Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles

Fe-Ni-Cu Nanoparticles/Nanopowder


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-02-NP Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-03-NP Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-04-NP Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-05-NP Contact American Elements

High Purity, D50 = +10 nanometer (nm) by SEMIron Nickel Copper (FeNiCu) Nanoparticles, nanodots or nanopowder are spherical or faceted high surface area metal particles. Nanoscale Tin Particles are typically 10-20 nanometers (nm) with specific surface area (SSA) in the 30 - 60 m 2 /g range and also available in with an average particle size of 80 nm range with a specific surface area of approximately 12 m 2 /g. Nano Tin Particles are also available in Ultra high purity and high purity and coated and dispersed forms. They are also available as a nanofluid through the AE Nanofluid production group. Nanofluids are generally defined as suspended nanoparticles in solution either using surfactant or surface charge technology. Nanofluid dispersion and coating selection technical guidance is also available. Other nanostructures include nanorods, nanowhiskers, nanohorns, nanopyramids and other nanocomposites. Surface functionalized nanoparticles allow for the particles to be preferentially adsorbed at the surface interface using chemically bound polymers.

Development research is underway in Nano Electronics and Photonics materials, such as MEMS and NEMS, Bio Nano Materials, such as Biomarkers, Bio Diagnostics & Bio Sensors, and Related Nano Materials, for use in Polymers, Textiles, Fuel Cell Layers, Composites and Solar Energy materials. Nanopowders are analyzed for chemical composition by ICP, particle size distribution (PSD) by laser diffraction, and for Specific Surface Area (SSA) by BET multi-point correlation techniques. Novel nanotechnology applications also include Quantum Dots. High surface areas can also be achieved using solutions and using thin film by sputtering targets and evaporation technology using pellets, rod and foil.. Applications for Tin nanocrystals include in transparent ant-static film, as an anti-microbial, anti-biotic and anti-fungal agent when doped with silver and incorporated in coatings, plastics, nanofiber, bandages and textiles. Further research is being done for their potential as confined acoustic and optic phonons and for their electrical, biomedical and bioscience properties.Nanoparticles are generally immediately available in most volumes. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available.

Iron (Fe) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolIron (atomic symbol: Fe, atomic number: 26) is a Block D, Group 8, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 55.845. The number of electrons in each of Iron's shells is 2, 8, 14, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d6 4s2.Iron Bohr Model The iron atom has a radius of 126 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 194 pm. Iron was discovered by humans before 5000 BC. In its elemental form, iron has a lustrous grayish metallic appearance. Elemental Iron Iron is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust and the most common element by mass forming the earth as a whole. Iron is rarely found as a free element, since it tends to oxidize easily; it is usually found in minerals such as magnetite , hematite, goethite, limonite, or siderite. Though pure iron is typically soft, the addition of carbon creates the alloy known as steel, which is significantly stronger. For more information on iron, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of iron products, visit the Iron Information Center.

Nickel (Ni) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolNickel (atomic symbol: Ni, atomic number: 28) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 58.6934. Nickel Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of nickel's shells is [2, 8, 16, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar]3d8 4s2. Nickel was first discovered by Alex Constedt in 1751. The nickel atom has a radius of 124 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 184 pm. In its elemental form, nickel has a lustrous metallic silver appearance. Elemental Nickel Nickel is a hard and ductile transition metal that is considered corrosion-resistant because of its slow rate of oxidation. It is one of four elements that are ferromagnetic and is used in the production of various type of magnets for commercial use. Nickel is sometimes found free in nature but is more commonly found in ores. The bulk of mined nickel comes from laterite and magmatic sulfide ores. The name originates from the German word "kupfernickel," which means "false copper" from the illusory copper color of the ore. For more information on nickel, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of nickel products, visit the Nickel Information Center.

Copper Bohr ModelCopper (Cu) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolCopper (atomic symbol: Cu, atomic number: 29) is a Block D, Group 11, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 63.546. The number of electrons in each of copper's shells is 2, 8, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s1. The copper atom has a radius of 128 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Copper was first discovered by Early Man prior to 9000 BC.In its elemental form, copper has a red-orange metallic luster appearance. Elemental Copper Of all pure metals, only silver has a higher electrical conductivity.The origin of the word copper comes from the Latin word 'cuprium' which translates as "metal of Cyprus." Cyprus, a Mediterranean island, was known as an ancient source of mined copper. For more information on copper, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of copper products, visit the Copper Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Iron

  • Lin Lin, Meng Li, Liqing Jiang, Yongfeng Li, Dajun Liu, Xingquan He, Lili Cui, A novel iron (?) polyphthalocyanine catalyst assembled on graphene with significantly enhanced performance for oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline medium, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jun-chao Zheng, Xing Ou, Bao Zhang, Chao Shen, jia-feng Zhang, Lei Ming, Ya-dong Han, Effects of Ni2+ doping on the performances of lithium iron pyrophosphate cathode material, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Wassima El Mofid, Svetlozar Ivanov, Alexander Konkin, Andreas Bund, A high performance layered transition metal oxide cathode material obtained by simultaneous aluminum and iron cationic substitution, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Hiroyuki Usui, Kazuma Nouno, Yuya Takemoto, Kengo Nakada, Akira Ishii, Hiroki Sakaguchi, Influence of mechanical grinding on lithium insertion and extraction properties of iron silicide/silicon composites, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jorge Omar Gil Posada, Peter J. Hall, Post-hoc comparisons among iron electrode formulations based on bismuth, bismuth sulphide, iron sulphide, and potassium sulphide under strong alkaline conditions, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Haohua Wen, C.H. Woo, Temperature dependence of enthalpies and entropies of formation and migration of mono-vacancy in BCC iron, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Farong Wan, Qian Zhan, Yi Long, Shanwu Yang, Gaowei Zhang, Yufeng Du, Zhijie Jiao, Somei Ohnuki, The behavior of vacancy-type dislocation loops under electron irradiation in iron, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • R.E. Stoller, Yu.N. Osetsky, An atomistic assessment of helium behavior in iron, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Qianxu Ye, Hongbo Zhu, Libo Zhang, Ji Ma, Li Zhou, Peng Liu, Jian Chen, Guo Chen, Jinhui Peng, Preparation of reduced iron powder using combined distribution of wood-charcoal by microwave heating, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Guanghua Wang, Kezhu Jiang, Mingli Xu, Chungang Min, Baohua Ma, Xikun Yang, A high activity nitrogen-doped carbon catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction derived from polyaniline-iron coordination polymer, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • I. Quinzeni, S. Ferrari, E. Quartarone, D. Capsoni, M. Caputo, A. Goldoni, P. Mustarelli, M. Bini, Fabrication and electrochemical characterization of amorphous lithium iron silicate thin films as positive electrodes for lithium batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • S. Ilic, S. Zec, M. Miljkovic, D. Poleti, M. Pošarac-Markovic, Dj. Janackovic, B. Matovic, Sol–gel synthesis and characterization of iron doped mullite, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • G. Hasemann, J.H. Schneibel, M. Krüger, E.P. George, Vacancy strengthening in Fe3Al iron aluminides, Intermetallics, Volume 54, November 2014
  • Naoki Takata, Manamu Nishimoto, Satoru Kobayashi, Masao Takeyama, Morphology and formation of Fe–Al intermetallic layers on iron hot-dipped in Al–Mg–Si alloy melt, Intermetallics, Volume 54, November 2014
  • Yunhe Su, Hongliang Jiang, Yihua Zhu, Wenjian Zou, Xiaoling Yang, Jianding Chen, Chunzhong Li, Hierarchical porous iron and nitrogen co-doped carbons as efficient oxygen reduction electrocatalysts in neutral media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Ling Fei, Yufeng Jiang, Yun Xu, Gen Chen, Yuling Li, Xun Xu, Shuguang Deng, Hongmei Luo, A novel solvent-free thermal reaction of ferrocene and sulfur for one-step synthesis of iron sulfide and carbon nanocomposites and their electrochemical performance, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • N.M. Ferreira, A.V. Kovalevsky, J.C. Waerenborgh, M. Quevedo-Reyes, A.A. Timopheev, F.M. Costa, J.R. Frade, Crystallization of iron-containing Si–Al–Mg–O glasses under laser floating zone conditions, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • L. Rus, S. Rada, V. Rednic, E. Culea, M. Rada, A. Bot, N. Aldea, T. Rusu, Structural and optical properties of the lead based glasses containing iron (III) oxide, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • Xiaofeng Liang, Haijian Li, Cuiling Wang, Huijun Yu, Zhen Li, Shiyuan Yang, Physical and structural properties of calcium iron phosphate glass doped with rare earth, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • Mian Li, Xiangjie Bo, Yufan Zhang, Ce Han, Liping Guo, Comparative study on the oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalytic activities of iron phthalocyanines supported on reduced graphene oxide, mesoporous carbon vesicle, and ordered mesoporous carbon, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014

Recent Research & Development for Nickel

  • Yanjiao Ma, Hao Li, Hui Wang, Xuefeng Mao, Vladimir Linkov, Shan Ji, Oko Unathi Gcilitshana, Rongfang Wang, Evolution of the electrocatalytic activity of carbon-supported amorphous platinum–ruthenium–nickel–phosphorous nanoparticles for methanol oxidation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jie Xiao, Yongmin Xie, Jiang Liu, Meilin Liu, Deactivation of nickel-based anode in solid oxide fuel cells operated on carbon-containing fuels, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Zhijie Wu, Xikang Mao, Qin Zi, Rongrong Zhang, Tao Dou, Alex C.K. Yip, Mechanism and kinetics of sodium borohydride hydrolysis over crystalline nickel and nickel boride and amorphous nickel–boron nanoparticles, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ki Jae Kim, Yong Nam Jo, Won Jong Lee, T. Subburaj, K. Prasanna, Chang Woo Lee, Effects of inorganic salts on the morphological, structural, and electrochemical properties of prepared nickel-rich Li[Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2]O2, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jiaqin Yang, Wei Guo, Di Li, Caiying Wei, Hongmin Fan, Liyan Wu, Wenjun Zheng, Synthesis and electrochemical performances of novel hierarchical flower-like nickel sulfide with tunable number of composed nanoplates, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Panpan Xu, Ke Ye, Dianxue Cao, Jichun Huang, Tong Liu, Kui Cheng, Jinling Yin, Guiling Wang, Facile synthesis of cobalt manganese oxides nanowires on nickel foam with superior electrochemical performance, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Hee-Je Kim, Su-Weon Kim, Chandu V.V.M. Gopi, Soo-Kyoung Kim, S. Srinivasa Rao, Myeong-Soo Jeong, Improved performance of quantum dot-sensitized solar cells adopting a highly efficient cobalt sulfide/nickel sulfide composite thin film counter electrode, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Tamara V. Basova, Roman G. Parkhomenko, Igor K. Igumenov, Aseel Hassan, Mahmut Durmus, Ayse Gül Gürek, Vefa Ahsen, Composites of liquid crystalline nickel phthalocyanine with gold nanoparticles: Liquid crystalline behaviour and optical properties, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Liangdong Feng, Yufu Zhu, Hongyan Ding, Chaoying Ni, Recent progress in nickel based materials for high performance pseudocapacitor electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Wenna Huang, Lidan Xing, Yating Wang, Mengqing Xu, Weishan Li, Fengchao Xie, Shengan Xia, 4-(Trifluoromethyl)-benzonitrile: A novel electrolyte additive for lithium nickel manganese oxide cathode of high voltage lithium ion battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Fang He, Zhibiao Hu, Kaiyu Liu, Shuirong Zhang, Hongtao Liu, Shangbin Sang, In situ fabrication of nickel aluminum-layered double hydroxide nanosheets/hollow carbon nanofibers composite as a novel electrode material for supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Jinglin Zhang, Huidi Liu, Pu Shi, Yaoji Li, Langhuan Huang, Wenjie Mai, Shaozao Tan, Xiang Cai, Growth of nickel (111) plane: The key role in nickel for further improving the electrochemical property of hexagonal nickel hydroxide-nickel & reduced graphene oxide composite, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Xuefei Gong, J.P. Cheng, Fu Liu, Li Zhang, Xiaobin Zhang, Nickel–Cobalt hydroxide microspheres electrodepositioned on nickel cobaltite nanowires grown on Ni foam for high-performance pseudocapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Damien Connétable, Yu Wang, Döme Tanguy, Segregation of hydrogen to defects in nickel using first-principles calculations: The case of self-interstitials and cavities, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • E.R. Shaaban, M.A. Kaid, M.G.S. Ali, X-ray analysis and optical properties of nickel oxide thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Yan Qiao, Xiao-Shuai Wu, Chang Ming Li, Interfacial electron transfer of Shewanella putrefaciens enhanced by nanoflaky nickel oxide array in microbial fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Zhaobin Feng, Zhanhong Yang, Bin Yang, Zheng Zhang, Xiaoe Xie, The application of Co–Al-hydrotalcite as a novel additive of positive material for nickel–metal hydride secondary cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • J. Monnier, H. Chen, S. Joiret, J. Bourgon, M. Latroche, Identification of a new pseudo-binary hydroxide during calendar corrosion of (La, Mg)2Ni7-type hydrogen storage alloys for Nickel–Metal Hydride batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • R. Gilles, D. Mukherji, H. Eckerlebe, L. Karge, P. Staron, P. Strunz, Th. Lippmann, Investigations of early stage precipitation in a tungsten-rich nickel-base superalloy using SAXS and SANS, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • T. Rojhirunsakool, A.R.P. Singh, S. Nag, J.Y. Hwang, J. Tiley, R. Banerjee, Temporal evolution of non-equilibrium ?' precipitates in a rapidly quenched nickel base superalloy, Intermetallics, Volume 54, November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Copper

  • Ke Liu, Yang Song, Shaowei Chen, Electrocatalytic activities of alkyne-functionalized copper nanoparticles in oxygen reduction in alkaline media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • E. Linga Reddy, J. Karuppiah, Hyun Chan Lee, Dong Hyun Kim, Steam reforming of methanol over copper loaded anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) prepared through electrodeposition, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Lijie Zhang, Ming Meng, Xiaojing Wang, Shuang Zhou, Lijuan Yang, Tianyong Zhang, Lirong Zheng, Jing Zhang, Tiandou Hu, A series of copper-free ternary oxide catalysts ZnAlCex used for hydrogen production via dimethyl ether steam reforming, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Laura Sanz, David Lloyd, Eva Magdalena, Jesús Palma, Kyösti Kontturi, Description and performance of a novel aqueous all-copper redox flow battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Kaiyou Zhang, Hong Chen, Xue Wang, Donglin Guo, Chenguo Hu, Shuxia Wang, Junliang Sun, Qiang Leng, Synthesis and structure determination of potassium copper selenide nanowires and solid-state supercapacitor application, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Tamer Crosby, Giacomo Po, Nasr M. Ghoniem, Modeling plastic deformation of post-irradiated copper micro-pillars, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Gang He, Kunyuan Xu, Shibin Guo, Xueqiang Qian, Zengchao Yang, Guanghua Liu, Jiangtao Li, Preparation of tungsten fiber reinforced-tungsten/copper composite for plasma facing component, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • M.M. El-Nahass, F.S.H. Abu-Samaha, Shokry Menshawy, Eman Elesh, Effect of annealing on structural and optical properties of copper tetraphenylporphyrin (CuTPP) thin films, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 64, December 2014
  • Krzysztof Naplocha, Kazimierz Granat, Jacek Kaczmar, Reactive melt infiltration of copper in Al–Cr preforms produced through combustion synthesis, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Pouyan Paknahad, Masoud Askari, Milad Ghorbanzadeh, Application of sol–gel technique to synthesis of copper–cobalt spinel on the ferritic stainless steel used for solid oxide fuel cell interconnects, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Xin Qing, Jingjing Shi, Chengyu Ma, Mengyang Fan, Zhengyu Bai, Zhongwei Chen, Jinli Qiao, Jiujun Zhang, Simultaneous formation of nitrogen and sulfur-doped transition metal catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction through pyrolyzing carbon-supported copper phthalocyanine tetrasulfonic acid tetrasodium salt, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Ferhat Aslan, Ahmet Tumbul, Non-vacuum processed Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films: Influence of copper precursor on structural, optical and morphological properties, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Y.S.M. Alajerami, S. Hashim, S.K. Ghoshal, D.A. Bradley, M. Mhareb, M.A. Saleh, Copper doped borate dosimeters revisited, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • Sung-Hyeon Park, Wan-Ho Chung, Hak-Sung Kim, Temperature changes of copper nanoparticle ink during flash light sintering, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • J.J. Chen, A.L. Ahmad, B.S. Ooi, Thermo-responsive properties of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) hydrogel and its effect on copper ion removal and fouling of polymer-enhanced ultrafiltration, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 469, 1 November 2014
  • Zuwei Yin, Fuyi Chen, A facile electrochemical fabrication of hierarchically structured nickel–copper composite electrodes on nickel foam for hydrogen evolution reaction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • W.H. Zhou, H. Guo, Z.J. Xie, C.J. Shang, R.D.K. Misra, Copper precipitation and its impact on mechanical properties in a low carbon microalloyed steel processed by a three-step heat treatment, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Xiaofan Du, Tong Gao, Yuying Wu, Xiangfa Liu, Effects of copper addition on the in-situ synthesis of SiC particles in Al–Si–C–Cu system, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • C. Dang, Q.L. Che, B.L. Gao, L. Li, B.B. Wang, Growth, photoluminescence and thermal conductance of graphene-like nanoflakes grown on copper foils in methane environment, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • M. Somasundaram, R. Saravanathamizhan, C. Ahmed Basha, V. Nandakumar, S. Nathira Begum, T. Kannadasan, Recovery of copper from scrap printed circuit board: modelling and optimization using response surface methodology, Powder Technology, Volume 266, November 2014