Lead Bars

High Purity Pb Bars
CAS 7439-92-1


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Lead Bars PB-M-02-BBR Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Lead Bars PB-M-03-BBR Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Lead Bars PB-M-04-BBR Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Lead Bars PB-M-05-BBR Contact American Elements
(6N) 99.9999% Lead Bars PB-M-06-BBR Contact American Elements
(7N) 99.99999% Lead Bars PB-M-07-BBR Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Pb 7439-92-1 24864373 5352425 MFCD00134050 231-100-4 N/A [Pb] InChI=1S/Pb WABPQHHGFIMREM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
207.20 Bluish white 11.35 gm/cc N/A 327.502°C 1740°C 0.353 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K 20.648 microhm-cm @ 20 °C 1.8 Paulings 0.038 Cal/g/oK @ 25°C 42.4 K-Cal/gm atom at 1740°C 1.224 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

American Elements' AE Bullion™ group mints certified high purity Lead Bars for short and long term physical possession and to allow for exposure and controlled risk to industrial demand fluctuations reflected in the global lead price. Besides lead bars, lead coins and lead Ingots may be purchased by funds, currency reserves, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), private investors, collectors and hobbyists to take direct physical title and possession of the metal with risk exposure from shortages or chemical/physical technology changes, such as in solar energy, and fuel cell developments, equivalent to movements in the industrial application price of Lead. American Elements offers bonded short and long term warehouse inventory services for AE Bullion™ coins to investors, funds and collectors who do not wish to take physical custody of the metal or lack secure storage or warehouse capabilities. The lowest possible Etching of Medieval Minting Equipment and Processesbar unit price to Lead melt value ratio is maintained through state of the art mint and die systems and analytically certified blanks (planchet or flan) refinedand pressed to exacting purity and weight. We also produce Lead as rod, pellets, powder, pieces, disc, granules, and wire, as nanoparticles and in compound forms, such as oxide. Lead Bars may be purchased in bulk or small quantity. Portfolios of different elemental metal bars or coins may also be structured and purchased from the AE Bullion™ group allowing for strategic risk allocation and indexing across a basket of metals.

Lead Bohr Model Lead (Pb) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolLead (atomic symbol: Pb, atomic number: 82) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 207.2. The number of electrons in each of Lead's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2. The lead atom has a radius of 175 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 202 pm. In its elemental form, lead has a metallic gray appearance. Lead occurs naturally as a mixture of four stable isotopes: 204Pb (1.48%), 206Pb (23.6%), 207Pb (22.6%), and 208Pb (52.3%). Elemental Lead Lead is obtained mainly from galena (PbS) by a roasting process. Anglesite, cerussite, and minim are other common lead containing minerals. Lead does occur as a free element in nature, but it is rare. It is a dense, soft metal that is very resistant to corrosion and poorly conductive compared to other metals. Its density and low melting point make it useful in applications such as electrolysis and industrual materials. For more information on lead, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of lead products, visit the Lead Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H302-H332-H360Df-H373-H410
T,N
61-33-40-48/20-51/53-62
53-36/37-45
OF7525000
UN 3077 9/PG 3
nwg
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity Health Hazard Environment-Hazardous to the aquatic environment    

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Lead

  • M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, Bhaskar Sanyal, K. Bhargavi, M. Piasecki, N. Veeraiah, Studies on ?-ray induced structural changes in Nd3+ doped lead alumino silicate glasses by means of thermoluminescence for dosimetric applications in high dose ranges, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Xiaoshi Lang, Dianlong Wang, Chiyu Hu, Shenzhi Tang, Junsheng Zhu, Chenfeng Guo, The use of nanometer tetrabasic lead sulfate as positive active material additive for valve regulated lead-acid battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Bo Hong, Liangxing Jiang, Haitao Xue, Fangyang Liu, Ming Jia, Jie Li, Yexiang Liu, Characterization of nano-lead-doped active carbon and its application in lead-acid battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • R. Tenno, E. Nefedov, Electrolyte depletion control laws for lead-acid battery discharge optimisation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Xiaojuan Sun, Jiakuan Yang, Wei Zhang, Xinfeng Zhu, Yuchen Hu, Danni Yang, Xiqing Yuan, Wenhao Yu, Jinxin Dong, Haifeng Wang, Lei Li, R. Vasant Kumar, Sha Liang, Lead acetate trihydrate precursor route to synthesize novel ultrafine lead oxide from spent lead acid battery pastes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Dominik Schulte, Dirk Uwe Sauer, Ellen Ebner, Alexander Börger, Sven Gose, Heinz Wenzl, “Stratifiability index” – A quantitative assessment of acid stratification in flooded lead acid batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Hongyi Li, Lingyun Dong, Yi Lu, Shilie Pan, Xiaoquan Lu, Hongwei Yu, Hongping Wu, Xin Su, Zhihua Yang, Synthesis, crystal structure, and optical properties of a new lead barium borate, PbBa2(B3O6)2, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Hui Wang, Jiagang Wu, Phase transition, microstructure, and electrical properties of Ca, Zr, and Sn-modified BaTiO3 lead-free ceramics, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Baoxiang He, Hua Wang, Xie He, Vibration test methods and their experimental research on the performance of the lead-acid battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Yue Li, Zheng Shen, Asok Ray, Christopher D. Rahn, Real-time estimation of lead-acid battery parameters: A dynamic data-driven approach, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Olawale L. Osifeko, Tebello Nyokong, Applications of lead phthalocyanines embedded in electrospun fibers for the photoinactivation of Escherichia coli in water, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • L.F. Li, Y.K. Cheng, G.L. Xu, E.Z. Wang, Z.H. Zhang, H. Wang, Effects of indium addition on properties and wettability of Sn–0.7Cu–0.2Ni lead-free solders, Materials & Design, Volume 64, December 2014
  • Sudip K. Chatterjee, Saba N. Khan, Partha Roy Chaudhuri, Two-octave spanning single pump parametric amplification at 1550 nm in a host lead-silicate binary multi-clad microstructure fiber: Influence of multi-order dispersion engineering, Optics Communications, Volume 332, 1 December 2014
  • A.A. El-Daly, A.E. Hammad, G.S. Al-Ganainy, M. Ragab, Properties enhancement of low Ag-content Sn–Ag–Cu lead-free solders containing small amount of Zn, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • Xing Liu, Min Zhu, Zhihui Chen, Bijun Fang, Jianning Ding, Xiangyong Zhao, Haiqing Xu, Haosu Luo, Structure and electrical properties of Li-doped BaTiO3–CaTiO3–BaZrO3 lead-free ceramics prepared by citrate method, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Matthew Sorge, Thomas Bean, Travis Woodland, John Canning, I. Frank Cheng, Dean B. Edwards, Investigating the use of porous, hollow glass microspheres in positive lead acid battery plates, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Fangxu Li, Dingquan Xiao, Jiagang Wu, Zhuo Wang, Chao Liu, Jianguo Zhu, Phase structure and electrical properties of (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3–(Bi0.5Na0.5)ZrO3 lead-free ceramics with a sintering aid of ZnO, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • Pengran Gao, Yi Liu, Weixin Lv, Rui Zhang, Wei Liu, Xianfu Bu, Guanghua Li, Lixu Lei, Methanothermal reduction of mixtures of PbSO4 and PbO2 to synthesize ultrafine a-PbO powders for lead acid batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Debdoot Hazari, Swapan Kumar Jana, Michel Fleck, Ennio Zangrando, Sudipta Dalai, Two three-dimensional coordination polymers of lead(II) with iminodiacetate and naphthalene-dicarboxylate anions: Synthesis, characterization and luminescence behavior, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 219, November 2014
  • Nicolás Arancibia-Miranda, Samuel E. Baltazar, Alejandra García, Aldo H. Romero, María A. Rubio, Dora Altbir, Lead removal by nano-scale zero valent iron: Surface analysis and pH effect, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014