Ruthenium Shot

High Purity Ru Shot
CAS 7440-18-8

Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Ruthenium Shot RU-M-02-SH Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Ruthenium Shot RU-M-03-SH Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Ruthenium Shot RU-M-04-SH Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Ruthenium Shot RU-M-05-SH Contact American Elements

Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
Ru 7440-18-8 24878803 23950 MFCD00011207 231-127-1 N/A [Ru] InChI=1S/Ru KJTLSVCANCCWHF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
101.07 N/A 12370 kg/m³ N/A 2334°C 4150°C 1.17 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K 7.6 microhm-cm @ 0°C 2.2 Paulings  0.057 Cal/g/K @ 25°C 148 K-cal/gm atom at 3900°C 6.1 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

American Elements specializes in producing high purity uniform shaped Ruthenium Shots with the highest possible density High Purity Sphereand smallest possible average grain sizes for use in semiconductor, Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). Our standard Slug sizes range from 1/8" x 1/8" to 1/4" x 1/4" and 3 mm diameter. We can also provide Sphere outside this range for ultra high purity thin film applications, such as fuel cells and solar energy layers. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above. We also produce Ruthenium as rod, ingot, powder, pieces, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request.

Ruthenium (Ru) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolRuthenium (atomic symbol: Ru, atomic number: 44) is a Block D, Group 8, Period 5 elemen with an atomic weight of 101.07. Ruthenium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of ruthenium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 15, 1] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d7 5s1. The ruthenium atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 207 pm. Ruthenium was discovered by Jędrzej Śniadecki in 1807.It was first recognized as a distinct element by Karl Ernst Claus in 1844. Elemental RutheniumIn its elemental form, ruthenium has a silvery white metallic appearance. Ruthenium is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of metals. It is found in pentlandite, pyroxenite, and platinum group metal ores. The name Ruthenium originates from the Latin word "Ruthenia," meaning Russia. For more information on ruthenium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of ruthenium products, visit the Ruthenium Information Center.

Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H228
Hazard Codes F
Risk Codes 11
Safety Precautions 16-22-24/25
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information UN 3089 4.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)

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Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages

Recent Research & Development for Ruthenium

  • Sensitive single-color fluorescence "off-on" switch system for dsDNA detection based on quantum dots-ruthenium assembling dyads. Zhang R, Zhao D, Ding HG, Huang YX, Zhong HZ, Xie HY. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014.
  • Ultrasensitive fluorescence detection of heparin based on quantum dots and a functional ruthenium polypyridyl complex. Cao Y, Shi S, Wang L, Yao J, Yao T. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 May
  • Preparation and characterization of three dimensional graphene foam supported platinum-ruthenium bimetallic nanocatalysts for hydrogen peroxide based electrochemical biosensors. Kung CC, Lin PY, Buse FJ, Xue Y, Yu X, Dai L, Liu CC. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Feb.
  • A label-free electrochemiluminescence aptasensor for thrombin detection based on host-guest recognition between tris(bipyridine)ruthenium(II)-ß-cyclodextrin and aptamer. Chen Q, Chen H, Zhao Y, Zhang F, Yang F, Tang J, He P. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Apr.
  • Synthesis of imine and reduced imine compounds containing aromatic sulfonamide: Use as catalyst for in situ generation of ruthenium catalysts in transfer hydrogenation of acetophenone derivatives. Dayan S, Arslan F, Kayaci N, Kalaycioglu NO. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 Feb.
  • Ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes bearing quinoline-based NNO tridentate ligands as catalyst for one-pot conversion of aldehydes to amides and o-allylation of phenols. Manikandan R, Prakash G, Kathirvel R, Viswanathamurthi P. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 Dec
  • Spectroscopic and biological approach in the characterization of a novel 14-membered [N4] macrocyclic ligand and its Palladium(II), Platinum(II), Ruthenium(III) and Iridium(III) complexes. Rani S, Kumar S, Chandra S. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 Jan.
  • Highly sensitive and selective phosphorescent chemosensors for hypochlorous acid based on ruthenium(II) complexes. Zhang R, Song B, Dai Z, Ye Z, Xiao Y, Liu Y, Yuan J. Biosens Bioelectron.
  • Evaluation of DNA-binding, DNA cleavage, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of mononuclear ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes of benzaldehyde 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazones. Sampath K, Sathiyaraj S, Jayabalakrishnan C. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 Nov
  • Photoresponse enhancement by mixing of an alcohol-soluble C60 derivative into a ruthenium complex monolayer. Terada K, Oyama M, Kanaizuka K, Haga MA, Ishida T. Phys Chem Chem Phys.
  • Ruthenium(ii) complexes based on tridentate polypyridine ligands that feature long-lived room-temperature luminescence. Ragazzon G, Verwilst P, Denisov SA, Credi A, Jonusauskas G, McClenaghan ND. Chem Commun (Camb).
  • Ruthenium-catalyzed olefin metathesis accelerated by the steric effect of the backbone substituent in cyclic (alkyl)(amino) carbenes. Zhang J, Song S, Wang X, Jiao J, Shi M. Chem Commun (Camb).
  • Antitumor activity of new enantiopure pybox-ruthenium complexes. Menéndez-Pedregal E, Díez J, Manteca A, Sánchez J, Bento AC, García-Navas R, Mollinedo F, Gamasa MP, Lastra E. Dalton Trans. 2013 Oct 14
  • An efficient ruthenium tris(bipyridine)-based luminescent chemosensor for recognition of Cu(ii) and sulfide anion in water. Li M, Liang Q, Zheng M, Fang C, Peng S, Zhao M. Dalton Trans. 2013 Oct 7
  • Syntheses, structures and properties of ruthenium complexes of tridentate ligands: isolation and characterization of a rare example of ruthenium nitrosyl complex containing {RuNO}(5) moiety. Ghosh K, Kumar R, Kumar S, Meena JS. Dalton Trans. 2013
  • Ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes containing S-methylisothiosemicarbazone based tetradentate ligand: synthesis, characterization and biological applications. Selvamurugan S, Ramachandran R, Viswanathamurthi P. Biometals. 2013 Oct
  • First polymer "ruthenium-cyclopentadienyl" complex as potential anticancer agent. Valente A, Garcia MH, Marques F, Miao Y, Rousseau C, Zinck P. J Inorg Biochem.
  • Solution equilibria of anticancer ruthenium(II)-(?(6)-p-cymene)-hydroxy(thio)pyr(id)one complexes: Impact of sulfur vs. oxygen donor systems on the speciation and bioactivity. Enyedy EA, Sija E, Jakusch T, Hartinger CG, Kandioller W, Keppler BK, Kiss T. J Inorg Biochem. 2013
  • Cellular uptake mechanisms of an antitumor ruthenium compound: the endosomal/lysosomal system as a target for anticancer metal-based drugs. Côrte-Real L, Matos AP, Alho I, Morais TS, Tomaz AI, Garcia MH, Santos I, Bicho MP, Marques F. Microsc Microanal. 2013.
  • Reactivity of Nitrido Complexes of Ruthenium(VI), Osmium(VI), and Manganese(V) Bearing Schiff Base and Simple Anionic Ligands. Man WL, Lam WW, Lau TC. Acc Chem Res. 2013 Sep.