High Purity Re Slugs
|Product||Product Code||Order or Specifications|
|(2N) 99% Rhenium Slugs||RE-M-02-SL|
|(3N) 99.9% Rhenium Slugs||RE-M-03-SL|
|(4N) 99.99% Rhenium Slugs||RE-M-04-SL|
|(5N) 99.999% Rhenium Slugs||RE-M-05-SL|
|Formula||CAS No.||PubChem SID||PubChem CID||MDL No.||EC No||Beilstein
|PROPERTIES||Mol. Wt.||Appearance||Density||Tensile Strength||Melting Point||Boiling Point||Thermal Conductivity||Electrical Resistivity||Eletronegativity||Specific Heat||Heat of Vaporization||Heat of Fusion||MSDS|
|186.21||Silvery-gray||21.02 gm/cc||80,000 psi||3180 °C||5627 °C||0.480 W/cm/K @298.2 K||19.3 microhm-cm @ 20°C||1.9 Paulings||0.0329 Cal/g/K @ 25°C||152 K-Cal/gm atom at 5627°C||7.9 Cal/gm mole||Safety Data Sheet|
American Elements specializes in producing high purity uniform shaped Rhenium Slugs with the highest possible density and smallest possible average grain sizes for use in semiconductor, Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). Our standard Slug sizes range from 1/8" x 1/8" to 1/4" x 1/4" and 3 mm diameter. We can also provide Slugs outside this range for ultra high purity thin film applications, such as fuel cells and solar energy layers. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above. We also produce Rhenium as rod, ingot, powder, pieces, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request.
Rhenium is a Block D, Group 7, Period 6 element. The number of electrons in each of Rhenium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 32, 13, 2 and its electronic configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2. In its elemental form rhenium's CAS number is 7440-15-5. The rhenium atom has a radius of 137.1.pm and its Van der Waals radius is 200.pm. The toxicity of Rhenium has not yet been established . Rhenium is the fourth densest element exceeded only by that of platinum, iridium, and osmium. It's high melting point is exceeded only by tungsten and carbon. Rhenium is available as metal and compounds with purities from 99% to 99.999% (ACS grade to ultra-high purity); metals in the form of foil, sputtering target, and rod, and compounds as submicron and nanopowder. Rhenium is used as filaments for mass spectrographs and ion gauges. Because Rhenium has good wear resistance and withstands arc corrosion, it is used as an electrical contact material. Thermocouples made of Re-W are used for measuring temperatures up to 2200C, and rhenium wire is used in photographic flash lamps. Rhenium is found in amounts up to 0.2% in the mineral molybdenite. Rhenium was first discovered by Walter Noddack in 1925 in the Rhine region of Germany. The name Rhenium originates from the Latin word 'Rhenus' meaning "Rhine" after the place of discovery. See Rhenium research below.
HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
|Material Safety Data Sheet||MSDS|
|Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
|Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.|
Recent Research & Development for Rhenium
- A chiral rhenium complex with predicted high parity violation effects: synthesis, stereochemical characterization by VCD spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations. Saleh N, Zrig S, Roisnel T, Guy L, Bast R, Saue T, Darquié B, Crassous J. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013 Jul 14;15(26):10952-9. doi: 10.1039/c3cp50199j.
- Linear oxygen-sensing response from a rhenium complex induced by heavy atom: Synthesis, characterization, photophysical study and sensing performance. Pu W, Lun Z, Lisha W, Guangyang X. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 Apr 22;112C:228-236. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2013.04.043.
- Rhenium-188 production in hospitals, by w-188/re-188 generator, for easy use in radionuclide therapy. Argyrou M, Valassi A, Andreou M, Lyra M. Int J Mol Imaging. 2013;2013:290750. doi: 10.1155/2013/290750.
- Solid State Molecular Device Based on a Rhenium(I) Polypyridyl Complex Immobilized on TiO2 Films. Patrocinio AO, Frin KP, Murakami Iha NY. Inorg Chem. 2013 May 20;52(10):5889-96. doi: 10.1021/ic3028572.
- Catalytic CO2 Activation Assisted by Rhenium Hydride/B(C6F5)3 Frustrated Lewis Pairs-Metal Hydrides Functioning as FLP Bases. Jiang Y, Blacque O, Fox T, Berke H. J Am Chem Soc. 2013 May 22;135(20):7751-60. doi: 10.1021/ja402381d.
- Spectroscopic Determination of Phonon Lifetimes in Rhenium-Doped MoS2 Nanoparticles. Sun QC, Mazumdar D, Yadgarov L, Rosentsveig R, Tenne R, Musfeldt JL. Nano Lett. 2013 May 1.
- Stereoselective aldol addition to rhenium(i) complexes and reversible dimerization with epimerization of the metal center. Alvarez CM, Carrillo R, García-Rodríguez R, Miguel D. Chemistry. 2013 Jun 17;19(25):8285-93. doi: 10.1002/chem.201300412.
- Synthesis and reactivity of new rhenium(i) complexes containing iminophosphorane-phosphine ligands: application to the catalytic isomerization of propargylic alcohols in ionic liquids. García-Álvarez J, Díez J, Gimeno J, Seifried CM, Vidal C. Inorg Chem. 2013 May 6;52(9):5428-37. doi: 10.1021/ic4003687.
- Azide alkyne cycloaddition facilitated by hexanuclear rhenium chalcogenide cluster complexes. Knott SA, Templeton JN, Durham JL, Howard AM, McDonald R, Szczepura LF. Dalton Trans. 2013 Jun 14;42(22):8132-9. doi: 10.1039/c3dt50436k.
- Rhenium complexes with visible-light-induced anticancer activity. Kastl A, Dieckmann S, Wähler K, Völker T, Kastl L, Merkel AL, Vultur A, Shannan B, Harms K, Ocker M, Parak WJ, Herlyn M, Meggers E. ChemMedChem. 2013 Jun;8(6):924-7. doi: 10.1002/cmdc.201300060.
- Investigation of activation cross-section data of proton induced nuclear reactions on rhenium. Ditrói F, Tárkányi F, Takács S, Hermanne A, Yamazaki H, Baba M, Mohammadi A, Ignatyuk AV. Appl Radiat Isot. 2013 Jul;77:103-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2013.02.024.
- Radiosynoviorthesis in hemophilic joints with yttrium-90 citrate and rhenium-186 sulfide and long term results. Teyssler P, Taborska K, Kolostova K, Bobek V. Hell J Nucl Med. 2013 Jan-Apr;16(1):44-9. doi: 10.1967/s002449910071. Epub 2013 Mar 26. PMID: 23529393 [PubMed - in process] Related citations Select item 2352665613. The electronic states of rhenium bipyridyl electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction as revealed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy and computational quantum chemistry. Benson EE, Sampson MD, Grice KA, Smieja JM, Froehlich JD, Friebel D, Keith JA, Carter EA, Nilsson A, Kubiak CP. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2013 Apr 26;52(18):4841-4. doi: 10.1002/anie.201209911.
- Click-to-Chelate: development of technetium and rhenium-tricarbonyl labeled radiopharmaceuticals. Kluba CA, Mindt TL. Molecules. 2013 Mar 12;18(3):3206-26. doi: 10.3390/molecules18033206.
- ? and s phases in binary rhenium-transition metal systems: a systematic first-principles investigation. Crivello JC, Breidi A, Joubert JM. Inorg Chem. 2013 Apr 1;52(7):3674-86. doi: 10.1021/ic302142w.
- Observation of a Burstein-Moss shift in rhenium-doped MoS2 nanoparticles. Sun QC, Yadgarov L, Rosentsveig R, Seifert G, Tenne R, Musfeldt JL. ACS Nano. 2013 Apr 23;7(4):3506-11. doi: 10.1021/nn400464g.
- Improving the efficiency of the photoinduced charge-separation process in a rhenium(I)-zinc porphyrin dyad by simple chemical functionalization. Gatti T, Cavigli P, Zangrando E, Iengo E, Chiorboli C, Indelli MT. Inorg Chem. 2013 Mar 18;52(6):3190-7. doi: 10.1021/ic302663c.
- In house development of (99m)Tc-Rhenium sulfide colloidal nanoparticles for sentinel lymph node detection. Dar UK, Khan I, Javed M, Ali M, Hyder SW, Murad S, Anwar J. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2013 Mar;26(2):367-73.
- Facile synthesis of single crystalline rhenium (VI) trioxide nanocubes with high catalytic efficiency for photodegradation of methyl orange. Chong YY, Fan WY. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013 May 1;397:18-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.01.030.
- Rhenium-germanium triple bonds: syntheses and reactions of the germylidyne complexes mer-[X2(PMe3)3Re=Ge-R] (X=Cl, I, H; R=m-terphenyl). Filippou AC, Chakraborty U, Schnakenburg G. Chemistry. 2013 Apr 26;19(18):5676-86. doi: 10.1002/chem.201300017.
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Scientific and Element Six on September 2, 2013 in Riva del Garda, Italy.