Nickel Elemental Symbol

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Nickel Nickel Nichel Níquel Níquel Nickel

Nickel(Ni) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolNickel is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element. The number of electrons in each of nickel's shells is 2, 8, 16, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar]3d8 4s2. Elemental NickelNickel Bohr ModelThe nickel atom has a radius of and its Van der Waals radius is In its elemental form, CAS 7440-02-0, nickel has a lustrous metallic silver appearance. Nickel is sometimes found free in nature but is more commonly found in ores. The bulk of mined nickel comes from laterite and magmatic sulfide ores. Nickel was first discovered by Alex Constedt in 1751. The name originates from the German word 'kupfernickel' which means false copper from the illusory copper color of the ore.

Nickel is extensively alloyed with iron, chromium, molybdenum, and tungsten to produce stainless steel and other corrosion-resistant alloys. Nickel 's high electrical conductivity lends itself to many electronics applications. For example, it is the basis of the nickel hydride battery and it's an ideal component for ceramic anode formulations used in oxygen generation and solid oxide fuel cell applications. High Purity (99.999%) Nickel (Ni) Sputtering TargetNickel is also used as a pigment- its addition to glass and ceramic glazes results in a bright green color. High Purity (99.999%) Nickel Oxide (NiO) PowderNickel is available as metal and compounds with purities from 99% to 99.999% (ACS grade to ultra-high purity). Elemental or metallic forms include pellets, rod, wire and granules for evaporation source material purposes. Nickel nanoparticles and nanopowders provide ultra-high surface area which nanotechnology research and recent experiments demonstrate function to create new and unique properties and benefits. Oxides are available in powder and dense pellet form for such uses as optical coating and thin film applications. Oxides tend to be insoluble. Fluorides are another insoluble form for uses in which oxygen is undesirable such as metallurgy, chemical and physical vapor deposition and in some optical coatings. Nickel is also available in soluble forms including chlorides, nitrates and acetates. These compounds can be manufactured as solutions at specified stoichiometries.

Nickel and its compounds are considered to be carcinogenic. Nickel carbonyl is a very toxic gas. Safety data for Nickel and its compounds can vary widely depending on the form. For potential hazard information, toxicity, and road, sea and air transportation limitations, such as DOT Hazard Class, DOT Number, EU Number, NFPA Health rating and RTECS Class, please see the specific material or compound referenced in the Products tab below.

  • Properties
  • Safety Data
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  • Research
  • Isotopes
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Nickel Properties

Symbol: Ni Melting Point: 1453.0 °C (1726.15 K, 2647.4 °F)
Atomic Number: 28 Boiling Point: 2732.0 °C (3005.15 K, 4949.6 °F)
Atomic Weight: 58.6934 Density: 8.902gm/cc
Element Category: Transition Metal Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 7.81 g·cm−3
Group, Period, Block: 10, 4, d Specific Heat: 0.106 Cal/g/ K @ 25°C
    Heat of Vaporization 377.5 kJ·mol−1
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 17.48 kJ·mol−1
Electrons: 28 Thermal Conductivity:

0.909 W/cm/ K @ 298.2  K

Protons: 28 Thermal Expansion: (25 °C) 13.4 µm·m−1·K−1
Neutrons: 31 Electrical Resistivity: 6.84 microhm-cm @ 20°C
Electron Configuration: [Ar] 3d84s2 Electronegativity:

1.8 Paulings

Atomic Radius: 124 pm Tensile Strength: N/A
Covalent Radius: 124±4 pm Molar Heat Capacity: 26.07 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 163 pm Young's Modulus: 200 GPa
Oxidation States: 4, 3, 2, 1, -1 (mildly basic oxide) Shear Modulus: 76 GPa
Phase: Solid Bulk Modulus: 180 GPa
Crystal Structure: Cubic Poisson Ratio: 0.31
Magnetic Ordering: ferromagnetic Mohs Hardness: 4.0
1st Ionization Energy: 737.13 kJ mol-1 Vickers Hardness: 638 MPa
2nd Ionization Energy: 1753.04 kJ mol-1 Brinell Hardness: 700 MPa
3rd Ionization Energy: 3395.34 kJ mol-1 Speed of Sound: (r.t.) 4900 m·s−1
CAS Number: 7440-02-0 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: 100 ppb
ChemSpider ID: 910 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: 11 ppb
PubChem CID: 935 Abundance in universe, by weight: 60000 ppb
MDL Number: MFCD00011137 Abundance in universe, by atom: 1000 ppb
EC Number: 231-111-4 Discovered By: Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
Beilstein Number: N/A Discovery Date: 1751
SMILES Identifier: [Ni]  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/Ni Other Names: Niccolum, Nichel, Níquel

Nickel Products

Metal Forms  •  Compounds  •  Alloys  •  Oxide Forms  •  Organometallic Compounds
Sputtering Targets  •  Nanomaterials  •  Semiconductor Materials •  Isotopes

Metal Forms

Nickel Bands
Nickel Bars
Nickel Board
Nickel Bits
Nickel Briquette
Nickel Capsules
Nickel Chips
Nickel Chunk
Nickel Circle
Nickel Coil
Nickel Coins
Nickel Concentrate
Nickel Crucibles
Nickel Cylinder
Nickel Disc
Nickel Dust
Nickel Electrodes
Nickel Flake
Nickel Flanges
Nickel Foam
Nickel Foil
Nickel Fragments
Nickel Gauze
Nickel Grain
Nickel Granules
Nickel Grids
Nickel Honeycomb
Nickel Ingot
Nickel Insulated Wire
Nickel Lump
Nickel Mesh
Nickel Metal
Nickel Microfoil
Nickel Microleaf
Nickel Nanocrystalline Foil
Nickel Nugget
Nickel Particles
Nickel Pebbles
Nickel Pellets
Nickel Pieces
Nickel Pills
Nickel Plates
Nickel Powder
Nickel Precipitate
Nickel Prisms
Nickel Puck
Nickel Residue
Nickel Ribbon
Nickel Rings
Nickel Rocks
Nickel Rod
Nickel Samples
Nickel Scraps
Nickel Segments
Nickel Shaving
Nickel Sheets
Nickel Shot
Nickel Sleeves
Nickel Slugs
Nickel Specimens
Nickel Sphere
Nickel Sponge
Nickel Spring
Nickel Tape
Nickel Tube
Nickel Wafer
Nickel Wire
Nickel Wool
Ultra Thin Nickel Foil

Sputtering Targets

Aluminum Magnesium Copper Nickel Sputtering Target
Chromium Nickel Sputtering Target
Cobalt Nickel Sputtering Target
Cobalt Nickel Chromium Sputtering Target
Copper Nickel Sputtering Target
Iron Nickel Sputtering Target
Lanthanum Nickel Sputtering Target
Manganese Nickel Sputtering Target
Nickel Aluminum Sputtering Target
Nickel Chrome Sputtering Target
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Sputtering Target
Nickel Chromium Silicon Sputtering Target
Nickel Chromium Sputtering Target
Nickel Cobalt Sputtering Target
Nickel Copper Sputtering Target
Nickel Iron Sputtering Target
Nickel Manganese Sputtering Target
Nickel Nitride Sputtering Targets
Nickel Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Nickel Oxide Sputtering Target
Nickel Phosphide Sputtering Target
Nickel Platinum Sputtering Target
Nickel Rotatable Sputtering Target
Nickel Silicide Sputtering Target
Nickel Sputtering Target
Nickel Selenide Sputtering Target
Nickel Telluride Sputtering Target
Nickel Titanium Sputtering Target
Nickel Tungsten Sputtering Target
Nickel Vanadium Sputtering Target
Nickel Vanadium Zirconium Sputtering Target
Nickel Ytterbium Sputtering Target
Nickel Zirconium Sputtering Target
Scandium Nickel Sputtering Target
Titanium Nickel Sputtering Target
Vanadium Nickel Sputtering Target

Oxide Forms

Nickel Oxide Anode Paste
Nickel(II) Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel(III) Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel(II) Oxide Nanowires
Nickel(II) Oxide Particles
Nickel(II) Oxide Pellets
Nickel(II) Oxide Pieces
Nickel(II) Oxide Powder
Nickel(III) Oxide Powder
Nickel(II) Oxide Shot
Nickel(II) Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Nickel(II) Oxide Sputtering Target
Nickel(II) Oxide Tablets


Copper Nickel Nanoparticles
Iron Nickel Copper Nanoparticles
Iron Nickel Nanopowder
Iron Nickel Oxide Nanopowder
Lithium Manganese Nickel Oxide Spinel, Powder
Nickel Carbon Nanotube
Nickel Chromium Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Cobalt Chromium Nanopowder
Nickel Cobalt Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Cobalt Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Hydroxide Nanopowder
Nickel Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel Nanoparticles
Nickel Nanoprisms
Nickel Nanorods
Nickel Nanowires
Nickel(II) Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel(III) Oxide Nanopowder
Nickel(II) Oxide Nanowires
Nickel Titanium Nanopowder
Nickel Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder

Crystal/Semiconductor Materials

Nickel Antimonide NiSb
Nickel Antimonide Ni3Sb
Nickel Arsenide NiAs
Nickel Arsenide(II) NiAs2
Nickel Phosphide
Nickel Selenide
Nickel Sulfide NiS
Nickel Sulfide Ni2S3
Nickel Sulfide Ni3S2
Nickel Telluride
Potassium Niobate/Barium Nickel Niobate


Nickel-58 Isotope
Nickel-60 Isotope
Nickel-61 Isotope
Nickel-62 Isotope
Nickel-64 Isotope

Ammonium Nickel(II) Sulfate Hexahydrate
Barium Tetrafluoronickelate
Cobalt Iron Nickel Oxide
Lanthanum Nickel Hydride
Lanthanum Nickelate Nanopowder
Lanthanum Nickelate, Strontium Doped
Lithium Manganese Nickel Oxide
Lithium Manganese Nickel Oxide Electrode Sheet
Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide
Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide Electrode Sheet
Lithium Nickel Cobalt Oxide
Lithium Nickel Dioxide
Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide (NMC)
Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide Electrode Sheet
Lithium Tetrabromonickelate(II) Solution
Manganese Nickel Carbonate
Nickel Acetate
Nickel Acetate Solution
Nickel Aluminide NiAl
Nickel Aluminide NiAl3
Nickel Aluminide Ni3Al
Nickel Arsenate
Nickel Boride NiB
Nickel Boride Ni2B
Nickel Boride Ni3B
Nickel Beryllium Titanium Foil Nickel Bromide
Nickel(II) Bromide Hydrate
Nickel Carbide
Nickel Carbonate
Nickel Carbonate Basic Hydrate 
Nickel(II) Carbonate Hydroxide Tetrahydrate
Nickel Cermet
Nickel Chloride
Nickel(II) Chloride Hexahydrate
Nickel Chloride, Ultra Dry
Nickel Chloride Solution
Nickel Fluoride
Nickel Hydride
Nickel Hydroxide
Nickel Iodate
Nickel Iodide
Nickel Iodide, Ultra Dry
Nickel(II) Molybdate
Nickel Molybdate Hydrate
Nickel Nitrate
Nickel Nitrate Solution
Nickel Nitride
Nickel(II) Oxide NiO
Nickel(III) Oxide Ni2O3
Nickel Oxide - YSZ Anode
Nickel Oxide - YSZ Anode Paste
Nickel Oxide - YSZ Anode Tape
Nickel Oxide/Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Anode Paste
Nickel Oxide - SDC Anode
Nickel Oxide - ScCeSZ Anode
Nickel Oxide - ScSZ Anode
Nickel Perchlorate Hexahydrate
Nickel(II) Phthalocyanine
Nickel Selenate
Nickel Selenite
Nickel Silicide Ni2Si
Nickel Silicide NiSi2
Nickel(II) Sulfamate Tetrahydrate
Nickel Sulfate
Nickel Sulfate Solution
Nickel(II) Sulfate Heptahydrate
Nickel Tellurate
Nickel Tellurite
Nickel Tetrafluoroborate Hexahydrate
Nickel(II) Titanate
Potassium Hexafluoronickelate(IV)
Potassium Nickel(IV) Paraperiodate
Potassium Tetracyanonickelate(II)
Potassium Tetracyanonickelate(II) Hydrate 
Zirconium Nickel Hydride
Zirconium Nickel Hydride/Zirconium Nickel Deuteride

Organometallic Compounds

[1,3-Bis(diphenylphosphino)propane] dichloronickel(II) (2)
1,3-Bis(diphenylphosphino)propane Nickel(II) Chloride
2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octaethyl-21H,23H-porphine Nickel(II)
5,10,15,20-Tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphine Nickel(II)
Aluminum Nickel Isopropoxide
Bis(ethylenediamine)nickel(II) Chloride Hydrate
Bis(triphenylphosphine)nickel(II) Dichloride
Copper(II) Heptafluorodimethyloctanedionate
Hexaamminenickel(II) Iodide
Nickel(II) 1,4,8,11,15,18,22,25-octabutoxy-29H,31H-phthalocyanine
Nickel 2-Ethylhexanoate
Nickel(II) 5,9,14,18,23,27,32,36- octabutoxy-2,3-naphthalocyanine
Nickel Acetylacetonate
Nickel(II) bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionate)
Nickel Bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionate)
Nickel(II) Cyclohexanebutyrate
Nickel(II) Hexafluoroacetylacetonate Hydrate
Nickel Isopropoxide
Nickel(II) Octanoate Hydrate
Nickel Octoate
Nickel Oxalate
Nickel(II) Oxalate Dihydrate
Nickel(II) Phthalocyanine-Tetrasulfonic Acid
Nickel Trifluoromethanesulfonate
Tetraethylammonium Tetrachloronickelate(II)
Tetrasodium Salt
trans-Bis(dicyclohexylphenylphosphino)nickel(II) chloride


Aluminum Nickel Alloy
Aluminum Nickel Catalyst
Aluminum Nickel Cobalt Alloy Particles
Aluminum Nickel Cobalt Alloy Powder
Aluminum Nickel Copper Magnesium Alloy
Chromium Cobalt Nickel Alloy
Chromium Nickel Silicon
Chromium Nickel Alloy
Chromium Nickel Copper Alloy
Chromium Nickel Silicon Alloy
Chromium Nickel Tungsten Alloy
Cobalt Boron Silicon Iron Molybdenum Nickel Foil
Cobalt Chromium Nickel Iron Molybdenum Manganese Alloy
Cobalt Chromium Tungsten Nickel Iron Manganese Foil
Cobalt Chromium Tungsten Nickel Manganese Alloy
Cobalt Nickel Chromium Iron Molybdenum Titanium Alloy
Cobalt Nickel Chromium Iron Molybdenum Tungsten Titanium Alloy
Cobalt Silicon Boron Iron Nickel Foil
Cobalt Nickel Chromium Molybdenum Alloy
Cobalt Iron Nickel Alloy
Cobalt Nickel Alloy
Cobalt Nickel Chromium Alloy
Copper Aluminum Nickel
Copper Chromium Nickel Silicon Alloy
Copper Gold Nickel Alloy
Copper Manganese Nickel Alloy Powder
Copper Manganese Nickel Foil
Copper Manganese Nickel Rod
Copper Manganese Nickel Wire
Copper Nickel
Copper Nickel Foil
Copper Nickel Mesh
Copper Zinc Aluminum Nickel Alloy
Ferro Manganese
Gold Copper Nickel Alloy
Gold Nickel Foil
Hastelloy B Alloy
Hastelloy C-22 Alloy
Hastelloy C-276 Alloy
Hastelloy C276 Foil
Hastelloy B Alloy Foil
Hastelloy X Alloy
Havar Alloy Foil
Inconel 600 Alloy
Inconel 601 Alloy
Alloys, Continued

Inconel 718 Alloy
Inconel 825 Alloy
Inconel 925 Alloy
Inconel X-750 Alloy
Inconel Crucible
Invar 36 Alloy
Invar Alloy Foil
Invar Alloy Powder
Invar Alloy Rod
Invar Alloy Sheet
Invar Alloy Tube
Invar Alloy Wire
Iron Chromium Nickel Copper Alloy
Iron Chromium Nickel Copper Niobium Alloy
Iron Chromium Nickel Copper Titanium Niobium Alloy
Iron Chromium Nickel Manganese Molybdenum Alloy
Iron Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Alloy
Iron Chromium Nickel Titanium Molybdenum Alloy
Iron Chromium Nickel Aluminum Alloy
Iron Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Aluminum Alloy
Iron Chromium Nickel Copper Molybdenum Niobium Alloy
Iron-Nickel Alloy
Iron Nickel Copper
Iron Nickel Foil
Iron Nickel Rod
Lanthanum Nickel
Lanthanum-Nickel-Aluminum Alloy
Lanthanum Nickel Cobalt Alloy
Manganese Nickel Alloy
Manganese Nickel Foil
Magnesium Nickel Alloy
Mischmetal Nickel Alloy
Nickel Aluminides Alloy Particles
Nickel Aluminides Alloy Powder
Nickel Boron Silicon Foil
Nickel Cerium Alloy Particles
Nickel Cerium Alloy Powder
Nickel Chromate
Nickel Chromium Alloy
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Alloy
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Foam
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Honeycomb
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Sponge
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Wool
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Cobalt Alloy
Nickel Chromium Boron Alloy
Nickel Chromium Canes
Nickel Chromium Cobalt Alloy
Nickel Chromium Cobalt Molybdenum Titanium Aluminum Alloy
Nickel Chromium Cobalt Molybdenum Titanium Aluminum Iron Alloy
Nickel Chromium Foam
Nickel Chromium Foil Nickel Chromium Honeycomb
Nickel Chromium Iron Alloy
Nickel Chromium Iron Molybdenum Alloy
Nickel Chromium Iron Silicon Boron Alloy Particles
Nickel Chromium Iron Silicon Boron Alloy Powder
Nickel Chromium Metal
Nickel Chromium Microfoil
Nickel Chromium Molybdenum Boron Alloy Particles
Nickel Chromium Molybdenum Boron Alloy Powder
Nickel Chromium Molybdenum Iron Alloy
Nickel Chromium Pellets
Nickel Chromium Sponge
Nickel Chromium Sponge
Nickel Chromium Tungsten Alloy
Nickel Chromium Wool
Nickel Coated Graphite
Nickel Cobalt Chromium Alloy
Nickel Copper
Nickel Copper Alloy
Nickel Copper Foam
Nickel Copper Honeycomb
Nickel Copper Iron Alloy
Nickel Copper Iron Manganese Powder
Nickel Copper Iron Manganese Rod
Nickel Copper Silicon Alloy
Nickel Copper Sponge
Nickel Copper Wool
Nickel Iron Alloy
Nickel Iron Foam
Nickel Iron Foil
Nickel Iron Honeycomb
Nickel Iron Sponge
Nickel Iron Wool
Nickel Iron Chromium Alloy
Nickel Iron Chromium Foam
Nickel Iron Chromium Honeycomb
Nickel Iron Chromium Sponge
Nickel Iron Chromium Wool
Nickel Iron Chromium Molybdenum Alloy
Nickel Iron Chromium Molybdenum Titanium Alloy
Nickel Iron Molybdenum Alloy
Nickel Iron Molybdenum Wire
Nickel Iron Pellets
Nickel Iron Pieces
Nickel Iron Silicon Boron Foil
Nickel Lanthanide Alloy Particles
Nickel Lanthanides Alloy Powder
Nickel Manganese Alloy
Nickel Manganese Gallium Foam
Nickel Manganese Gallium Honeycomb
Nickel Manganese Gallium Sponge
Nickel Manganese Gallium Wool
Nickel Molybdenum Alloy
Nickel Molybdenum
Nickel Molybdenum Chromium Iron Alloy
Nickel Molybdenum Iron Chromium Alloy
Nickel Niobium Alloy
Nickel Platinum Alloy
Nickel Silicon Alloy
Nickel Silicon
Nickel Silicon Boron Alloy
Nickel Silver Foil
Nickel Silver Tube
Nickel Titanium
Nickel Titanium Alloy
Nickel Titanium Aluminum Alloy
Nickel Titanium Bands
Nickel Titanium Bits
Nickel Titanium Board
Nickel Titanium Briquette
Nickel Titanium Capsules
Nickel Titanium Circle
Nickel Titanium Coil
Nickel Titanium Concentrate
Nickel Titanium Cylinder
Nickel Titanium Dust
Nickel Titanium Flanges
Nickel Titanium Fragments
Nickel Titanium Grain
Nickel Titanium Mesh
Nickel Titanium Nugget
Nickel Titanium Pebbles
Nickel Titanium Pellets
Nickel Titanium Pills
Nickel Titanium Precipitate
Nickel Titanium Puck
Nickel Titanium Residue
Nickel Titanium Rings
Nickel Titanium Rocks
Nickel Titanium Samples
Nickel Titanium Scraps
Nickel Titanium Segments
Nickel Titanium Shaving
Nickel Titanium Silicon Boron Alloy Particles
Nickel Titanium Silicon Boron Alloy Powder
Nickel Titanium Sleeves
Nickel Titanium Slugs
Nickel Titanium Specimens
Nickel Titanium Spring
Nickel Titanium Tape
Nickel Titanium Wafer
Nickel Vanadium Alloy
Nickel Yttrium Alloy
Nickel Zirconium Alloy
Permalloy Pellets
Silver Copper Tin Nickel Alloy
Silver Copper Zinc Manganese Nickel
Silver Copper Manganese Nickel Alloy
Silver Copper Nickel Alloy
Silver Copper Zinc Nickel Alloy
Silicon Nickel Alloy
Silver Nickel
Silver Zinc Nickel Alloy
Titanium Nickel Alloy
Titanium Nickel Copper
Titanium Nickel Copper Alloy
Tungsten Nickel Foam
Tungsten Nickel Honeycomb
Tungsten Nickel Sponge
Tungsten Nickel Wool
Tungsten Nickel Copper Alloy
Tungsten Nickel Copper Iron Alloy
Tungsten Nickel Iron Alloy
Tungsten Nickel Iron Molybdenum Alloy
Yttrium Nickel Alloy
Zinc Nickel Alloy
Zirconium Nickel Alloy

Recent Research & Development for Nickel

  • Yanjiao Ma, Hao Li, Hui Wang, Xuefeng Mao, Vladimir Linkov, Shan Ji, Oko Unathi Gcilitshana, Rongfang Wang, Evolution of the electrocatalytic activity of carbon-supported amorphous platinum–ruthenium–nickel–phosphorous nanoparticles for methanol oxidation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jie Xiao, Yongmin Xie, Jiang Liu, Meilin Liu, Deactivation of nickel-based anode in solid oxide fuel cells operated on carbon-containing fuels, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Zhijie Wu, Xikang Mao, Qin Zi, Rongrong Zhang, Tao Dou, Alex C.K. Yip, Mechanism and kinetics of sodium borohydride hydrolysis over crystalline nickel and nickel boride and amorphous nickel–boron nanoparticles, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ki Jae Kim, Yong Nam Jo, Won Jong Lee, T. Subburaj, K. Prasanna, Chang Woo Lee, Effects of inorganic salts on the morphological, structural, and electrochemical properties of prepared nickel-rich Li[Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2]O2, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jiaqin Yang, Wei Guo, Di Li, Caiying Wei, Hongmin Fan, Liyan Wu, Wenjun Zheng, Synthesis and electrochemical performances of novel hierarchical flower-like nickel sulfide with tunable number of composed nanoplates, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Panpan Xu, Ke Ye, Dianxue Cao, Jichun Huang, Tong Liu, Kui Cheng, Jinling Yin, Guiling Wang, Facile synthesis of cobalt manganese oxides nanowires on nickel foam with superior electrochemical performance, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Hee-Je Kim, Su-Weon Kim, Chandu V.V.M. Gopi, Soo-Kyoung Kim, S. Srinivasa Rao, Myeong-Soo Jeong, Improved performance of quantum dot-sensitized solar cells adopting a highly efficient cobalt sulfide/nickel sulfide composite thin film counter electrode, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Tamara V. Basova, Roman G. Parkhomenko, Igor K. Igumenov, Aseel Hassan, Mahmut Durmus, Ayse Gül Gürek, Vefa Ahsen, Composites of liquid crystalline nickel phthalocyanine with gold nanoparticles: Liquid crystalline behaviour and optical properties, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Liangdong Feng, Yufu Zhu, Hongyan Ding, Chaoying Ni, Recent progress in nickel based materials for high performance pseudocapacitor electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Wenna Huang, Lidan Xing, Yating Wang, Mengqing Xu, Weishan Li, Fengchao Xie, Shengan Xia, 4-(Trifluoromethyl)-benzonitrile: A novel electrolyte additive for lithium nickel manganese oxide cathode of high voltage lithium ion battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Fang He, Zhibiao Hu, Kaiyu Liu, Shuirong Zhang, Hongtao Liu, Shangbin Sang, In situ fabrication of nickel aluminum-layered double hydroxide nanosheets/hollow carbon nanofibers composite as a novel electrode material for supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Jinglin Zhang, Huidi Liu, Pu Shi, Yaoji Li, Langhuan Huang, Wenjie Mai, Shaozao Tan, Xiang Cai, Growth of nickel (111) plane: The key role in nickel for further improving the electrochemical property of hexagonal nickel hydroxide-nickel & reduced graphene oxide composite, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Xuefei Gong, J.P. Cheng, Fu Liu, Li Zhang, Xiaobin Zhang, Nickel–Cobalt hydroxide microspheres electrodepositioned on nickel cobaltite nanowires grown on Ni foam for high-performance pseudocapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Damien Connétable, Yu Wang, Döme Tanguy, Segregation of hydrogen to defects in nickel using first-principles calculations: The case of self-interstitials and cavities, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • E.R. Shaaban, M.A. Kaid, M.G.S. Ali, X-ray analysis and optical properties of nickel oxide thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Yan Qiao, Xiao-Shuai Wu, Chang Ming Li, Interfacial electron transfer of Shewanella putrefaciens enhanced by nanoflaky nickel oxide array in microbial fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Zhaobin Feng, Zhanhong Yang, Bin Yang, Zheng Zhang, Xiaoe Xie, The application of Co–Al-hydrotalcite as a novel additive of positive material for nickel–metal hydride secondary cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • J. Monnier, H. Chen, S. Joiret, J. Bourgon, M. Latroche, Identification of a new pseudo-binary hydroxide during calendar corrosion of (La, Mg)2Ni7-type hydrogen storage alloys for Nickel–Metal Hydride batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • R. Gilles, D. Mukherji, H. Eckerlebe, L. Karge, P. Staron, P. Strunz, Th. Lippmann, Investigations of early stage precipitation in a tungsten-rich nickel-base superalloy using SAXS and SANS, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • T. Rojhirunsakool, A.R.P. Singh, S. Nag, J.Y. Hwang, J. Tiley, R. Banerjee, Temporal evolution of non-equilibrium ?' precipitates in a rapidly quenched nickel base superalloy, Intermetallics, Volume 54, November 2014

Nickel Isotopes

Naturally occurring nickel is composed of five stable isotopes; 58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni and 64Ni. 58Ni is the most abundant (68.077%).

Nuclide Symbol Isotopic Mass Half-Life Nuclear Spin
58Ni 57.9353429 Observationally Stable 1/2+
60Ni 59.9307864 Stable  
61Ni 60.9310560 Stable  
62Ni 61.9283451 Stable  
64Ni 63.9279660 Stable (3)+