Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles

Fe-Ni-Cu Nanoparticles/Nanopowder


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-02-NP Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-03-NP Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-04-NP Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles FE-NICU-05-NP Contact American Elements

High Purity, D50 = +10 nanometer (nm) by SEMIron Nickel Copper (FeNiCu) Nanoparticles, nanodots or nanopowder are spherical or faceted high surface area metal particles. Nanoscale Tin Particles are typically 10-20 nanometers (nm) with specific surface area (SSA) in the 30 - 60 m 2 /g range and also available in with an average particle size of 80 nm range with a specific surface area of approximately 12 m 2 /g. Nano Tin Particles are also available in Ultra high purity and high purity and coated and dispersed forms. They are also available as a nanofluid through the AE Nanofluid production group. Nanofluids are generally defined as suspended nanoparticles in solution either using surfactant or surface charge technology. Nanofluid dispersion and coating selection technical guidance is also available. Other nanostructures include nanorods, nanowhiskers, nanohorns, nanopyramids and other nanocomposites. Surface functionalized nanoparticles allow for the particles to be preferentially adsorbed at the surface interface using chemically bound polymers.

Development research is underway in Nano Electronics and Photonics materials, such as MEMS and NEMS, Bio Nano Materials, such as Biomarkers, Bio Diagnostics & Bio Sensors, and Related Nano Materials, for use in Polymers, Textiles, Fuel Cell Layers, Composites and Solar Energy materials. Nanopowders are analyzed for chemical composition by ICP, particle size distribution (PSD) by laser diffraction, and for Specific Surface Area (SSA) by BET multi-point correlation techniques. Novel nanotechnology applications also include Quantum Dots. High surface areas can also be achieved using solutions and using thin film by sputtering targets and evaporation technology using pellets, rod and foil.. Applications for Tin nanocrystals include in transparent ant-static film, as an anti-microbial, anti-biotic and anti-fungal agent when doped with silver and incorporated in coatings, plastics, nanofiber, bandages and textiles. Further research is being done for their potential as confined acoustic and optic phonons and for their electrical, biomedical and bioscience properties.Nanoparticles are generally immediately available in most volumes. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available.

Iron (Fe) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolIron (atomic symbol: Fe, atomic number: 26) is a Block D, Group 8, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 55.845. The number of electrons in each of Iron's shells is 2, 8, 14, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d6 4s2.Iron Bohr Model The iron atom has a radius of 126 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 194 pm. Iron was discovered by humans before 5000 BC. In its elemental form, iron has a lustrous grayish metallic appearance. Elemental Iron Iron is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust and the most common element by mass forming the earth as a whole. Iron is rarely found as a free element, since it tends to oxidize easily; it is usually found in minerals such as magnetite , hematite, goethite, limonite, or siderite. Though pure iron is typically soft, the addition of carbon creates the alloy known as steel, which is significantly stronger. For more information on iron, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of iron products, visit the Iron Information Center.

Nickel (Ni) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolNickel (atomic symbol: Ni, atomic number: 28) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 58.6934. Nickel Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of nickel's shells is [2, 8, 16, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar]3d8 4s2. Nickel was first discovered by Alex Constedt in 1751. The nickel atom has a radius of 124 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 184 pm. In its elemental form, nickel has a lustrous metallic silver appearance. Elemental Nickel Nickel is a hard and ductile transition metal that is considered corrosion-resistant because of its slow rate of oxidation. It is one of four elements that are ferromagnetic and is used in the production of various type of magnets for commercial use. Nickel is sometimes found free in nature but is more commonly found in ores. The bulk of mined nickel comes from laterite and magmatic sulfide ores. The name originates from the German word "kupfernickel," which means "false copper" from the illusory copper color of the ore. For more information on nickel, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of nickel products, visit the Nickel Information Center.

Copper Bohr ModelCopper (Cu) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolCopper (atomic symbol: Cu, atomic number: 29) is a Block D, Group 11, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 63.546. The number of electrons in each of copper's shells is 2, 8, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s1. The copper atom has a radius of 128 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Copper was first discovered by Early Man prior to 9000 BC.In its elemental form, copper has a red-orange metallic luster appearance. Elemental Copper Of all pure metals, only silver has a higher electrical conductivity.The origin of the word copper comes from the Latin word 'cuprium' which translates as "metal of Cyprus." Cyprus, a Mediterranean island, was known as an ancient source of mined copper. For more information on copper, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of copper products, visit the Copper Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Iron

  • Synthesis and characterization of new derivatives of alginic acid and evaluation of their iron(III)-crosslinked beads as potential controlled release matrices. Abulateefeh SR, Khanfar MA, Al Bakain RZ, Taha MO. Pharm Dev Technol. 2014
  • Iron oxide nanoparticle agglomeration influences dose rates and modulates oxidative stress-mediated dose-response profiles in vitro. Sharma G, Kodali V, Gaffrey M, Wang W, Minard KR, Karin NJ, Teeguarden JG, Thrall BD. Nanotoxicology. 2014
  • Physicochemical and structural characterization of iron-sucrose formulations: a comparative study. Barot BS, Parejiya PB, Mehta DM, Shelat PK, Shah GB. Pharm Dev Technol. 2014
  • A photonic crystal biosensor assay for ferritin utilizing iron-oxide nanoparticles. Peterson RD, Cunningham BT, Andrade JE. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014
  • The interaction of DNA with phytoferritin during iron oxidation. Yang R, Yang S, Liao X, Deng J, Zhao G. Food Chem. 2014
  • Evaluation of different methods for determination of the iron saturation level in bovine lactoferrin. Bokkhim H, Tran T, Bansal N, Grøndahl L, Bhandari B. Food Chem. 2014
  • Colloidal iron(III) pyrophosphate particles. Rossi L, Velikov KP, Philipse AP. Food Chem. 2014
  • Hyperspectral fluorescence imaging for cellular iron mapping in the in vitro model of Parkinson's disease. Oh ES, Heo C, Kim JS, Suh M, Lee YH, Kim JM. J Biomed Opt. 2014
  • Hyaluronic acid-modified hydrothermally synthesized iron oxide nanoparticles for targeted tumor MR imaging. Li J, He Y, Sun W, Luo Y, Cai H, Pan Y, Shen M, Xia J, Shi X. Biomaterials. 2014
  • Reducing iron in the brain: a novel pharmacologic mechanism of huperzine A in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Huang XT, Qian ZM, He X, Gong Q, Wu KC, Jiang LR, Lu LN, Zhu ZJ, Zhang HY, Yung WH, Ke Y. Neurobiol Aging. 2014
  • Cation exchange resin immobilized bimetallic nickel-iron nanoparticles to facilitate their application in pollutants degradation. Ni SQ, Yang N. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014
  • Phenomenological study and application of the combined influence of iron concentration and irradiance on the photo-Fenton process to remove micropollutants. Carra I, García Sánchez JL, Casas López JL, Malato S, Sánchez Pérez JA. Sci Total Environ. 2014.
  • Pharmaceutical characterization and thermodynamic stability assessment of a colloidal iron drug product: Iron sucrose. Shah RB, Yang Y, Khan MA, Raw A, Yu LX, Faustino PJ. Int J Pharm. 2014.
  • Oxidation of Orange G by persulfate activated by Fe(II), Fe(III) and zero valent iron (ZVI). Rodriguez S, Vasquez L, Costa D, Romero A, Santos A. Chemosphere. 2014
  • Iron status as a covariate in methylmercury-associated neurotoxicity risk. Fonseca Mde F, De Souza Hacon S, Grandjean P, Choi AL, Bastos WR. Chemosphere. 2014
  • Diminution of 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride toxicity on Listeria monocytogenes growth by iron source addition to the culture medium. Junillon T, Flandrois JP. Food Microbiol. 2014
  • Iron deficiency anaemia and cataracts in a patient with haemochromatosis. Peiffer KH, Niemeyer M, Buslau A, Kohnen T, Muckenthaler MU, Zeuzem S, Sarrazin C. Gut. 2014
  • Influence of Iron Deficiency Anemia on Hemoglobin A1C Levels in Diabetic Individuals with Controlled Plasma Glucose Levels. Christy AL, Manjrekar PA, Babu RP, Hegde A, M S R. Iran Biomed J. 2014
  • Antioxidant enzymes and oxidative stress in the erythrocytes of iron deficiency anemic patients supplemented with vitamins. Madhikarmi NL, Murthy KR. Iran Biomed J. 2014
  • Assessing carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles cytotoxicity in Lewis lung carcinoma cells. Grudzinski IP, Bystrzejewski M, Cywinska MA, Kosmider A, Poplawska M, Cieszanowski A, Fijalek Z, Ostrowska A, Parzonko A. J Appl Toxicol. 2014

Recent Research & Development for Nickel

  • Efficacy of reducing agent and surfactant contacting pattern on the performance characteristics of nickel electroless plating baths coupled with and without ultrasound. Agarwal A, Pujari M, Uppaluri R, Verma A. Ultrason Sonochem. 2014.
  • One-step electrodeposition of graphene loaded nickel oxides nanoparticles for acetaminophen detection. Liu GT, Chen HF, Lin GM, Ye PP, Wang XP, Jiao YZ, Guo XY, Wen Y, Yang HF. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014.
  • Nickel oxide hollow microsphere for non-enzyme glucose detection. Ci S, Huang T, Wen Z, Cui S, Mao S, Steeber DA, Chen J. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Apr.
  • Electrocatalysis and electroanalysis of nickel, its oxides, hydroxides and oxyhydroxides toward small molecules. Miao Y, Ouyang L, Zhou S, Xu L, Yang Z, Xiao M, Ouyang R. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Mar.
  • Halo-substituted thiosemicarbazones and their copper(II), nickel(II) complexes: Detailed spectroscopic characterization and study of antitumour activity against HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cells. Jagadeesh M, Kalangi SK, Sivarama Krishna L, Reddy AV. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014
  • Low elastic modulus titanium-nickel scaffolds for bone implants. Li J, Yang H, Wang H, Ruan J. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2014 Jan
  • Platelet-like nickel hydroxide: Synthesis and the transferring to nickel oxide as a gas sensor. Zhu G, Xu H, Liu Y, Xi C, Yang J, Shen X, Zhu J, Yang J. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013 Dec.
  • Direct electrochemistry and electrocatalysis of heme proteins immobilised in carbon-coated nickel magnetic nanoparticle-chitosan-dimethylformamide composite films in room-temperature ionic liquids. Bioelectrochemistry. 2013 | first author:Wang T
  • Influence of the microstructure on electrochemical corrosion and nickel release in NiTi orthodontic archwires. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2013 create date:2013/10/08 | first author:Briceño J
  • Nickel analysis in real samples by Ni(2+) selective PVC membrane electrode based on a new Schiff base. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2013 create date:2013/10/08 | first author:Tomar PK
  • Preparation of biomorphic porous calcium titanate and its application for preconcentration of nickel in water and food samples. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2013 create date:2013/10/08 | first author:Zhang D
  • Functionalization of nickel nanowires with a fluorophore aiming at new probes for multimodal bioanalysis. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013 create date:2013/09/04 | first author:Pinheiro PC
  • Ambient arylmagnesiation of alkynes catalysed by ligandless nickel(ii). Chem Commun (Camb). 2013 create date:2013/09/21 | first author:Xue F
  • Dietary nickel chloride restrains the development of small intestine in broilers. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013 create date:2013/08/21 | first author:Wu BSynthesis, characterization and structural determination of some nickel(II) complexes containing imido Schiff bases and substituted phosphine ligands. Kianfar AH, Ebrahimi M. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 Nov
  • An electrochemical acetylcholine sensor based on lichen-like nickel oxide nanostructure. Sattarahmady N, Heli H, Vais RD. Biosens Bioelectron. 2013 Oct 15.
  • Synthesis of HPMC stabilized nickel nanoparticles and investigation of their magnetic and catalytic properties. Maity D, Mollick MM, Mondal D, Bhowmick B, Neogi SK, Banerjee A, Chattopadhyay S, Bandyopadhyay S, Chattopadhyay D. Carbohydr Polym. 2013 Oct 15.
  • Nickel(iii) complexes of di-amidato-di-phenolato ligands: effect of H-bonding. Eckshtain-Levi M, Orio M, Lavi R, Benisvy L. Dalton Trans. 2013 Oct.
  • Borate-templated self-assembly of multinuclear nickel(ii)-containing POMs. Li S, Liu S, Tang Q, Liu Y, He D, Wang S, Shi Z. Dalton Trans. 2013 Oct 7.
  • Nickel(ii) in chelate N2O2 environment. DFT approach and in-depth molecular orbital and configurational analysis. Trifunovic SR, Miletic VD, Jevtic VV, Meetsma A, Matovic ZD. Dalton Trans. 2013 Oct.
  • Correlation between endodontic broken instrument and nickel level in urine. Saghiri MA, Sheibani N, Garcia-Godoy F, Asatourian A, Mehriar P, Scarbecz M. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013.
  • A review on nickel-free nitrogen containing austenitic stainless steels for biomedical applications. Talha M, Behera CK, Sinha OP. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2013.

Recent Research & Development for Copper

  • Uptake and toxicity of copper oxide nanoparticles in cultured primary brain astrocytes. Bulcke F, Thiel K, Dringen R. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Nov.
  • Species-specific toxicity of copper nanoparticles among mammalian and piscine cell lines. Song L, Connolly M, Fernández-Cruz ML, Vijver MG, Fernández M, Conde E, de Snoo GR, Peijnenburg WJ, Navas JM. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Jun.
  • Effect of soluble copper released from copper oxide nanoparticles solubilisation on growth and photosynthetic processes of Lemna gibba L. Perreault F, Samadani M, Dewez D. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Jun.
  • Copper, zinc superoxide dismutase and nitrate reductase coimmobilized bienzymatic biosensor for the simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 | first author:Madasamy T
  • Nanopore detection of copper ions using a polyhistidine probe. Wang G, Wang L, Han Y, Zhou S, Guan X. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Mar.
  • Ultrasound assisted synthesis of {[Cu2(BDC)2(dabco)].2DMF.2H2O} nanostructures in the presence of modulator; new precursor to prepare nano copper oxides. Alavi MA, Morsali A. Ultrason Sonochem. 2014 Mar.
  • Synthesis and application of surface-imprinted activated carbon sorbent for solid-phase extraction and determination of copper (II). Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 | first author:Li Z
  • Catalytic activity of copper (II) oxide prepared via ultrasound assisted Fenton-like reaction. Angi A, Sanli D, Erkey C, Birer O. Ultrason Sonochem. 2014 Mar
  • Effect of substituent of terpyridines on the in vitro antioxidant, antitubercular, biocidal and fluorescence studies of copper(II) complexes with clioquinol. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 create date:2013/10/17 | first author:Kharadi GJ
  • Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and antimicrobial activity of binuclear metal complexes of a new asymmetrical Schiff base ligand: DNA binding affinity of copper(II) complexes. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 create date:2013/08/31 | first author:Shebl M
  • Linear and nonlinear optical studies of bare and copper doped TiO2 nanoparticles via sol gel technique. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 create date:2013/10/08 | first author:Rajamannan B
  • Preparation and characterization of silicone rubber/nano-copper nanocomposites for use in intrauterine devices. Biomed Mater Eng. 2014 | first author:Chen Y
  • Copper use and accumulation in catfish culture in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2014 | first author:Marcussen H
  • Enhanced phosphate selectivity from wastewater using copper-loaded chelating resin functionalized with polyethylenimine. An B, Nam J, Choi JW, Hong SW, Lee SH. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013 Nov.
  • Effect of long term organic amendments and vegetation of vineyard soils on the microscale distribution and biogeochemistry of copper. Sci Total Environ. 2014 | first author:Navel A
  • Infrared characterization and electrochemical study of γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane grafted in to surface of copper. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 | first author:Masmoudi M
  • Halo-substituted thiosemicarbazones and their copper(II), nickel(II) complexes: Detailed spectroscopic characterization and study of antitumour activity against HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cells. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 | first author:Jagadeesh M
  • A new chemiluminescence method for determination of clonazepam and diazepam based on 1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium Ethylsulfate/copper as catalyst. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 | first author:Chaichi MJ
  • Highly selective detection of bacterial alarmone ppGpp with an off-on fluorescent probe of copper-mediated silver nanoclusters. Zhang P, Wang Y, Chang Y, Xiong ZH, Huang CZ. Biosens Bioelectron.
  • Inhibitory effect of Piper betel leaf extracts on copper-mediated LDL oxidation and oxLDL-induced lipid accumulation via inducing reverse cholesterol transport in macrophages. Ma GC, Wu PF, Tseng HC, Chyau CC, Lu HC, Chou FP. Food Chem.