Praseodymium Sulfate Solution

AE Solutions™
CAS 13510-41-3

Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Praseodymium Sulfate Solution PR-SAT-02-SOL Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Praseodymium Sulfate Solution PR-SAT-03-SOL Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Praseodymium Sulfate Solution PR-SAT-04-SOL Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Praseodymium Sulfate Solution PR-SAT-05-SOL Contact American Elements

Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
Pr2(SO4)3 13510-41-3 24880787 165851 N/A 233-622-8 Praseodymium(+3) cation trisulfate N/A [Pr+3].[O-]S([O-])(=O)=O InChI=1S/H2O4S.Pr/c1-5(2,3)4;/h(H2,1,2,3,4);/q;+3/p-2 MTQUZDCWQBEDEY-UHFFFAOYSA-L

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
O12Pr2S3 570.00 green crystalline solid 931° C
(1,708° F)
3,127° C
(5,661° F)
3.72 g/cm3 N/A 236.85878 Da N/A Safety Data Sheet

Sulfate IonPraseodymium Sulfate Solutions are moderate to highly concentrated liquid solutions of Praseodymium Sulfate. They are an excellent source of Praseodymium Sulfate for applications requiring solubilized Compound Solutions Packaging, Bulk Quantity materials. American Elements can prepare dissolved homogenous solutions at customer specified concentrations or to the maximum stoichiometric concentration. Packaging is available in 55 gallon drums, smaller units and larger liquid totes. American Elements maintains solution production facilities in the United States, Northern Europe (Liverpool, UK), Southern Europe (Milan, Italy), Australia and China to allow for lower freight costs and quicker delivery to our customers. American Elements metal and rare earth compound solutions have numerous applications, but are commonly used in petrochemical cracking and automotive catalysts, water treatment, plating, textiles, research and in optic, laser, crystal and glass applications. Ultra high purity and high purity compositions improve both optical quality and usefulness as scientific standards. Nanoscale (See also Nanotechnology Information and Quantum Dots) elemental powders and suspensions, as alternative high surface area forms, may be considered. We also produce Praseodymium Sulfate Powder.Sulfate compounds are salts or esters of sulfuric acid formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogens with a metal. Most metal sulfate compounds are readily soluble in water for uses such as water treatment, unlike fluorides and oxides which tend to be insoluble. Organometallic forms are soluble in organic solutions and sometimes in both aqueous and organic solutions. Metallic ions can also be dispersed utilizing suspended or coated nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and deposited utilizing sputtering targets and evaporation materials for uses such as solar energy materials and fuel cells. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Praseodymium (Pr) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Praseodymium (atomic symbol: Pr, atomic number: 59) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 140.90765. Praseodymium Bohr Model The number of electrons in each of praseodymium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 21, 8, 2 and its electron configuration is [Xe]4f3 6s2. The praseodymium atom has a radius of 182 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 239 pm. Praseodymium resembles the typical trivalent rare earths, however, it will exhibit a +4 state when stabilized in a zirconia host. Elemental Praseodymium Unlike other rare-earth metals, which show antiferromagnetic and / or ferromagnetic ordering at low temperatures, praseodymium is paramagnetic at any temperature above 1 K. Praseodymium is found in the minerals monazite and bastnasite. Praseodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in 1885. The origin of the element name comes from the Greek words "prasios didymos," meaning green twin. For more information on praseodymium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of praseodymium products, visit the Praseodymium Information Center.

Sulfur Bohr ModelSulfur (S) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSulfur or Sulphur (atomic symbol: S, atomic number: 16) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 3 element with an atomic radius of 32.066. The number of electrons in each of Sulfur's shells is 2, 8, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ne]3s2 3p4. In its elemental form, sulfur has a light yellow appearance. The sulfur atom has a covalent radius of 105 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 180 pm. In nature, sulfur can be found in hot springs, meteorites, volcanoes, and as galena, gypsum, and epsom salts. Sulfur has been known since ancient times but was not accepted as an element until 1777 when Antoine Lavoisier helped to convince the scientific community that it was an element and not a compound. For more information on sulfur, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of sulfur products, visit the Sulfur Information Center.

Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Warning
Hazard Statements H315-H319-H335
Hazard Codes Xi
Risk Codes 36/37/38
Safety Precautions 26-36
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity        

Sulfuric acid, praseodymium(3+) salt (3:2)

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Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages

Recent Research & Development for Praseodymium

  • Yahong Jin, Yihua Hu, Li Chen, Yinrong Fu, Zhongfei Mu, Tao Wang, Jun Lin, Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Lingxia Li, Junxiao Chen, Dong Guo, Ning Zhang, Mingjing Wang, Yaran Liu, An ultra-broad working temperature dielectric material obtained with Praseodymium doped BaTiO3–(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–Nb2O5 based ceramics, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • Xiao–Yu Ding, Lai–Ma Luo, Ze–Long Lu, Guang–Nan Luo, Xiao–Yong Zhu, Ji–Gui Cheng, Yu–Cheng Wu, Chemically produced tungsten–praseodymium oxide composite sintered by spark plasma sintering, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Available online 11 August 2014
  • Osamah Alduhaish, Bin Li, Vladimir Nesterov, Hadi D. Arman, Khalid Alfooty, Abdullah M. Asiri, Hailong Wang, Banglin Chen, Two structurally different praseodymium-organic frameworks with permanent porosity, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 45, July 2014
  • R.V. Vovk, N.R. Vovk, G.Ya. Khadzhai, I.L. Goulatis, A. Chroneos, Effect of praseodymium on the electrical resistance of Y??2?u3?7-d single crystals, Solid State Communications, Volume 190, July 2014
  • Chuan-Hua Li, Xiang-Zhi Song, Jian-Hong Jiang, Hui-Wen Gu, Li-Ming Tao, Ping Yang, Xu Li, Sheng-Xiong Xiao, Fei-Hong Yao, Wen-Qi Liu, Jin-Qi Xie, Meng-Na Peng, Lan Pan, Xi-Bin Wu, Chao Jiang, Song Wang, Man-Fen Xu, Qiang-Guo Li, Synthesis, crystal structure and thermodynamic properties of a new praseodymium Schiff-base complex, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 581, 10 April 2014
  • A.C. Cabral, L.S. Cavalcante, R.C. Deus, E. Longo, A.Z. Simões, F. Moura, Photoluminescence properties of praseodymium doped cerium oxide nanocrystals, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 3, April 2014
  • R. Catubig, A.E. Hughes, I.S. Cole, B.R.W. Hinton, M. Forsyth, The use of cerium and praseodymium mercaptoacetate as thiol-containing inhibitors for AA2024-T3, Corrosion Science, Volume 81, April 2014
  • Zhiqi Zhang, Zhiqiang Wang, Dehong Chen, Ruiying Miao, Qiong Zhu, Xiaowei Zhang, Lin Zhou, Zong-an Li, Purification of praseodymium to 4N5+ purity, Vacuum, Volume 102, April 2014
  • Rajalekshmi Chockalingam, Ashok Kumar Ganguli, Suddhasatwa Basu, Praseodymium and gadolinium doped ceria as a cathode material for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 250, 15 March 2014
  • N.D. Nam, A. Somers, M. Mathesh, M. Seter, B. Hinton, M. Forsyth, M.Y.J. Tan, The behaviour of praseodymium 4-hydroxycinnamate as an inhibitor for carbon dioxide corrosion and oxygen corrosion of steel in NaCl solutions, Corrosion Science, Volume 80, March 2014
  • Alok Kumar Rai, Jihyeon Gim, Eui-chol Shin, Hyun-Ho Seo, Vinod Mathew, K.D. Mandal, Om Parkash, Jong-Sook Lee, Jaekook Kim, Effects of praseodymium substitution on electrical properties of CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 1, Part A, January 2014
  • Lihe Zheng, Radoslaw Lisiecki, Witold Ryba-Romanowski, Gérard Aka, Juqing Di, Dongzhen Li, Xiaodong Xu, Jun Xu, Crystal growth and spectroscopic properties of praseodymium and cerium co-doped Y2SiO5, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 145, January 2014
  • Zhihao Bai, Feng Qiu, Xiaoxue Wu, Yingying Liu, Qichuan Jiang, Age hardening and creep resistance of cast Al–Cu alloy modified by praseodymium, Materials Characterization, Volume 86, December 2013
  • E. Tomaszewicz, H. Fuks, J. Typek, Synthesis, thermal stability and magnetic properties of novel cadmium and praseodymium tungstate Cd0.25Pr0.50?0.25WO4 and its solid solutions, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 568, 20 September 2013
  • K.S. Hwang, Y.S. Jeon, S. Hwangbo, J.T. Kim, Praseodymium-doped calcium stannates phosphor coatings prepared by electrostatic spray deposition, Ceramics International, Volume 39, Issue 7, September 2013
  • Feipeng ZHANG, Baocheng NIU, Kunshu ZHANG, Xin ZHANG, Qingmei LU, Jiuxing ZHANG, Effects of praseodymium doping on thermoelectric transport properties of CaMnO3 compound system, Journal of Rare Earths, Volume 31, Issue 9, September 2013
  • M.R.N. Soares, M.J. Soares, L.C. Alves, E. Alves, K. Lorenz, F.M. Costa, T. Monteiro, The influence of photon excitation and proton irradiation on the luminescence properties of yttria stabilized zirconia doped with praseodymium ions, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 306, 1 July 2013
  • Raghavendra Sagar, Shivanand Madolappa, Nagbasavanna Sharanappa, R.L. Raibagkar, Synthesis, structure and electrical studies of praseodymium doped barium zirconium titanate, Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 140, Issue 1, 15 June 2013
  • S.Yu. Melchakov, V.A. Ivanov, L.F. Yamshchikov, V.A. Volkovich, A.G. Osipenko, M.V. Kormilitsyn, Thermodynamics of reaction of praseodymium with gallium–indium eutectic alloy, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 437, Issues 1–3, June 2013

Recent Research & Development for Sulfur

  • Self-assembly of a sulphur-terminated graphene nanoribbon within a single-walled carbon nanotube. Chuvilin A, Bichoutskaia E, Gimenez-Lopez MC, Chamberlain TW, Rance GA, Kuganathan N, Biskupek J, Kaiser U, Khlobystov AN. Nat Mater. 2011 Aug 7. doi: 10.1038/nmat3082. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21822259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of the yeast tRNA-thiouridine modification protein 1 (Tum1p). Qiu R, Wang F, Liu M, Yang Z, Wu T, Ji C. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2011 Aug 1;67(Pt 8):953-5. Epub 2011 Jul 27. PMID: 21821903 [PubMed - in process]
  • Characterization of Bacillus thuringiensis L-isoleucine dioxygenase toward the production of useful amino acids. Hibi M, Kawashima T, Kodera T, Smirnov SV, Sokolov PM, Sugiyama M, Shimizu S, Yokozeki K, Ogawa J. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011 Aug 5. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21821743 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Characterization of the sulfurtransferase family from Oryza sativa L. Guretzki S, Papenbrock J. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2011 Jul 23. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21821426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Development of a small-scale bioreactor method to monitor the molecular diversity and environmental impacts of bacterial biofilm communities from an acid mine drainage impacted creek. Cole M, Wrubel J, Henegan P, Janzen C, Holt J, Tobin T. J Microbiol Methods. 2011 Jul 28. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21821067 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

    Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

    • Xiaoshi Lang, Dianlong Wang, Chiyu Hu, Shenzhi Tang, Junsheng Zhu, Chenfeng Guo, The use of nanometer tetrabasic lead sulfate as positive active material additive for valve regulated lead-acid battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
    • L. Liu, J.P. Cheng, J. Zhang, F. Liu, X.B. Zhang, Effects of dodecyl sulfate and nitrate anions on the supercapacitive properties of a-Co(OH)2, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
    • K. De Weerdt, D. Orsáková, M.R. Geiker, The impact of sulphate and magnesium on chloride binding in Portland cement paste, Cement and Concrete Research, Volume 65, November 2014
    • E.M. van der Merwe, C.L. Mathebula, L.C. Prinsloo, Characterization of the surface and physical properties of South African coal fly ash modified by sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) for applications in PVC composites, Powder Technology, Volume 266, November 2014
    • F. Agrela, M. Cabrera, A.P. Galvín, A. Barbudo, A. Ramirez, Influence of the sulphate content of recycled aggregates on the properties of cement-treated granular materials using Sulphate-Resistant Portland Cement, Construction and Building Materials, Volume 68, 15 October 2014
    • Mariana O.G.P. Bragança, Kleber F. Portella, Marcelle M. Bonato, Cláudia E.B. Marino, Electrochemical impedance behavior of mortar subjected to a sulfate environment – A comparison with chloride exposure models, Construction and Building Materials, Volume 68, 15 October 2014
    • Gajanan Pandey, Supriya Dixit, A.K. Shrivastava, Role of additives; sodium dodecyl sulphate and manganese chloride on morphology of Zn1-xMnxO nanoparticles and their photoluminescence properties, Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 147, Issue 3, 15 October 2014
    • Linna Hu, Guangxiu Wang, Rong Cao, Chun Yang, Xi Chen, Fabrication and surface properties of hydrophobic barium sulfate aggregates based on sodium cocoate modification, Applied Surface Science, Volume 315, 1 October 2014
    • Mathias Maes, Nele De Belie, Resistance of concrete and mortar against combined attack of chloride and sodium sulphate, Cement and Concrete Composites, Volume 53, October 2014
    • M.L. Nehdi, A.R. Suleiman, A.M. Soliman, Investigation of concrete exposed to dual sulfate attack, Cement and Concrete Research, Volume 64, October 2014
    • Sina Movaghati, Ali Akbar Moosavi-Movahedi, Fariba Khodagholi, Hadi Digaleh, Ehsan Kachooei, Nader Sheibani, Sodium dodecyl sulphate modulates the fibrillation of human serum albumin in a dose-dependent manner and impacts the PC12 cells retraction, Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 122, 1 October 2014
    • Da-Hai Xia, Yashar Behnamian, Hao-Nan Feng, Hong-Qiang Fan, Li-Xia Yang, Chen Shen, Jing-Li Luo, Yu-Cheng Lu, Stan Klimas, Semiconductivity conversion of Alloy 800 in sulphate, thiosulphate, and chloride solutions, Corrosion Science, Volume 87, October 2014
    • Shiqiang Chen, Peng Wang, Dun Zhang, Corrosion behavior of copper under biofilm of sulfate-reducing bacteria, Corrosion Science, Volume 87, October 2014
    • Yi Liu, Pengran Gao, Xianfu Bu, Guizhi Kuang, Wei Liu, Lixu Lei, Nanocrosses of lead sulphate as the negative active material of lead acid batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 263, 1 October 2014
    • Bryan R. Orellana, David A. Puleo, Tailored sequential drug release from bilayered calcium sulfate composites, Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 43, 1 October 2014
    • Ashutosh Sharma, Karabi Das, Hans-J. Fecht, Siddhartha Das, Effect of various additives on morphological and structural characteristics of pulse electrodeposited tin coatings from stannous sulfate electrolyte, Applied Surface Science, Volume 314, 30 September 2014
    • Farhat Abubaker, Cyril Lynsdale, John Cripps, Investigation of concrete–clay interaction with regards to the thaumasite form of sulfate attack, Construction and Building Materials, Volume 67, Part A, 30 September 2014
    • Zanqun Liu, Dehua Deng, Geert De Schutter, Does concrete suffer sulfate salt weathering?, Construction and Building Materials, Volume 66, 15 September 2014
    • Teresa Stryszewska, The change in selected properties of ceramic materials obtained from ceramic brick treated by the sulphate and chloride ions, Construction and Building Materials, Volume 66, 15 September 2014
    • A. Martínez Gabarrón, J.A. Flores Yepes, J.J. Pastor Pérez, J.M. Berná Serna, L.C. Arnold, F.J. Sánchez Medrano, Increase of the flexural strength of construction elements made with plaster (calcium sulfate dihydrate) and common reed (Arundo donax L.), Construction and Building Materials, Volume 66, 15 September 2014
  • In situ incorporation of nickel nanoparticles into the mesopores of MCM-41 by manipulation of solvent-solute interaction and its activity toward adsorptive desulfurization of gas oil. Samadi-Maybodi A, Teymouri M, Vahid A, Miranbeigi A. J Hazard Mater. 2011 Jul 6. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21820806 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Stearoyl-CoA desaturase is an essential enzyme for the parasitic protist Trypanosoma brucei. Alloatti A, Gupta S, Gualdrón-López M, Nguewa PA, Altabe SG, Deumer G, Wallemacq P, Michels PA, Uttaro AD. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011 Jul 28. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21820408 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • The use of multi-element stable isotope analysis to monitor the origin of chondroitin sulfates. Thomas F, Jamin E, Shimoo K, Nagao J, Osaki Y, Granier C. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2011 Sep 15;25(17):2533-7. doi: 10.1002/rcm.5159. PMID: 21818814 [PubMed - in process]
  • Sulphur isotopes in animal hair track distance to sea. Zazzo A, Monahan FJ, Moloney AP, Green S, Schmidt O. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2011 Sep 15;25(17):2371-8. doi: 10.1002/rcm.5131. PMID: 21818798 [PubMed - in process]
  • Experimental and Theoretical Evidence of Aromatic Behavior in Heterobenzene-Like Molecules with Metal-Metal Multiple Bonds. Fang W, He Q, Tan ZF, Liu CY, Lu X, Murillo CA. Chemistry. 2011 Aug 4. doi: 10.1002/chem.201003693. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21818792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Rhodovulum phaeolacus sp. nov. a phototrophic alphaproteobacterium isolated from a brown pond. Venkata Naga Satya Lakshmi K, Sasikala C, Venkata Ramana V, Veera Venkata Ramaprasad E, Venkata Ramana C. J Gen Appl Microbiol. 2011;57(3):145-51. PMID: 21817826 [PubMed - in process]
  • Comparative data on effects of leading pretreatments and enzyme loadings and formulations on sugar yields from different switchgrass sources. Wyman CE, Balan V, Dale BE, Elander RT, Falls M, Hames B, Holtzapple MT, Ladisch MR, Lee YY, Mosier N, Pallapolu VR, Shi J, Thomas SR, Warner RE. Bioresour Technol. 2011 Jun 21. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21816612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Target loads of atmospheric sulfur deposition for the protection and recovery of acid-sensitive streams in the Southern Blue Ridge Province. Sullivan TJ, Cosby BJ, Jackson WA. J Environ Manage. 2011 Aug 2. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21816535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Differential effects of a post-anthesis fertilizer regimen on the wheat flour proteome determined by quantitative 2-DE. Altenbach SB, Tanaka CK, Hurkman WJ, Whitehand LC, Vensel WH, Dupont FM. Proteome Sci. 2011 Aug 4;9(1):46. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21816081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Comparative toxicity of arsenic metabolites in human bladder cancer EJ-1 cells. Naranmandura H, Michael CW, Xu S, Lee J, Leslie E, Weinfeld M, Le XC. Chem Res Toxicol. 2011 Aug 4. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21815631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • The Effects of Different Garlic-derived Allyl Sulfides on Peroxidative Processes and Anaerobic Sulfur Metabolism in Mouse Liver. Iciek MB, Kowalczyk-Pachel D, Kwiecien I, Dudek MB. Phytother Res. 2011 Aug 4. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3572. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21815229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • A combined model of hepatic polyamine and sulfur amino acid metabolism to analyze S-adenosyl methionine availability. Reyes-Palomares A, Montañez R, Sánchez-Jiménez F, Medina MA. Amino Acids. 2011 Aug 4. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21814788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • Microbial gene functions enriched in the Deepwater Horizon deep-sea oil plume. Lu Z, Deng Y, Van Nostrand JD, He Z, Voordeckers J, Zhou A, Lee YJ, Mason OU, Dubinsky EA, Chavarria KL, Tom LM, Fortney JL, Lamendella R, Jansson JK, D'haeseleer P, Hazen TC, Zhou J. ISME J. 2011 Aug 4. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2011.91. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21814288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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  • Towards the Growth of an Aligned Single-Layer MoS2 Film. Kim D, Sun D, Lu W, Cheng Z, Zhu Y, Le D, Rahman TS, Bartels L. Langmuir. 2011 Aug 3. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21812475 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]