light yellow powder 187-189 °C N/A N/A 412.037691 412.037691 0 Safety Data Sheet

Acetylaceton Formula Diagram (C5H8O2)Indium Acetylacetonate is a Indium source that is soluble in organic solvents as an organometallic compound (also known as metalorganic, organo-inorganic and metallo-organic Acetylacetonate Packaging, Lab Quantitycompounds). The high purity acetylacetonate anion complexes by bonding each oxygen atom to the metallic cation to form a chelate ring; because of this property, acetylacetonates are commonly used in various catalysts and catalytic reagents for organic synthesis, including the fabrication of various shapes of carbon nanostructures (as demonstrated by a 2013 experiment by researchers at the Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden) via the use of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and laser evaporation techniques. It is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity and high purity forms may be considered. Indium Acetylacetonate is one of numerous organo-metallic compounds (also known as metalorganic, organo-inorganic and metallo-organic compounds) sold by American Elements under the tradename AE Organo-Metallics™ for uses requiring non-aqueous solubility such as recent solar energy and water treatment applications. Similar results can sometimes also be achieved with Nanoparticles (also see Nanotechnology and Quantum Dots) and by thin film deposition. Note American Elements additionally supplies many materials as solutions. The numerous commercial applications for Indium include making bearing alloys, germanium transistors, rectifiers, and photoconductors. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia)and follows applicable ASTM testing standards.Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Indium (In) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolIndium (atomic symbol: In, atomic number: 49) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 114.818. The number of electrons in each of indium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 18, 3] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1. The indium atom has a radius of 162.6 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 193 pm. Indium was discovered by Ferdinand Reich and Hieronymous Theodor Richter in 1863. Indium Bohr Model It is a relatively rare, extremely soft metal is a lustrous silvery Elemental Indium gray and is both malleable and easily fusible. It has similar chemical properties to gallium such as a low melting point and the ability to wet glass. Fields such as optics and microelectronics that utilize semiconductor technology have wide uses for indium, especially in the form of Indiun Tin Oxide (ITO). Thin films of Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) are used in high-performing solar cells. Indium's name is derived from the Latin word indicum meaning violet. For more information on indium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of indium products, visit the Indium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Warning
Hazard Statements H302-H312-H315-H319-H332-H335-H351
Hazard Codes Xn
Risk Codes 20/21/22-36/37/38-40
Safety Precautions 26-36
RTECS Number NL2025000
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity Health Hazard      

INDIUM ACETYLACETONATE SYNONYMS
Indium(III) acetylacetonate; 2,4-Pentanedione indium(III) derivative; In(acac)3; Indium(III) 2,4-pentanedionate; Indium tris[(2Z)-4-oxopent-2-en-2-olate]; (z)-4-bis[(z)-1-methyl-3-oxobut-1-enoxy]indiganyloxypent-3-en-2-one

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Indium

  • Changbai Liu, Xiao Chi, Xingyi Liu, Shenglei Wang, Comparison of ethanol sensitivity based on cobalt–indium combined oxide nanotubes and nanofibers, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Mitra Barun Sarkar, Aniruddha Mondal, Bijit Choudhuri, Bikram Kishore Mahajan, Shubhro Chakrabartty, Chitralekha Ngangbam, Enlarged broad band photodetection using Indium doped TiO2 alloy thin film, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Erkan Aydin, Mehmet Sankir, Nurdan Demirci Sankir, Conventional and rapid thermal annealing of spray pyrolyzed copper indium gallium sulfide thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Yu-Cheng Chang, Controlling growth of single-crystalline indium hydroxide nanocuboids with enhanced sharp cathodoluminescence peak, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • L.F. Li, Y.K. Cheng, G.L. Xu, E.Z. Wang, Z.H. Zhang, H. Wang, Effects of indium addition on properties and wettability of Sn–0.7Cu–0.2Ni lead-free solders, Materials & Design, Volume 64, December 2014
  • Ho Young Chung, Kie Young Woo, Su Jin Kim, Tae Geun Kim, Improvement of blue InGaN/GaN light-emitting diodes with graded indium composition wells and barriers, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • Raju Chetty, D.S. Prem Kumar, M. Falmbigl, P. Rogl, S.-W. You, Il-Ho Kim, Ramesh Chandra Mallik, Thermoelectric properties of Indium doped Cu2GeSe3, Intermetallics, Volume 54, November 2014
  • J.W. Wang, Y. Shi, Room temperature ferromagnetism studies in Fe ion implanted indium oxide films, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • M. Hjiri, R. Dhahri, K. Omri, L. El Mir, S.G. Leonardi, N. Donato, G. Neri, Effect of indium doping on ZnO based-gas sensor for CO, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • F. Severiano, G. García, L. Castañeda, Study of the electroluminescent properties of crystalline silicon wafers in devices based on junctions of indium-doped zinc oxide and porous silicon, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • J. Ashok Kumar, S. Perumal, K.R. Murali, Brush electrodeposited silver indium selenide films and their optical characteristics, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Xingwei Ding, Jianhua Zhang, Weimin Shi, Hao Zhang, Chuanxin Huang, Jun Li, Xueyin Jiang, Zhilin Zhang, Characterization of density-of-states in indium zinc oxide thin-film transistor from temperature stress studies, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Atasheh Soleimani-Gorgani, Ehsan Bakhshandeh, Farhood Najafi, Effect of dispersant agents on morphology and optical–electrical properties of nano indium tin oxide ink-jet ink, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 12, October 2014
  • Nitin Chopra, Wenwu Shi, Andrew Lattner, Fabrication and characterization of copper oxide (CuO)–gold (Au)–titania (TiO2) and copper oxide (CuO)–gold (Au)–indium tin oxide (ITO) nanowire heterostructures, Materials Characterization, Volume 96, October 2014
  • Shihyun Ahn, Anh Huy Tuan Le, Sunbo Kim, Cheolmin Park, Chonghoon Shin, Youn-Jung Lee, Jaehyeong Lee, Chaehwan Jeong, Vinh Ai Dao, Junsin Yi, The effects of orientation changes in indium tin oxide films on performance of crystalline silicon solar cell with shallow-emitter, Materials Letters, Volume 132, 1 October 2014
  • L. Castañeda, A. Maldonado, J. Vega Pérez, M. de la L. Olvera, C. Torres-Torres, Electrical and optical properties of nanostructured indium doped zinc oxide thin films deposited by ultrasonic chemical spray technique, starting from zinc acetylacetonate and indium chloride, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Zhou Xu, Peng Chen, Zhenlong Wu, Feng Xu, Guofeng Yang, Bin Liu, Chongbin Tan, Lin Zhang, Rong Zhang, Youdou Zheng, Influence of thermal annealing on electrical and optical properties of indium tin oxide thin films, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Anil Singh, Sujeet Chaudhary, Dinesh K. Pandya, On the temperature dependence of mobility in hydrogenated indium-doped ZnO thin films, Acta Materialia, Volume 77, 15 September 2014
  • G. Mohan Kumar, Jinsub Park, Structural and optical property studies on indium doped ZnO nanostructures for solution based organic–inorganic hybrid p–n junctions, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 430, 15 September 2014
  • Ummar Pasha Shaik, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, Single step formation of indium and tin doped ZnO nanowires by thermal oxidation of indium–zinc and tin–zinc metal films: Growth and optical properties, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part B, September 2014

Recent Research & Development for Acetylacetonates

  • Sudipta Chatterjee, Sutanuva Mandal, Sucheta Joy, Chen-Hsiung Hung, Sreebrata Goswami, ortho-Carom–N bond fusion in aniline associated with electrophilic chlorination reactions at ruthenium(III) coordinated acetylacetonates, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 374, Issue 1, 1 August 2011
  • János Madarász, Shoji Kaneko, Masayuki Okuya, György Pokol, Comparative evolved gas analyses of crystalline and amorphous titanium(IV)oxo-hydroxo-acetylacetonates by TG-FTIR and TG/DTA-MS, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 489, Issues 1–2, 20 May 2009
  • Satoshi Yoda, Yoko Mizuno, Takeshi Furuya, Yoshihiro Takebayashi, Katsuto Otake, Tomoya Tsuji, Toshihiko Hiaki, Solubility measurements of noble metal acetylacetonates in supercritical carbon dioxide by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Volume 44, Issue 2, March 2008
  • M. Aslam Siddiqi, Rehan A. Siddiqui, Burak Atakan, Thermal stability, sublimation pressures and diffusion coefficients of some metal acetylacetonates, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 201, Issues 22–23, 25 September 2007
  • María R. Pedrosa, Jaime Escribano, Rafael Aguado, Virginia Díez, Roberto Sanz, Francisco J. Arnáiz, Dinuclear oxomolybdenum(VI) acetylacetonates: Crystal and molecular structure of Mo2O5(acac)2L2 (L = D2O, DMF), Polyhedron, Volume 26, Issue 14, 31 August 2007
  • S.V. Samoilenkov, M.A. Stefan, G. Wahl, MOCVD of thick YSZ coatings using acetylacetonates, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 192, Issue 1, 1 March 2005
  • Thomas Behrsing, Alan M Bond, Glen B Deacon, Craig M Forsyth, Maria Forsyth, Kalpana J Kamble, Brian W Skelton, Allan H White, Cerium acetylacetonates—new aspects, including the lamellar clathrate [Ce(acac)4]·10H2O, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 352, 6 August 2003
  • R Leboda, J Skubiszewska-Zieba, J Rynkowski, Preparation and porous structure of carbon–silica adsorbents obtained on the basis of Ti, Co, Ni, Cr, Zn and Zr acetylacetonates and acetylacetone, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 174, Issue 3, 1 December 2000
  • V.M. Gun'ko, R. Leboda, J. Skubiszewska-Zi?ba, J. Rynkowski, Silica Gel Modified Due to Pyrolysis of Acetylacetone and Metal (Ti, Cr, Co, Ni, Zn, Zr) Acetylacetonates, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 231, Issue 1, 1 November 2000
  • V.G Isakova, I.A Baidina, N.B Morozova, I.K Igumenov, ?-Halogenated iridium(III) acetylacetonates, Polyhedron, Volume 19, Issue 9, 15 May 2000
  • V.V. Turov, R. Leboda, J. Skubiszewska-Zi ?, Changes in Hydration Properties of Silica Gel in a Process of Its Carbonization by Pyrolysis of Acetylacetone Zn (Ti) Acetylacetonates, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 206, Issue 1, 1 October 1998
  • Claudia Neyertz, María Volpe, Preparation of binary palladium-vanadium supported catalysts from metal acetylacetonates, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 136, Issues 1–2, 30 April 1998
  • Shoichi Katsuta, Tomohiko Nakatani, Evaluation of Distribution Constants of Lanthanoid(III) Acetylacetonates between Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Micelles and Water by Micellar Capillary Electrophoresis, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 195, Issue 2, 15 November 1997
  • Z. Zhang, Y. Tanigami, R. Terai, Catalytic effect of acetylacetonates on gel formation of CH3SiO32, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 191, Issue 3, 1 December 1995
  • Irina G. Zaitzeva, Nataliya P. Kuzmina, Larissa I. Martynenko, The volatile rare earth element tetrakis-acetylacetonates, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 225, Issues 1–2, 15 July 1995
  • J.C. Machado, C.F. Carvalho, W.F. Magalhães, A. Marques Netto, J.Ch. Abbé, G. Duplâtre, Positronium formation and inhibition in binary solid solutions on Al(III) and Co(III) tris(acetylacetonates), Chemical Physics, Volume 170, Issue 2, 1 March 1993
  • I.C. McNeill, J.J. Liggat, The effect of metal acetylacetonates on the thermal degradation of poly(methyl methacrylate): Part II—Manganese (III) acetylacetonate, Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 37, Issue 1, 1992
  • Pilar Gómez-Sal, Avelino Martín, Miguel Mena, Pascual Royo, Ricardo Serrano, Monopentamethylcyclopentadienyltitanium(IV) halo-alkoxides, alkyl-alkoxides and acetylacetonates, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 419, Issues 1–2, 12 November 1991
  • I.C. McNeill, J.J. Liggat, The effect of metal acetylacetonates on the thermal degradation of poly(methyl methacrylate)—I. Cobalt (III) acetylacetonate, Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 29, Issue 1, 1990
  • B.L. Khandelwal, A.K. Singh, N.S. Bhandari, Preparative and spectral investigations on C3 bonded acetylacetonates of tellurium(IV), Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 320, Issue 3, 17 February 1987