Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous

NaOH
CAS 1310-73-2


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-02-P-AHYD Contact American Elements
(2N5) 99.5% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-025-P-AHYD Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-03-P-AHYD Contact American Elements
(3N5) 99.95% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-035-P-AHYD Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-04-P-AHYD Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-05-P-AHYD Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
NaOH 1310-73-2 14798 MFCD00003548 215-185-5 sodium hydroxide N/A [Na+].[OH-] InChI=1S/Na.H2O
/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1
HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
HNaO 40.00 White, othogonal crystals 318° C
(604.4° F)
1,388° C
(2,530° F)
2.13 g/cm³ 39.992509 39.992509 0 Safety Data Sheet

Hydroxide Formula Diagram (-OH)Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. Hydroxide, the OH- anion composed of an oxygen atom bonded to a hydrogen atom, is commonly present in nature and is one of the most widely studied molecules in physical chemistry. Hydroxide compounds have diverse properties and uses, from base catalysis to detection of carbon dioxide. In a watershed 2013 experiment, scientists at JILA (the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics) achieved evaporative cooling of compounds for the first time using hydroxide molecules, a discovery that may lead to new methods of controlling chemical reactions and could impact a range of disciplines, including atmospheric science and energy production technologies. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Sodium Bohr ModelSodium (Na) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSodium (atomic symbol: Na, atomic number: 11) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 4 element with na atomic weight of 22.989769. The number of electrons in each of Sodium's shells is [2, 8, 1] and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s1.The sodium atom has a radius of 185.8 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 227 pm. Sodium was discovered and first isolated by Sir Humphrey Davy in 1807. In its elemental form, sodium has a silvery-white metallic appearance. It is the sixth most abundant element, making up 2.6 % of the earth's crust. Sodium does not occur in nature as a free element and must be extracted from its compounds (e.g., feldspars, sodalite, and rock salt). The name Sodium is thought to come from the Arabic word "suda," meaning "headache" (due to sodium carbonate's headache-alleviating properties), and its elemental symbol Na comes from "natrium," its Latin name. For more information on sodium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of sodium products, visit the Sodium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H314
Hazard Codes C
Risk Codes 35
Safety Precautions 26-37/39-45
RTECS Number WB4900000
Transport Information UN 1823 8/PG 2
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
Corrosion-Corrosive to metals        

SODIUM HYDROXIDE SYNONYMS
Caustic soda; Soda lye; Aetznatron; Sodium hydrate

CUSTOMERS FOR SODIUM HYDROXIDE, ANHYDROUS HAVE ALSO LOOKED AT
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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


Have a Question? Ask a Chemical Engineer or Material Scientist
Request an MSDS or Certificate of Analysis





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Recent Research & Development for Sodium

  • F.E. López-Suárez, A. Bueno-López, K.I.B. Eguiluz, G.R. Salazar-Banda, Pt–Sn/C catalysts prepared by sodium borohydride reduction for alcohol oxidation in fuel cells: Effect of the precursor addition order, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Zhijie Wu, Xikang Mao, Qin Zi, Rongrong Zhang, Tao Dou, Alex C.K. Yip, Mechanism and kinetics of sodium borohydride hydrolysis over crystalline nickel and nickel boride and amorphous nickel–boron nanoparticles, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • M.A. Deyab, Hydrogen generation by tin corrosion in lactic acid solution promoted by sodium perchlorate, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Majid Mortazavi, Chao Wang, Junkai Deng, Vivek B. Shenoy, Nikhil V. Medhekar, Ab initio characterization of layered MoS2 as anode for sodium-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Gaoxiao Zhang, Zhaoyin Wen, Xiangwei Wu, Jingchao Zhang, Guoqiang Ma, Jun Jin, Sol–gel synthesis of Mg2+ stabilized Na-ß?/ß-Al2O3 solid electrolyte for sodium anode battery, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Siham Doubaji, Mario Valvo, Ismael Saadoune, Mohammed Dahbi, Kristina Edström, Synthesis and characterization of a new layered cathode material for sodium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Takafumi Hosokawa, Toshiyuki Nohira, Rika Hagiwara, Atsushi Fukunaga, Koma Numata, Eiko Itani, Shoichiro Sakai, Koji Nitta, Shinji Inazawa, The Na[FSA]–[C2C1im][FSA] (C2C1im+:1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium and FSA-:bis(fluorosulfonyl)amide) ionic liquid electrolytes for sodium secondary batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • L.I. Bryukvina, E.V. Pestryakov, A.V. Kirpichnikov, E.F. Martynovich, Formation of color centers and light scattering structures by femtosecond laser pulses in sodium fluoride, Optics Communications, Volume 330, 1 November 2014
  • L.I. Bryukvina, E.V. Pestryakov, A.V. Kirpichnikov, E.F. Martynovich, Formation of color centers and light scattering structures by femtosecond laser pulses in sodium fluoride, Optics Communications, Volume 330, 1 November 2014
  • E.M. van der Merwe, C.L. Mathebula, L.C. Prinsloo, Characterization of the surface and physical properties of South African coal fly ash modified by sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) for applications in PVC composites, Powder Technology, Volume 266, November 2014
  • J. Zavadil, Z.G. Ivanova, P. Kostka, M. Hamzaoui, M.T. Soltani, Photoluminescence study of Er-doped zinc–sodium–antimonite glasses, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • Xiaojing Cheng, Jiagang Wu, Ting Zheng, Xiaopeng Wang, Binyu Zhang, Dingquan Xiao, Jianguo Zhu, Xiangjian Wang, Xiaojie Lou, Rhombohedral–tetragonal phase coexistence and piezoelectric properties based on potassium–sodium niobate ternary system, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • Yanmei Liu, Xia Sun, Tao Wang, Qingqing Fang, Qingrong Lv, Mingzai Wu, Zhaoqi Sun, Gang He, Aixia Li, Study of sodium citrate dependent crystalline orientation and properties of Zn0.85Co0.05Mg0.10O films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • Jiasong Zhong, Haijun Zhao, Chenglong Zhang, Xin Ma, Lang Pei, Xiaojuan Liang, Weidong Xiang, Sol–gel synthesis and optical properties of CuGaS2 quantum dots embedded in sodium borosilicate glass, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • Jee-Hoon Kim, Eui-Chol Shin, Dong-Chun Cho, Sooseok Kim, Sansudae Lim, Keedeok Yang, Jinhyung Beum, Jaekook Kim, Shu Yamaguchi, Jong-Sook Lee, Electrical characterization of polycrystalline sodium ß?-alumina: Revisited and resolved, Solid State Ionics, Volume 264, 15 October 2014
  • Tangyuan Li, Huiqing Fan, Changbai Long, Guangzhi Dong, Sheji Sun, Defect dipoles and electrical properties of magnesium B-site substituted sodium potassium niobates, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 609, 5 October 2014
  • Mathias Maes, Nele De Belie, Resistance of concrete and mortar against combined attack of chloride and sodium sulphate, Cement and Concrete Composites, Volume 53, October 2014
  • Yitong Wang, Xia Xin, Wenzhe Li, Chunyu Jia, Lin Wang, Jinglin Shen, Guiying Xu, Studies on the gel behavior and luminescence properties of biological surfactant sodium deoxycholate/rare-earth salts mixed systems, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 431, 1 October 2014
  • Kundan Tayade, G. Krishna Chaitanya, Jasminder Singh, Narinder Singh, Sopan Ingle, Sanjay Attarde, Anil Kuwar, Fluorescence detection by thiourea based probe of physiologically important sodium ion, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 154, October 2014
  • Yoshiaki Matsuo, Koji Ueda, Pyrolytic carbon from graphite oxide as a negative electrode of sodium-ion battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 263, 1 October 2014

Recent Research & Development for Hydroxides

  • Renan Azevedo da Rocha, Carolina Leão Quintanilha, Thayná Viana Lanxin, Júlio Carlos Afonso, Cláudio Augusto Vianna, Valdir Gante, José Luiz Mantovano, Production of potassium manganate and barium manganate from spent zinc–MnO2 dry cells via fusion with potassium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Liguo Wang, Fengyou Wang, Xiaodan Zhang, Ning Wang, Yuanjian Jiang, Qiuyan Hao, Ying Zhao, Improving efficiency of silicon heterojunction solar cells by surface texturing of silicon wafers using tetramethylammonium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Lan Jin, Tengli Wang, Can Cui, Haiqin Wu, He Ren, Min Wei, Controlled assemble of erythrosine B/layered double hydroxide ultrathin film: Preparation, fluorescence properties, and photo-response to bovine serum albumin, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Fang He, Zhibiao Hu, Kaiyu Liu, Shuirong Zhang, Hongtao Liu, Shangbin Sang, In situ fabrication of nickel aluminum-layered double hydroxide nanosheets/hollow carbon nanofibers composite as a novel electrode material for supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Jinglin Zhang, Huidi Liu, Pu Shi, Yaoji Li, Langhuan Huang, Wenjie Mai, Shaozao Tan, Xiang Cai, Growth of nickel (111) plane: The key role in nickel for further improving the electrochemical property of hexagonal nickel hydroxide-nickel & reduced graphene oxide composite, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Xuefei Gong, J.P. Cheng, Fu Liu, Li Zhang, Xiaobin Zhang, Nickel–Cobalt hydroxide microspheres electrodepositioned on nickel cobaltite nanowires grown on Ni foam for high-performance pseudocapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • J. Monnier, H. Chen, S. Joiret, J. Bourgon, M. Latroche, Identification of a new pseudo-binary hydroxide during calendar corrosion of (La, Mg)2Ni7-type hydrogen storage alloys for Nickel–Metal Hydride batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Songying Liu, Ling Zhou, Liyuan Yao, Liya Chai, Li Li, Guo Zhang, Kankan, Keying Shi, One-pot reflux method synthesis of cobalt hydroxide nanoflake-reduced graphene oxide hybrid and their NOx gas sensors at room temperature, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Dongyun Zhang, Peixin Zhang, Shenhua Song, Qiuhua Yuan, Ping Yang, Xiangzhong Ren, Simulation of magnesium hydroxide surface and interface, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Damon E. Turney, Michael Shmukler, Kevin Galloway, Martin Klein, Yasumasa Ito, Tal Sholklapper, Joshua W. Gallaway, Michael Nyce, Sanjoy Banerjee, Development and testing of an economic grid-scale flow-assisted zinc/nickel-hydroxide alkaline battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014