Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles

Fe-Ni-Cu Nanoparticles/Nanopowder


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-02-NP Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-03-NP Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-04-NP Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-05-NP Contact American Elements

High Purity, D50 = +10 nanometer (nm) by SEMIron Nickel Copper (FeNiCu) Nanoparticles, nanodots or nanopowder are spherical or faceted high surface area metal particles. Nanoscale Tin Particles are typically 10-20 nanometers (nm) with specific surface area (SSA) in the 30 - 60 m 2 /g range and also available in with an average particle size of 80 nm range with a specific surface area of approximately 12 m 2 /g. Nano Tin Particles are also available in Ultra high purity and high purity and coated and dispersed forms. They are also available as a nanofluid through the AE Nanofluid production group. Nanofluids are generally defined as suspended nanoparticles in solution either using surfactant or surface charge technology. Nanofluid dispersion and coating selection technical guidance is also available. Other nanostructures include nanorods, nanowhiskers, nanohorns, nanopyramids and other nanocomposites. Surface functionalized nanoparticles allow for the particles to be preferentially adsorbed at the surface interface using chemically bound polymers.

Development research is underway in Nano Electronics and Photonics materials, such as MEMS and NEMS, Bio Nano Materials, such as Biomarkers, Bio Diagnostics & Bio Sensors, and Related Nano Materials, for use in Polymers, Textiles, Fuel Cell Layers, Composites and Solar Energy materials. Nanopowders are analyzed for chemical composition by ICP, particle size distribution (PSD) by laser diffraction, and for Specific Surface Area (SSA) by BET multi-point correlation techniques. Novel nanotechnology applications also include Quantum Dots. High surface areas can also be achieved using solutions and using thin film by sputtering targets and evaporation technology using pellets, rod and foil.. Applications for Tin nanocrystals include in transparent ant-static film, as an anti-microbial, anti-biotic and anti-fungal agent when doped with silver and incorporated in coatings, plastics, nanofiber, bandages and textiles. Further research is being done for their potential as confined acoustic and optic phonons and for their electrical, biomedical and bioscience properties.Nanoparticles are generally immediately available in most volumes. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available.

Iron (Fe) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolIron (atomic symbol: Fe, atomic number: 26) is a Block D, Group 8, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 55.845. The number of electrons in each of Iron's shells is 2, 8, 14, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d6 4s2.Iron Bohr Model The iron atom has a radius of 126 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 194 pm. Iron was discovered by humans before 5000 BC. In its elemental form, iron has a lustrous grayish metallic appearance. Elemental Iron Iron is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust and the most common element by mass forming the earth as a whole. Iron is rarely found as a free element, since it tends to oxidize easily; it is usually found in minerals such as magnetite , hematite, goethite, limonite, or siderite. Though pure iron is typically soft, the addition of carbon creates the alloy known as steel, which is significantly stronger. For more information on iron, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of iron products, visit the Iron Information Center.

Nickel (Ni) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolNickel (atomic symbol: Ni, atomic number: 28) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 58.6934. Nickel Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of nickel's shells is [2, 8, 16, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar]3d8 4s2. Nickel was first discovered by Alex Constedt in 1751. The nickel atom has a radius of 124 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 184 pm. In its elemental form, nickel has a lustrous metallic silver appearance. Elemental Nickel Nickel is a hard and ductile transition metal that is considered corrosion-resistant because of its slow rate of oxidation. It is one of four elements that are ferromagnetic and is used in the production of various type of magnets for commercial use. Nickel is sometimes found free in nature but is more commonly found in ores. The bulk of mined nickel comes from laterite and magmatic sulfide ores. The name originates from the German word "kupfernickel," which means "false copper" from the illusory copper color of the ore. For more information on nickel, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of nickel products, visit the Nickel Information Center.

Copper Bohr ModelCopper (Cu) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolCopper (atomic symbol: Cu, atomic number: 29) is a Block D, Group 11, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 63.546. The number of electrons in each of copper's shells is 2, 8, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s1. The copper atom has a radius of 128 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Copper was first discovered by Early Man prior to 9000 BC.In its elemental form, copper has a red-orange metallic luster appearance. Elemental Copper Of all pure metals, only silver has a higher electrical conductivity.The origin of the word copper comes from the Latin word 'cuprium' which translates as "metal of Cyprus." Cyprus, a Mediterranean island, was known as an ancient source of mined copper. For more information on copper, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of copper products, visit the Copper Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Iron

  • B.S. Yilbas, I. Toor, C. Karatas, J. Malik, I. Ovali, Laser treatment of dual matrix structured cast iron surface: Corrosion resistance of surface, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Volume 64, January 2015
  • Ussadawut Patakham, Chaowalit Limmaneevichitr, Effects of iron on intermetallic compound formation in scandium modified Al–Si–Mg Alloys, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Ming Luo, Shuzhong Wang, Longfei Wang, Mingming Lv, Reduction kinetics of iron-based oxygen carriers using methane for chemical-looping combustion, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Ercan Avci, Enhanced cathode performance of nano-sized lithium iron phosphate composite using polytetrafluoroethylene as carbon precursor, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Nicholas S. Hudak, Practical thermodynamic quantities for aqueous vanadium- and iron-based flow batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Yong Zhang, Hongliang Zheng, Yue Liu, Lei Shi, Qingming Zhao, Xuelei Tian, Efficient use of iron impurity in Al–Si alloys, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Lin Lin, Meng Li, Liqing Jiang, Yongfeng Li, Dajun Liu, Xingquan He, Lili Cui, A novel iron (?) polyphthalocyanine catalyst assembled on graphene with significantly enhanced performance for oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline medium, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jun-chao Zheng, Xing Ou, Bao Zhang, Chao Shen, jia-feng Zhang, Lei Ming, Ya-dong Han, Effects of Ni2+ doping on the performances of lithium iron pyrophosphate cathode material, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Wassima El Mofid, Svetlozar Ivanov, Alexander Konkin, Andreas Bund, A high performance layered transition metal oxide cathode material obtained by simultaneous aluminum and iron cationic substitution, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Hiroyuki Usui, Kazuma Nouno, Yuya Takemoto, Kengo Nakada, Akira Ishii, Hiroki Sakaguchi, Influence of mechanical grinding on lithium insertion and extraction properties of iron silicide/silicon composites, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jorge Omar Gil Posada, Peter J. Hall, Post-hoc comparisons among iron electrode formulations based on bismuth, bismuth sulphide, iron sulphide, and potassium sulphide under strong alkaline conditions, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Weiling Wang, Sen Luo, Miaoyong Zhu, Dendritic growth of high carbon iron-based alloy under constrained melt flow, Computational Materials Science, Volume 95, December 2014
  • Haohua Wen, C.H. Woo, Temperature dependence of enthalpies and entropies of formation and migration of mono-vacancy in BCC iron, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Farong Wan, Qian Zhan, Yi Long, Shanwu Yang, Gaowei Zhang, Yufeng Du, Zhijie Jiao, Somei Ohnuki, The behavior of vacancy-type dislocation loops under electron irradiation in iron, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • R.E. Stoller, Yu.N. Osetsky, An atomistic assessment of helium behavior in iron, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • C.W. He, M.F. Barthe, P. Desgardin, S. Akhmadaliev, M. Behar, F. Jomard, Positron studies of interaction between yttrium atoms and vacancies in bcc iron with relevance for ODS nanoparticles formation, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Qianxu Ye, Hongbo Zhu, Libo Zhang, Ji Ma, Li Zhou, Peng Liu, Jian Chen, Guo Chen, Jinhui Peng, Preparation of reduced iron powder using combined distribution of wood-charcoal by microwave heating, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Tsuyoshi Honma, Atsushi Sato, Noriko Ito, Takuya Togashi, Kenji Shinozaki, Takayuki Komatsu, Crystallization behavior of sodium iron phosphate glass Na2 - xFe1 + 0.5xP2O7 for sodium ion batteries, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 404, 15 November 2014
  • Guanghua Wang, Kezhu Jiang, Mingli Xu, Chungang Min, Baohua Ma, Xikun Yang, A high activity nitrogen-doped carbon catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction derived from polyaniline-iron coordination polymer, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • I. Quinzeni, S. Ferrari, E. Quartarone, D. Capsoni, M. Caputo, A. Goldoni, P. Mustarelli, M. Bini, Fabrication and electrochemical characterization of amorphous lithium iron silicate thin films as positive electrodes for lithium batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Nickel

  • Shibing Ni, Xiaohu Lv, Jianjun Ma, Xuelin Yang, Lulu Zhang, A novel electrochemical reconstruction in nickel oxide nanowalls on Ni foam and the fine electrochemical performance as anode for lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Rongfeng Li, Peizhen Xu, Yamin Zhao, Jing Wan, Xiaofang Liu, Ronghai Yu, The microstructures and electrochemical performances of La0.6Gd0.2Mg0.2Ni3.0Co0.5-xAlx (x=0–0.5) hydrogen storage alloys as negative electrodes for nickel/metal hydride secondary batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Jing Li, Enbo Shangguan, Dan Guo, Meng Tian, Yanbin Wang, Quanmin Li, Zhaorong Chang, Xiao-Zi Yuan, Haijiang Wang, Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical performance of high-density aluminum substituted a-nickel hydroxide cathode material for nickel-based rechargeable batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Min Kuang, Zhong Quan Wen, Xiao Long Guo, Sheng Mao Zhang, Yu Xin Zhang, Engineering firecracker-like beta-manganese dioxides@spinel nickel cobaltates nanostructures for high-performance supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Man-Ning Lu, Chao-Shuan Dai, Sheng-Yen Tai, Tsung-Wu Lin, Jeng-Yu Lin, Hierarchical nickel sulfide/carbon nanotube nanocomposite as a catalytic material toward triiodine reduction in dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Xi Ke, Yantong Xu, Changchun Yu, Jie Zhao, Guofeng Cui, Drew Higgins, Qing Li, Gang Wu, Nanoporous gold on three-dimensional nickel foam: An efficient hybrid electrode for hydrogen peroxide electroreduction in acid media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • E. Lay-Grindler, J. Laurencin, J. Villanova, P. Cloetens, P. Bleuet, A. Mansuy, J. Mougin, G. Delette, Degradation study by 3D reconstruction of a nickel–yttria stabilized zirconia cathode after high temperature steam electrolysis operation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Chien-Te Hsieh, Yu-Fu Chen, Chun-Ting Pai, Chung-Yu Mo, Synthesis of lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide cathode materials by infrared induction heating, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • John Wang, Justin Purewal, Ping Liu, Jocelyn Hicks-Garner, Souren Soukazian, Elena Sherman, Adam Sorenson, Luan Vu, Harshad Tataria, Mark W. Verbrugge, Degradation of lithium ion batteries employing graphite negatives and nickel–cobalt–manganese oxide + spinel manganese oxide positives: Part 1, aging mechanisms and life estimation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Wei-Bin Zhang, Ling-Bin Kong, Xue-Jing Ma, Yong-Chun Luo, Long Kang, Design, synthesis and evaluation of three-dimensional Co3O4/Co3(VO4)2 hybrid nanorods on nickel foam as self-supported electrodes for asymmetric supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Wenjuan Wang, Qingli Hao, Wu Lei, Xifeng Xia, Xin Wang, Ternary nitrogen-doped graphene/nickel ferrite/polyaniline nanocomposites for high-performance supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Ming Huang, Rui Mi, Hao Liu, Fei Li, Xiao Li Zhao, Wei Zhang, Shi Xuan He, Yu Xin Zhang, Layered manganese oxides-decorated and nickel foam-supported carbon nanotubes as advanced binder-free supercapacitor electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • X.L. Xu, F. Liu, Recrystallization and twinning in rapidly solidified nickel based alloys without man-made plastic deformation, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Luke N. Carter, Christopher Martin, Philip J. Withers, Moataz M. Attallah, The influence of the laser scan strategy on grain structure and cracking behaviour in SLM powder-bed fabricated nickel superalloy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Arman Zarebidaki, Hassan Mahmoudikohani, Mohammad-Reza Aboutalebi, Microstructure and corrosion behavior of electrodeposited nano-crystalline nickel coating on AZ91 Mg alloy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Yanjiao Ma, Hao Li, Hui Wang, Xuefeng Mao, Vladimir Linkov, Shan Ji, Oko Unathi Gcilitshana, Rongfang Wang, Evolution of the electrocatalytic activity of carbon-supported amorphous platinum–ruthenium–nickel–phosphorous nanoparticles for methanol oxidation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jie Xiao, Yongmin Xie, Jiang Liu, Meilin Liu, Deactivation of nickel-based anode in solid oxide fuel cells operated on carbon-containing fuels, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Zhijie Wu, Xikang Mao, Qin Zi, Rongrong Zhang, Tao Dou, Alex C.K. Yip, Mechanism and kinetics of sodium borohydride hydrolysis over crystalline nickel and nickel boride and amorphous nickel–boron nanoparticles, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ki Jae Kim, Yong Nam Jo, Won Jong Lee, T. Subburaj, K. Prasanna, Chang Woo Lee, Effects of inorganic salts on the morphological, structural, and electrochemical properties of prepared nickel-rich Li[Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2]O2, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jiaqin Yang, Wei Guo, Di Li, Caiying Wei, Hongmin Fan, Liyan Wu, Wenjun Zheng, Synthesis and electrochemical performances of novel hierarchical flower-like nickel sulfide with tunable number of composed nanoplates, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014

Recent Research & Development for Copper

  • Jindi Cai, Yanzhen Zeng, Yonglang Guo, Copper@palladium–copper core–shell nanospheres as a highly effective electrocatalyst for ethanol electro-oxidation in alkaline media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Shan-Shan Li, Ai-Jun Wang, Li-Ping Mei, Jiu-Ju Feng, Jian-Rong Chen, Zhaojiang Chen, One-pot synthesis of monodisperse palladium–copper nanocrystals supported on reduced graphene oxide nanosheets with improved catalytic activity and methanol tolerance for oxygen reduction reaction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Caihong Feng, Le Zhang, Zhihui Wang, Xiangyun Song, Kening Sun, Feng Wu, Gao Liu, Synthesis of copper sulfide nanowire bundles in a mixed solvent as a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Kabeer Raza, Fazal Ahmad Khalid, Optimization of sintering parameters for diamond–copper composites in conventional sintering and their thermal conductivity, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Erkan Aydin, Mehmet Sankir, Nurdan Demirci Sankir, Conventional and rapid thermal annealing of spray pyrolyzed copper indium gallium sulfide thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Ke Liu, Yang Song, Shaowei Chen, Electrocatalytic activities of alkyne-functionalized copper nanoparticles in oxygen reduction in alkaline media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • E. Linga Reddy, J. Karuppiah, Hyun Chan Lee, Dong Hyun Kim, Steam reforming of methanol over copper loaded anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) prepared through electrodeposition, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Lijie Zhang, Ming Meng, Xiaojing Wang, Shuang Zhou, Lijuan Yang, Tianyong Zhang, Lirong Zheng, Jing Zhang, Tiandou Hu, A series of copper-free ternary oxide catalysts ZnAlCex used for hydrogen production via dimethyl ether steam reforming, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Laura Sanz, David Lloyd, Eva Magdalena, Jesús Palma, Kyösti Kontturi, Description and performance of a novel aqueous all-copper redox flow battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Kaiyou Zhang, Hong Chen, Xue Wang, Donglin Guo, Chenguo Hu, Shuxia Wang, Junliang Sun, Qiang Leng, Synthesis and structure determination of potassium copper selenide nanowires and solid-state supercapacitor application, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Song-yi Zhong, Le-hua Qi, Jun Luo, Han-song Zuo, Xiang-hui Hou, He-jun Li, Effect of process parameters on copper droplet ejecting by pneumatic drop-on-demand technology, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 12, December 2014
  • Tamer Crosby, Giacomo Po, Nasr M. Ghoniem, Modeling plastic deformation of post-irradiated copper micro-pillars, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Gang He, Kunyuan Xu, Shibin Guo, Xueqiang Qian, Zengchao Yang, Guanghua Liu, Jiangtao Li, Preparation of tungsten fiber reinforced-tungsten/copper composite for plasma facing component, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Xiang Liu, Youyun Lian, Lei Chen, Zengkui Cheng, Jiming Chen, Xuru Duan, Jioupeng Song, Yang Yu, Tungsten joining with copper alloy and its high heat load performance, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • F. D’Elia, C. Ravindran, D. Sediako, K.U. Kainer, N. Hort, Hot tearing mechanisms of B206 aluminum–copper alloy, Materials & Design, Volume 64, December 2014
  • Jingqing Zhang, Yifu Shen, Xin Yao, Haisheng Xu, Bo Li, Investigation on dissimilar underwater friction stir lap welding of 6061-T6 aluminum alloy to pure copper, Materials & Design, Volume 64, December 2014
  • M.M. El-Nahass, F.S.H. Abu-Samaha, Shokry Menshawy, Eman Elesh, Effect of annealing on structural and optical properties of copper tetraphenylporphyrin (CuTPP) thin films, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 64, December 2014
  • Krzysztof Naplocha, Kazimierz Granat, Jacek Kaczmar, Reactive melt infiltration of copper in Al–Cr preforms produced through combustion synthesis, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Pouyan Paknahad, Masoud Askari, Milad Ghorbanzadeh, Application of sol–gel technique to synthesis of copper–cobalt spinel on the ferritic stainless steel used for solid oxide fuel cell interconnects, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Xin Qing, Jingjing Shi, Chengyu Ma, Mengyang Fan, Zhengyu Bai, Zhongwei Chen, Jinli Qiao, Jiujun Zhang, Simultaneous formation of nitrogen and sulfur-doped transition metal catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction through pyrolyzing carbon-supported copper phthalocyanine tetrasulfonic acid tetrasodium salt, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014