Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy

Pt/Pd/Au

Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy PT-PDAU-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy PT-PDAU-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy PT-PDAU-04 Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy PT-PDAU-05 Contact American Elements

Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy is one of numerous metal alloys sold by American Elements under the tradename AE Alloys™. Primary applications include bearing assembly, ballast, casting, step soldering, and radiation shielding. AE Alloys™ are available in numerous machined shapes such as bar, ingot, ribbon, wire, shot, sheet, and foil, in various dimensions. Ultra high purity and high purity forms also include metal powder, submicron powder and nanoscale, targets for thin film deposition, and pellets for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) applications. Typical and custom packaging is available, as is additional research, technical and safety (MSDS) data. Please follow the Contact links above to request a quote, indicating the general quantity and any specifications you require.

Platinum (Pt) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolPlatinum (atomic symbol: Pt, atomic number: 78) is a Block D, Group 10, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 195.084. Platinum Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of platinum's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1. The platinum atom has a radius of 139 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 175 pm. Platinum was discovered and first isolated by Antonio de Ulloa in 1735. Elemental PlatinumIt is one of the rarest elements in the earth's crust, occurring at a concentration of only 0.005 ppm. Platinum is found uncombined as a free element and alloyed with iridium as platiniridium. In its elemental form, platinum has a grayish white appearance. It is highly resistant to corrosion: the metal does not oxidize in air at any temperature. It is generally non-reactive, even at high temperatures. The origin of the name "platinum" comes from the Spanish word "platina," meaning silver. For more information on platinum, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of platinum products, visit the Platinum Information Center.

Palladium Bohr ModelPalladium (Pd) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolPalladium (atomic symbol: Pd, atomic number: 46) is a Block D, Group 10, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 106.42. The number of electrons in each of palladium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10. The palladium atom has a radius of 137 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 202 pm. In its elemental form, palladium has a silvery white appearance. Palladium is a member of the platinum group of metals (along with platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium).Elemental Palladium Palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of the group. Palladium can be found as a free metal and alloyed with other platinum-group metals. Nickel-copper deposits are the main commercial source of palladium. Palladium was discovered and first isolated by William Hyde Wollaston in 1803. Its name is derived from the asteroid Pallas. For more information on palladium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of palladium products, visit the Palladium Information Center.

Gold (Au) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Gold (atomic symbol: Au, atomic number: 79) is a Block D, Group 11, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 196.966569. The number of electrons in each of Gold's shells is 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f142 5d10 6s1. Gold Bohr ModelThe gold atom has a radius of 144 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 217 pm. Gold was first discovered by Early Man prior to 6000 B.C. In its elemental form, gold has a metallic yellow appearance. Elemental Gold Gold is a soft metal and is usually alloyed to give it more strength. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity, and is unaffected by air and most reagents. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements. Gold is often found as a free element and with silver as a gold silver alloy. Less commonly, it is found in minerals as gold compounds, usually with tellurium. For more information on gold, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of gold products, visit the Gold Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages


Recent Research & Development for Platinum

  • Yanjiao Ma, Hao Li, Hui Wang, Xuefeng Mao, Vladimir Linkov, Shan Ji, Oko Unathi Gcilitshana, Rongfang Wang, Evolution of the electrocatalytic activity of carbon-supported amorphous platinum–ruthenium–nickel–phosphorous nanoparticles for methanol oxidation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Yiyin Huang, Fang Fu, Peng Wu, Yaobing Wang, Jiannian Yao, A bioinspired approach to protectively decorate platinum–carbon for enhanced activity and durability in oxygen reduction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Juan Liu, Qunwei Tang, Benlin He, Platinum-free binary Fe–Co nanofiber alloy counter electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Wenjun Wu, Zhong-Yu Li, Zhiwei Zheng, Yue Hu, Jianli Hua, p–p and p–p conjugation, which is more efficient for intermolecular charge transfer in starburst triarylamine donors of platinum acetylide sensitizers?, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Huaneng Su, Ting-Chu Jao, Olivia Barron, Bruno G. Pollet, Sivakumar Pasupathi, Low platinum loading for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell developed by ultrasonic spray coating technique, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Jie Zhang, Shuihua Tang, Longyu Liao, Weifei Yu, Jinshan Li, Frode Seland, Geir Martin Haarberg, Improved catalytic activity of mixed platinum catalysts supported on various carbon nanomaterials, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Huagen Liang, Huaneng Su, Bruno G. Pollet, Vladimir Linkov, Sivakumar Pasupathi, Membrane electrode assembly with enhanced platinum utilization for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell prepared by catalyst coating membrane method, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Jie-Ning Zheng, Shan-Shan Li, Fang-Yi Chen, Ning Bao, Ai-Jun Wang, Jian-Rong Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, Facile synthesis of platinum–ruthenium nanodendrites supported on reduced graphene oxide with enhanced electrocatalytic properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Alexander Schenk, Christoph Grimmer, Markus Perchthaler, Stephan Weinberger, Birgit Pichler, Christoph Heinzl, Christina Scheu, Franz-Andreas Mautner, Brigitte Bitschnau, Viktor Hacker, Platinum–cobalt catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction in high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells – Long term behavior under ex-situ and in-situ conditions, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Ming Chen, Yang Meng, Jun Zhou, Guowang Diao, Platinum nanoworms self-assemble on ß-cyclodextrin polymer inclusion complexes functionalized reduced graphene oxide as enhanced catalyst for direct methanol fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Jie-Ning Zheng, Ying-Ying Wang, Ai-Jun Wang, Li-Li Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, A simple one-pot strategy to platinum–palladium@palladium core–shell nanostructures with high electrocatalytic activity, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Gumaa A. El-Nagar, Ahmad M. Mohammad, Mohamed S. El-Deab, Takeo Ohsaka, Bahgat E. El-Anadouli, Acrylonitrile-contamination induced enhancement of formic acid electro-oxidation at platinum nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Zhao Yao, Cong Wang, Ho-Kun Sung, Nam-Young Kim, Defined micropatterns of platinum thin films by inductively coupled plasma etching using SF6/Ar/O2 mixture gas, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Xuhai Wang, Francis W. Richey, Kevin H. Wujcik, Yossef A. Elabd, Ultra-low platinum loadings in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell electrodes fabricated via simultaneous electrospinning/electrospraying method, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014
  • Sevil Irisli, Merve Karaman, Nilgün Arda, Bircan Dindar, Orhan Büyükgüngör, Palladium and platinum complexes of the new ligands containing P–N and P–O bonds, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Raghavendra R. Adharapurapu, Jun Zhu, Voramon S. Dheeradhada, Don M. Lipkin, Tresa M. Pollock, A combinatorial investigation of palladium and platinum additions to ß-NiAl overlay coatings, Acta Materialia, Volume 77, 15 September 2014
  • Song-Il O, Jun-Min Yan, Hong-Li Wang, Zhi-Li Wang, Qing Jiang, Ni/La2O3 catalyst containing low content platinum–rhodium for the dehydrogenation of N2H4·H2O at room temperature, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 262, 15 September 2014
  • Hailiang Wu, Horacio Cabral, Kazuko Toh, Peng Mi, Yi-Chun Chen, Yu Matsumoto, Naoki Yamada, Xueying Liu, Hiroaki Kinoh, Yutaka Miura, Mitsunobu R. Kano, Hiroshi Nishihara, Nobuhiro Nishiyama, Kazunori Kataoka, Polymeric micelles loaded with platinum anticancer drugs target preangiogenic micrometastatic niches associated with inflammation, Journal of Controlled Release, Volume 189, 10 September 2014
  • Yongtao Lu, Dandan Wang, Zhigang Mou, Jie Huang, Yukou Du, Ping Yang, Triphenylamine-based dye functionalized platinum colloid for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from water: Synthesis, characterization, electron transfer, and photocatalysis, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 457, 5 September 2014
  • Qiao-Mei Jin, Yi Lu, Jian-Lin Jin, Hao Guo, Guo-Wu Lin, Yue Wang, Tao Lu, Synthesis, characterization, DNA binding ability and cytotoxicity of the novel platinum(II), copper(II), cobalt(II) and nickel(II) complexes with 3-(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)-ß-carboline, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 421, 1 September 2014

Recent Research & Development for Palladium

  • Mingjun Ren, Liangliang Zou, Ting Yuan, Qinghong Huang, Zhiqing Zou, Xuemei Li, Hui Yang, Novel palladium flower-like nanostructured networks for electrocatalytic oxidation of formic acid, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Jie-Ning Zheng, Ying-Ying Wang, Ai-Jun Wang, Li-Li Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, A simple one-pot strategy to platinum–palladium@palladium core–shell nanostructures with high electrocatalytic activity, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Ali Riza Deniz, Zakir Çaldiran, Önder Metin, Hasan Can, Kadem Meral, Sakir Aydogan, Schottky diode performance of an Au/Pd/GaAs device fabricated by deposition of monodisperse palladium nanoparticles over a p-type GaAs substrate, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Tim Boeltken, Dennis Soysal, Seungcheol Lee, Grazyna Straczewski, Uta Gerhards, Peter Peifer, Johannes Arnold, Roland Dittmeyer, Perspectives of suspension plasma spraying of palladium nanoparticles for preparation of thin palladium composite membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 468, 15 October 2014
  • Sevil Irisli, Merve Karaman, Nilgün Arda, Bircan Dindar, Orhan Büyükgüngör, Palladium and platinum complexes of the new ligands containing P–N and P–O bonds, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Cassandra L. Fleming, Trent D. Ashton, Frederick M. Pfeffer, Synthesis of 4-amino substituted 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives using palladium-mediated amination, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 109, October 2014
  • Cheng-Shane Chu, Chih-Yung Chuang, Highly sensitive fiber-optic oxygen sensor based on palladium tetrakis (4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin doped in ormosil, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 154, October 2014
  • Xiang Liu, Xiaohua Zhao, Ming Lu, Novel polymer supported iminopyridylphosphine palladium (?) complexes: An efficient catalyst for Suzuki–Miyaura and Heck cross-coupling reactions, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 768, 1 October 2014
  • Gesa Beck, Christoph Bachmann, Microstructural changes due to anodic polarisation of palladium and silver films on YSZ, Solid State Ionics, Volume 263, 1 October 2014
  • Yoshio Iwai, Shun Ikemoto, Kosuke Haramaki, Ryuhei Hattori, Setsuko Yonezawa, Influence of ligands of palladium complexes on palladium/Nafion composite membranes for direct methanol fuel cells by supercritical CO2 impregnation method, The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Volume 94, October 2014
  • Raghavendra R. Adharapurapu, Jun Zhu, Voramon S. Dheeradhada, Don M. Lipkin, Tresa M. Pollock, A combinatorial investigation of palladium and platinum additions to ß-NiAl overlay coatings, Acta Materialia, Volume 77, 15 September 2014
  • Oleg N. Shishilov, Polina V. Ankudinova, Elena V. Nikitenko, Andrei V. Churakov, Irina A. Garbuzova, Nailya S. Akhmadullina, Natalia A. Minaeva, Lyudmila I. Demina, Inessa A. Efimenko, Palladium(I) and palladium(II) unsaturated carboxylate complexes with small molecules: Synthesis and X-ray structure of Pd4(µ-CO)4(µ-trans-CH3CHCHCO2)4 and Pd4(µ-NO)2(µ-CH2C(CH3)CO2)6, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 767, 15 September 2014
  • Takeyoshi Yagyu, Ayana Tsubouchi, Yuki Nishimura, Syntheses and characterization of palladium(II) complexes with a bidentate bis-NHC ligand having methyl and aryl substituents on terminal nitrogen atoms, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 767, 15 September 2014
  • Jie-Ning Zheng, Shan-Shan Li, Xiaohong Ma, Fang-Yi Chen, Ai-Jun Wang, Jian-Rong Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, Green synthesis of core–shell gold–palladium@palladium nanocrystals dispersed on graphene with enhanced catalytic activity toward oxygen reduction and methanol oxidation in alkaline media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 262, 15 September 2014
  • Ying Tang, Meng Chen, Dong-Jin Qian, Li Zhang, Minghua Liu, Palladium(II)-directed layer-by-layer assembly of chiral metal–organic complex multilayers with bidentate ligands of hydroquinine anthraquinone-1,4-diyl diether as linkers on substrate surfaces, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 457, 5 September 2014
  • Poulami Pattanayak, Jahar Lal Pratihar, Debprasad Patra, Paula Brandão, Vitor Felix, Surajit Chattopadhyay, Synthesis, characterization, structure and properties of copper and palladium complexes incorporating azo-amide ligands, Polyhedron, Volume 79, 5 September 2014
  • Xiaoxi Lin, Yi You, Zhiqiang Weng, Direct palladium-catalyzed desulfitative CC coupling of polyfluoroarenes with arylsulfinate salts: Water-accelerated reactions, Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, Volume 165, September 2014
  • Jin Yang, Pinhua Li, Yicheng Zhang, Lei Wang, Dinuclear N-heterocyclic carbene palladium(II) complexes as efficient catalysts for the Buchwald–Hartwig amination, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 766, 1 September 2014
  • Hongyan Hu, Zhengbo Jiao, Jinhua Ye, Gongxuan Lu, Yingpu Bi, Highly efficient hydrogen production from alkaline aldehyde solutions facilitated by palladium nanotubes, Nano Energy, Volume 8, September 2014
  • Yuki Fujio, Tomoaki Sato, Norio Miura, Sensing performance of zirconia-based gas sensor using titania sensing-electrode added with palladium, Solid State Ionics, Volume 262, 1 September 2014

Recent Research & Development for Gold

  • Tamara V. Basova, Roman G. Parkhomenko, Igor K. Igumenov, Aseel Hassan, Mahmut Durmuş, Ayşe Gül Gürek, Vefa Ahsen, Composites of liquid crystalline nickel phthalocyanine with gold nanoparticles: Liquid crystalline behaviour and optical properties, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Xianyi Cao, Fei Shen, Minwei Zhang, Jiajia Guo, Yeli Luo, Jingyue Xu, Ying Li, Chunyan Sun, Highly sensitive detection of melamine based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer between rhodamine B and gold nanoparticles, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Guowen An, Shuguang Li, Wan Zhang, Zhenkai Fan, Yajie Bao, A polarization filter of gold-filled photonic crystal fiber with regular triangular and rectangular lattices, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • Shweta Verma, B. Tirumala Rao, A.K. Srivastava, H.S. Patel, S. Satapathy, M.P. Joshi, V.K. Sahu, L.M. Kukreja, Studies on interdependent optical properties of Rhodamine 6G dye and gold nanoparticles at different dilutions of aqueous solutions, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • J. Burunkova, I. Csarnovics, I. Denisyuk, L. Daróczi, S. Kökényesi, Enhancement of laser recording in gold/amorphous chalcogenide and gold/acrylate nanocomposite layers, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • Weihua Hu, Hongming Chen, Huanhuan Zhang, Guangli He, Xin Li, Xiaoxing Zhang, Yang Liu, Chang Ming Li, Sensitive detection of multiple mycotoxins by SPRi with gold nanoparticles as signal amplification tags, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 431, 1 October 2014
  • Sonia Gil, Carmen Jiménez-Borja, J. Martin-Campo, Amaya Romero, José Luis Valverde, Luz Sánchez-Silva, Stabilizer effects on the synthesis of gold-containing microparticles. Application to the liquid phase oxidation of glycerol, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 431, 1 October 2014
  • Yong Ping Dong, Ting Ting Gao, Xiang Feng Chu, Jun Chen, Cheng Ming Wang, Flow injection-chemiluminescence determination of ascorbic acid based on luminol–ferricyanide–gold nanoparticles system, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 154, October 2014
  • X.M. Yang, Z.W. Zhong, E.M. Diallo, Z.H. Wang, W.S. Yue, Silicon wafer wettability and aging behaviors: Impact on gold thin-film morphology, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Anand Singh, A.K. Shukla, Sumit Jain, Brijesh S. Yadav, R. Pal, Electrical characteristics of electroless gold contacts on p-type Hg1−xCdxTe, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014