Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy

Pt/Pd/Au

Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy PT-PDAU-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy PT-PDAU-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy PT-PDAU-04 Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy PT-PDAU-05 Contact American Elements

Platinum Palladium Gold Alloy is one of numerous metal alloys sold by American Elements under the tradename AE Alloys™. Primary applications include bearing assembly, ballast, casting, step soldering, and radiation shielding. AE Alloys™ are available in numerous machined shapes such as bar, ingot, ribbon, wire, shot, sheet, and foil, in various dimensions. Ultra high purity and high purity forms also include metal powder, submicron powder and nanoscale, targets for thin film deposition, and pellets for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) applications. Typical and custom packaging is available, as is additional research, technical and safety (MSDS) data. Please follow the Contact links above to request a quote, indicating the general quantity and any specifications you require.

Platinum (Pt) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolPlatinum (atomic symbol: Pt, atomic number: 78) is a Block D, Group 10, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 195.084. Platinum Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of platinum's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1. The platinum atom has a radius of 139 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 175 pm. Platinum was discovered and first isolated by Antonio de Ulloa in 1735. Elemental PlatinumIt is one of the rarest elements in the earth's crust, occurring at a concentration of only 0.005 ppm. Platinum is found uncombined as a free element and alloyed with iridium as platiniridium. In its elemental form, platinum has a grayish white appearance. It is highly resistant to corrosion: the metal does not oxidize in air at any temperature. It is generally non-reactive, even at high temperatures. The origin of the name "platinum" comes from the Spanish word "platina," meaning silver. For more information on platinum, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of platinum products, visit the Platinum Information Center.

Palladium Bohr ModelPalladium (Pd) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolPalladium (atomic symbol: Pd, atomic number: 46) is a Block D, Group 10, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 106.42. The number of electrons in each of palladium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10. The palladium atom has a radius of 137 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 202 pm. In its elemental form, palladium has a silvery white appearance. Palladium is a member of the platinum group of metals (along with platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium).Elemental Palladium Palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of the group. Palladium can be found as a free metal and alloyed with other platinum-group metals. Nickel-copper deposits are the main commercial source of palladium. Palladium was discovered and first isolated by William Hyde Wollaston in 1803. Its name is derived from the asteroid Pallas. For more information on palladium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of palladium products, visit the Palladium Information Center.

Gold (Au) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Gold (atomic symbol: Au, atomic number: 79) is a Block D, Group 11, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 196.966569. The number of electrons in each of Gold's shells is 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f142 5d10 6s1. Gold Bohr ModelThe gold atom has a radius of 144 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 217 pm. Gold was first discovered by Early Man prior to 6000 B.C. In its elemental form, gold has a metallic yellow appearance. Elemental Gold Gold is a soft metal and is usually alloyed to give it more strength. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity, and is unaffected by air and most reagents. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements. Gold is often found as a free element and with silver as a gold silver alloy. Less commonly, it is found in minerals as gold compounds, usually with tellurium. For more information on gold, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of gold products, visit the Gold Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


Have a Question? Ask a Chemical Engineer or Material Scientist
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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages


Recent Research & Development for Platinum

  • T. Holst, A. Vassiliev, R. Kerr, Q. Li, T. Steenberg, C. Terkelsen, H.A. Hjuler, Determining the platinum loading and distribution of industrial scale polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell electrodes using low energy X-ray imaging, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Jie-Ning Zheng, Hong-Bao Zhang, Meng Lin, Ai-Jun Wang, Jian-Rong Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, Simple synthesis of platinum–palladium nanoflowers on reduced graphene oxide and their enhanced catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Liangzhu Zhu, Siddharth Kapoor, Quintin Parry, Ajay Nahata, Anil V. Virkar, Oxidation/reduction studies on nanoporous platinum films by electrical resistance measurements, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Yanjiao Ma, Hao Li, Hui Wang, Xuefeng Mao, Vladimir Linkov, Shan Ji, Oko Unathi Gcilitshana, Rongfang Wang, Evolution of the electrocatalytic activity of carbon-supported amorphous platinum–ruthenium–nickel–phosphorous nanoparticles for methanol oxidation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Yiyin Huang, Fang Fu, Peng Wu, Yaobing Wang, Jiannian Yao, A bioinspired approach to protectively decorate platinum–carbon for enhanced activity and durability in oxygen reduction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Juan Liu, Qunwei Tang, Benlin He, Platinum-free binary Fe–Co nanofiber alloy counter electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Wenjun Wu, Zhong-Yu Li, Zhiwei Zheng, Yue Hu, Jianli Hua, p–p and p–p conjugation, which is more efficient for intermolecular charge transfer in starburst triarylamine donors of platinum acetylide sensitizers?, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Huaneng Su, Ting-Chu Jao, Olivia Barron, Bruno G. Pollet, Sivakumar Pasupathi, Low platinum loading for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell developed by ultrasonic spray coating technique, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Jie Zhang, Shuihua Tang, Longyu Liao, Weifei Yu, Jinshan Li, Frode Seland, Geir Martin Haarberg, Improved catalytic activity of mixed platinum catalysts supported on various carbon nanomaterials, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Huagen Liang, Huaneng Su, Bruno G. Pollet, Vladimir Linkov, Sivakumar Pasupathi, Membrane electrode assembly with enhanced platinum utilization for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell prepared by catalyst coating membrane method, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Jie-Ning Zheng, Shan-Shan Li, Fang-Yi Chen, Ning Bao, Ai-Jun Wang, Jian-Rong Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, Facile synthesis of platinum–ruthenium nanodendrites supported on reduced graphene oxide with enhanced electrocatalytic properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Alexander Schenk, Christoph Grimmer, Markus Perchthaler, Stephan Weinberger, Birgit Pichler, Christoph Heinzl, Christina Scheu, Franz-Andreas Mautner, Brigitte Bitschnau, Viktor Hacker, Platinum–cobalt catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction in high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells – Long term behavior under ex-situ and in-situ conditions, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Suman Roy, Rajat Saha, Tapan Kumar Mondal, Chittaranjan Sinha, Palladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes of N-{(2-pyridyl)methyliden}-6-coumarin and N-{(2-hydroxy)benzyliden}-6-coumarin, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 423, Part A, 1 November 2014
  • Ming Chen, Yang Meng, Jun Zhou, Guowang Diao, Platinum nanoworms self-assemble on ß-cyclodextrin polymer inclusion complexes functionalized reduced graphene oxide as enhanced catalyst for direct methanol fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Jie-Ning Zheng, Ying-Ying Wang, Ai-Jun Wang, Li-Li Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, A simple one-pot strategy to platinum–palladium@palladium core–shell nanostructures with high electrocatalytic activity, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Gumaa A. El-Nagar, Ahmad M. Mohammad, Mohamed S. El-Deab, Takeo Ohsaka, Bahgat E. El-Anadouli, Acrylonitrile-contamination induced enhancement of formic acid electro-oxidation at platinum nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Hossein Farsi, Zahra Barzgari, Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical studies of nanostructured CaWO4 as platinum support for oxygen reduction reaction, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014
  • Zhao Yao, Cong Wang, Ho-Kun Sung, Nam-Young Kim, Defined micropatterns of platinum thin films by inductively coupled plasma etching using SF6/Ar/O2 mixture gas, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Xuhai Wang, Francis W. Richey, Kevin H. Wujcik, Yossef A. Elabd, Ultra-low platinum loadings in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell electrodes fabricated via simultaneous electrospinning/electrospraying method, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014
  • Hui Cai, Chundong Wang, Baozong Li, Yi Li, Yonggang Yang, Preparation and characterization of single-handed twisted platinum tubular nanoribbons, Materials Letters, Volume 133, 15 October 2014

Recent Research & Development for Palladium

  • Koodlur Sannegowda Lokesh, Annemie Adriaens, Electropolymerization of palladium tetraaminephthalocyanine: Characterization and supercapacitance behavior, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 112, January 2015
  • Jindi Cai, Yanzhen Zeng, Yonglang Guo, Copper@palladium–copper core–shell nanospheres as a highly effective electrocatalyst for ethanol electro-oxidation in alkaline media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Shan-Shan Li, Ai-Jun Wang, Li-Ping Mei, Jiu-Ju Feng, Jian-Rong Chen, Zhaojiang Chen, One-pot synthesis of monodisperse palladium–copper nanocrystals supported on reduced graphene oxide nanosheets with improved catalytic activity and methanol tolerance for oxygen reduction reaction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Jie-Ning Zheng, Hong-Bao Zhang, Meng Lin, Ai-Jun Wang, Jian-Rong Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, Simple synthesis of platinum–palladium nanoflowers on reduced graphene oxide and their enhanced catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Mingjun Ren, Liangliang Zou, Ting Yuan, Qinghong Huang, Zhiqing Zou, Xuemei Li, Hui Yang, Novel palladium flower-like nanostructured networks for electrocatalytic oxidation of formic acid, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • David B. Hobart Jr., Michael A.G. Berg, Joseph S. Merola, Bis-glycinato complexes of palladium(II): Synthesis, structural determination, and hydrogen bonding interactions, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 423, Part A, 1 November 2014
  • Suman Roy, Rajat Saha, Tapan Kumar Mondal, Chittaranjan Sinha, Palladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes of N-{(2-pyridyl)methyliden}-6-coumarin and N-{(2-hydroxy)benzyliden}-6-coumarin, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 423, Part A, 1 November 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Jie-Ning Zheng, Ying-Ying Wang, Ai-Jun Wang, Li-Li Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, A simple one-pot strategy to platinum–palladium@palladium core–shell nanostructures with high electrocatalytic activity, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Peiyu Wang, Guoheng Zhang, Liwei Liu, Haiyan Jiao, Xiaoyan Deng, Xiaoping Zheng, Palladium supported on mesoporous silica via an in-situ method as an efficient catalyst for Suzuki–Miyaura coupling reactions, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014
  • Ali Riza Deniz, Zakir Çaldiran, Önder Metin, Hasan Can, Kadem Meral, Sakir Aydogan, Schottky diode performance of an Au/Pd/GaAs device fabricated by deposition of monodisperse palladium nanoparticles over a p-type GaAs substrate, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Harrison S. Kibombo, Vagulejan Balasanthiran, Chia-Ming Wu, Rui Peng, Ranjit T. Koodali, Exploration of room temperature synthesis of palladium containing cubic MCM-48 mesoporous materials, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 198, 1 November 2014
  • Christopher G. Jones, Patrick J. Cappillino, Vitalie Stavila, David B. Robinson, Control of both particle and pore size in nanoporous palladium alloy powders, Powder Technology, Volume 267, November 2014
  • Tim Boeltken, Dennis Soysal, Seungcheol Lee, Grazyna Straczewski, Uta Gerhards, Peter Peifer, Johannes Arnold, Roland Dittmeyer, Perspectives of suspension plasma spraying of palladium nanoparticles for preparation of thin palladium composite membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 468, 15 October 2014
  • Ganna Gogolieva, Jérôme Durand, Odile Dechy-Cabaret, Emmanuel Gras, Uncommon approach toward NHC–triazole complexes of palladium: Synthesis and applications, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 769, 15 October 2014
  • Sevil Irisli, Merve Karaman, Nilgün Arda, Bircan Dindar, Orhan Büyükgüngör, Palladium and platinum complexes of the new ligands containing P–N and P–O bonds, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Abbas Washeel Salman, Ghani Ur Rehman, Norbani Abdullah, Srinivasa Budagumpi, Salasiah Endud, Hassan Hadi Abdallah, Wen Yee Wong, Sterically modulated palladium(II)-N-heterocyclic carbene complexes for the catalytic oxidation of olefins: Synthesis, crystal structure, characterization and DFT studies, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Cassandra L. Fleming, Trent D. Ashton, Frederick M. Pfeffer, Synthesis of 4-amino substituted 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives using palladium-mediated amination, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 109, October 2014
  • Cheng-Shane Chu, Chih-Yung Chuang, Highly sensitive fiber-optic oxygen sensor based on palladium tetrakis (4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin doped in ormosil, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 154, October 2014
  • Xiang Liu, Xiaohua Zhao, Ming Lu, Novel polymer supported iminopyridylphosphine palladium (?) complexes: An efficient catalyst for Suzuki–Miyaura and Heck cross-coupling reactions, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 768, 1 October 2014
  • Gesa Beck, Christoph Bachmann, Microstructural changes due to anodic polarisation of palladium and silver films on YSZ, Solid State Ionics, Volume 263, 1 October 2014

Recent Research & Development for Gold

  • Xi Ke, Yantong Xu, Changchun Yu, Jie Zhao, Guofeng Cui, Drew Higgins, Qing Li, Gang Wu, Nanoporous gold on three-dimensional nickel foam: An efficient hybrid electrode for hydrogen peroxide electroreduction in acid media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Tamara V. Basova, Roman G. Parkhomenko, Igor K. Igumenov, Aseel Hassan, Mahmut Durmus, Ayse Gül Gürek, Vefa Ahsen, Composites of liquid crystalline nickel phthalocyanine with gold nanoparticles: Liquid crystalline behaviour and optical properties, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Xianyi Cao, Fei Shen, Minwei Zhang, Jiajia Guo, Yeli Luo, Jingyue Xu, Ying Li, Chunyan Sun, Highly sensitive detection of melamine based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer between rhodamine B and gold nanoparticles, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Sandeep Nigam, Chiranjib Majumder, Comparison between cluster and slab model for Pt-group atom adsorption on gold and silver substrate, Surface Science, Volume 630, December 2014
  • Shuiping Liu, Lianjiang Tan, Xiaoqiang Li, Jiajia Fu, Ioannis S. Chronakis, Mingqiao Ge, Gold nanoparticles–gelatin hybrid fibers with bright photoluminescence, Materials Letters, Volume 135, 15 November 2014
  • Guowen An, Shuguang Li, Wan Zhang, Zhenkai Fan, Yajie Bao, A polarization filter of gold-filled photonic crystal fiber with regular triangular and rectangular lattices, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • Yangyang Duan, Jing Wang, Fan Gao, Jing Wang, Yiye Li, Xin Wang, Guangjun Nie, Mesoporous silica-coating of gold nanorods by a templated method, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • Stephanie Vial, Dmytro Nykypanchuk, Francis Leonard Deepak, Marta Prado, Oleg Gang, Plasmonic response of DNA-assembled gold nanorods: Effect of DNA linker length, temperature and linker/nanoparticles ratio, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 433, 1 November 2014
  • Shweta Verma, B. Tirumala Rao, A.K. Srivastava, H.S. Patel, S. Satapathy, M.P. Joshi, V.K. Sahu, L.M. Kukreja, Studies on interdependent optical properties of Rhodamine 6G dye and gold nanoparticles at different dilutions of aqueous solutions, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • Qingsong Jiang, Jian Gao, Hong Tao, Guojia Fang, Helin Wei, Lin Yi, Enhanced performance of dye-sensitized solar cells using silica/gold core–shell spheres modified photoanodes, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Mahdi Malekshahi Byranvand, Ali Nemati Kharat, One pot green synthesis of gold nanowires using pomegranate juice, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Jing Liu, Changyuan Hu, Jingkun Xu, Fengxing Jiang, Fei Chen, Enhanced photocatalytic performance of partially reduced graphene oxide under simulated solar light through loading gold nanoparticles, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Jing Li, Minmin Chang, Xinmu Zhou, Dongping Li, Yongxiu Li, Facile synthesis of gold nanopuncheons with high-index facets and their SERS effects on Rhodamine 6G, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014
  • Mostafa Roosta, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Maryam Mohammadi, Removal of Alizarin Red S by gold nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon combined with ultrasound device: Optimization by experimental design methodology, Powder Technology, Volume 267, November 2014
  • Eran Shaffir, Yaron Kauffmann, Ilan Riess, Void formation in gold films on yttrium-doped zirconia in the initial stage of de-wetting, Acta Materialia, Volume 79, 15 October 2014
  • Weidong Ruan, Tieli Zhou, Ge Hui, Yue Wang, Xiaoli Chong, Xu Wang, Wei Song, Xiaoxia Han, Bing Zhao, Particle lithography-based patterning of polyelectrolyte template films and their application in fabrication of gold/silver nanoparticle assembly, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 432, 15 October 2014
  • J. Burunkova, I. Csarnovics, I. Denisyuk, L. Daróczi, S. Kökényesi, Enhancement of laser recording in gold/amorphous chalcogenide and gold/acrylate nanocomposite layers, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • S. Mammeri, S. Ouichaoui, H. Ammi, A. Dib, Sputtering and surface structure modification of gold thin films deposited onto silicon substrates under the impact of 20–160 keV Ar+ ions, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 337, 15 October 2014
  • Hoon Choi, Taegyeong Kang, Kiju Um, Jinku Kim, Kangtaek Lee, Reduction of silver ions in gold nanoparticle suspension for detection of dihydroxybenzene isomers, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 459, 5 October 2014
  • Xiaoqin Li, Jinru Li, Long Jiang, A silica-gold core-shell structure to mimic the large size of gold particles for promoting cell growth: A comparative study of the silica core size and the nanogold amount in the shell, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 459, 5 October 2014