Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous

NaOH
CAS 1310-73-2


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-02-P-AHYD Contact American Elements
(2N5) 99.5% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-025-P-AHYD Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-03-P-AHYD Contact American Elements
(3N5) 99.95% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-035-P-AHYD Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-04-P-AHYD Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous NA-OH-05-P-AHYD Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
NaOH 1310-73-2 14798 MFCD00003548 215-185-5 sodium hydroxide N/A [Na+].[OH-] InChI=1S/Na.H2O
/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1
HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
HNaO 40.00 White, othogonal crystals 318° C
(604.4° F)
1,388° C
(2,530° F)
2.13 g/cm³ 39.992509 39.992509 0 Safety Data Sheet

Hydroxide Formula Diagram (-OH)Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. Hydroxide, the OH- anion composed of an oxygen atom bonded to a hydrogen atom, is commonly present in nature and is one of the most widely studied molecules in physical chemistry. Hydroxide compounds have diverse properties and uses, from base catalysis to detection of carbon dioxide. In a watershed 2013 experiment, scientists at JILA (the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics) achieved evaporative cooling of compounds for the first time using hydroxide molecules, a discovery that may lead to new methods of controlling chemical reactions and could impact a range of disciplines, including atmospheric science and energy production technologies. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Sodium Bohr ModelSodium (Na) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSodium (atomic symbol: Na, atomic number: 11) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 4 element with na atomic weight of 22.989769. The number of electrons in each of Sodium's shells is [2, 8, 1] and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s1.The sodium atom has a radius of 185.8 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 227 pm. Sodium was discovered and first isolated by Sir Humphrey Davy in 1807. In its elemental form, sodium has a silvery-white metallic appearance. It is the sixth most abundant element, making up 2.6 % of the earth's crust. Sodium does not occur in nature as a free element and must be extracted from its compounds (e.g., feldspars, sodalite, and rock salt). The name Sodium is thought to come from the Arabic word "suda," meaning "headache" (due to sodium carbonate's headache-alleviating properties), and its elemental symbol Na comes from "natrium," its Latin name. For more information on sodium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of sodium products, visit the Sodium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H314
Hazard Codes C
Risk Codes 35
Safety Precautions 26-37/39-45
RTECS Number WB4900000
Transport Information UN 1823 8/PG 2
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
Corrosion-Corrosive to metals        

SODIUM HYDROXIDE SYNONYMS
Caustic soda; Soda lye; Aetznatron; Sodium hydrate

CUSTOMERS FOR SODIUM HYDROXIDE, ANHYDROUS HAVE ALSO LOOKED AT
Sodium Fluoride Sodium Chloride Sodium Oxide Sputtering Target Sodium Sulfate Sodium Oxide Powder
Sodium Nitrate Sodium Acetate Sodium 2 - Ethylhexanoate Sodium Tungstate Sodium Oxide
Sodium Oxide Nanopowder Sodium Oxide Pellets Sodium Cubes Gold(I) Sodium Cyanide Sodium Benzoate
Show Me MORE Forms of Sodium

PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


Have a Question? Ask a Chemical Engineer or Material Scientist
Request an MSDS or Certificate of Analysis





German   Korean   French   Japanese   Spanish   Chinese (Simplified)   Portuguese   Russian   Chinese (Taiwan)  Italian   Turkish   Polish   Dutch   Czech   Swedish   Hungarian   Danish   Hebrew

Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages


Recent Research & Development for Sodium

  • L.Z. Ouyang, H. Zhong, Z.M. Li, Z.J. Cao, H. Wang, J.W. Liu, X.K. Zhu, M. Zhu, Low-cost method for sodium borohydride regeneration and the energy efficiency of its hydrolysis and regeneration process, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Zichao Yan, Li Liu, Jinli Tan, Qian Zhou, Zhifeng Huang, Dongdong Xia, Hongbo Shu, Xiukang Yang, Xianyou Wang, One-pot synthesis of bicrystalline titanium dioxide spheres with a core–shell structure as anode materials for lithium and sodium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Changsheng Ding, Toshiyuki Nohira, Rika Hagiwara, Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Yu Okamoto, Atsushi Fukunaga, Shoichiro Sakai, Koji Nitta, Shinji Inazawa, Na[FSA]-[C3C1pyrr][FSA] ionic liquids as electrolytes for sodium secondary batteries: Effects of Na ion concentration and operation temperature, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Il Tae Kim, Sang-Ok Kim, Arumugam Manthiram, Effect of TiC addition on SnSb–C composite anodes for sodium-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Keeyoung Jung, Solki Lee, Goun Kim, Chang-Soo Kim, Stress analyses for the glass joints of contemporary sodium sulfur batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • F.E. López-Suárez, A. Bueno-López, K.I.B. Eguiluz, G.R. Salazar-Banda, Pt–Sn/C catalysts prepared by sodium borohydride reduction for alcohol oxidation in fuel cells: Effect of the precursor addition order, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Zhijie Wu, Xikang Mao, Qin Zi, Rongrong Zhang, Tao Dou, Alex C.K. Yip, Mechanism and kinetics of sodium borohydride hydrolysis over crystalline nickel and nickel boride and amorphous nickel–boron nanoparticles, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • M.A. Deyab, Hydrogen generation by tin corrosion in lactic acid solution promoted by sodium perchlorate, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Majid Mortazavi, Chao Wang, Junkai Deng, Vivek B. Shenoy, Nikhil V. Medhekar, Ab initio characterization of layered MoS2 as anode for sodium-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Gaoxiao Zhang, Zhaoyin Wen, Xiangwei Wu, Jingchao Zhang, Guoqiang Ma, Jun Jin, Sol–gel synthesis of Mg2+ stabilized Na-ß?/ß-Al2O3 solid electrolyte for sodium anode battery, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Tsuyoshi Honma, Atsushi Sato, Noriko Ito, Takuya Togashi, Kenji Shinozaki, Takayuki Komatsu, Crystallization behavior of sodium iron phosphate glass Na2 - xFe1 + 0.5xP2O7 for sodium ion batteries, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 404, 15 November 2014
  • Siham Doubaji, Mario Valvo, Ismael Saadoune, Mohammed Dahbi, Kristina Edström, Synthesis and characterization of a new layered cathode material for sodium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Robin Jose, Tilesh Jayantilal Patel, Troy Allen Cather, Daniel Joseph Willhelm, Janusz Grebowicz, Haesook Han, Pradip Kumar Bhowmik, Lewis Sharpnack, Dena Mae Agra-Kooijman, Satyendra Kumar, Thermotropic mesomorphism in catanionic surfactants synthesized from quaternary ammonium surfactants and sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate: Effect of chain length and symmetry, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 461, 5 November 2014
  • Monali Maiti, Aparna Roy, Sumita Roy, Effect of pH and amphiphile concentration on the gel-emulsion of sodium salt of 2-dodecylpyridine-5-boronic acid: Entrapment and release of vitamin B12, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 461, 5 November 2014
  • Tingting Zhang, Luc J. Vandeperre, Christopher R. Cheeseman, Formation of magnesium silicate hydrate (M-S-H) cement pastes using sodium hexametaphosphate, Cement and Concrete Research, Volume 65, November 2014
  • Rackel San Nicolas, Susan A. Bernal, Ruby Mejía de Gutiérrez, Jannie S.J. van Deventer, John L. Provis, Distinctive microstructural features of aged sodium silicate-activated slag concretes, Cement and Concrete Research, Volume 65, November 2014
  • Haoyang Wu, Mingli Qin, Aimin Chu, Qi Wan, Zhiqin Cao, Ye Liu, Xuanhui Qu, Alex A. Volinsky, AlN powder synthesis by sodium fluoride-assisted carbothermal combustion, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Keteng Cao, Zhongyi Jiang, Jing Zhao, Cuihong Zhao, Chengyun Gao, Fusheng Pan, Baoyi Wang, Xingzhong Cao, Jing Yang, Enhanced water permeation through sodium alginate membranes by incorporating graphene oxides, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 469, 1 November 2014
  • Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Takafumi Hosokawa, Toshiyuki Nohira, Rika Hagiwara, Atsushi Fukunaga, Koma Numata, Eiko Itani, Shoichiro Sakai, Koji Nitta, Shinji Inazawa, The Na[FSA]–[C2C1im][FSA] (C2C1im+:1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium and FSA-:bis(fluorosulfonyl)amide) ionic liquid electrolytes for sodium secondary batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Guangqiang Li, Danlu Jiang, Hui Wang, Xinzheng Lan, Honghai Zhong, Yang Jiang, Glucose-assisted synthesis of Na3V2(PO4)3/C composite as an electrode material for high-performance sodium-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Hydroxides

  • Jing Li, Enbo Shangguan, Dan Guo, Meng Tian, Yanbin Wang, Quanmin Li, Zhaorong Chang, Xiao-Zi Yuan, Haijiang Wang, Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical performance of high-density aluminum substituted a-nickel hydroxide cathode material for nickel-based rechargeable batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Yun Zhao, Hongmei Yu, Feng Xie, Yanxi Liu, Zhigang Shao, Baolian Yi, High durability and hydroxide ion conducting pore-filled anion exchange membranes for alkaline fuel cell applications, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • E.M.S. Barbieri, E.P.C. Lima, S.J. Cantarino, M.F.F. Lelis, M.B.J.G. Freitas, Recycling of spent ion-lithium batteries as cobalt hydroxide, and cobalt oxide films formed under a conductive glass substrate, and their electrochemical properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Yu-Cheng Chang, Controlling growth of single-crystalline indium hydroxide nanocuboids with enhanced sharp cathodoluminescence peak, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Renan Azevedo da Rocha, Carolina Leão Quintanilha, Thayná Viana Lanxin, Júlio Carlos Afonso, Cláudio Augusto Vianna, Valdir Gante, José Luiz Mantovano, Production of potassium manganate and barium manganate from spent zinc–MnO2 dry cells via fusion with potassium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Liguo Wang, Fengyou Wang, Xiaodan Zhang, Ning Wang, Yuanjian Jiang, Qiuyan Hao, Ying Zhao, Improving efficiency of silicon heterojunction solar cells by surface texturing of silicon wafers using tetramethylammonium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Lan Jin, Tengli Wang, Can Cui, Haiqin Wu, He Ren, Min Wei, Controlled assemble of erythrosine B/layered double hydroxide ultrathin film: Preparation, fluorescence properties, and photo-response to bovine serum albumin, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Fang He, Zhibiao Hu, Kaiyu Liu, Shuirong Zhang, Hongtao Liu, Shangbin Sang, In situ fabrication of nickel aluminum-layered double hydroxide nanosheets/hollow carbon nanofibers composite as a novel electrode material for supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Jinglin Zhang, Huidi Liu, Pu Shi, Yaoji Li, Langhuan Huang, Wenjie Mai, Shaozao Tan, Xiang Cai, Growth of nickel (111) plane: The key role in nickel for further improving the electrochemical property of hexagonal nickel hydroxide-nickel & reduced graphene oxide composite, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Xuefei Gong, J.P. Cheng, Fu Liu, Li Zhang, Xiaobin Zhang, Nickel–Cobalt hydroxide microspheres electrodepositioned on nickel cobaltite nanowires grown on Ni foam for high-performance pseudocapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • J. Monnier, H. Chen, S. Joiret, J. Bourgon, M. Latroche, Identification of a new pseudo-binary hydroxide during calendar corrosion of (La, Mg)2Ni7-type hydrogen storage alloys for Nickel–Metal Hydride batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Xianqing Liang, Jin Guo, Shuiying Liang, Caihao Hong, Yidong Zhao, Synthesis of soluble graphene nanosheets from graphite fluoride in low-temperature molten hydroxides, Materials Letters, Volume 135, 15 November 2014
  • Songying Liu, Ling Zhou, Liyuan Yao, Liya Chai, Li Li, Guo Zhang, Kankan, Keying Shi, One-pot reflux method synthesis of cobalt hydroxide nanoflake-reduced graphene oxide hybrid and their NOx gas sensors at room temperature, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Dongyun Zhang, Peixin Zhang, Shenhua Song, Qiuhua Yuan, Ping Yang, Xiangzhong Ren, Simulation of magnesium hydroxide surface and interface, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Youngku Sohn, Structural and spectroscopic characteristics of terbium hydroxide/oxide nanorods and plates, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Tianrong Zhan, Qi Yang, Yumei Zhang, Xinjun Wang, Jie Xu, Wanguo Hou, Structural characterization and electrocatalytic application of hemoglobin immobilized in layered double hydroxides modified with hydroxyl functionalized ionic liquid, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 433, 1 November 2014
  • Yoichi Masui, Jiacheng Wang, Kentaro Teramura, Toshihiro Kogure, Tsunehiro Tanaka, Makoto Onaka, Unique structural characteristics of tin hydroxide nanoparticles-embedded montmorillonite (Sn-Mont) demonstrating efficient acid catalysis for various organic reactions, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 198, 1 November 2014
  • Jiaying Yu, Guoli Fan, Yang Yang, Feng Li, Multi-level three-dimensional Mg–Al layered double hydroxide hierarchical microstructures with enhanced basic catalytic property, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 432, 15 October 2014
  • Damon E. Turney, Michael Shmukler, Kevin Galloway, Martin Klein, Yasumasa Ito, Tal Sholklapper, Joshua W. Gallaway, Michael Nyce, Sanjoy Banerjee, Development and testing of an economic grid-scale flow-assisted zinc/nickel-hydroxide alkaline battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014
  • Fernando Júnior Quites, José Carlos Germino, Teresa Dib Zambon Atvars, Improvement in the emission properties of a luminescent anionic dye intercalated between the lamellae of zinc hydroxide-layered, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 459, 5 October 2014