Plutonium Elemental Symbol
Plutonium



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Plutonium Plutonium Plutonio Plutônio Plutonio Plutonium

Plutonium Bohr ModelPlutonium is a Block F, Group 3, Period 7 element. The number of electrons in each of Plutonium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2 and its electronic configuration is [Rn] 5f6 7s2. In its elemental form, CAS 7440-07-5, plutonium has a silvery white appearance. The plutonium atom has a radius of 151.3.pm and it's Van der Waals radius is 200.pm. Plutonium is found in some concentrated ores of uranium. Plutonium was discovered by Glenn T. Seaborg, Edwin M. McMillan, J. W. Kennedy and A. C. Wahl  in 1940. The element Plutonium was named after the planet Pluto.

Plutonium is radioactive and toxic. Plutonium information, including technical data, safety data and its high purity properties, research, applications and other useful facts are discussed below. Scientific facts such as the atomic structure, ionization energy, abundance on earth, conductivity and thermal properties are included.


  • Properties
  • Research
  • Isotopes
  • Other Elements

Plutonium Properties


GENERAL PROPERTIES   PHYSICAL PROPERTIES  
Symbol: Pu Melting Point: 640 oC, 1184 oF, 913.15 K
Atomic Number: 94 Boiling Point: 3228 oC, 5842.4 oF, 3501.15 K
Atomic Weight: 244 Density: 19814 kg m-3
Element Category: Actinide Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 16.63 g·cm−3
Group, Period, Block: n/a, 7, f Specific Heat: N/A
    Heat of Vaporization 333.5 kJ·mol−1
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 2.82 kJ·mol−1
Electrons: 94 Thermal Conductivity: 6.74 W·m−1·K−1
Protons: 94 Thermal Expansion: (25 °C) 46.7 µm·m−1·K−1
Neutrons: 150 Electrical Resistivity: (0 °C) 1.460 µΩ·m
Electron Configuration: [Rn] 5f67s2 Electronegativity: 1.28 (Pauling scale)
Atomic Radius: 159 pm Tensile Strength: N/A
Covalent Radius: 187±1 pm Molar Heat Capacity: 35.5 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 243 pm Young's Modulus: 96 GPa
Oxidation States: 6, 5, 4, 3 Shear Modulus: 43 GPa
Phase: Solid  Bulk Modulus: N/A
Crystal Structure: monoclinic Poisson Ratio: 0.21
Magnetic Ordering: paramagnetic Mohs Hardness: N/A
1st Ionization Energy: 584.7 kJ·mol−1 Vickers Hardness: N/A
2nd Ionization Energy: N/A Brinell Hardness: N/A
3rd Ionization Energy: N/A Speed of Sound: 2260 m·s−1
       
IDENTIFIERS   MISCELLANEOUS  
CAS Number: 7440-07-5 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: N/A
ChemSpider ID: 22382 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: N/A
PubChem CID: 23940 Abundance in universe, by weight: N/A
MDL Number: N/A Abundance in universe, by atom: N/A
EC Number: N/A Discovered By: Glenn T. Seaborg, Arthur Wahl, Joseph W. Kennedy, Edwin McMillan
Beilstein Number: N/A Discovery Date: 1940
SMILES Identifier: [Pu]  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/Pu Other Names: Plutonio
InChI Key: OYEHPCDNVJXUIW-UHFFFAOYSA-N  
       
       
       
       
       


Recent Research & Development for Plutonium

  • Romain Vauchy, Renaud C. Belin, Anne-Charlotte Robisson, Fiqiri Hodaj, High temperature X-ray diffraction study of the kinetics of phase separation in hypostoichiometric uranium–plutonium mixed oxides, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 10, September 2014
  • Romain Vauchy, Anne-Charlotte Robisson, Fabienne Audubert, Fiqiri Hodaj, Ceramic processing of uranium–plutonium mixed oxide fuels (U1-yPuy)O2 with high plutonium content, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 7, Part B, August 2014
  • L.N. Dinh, S.K. McCall, C.K. Saw, J.M. Haschke, P.G. Allen, W. McLean II, The plutonium–hydrogen reaction: SEM characterization of product morphology, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 451, Issues 1–3, August 2014
  • U. Carvajal Nunez, D. Prieur, R. Bohler, D. Manara, Melting point determination of uranium nitride and uranium plutonium nitride: A laser heating study, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 449, Issues 1–3, June 2014
  • Mark S.D. Read, Scott R. Walker, Robert A. Jackson, Derivation of enhanced potentials for plutonium dioxide and the calculation of lattice and intrinsic defect properties, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 448, Issues 1–3, May 2014
  • Per Söderlind, Alex Landa, Theoretical confirmation of Ga-stabilized anti-ferromagnetism in plutonium metal, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 448, Issues 1–3, May 2014
  • Ségolène Berzati, Stéphane Vaudez, Renaud C. Belin, Jacques Léchelle, Yves Marc, Jean-Christophe Richaud, Jean-Marc Heintz, Controlling the oxygen potential to improve the densification and the solid solution formation of uranium–plutonium mixed oxides, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 447, Issues 1–3, April 2014
  • R. Ruhela, S. Panja, B.S. Tomar, A.K. Singh, S.C. Tripathi, P.M. Gandhi, R.C. Hubli, Liquid–liquid extraction studies for the separation and recovery of plutonium from acidic medium with novel ligand Benzodioxodiamide (BenzoDODA), Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 124, 18 March 2014
  • C. Degueldre, S. Pin, J. Poonoosamy, D.A. Kulik, Redox state of plutonium in irradiated mixed oxide fuels, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Volume 75, Issue 3, March 2014
  • N.C. Hyatt, R.R. Schwarz, P.A. Bingham, M.C. Stennett, C.L. Corkhill, P.G. Heath, R.J. Hand, M. James, A. Pearson, S. Morgan, Thermal treatment of simulant plutonium contaminated materials from the Sellafield site by vitrification in a blast-furnace slag, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 444, Issues 1–3, January 2014
  • Henry R. Foxhall, Karl P. Travis, Scott L. Owens, Effect of plutonium doping on radiation damage in zirconolite: A computer simulation study, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 444, Issues 1–3, January 2014
  • Yingjie Zhang, Daniel J. Gregg, Gregory R. Lumpkin, Bruce D. Begg, Miodrag Jovanovic, The incorporation of neptunium and plutonium in thorutite (ThTi2O6), Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 581, 25 December 2013
  • Daniel J. Gregg, Yingjie Zhang, Simon C. Middleburgh, Steven D. Conradson, Gerry Triani, Gregory R. Lumpkin, Eric R. Vance, The incorporation of plutonium in lanthanum zirconate pyrochlore, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 443, Issues 1–3, November 2013
  • S.C. Hernandez, A.K. Ray, C.D. Taylor, Quantum size effects in a-plutonium (020) surface layers, Solid State Communications, Volume 172, October 2013
  • , Secret clean-up secures weapons-grade plutonium dump, New Scientist, Volume 219, Issue 2931, 24 August 2013
  • S.M. Ennaceur, Study of the ? ? d phase transformation kinetics and reaction mechanism in plutonium, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 566, 20 August 2013
  • S.M. Ennaceur, The effects of thermal conditioning and recovery processes on the d?? phase transformation mechanisms in plutonium, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 565, 10 August 2013
  • Amy E. Hixon, Yuji Arai, Brian A. Powell, Examination of the effect of alpha radiolysis on plutonium(V) sorption to quartz using multiple plutonium isotopes, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 403, 1 August 2013
  • I. Sato, M. Suto, S. Miwa, T. Hirosawa, S. Koyama, Americium and plutonium release behavior from irradiated mixed oxide fuel during heating, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 437, Issues 1–3, June 2013
  • J. Somers, D. Papaioannou, J. McGinley, D. Sommer, Safety assessment of plutonium mixed oxide fuel irradiated up to 37.7 GW day tonne-1, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 437, Issues 1–3, June 2013

Plutonium Isotopes


Plutonium is an artificial element. It has no stable isotopes.