Ruthenium Shot

High Purity Ru Shot
CAS 7440-18-8


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Ruthenium Shot RU-M-02-SH Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Ruthenium Shot RU-M-03-SH Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Ruthenium Shot RU-M-04-SH Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Ruthenium Shot RU-M-05-SH Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Ru 7440-18-8 24878803 23950 MFCD00011207 231-127-1 N/A [Ru] InChI=1S/Ru KJTLSVCANCCWHF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
101.07 N/A 12370 kg/m³ N/A 2334°C 4150°C 1.17 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K 7.6 microhm-cm @ 0°C 2.2 Paulings  0.057 Cal/g/K @ 25°C 148 K-cal/gm atom at 3900°C 6.1 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

American Elements specializes in producing high purity uniform shaped Ruthenium Shots with the highest possible density High Purity Sphereand smallest possible average grain sizes for use in semiconductor, Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). Our standard Slug sizes range from 1/8" x 1/8" to 1/4" x 1/4" and 3 mm diameter. We can also provide Sphere outside this range for ultra high purity thin film applications, such as fuel cells and solar energy layers. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above. We also produce Ruthenium as rod, ingot, powder, pieces, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request.

Ruthenium (Ru) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolRuthenium (atomic symbol: Ru, atomic number: 44) is a Block D, Group 8, Period 5 elemen with an atomic weight of 101.07. Ruthenium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of ruthenium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 15, 1] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d7 5s1. The ruthenium atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 207 pm. Ruthenium was discovered by Jędrzej Śniadecki in 1807.It was first recognized as a distinct element by Karl Ernst Claus in 1844. Elemental RutheniumIn its elemental form, ruthenium has a silvery white metallic appearance. Ruthenium is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of metals. It is found in pentlandite, pyroxenite, and platinum group metal ores. The name Ruthenium originates from the Latin word "Ruthenia," meaning Russia. For more information on ruthenium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of ruthenium products, visit the Ruthenium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H228
Hazard Codes F
Risk Codes 11
Safety Precautions 16-22-24/25
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information UN 3089 4.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
Flame-Flammables        

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Request an MSDS or Certificate of Analysis





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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages


Recent Research & Development for Ruthenium

  • Yanjiao Ma, Hao Li, Hui Wang, Xuefeng Mao, Vladimir Linkov, Shan Ji, Oko Unathi Gcilitshana, Rongfang Wang, Evolution of the electrocatalytic activity of carbon-supported amorphous platinum–ruthenium–nickel–phosphorous nanoparticles for methanol oxidation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • I-Li Chen, Yu-Chen Wei, Tsan-Yao Chen, Chi-Chang Hu, Tsang-Lang Lin, Oxidative precipitation of ruthenium oxide for supercapacitors: Enhanced capacitive performances by adding cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Nilüfer Kiziltas-Yavuz, Aiswarya Bhaskar, Ditty Dixon, Murat Yavuz, Kristian Nikolowski, Li Lu, Rüdiger-A. Eichel, Helmut Ehrenberg, Improving the rate capability of high voltage lithium-ion battery cathode material LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 by ruthenium doping, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Jie-Ning Zheng, Shan-Shan Li, Fang-Yi Chen, Ning Bao, Ai-Jun Wang, Jian-Rong Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, Facile synthesis of platinum–ruthenium nanodendrites supported on reduced graphene oxide with enhanced electrocatalytic properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Ekta Jain, Gitanjali Pagare, Sunil Singh Chouhan, Sankar P. Sanyal, Electronic structure, phase stability and elastic properties of ruthenium based four intermetallic compounds: Ab-initio study, Intermetallics, Volume 54, November 2014
  • Osman Ozturk, Ozlem Oter, Serdar Yildirim, Elif Subasi, Kadriye Ertekin, Erdal Celik, Hamdi Temel, Tuning oxygen sensitivity of ruthenium complex exploiting silver nanoparticles, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • X.G. Wang, J.L. Liu, T. Jin, X.F. Sun, The effects of ruthenium additions on tensile deformation mechanisms of single crystal superalloys at different temperatures, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Ji-Yoon Park, Seungmin Yeo, Taehoon Cheon, Soo-Hyun Kim, Min-Kyu Kim, Hyungjun Kim, Tae Eun Hong, Do-Joong Lee, Growth of highly conformal ruthenium-oxide thin films with enhanced nucleation by atomic layer deposition, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • Jan G. Malecki, Anna Maron, Tadeusz Gron, Monika Oboz, Aryldiazenido ruthenium(II) complexes. Structure and characterization of p-tolyldiazenido carbonyl-ruthenium(II) coordination compound and its reaction with pyrazole and pyridine, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Daniela R. Truzzi, Douglas W. Franco, Stability of phosphite coordinated to ruthenium(II) in aqueous media, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Theodoros Tsolis, Manolis J. Manos, Spyridon Karkabounas, Ioannis Zelovitis, Achilleas Garoufis, Synthesis, X-ray structure determination, cytotoxicity and interactions with 9-methylguanine, of ruthenium(II) ?6-arene complexes, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 768, 1 October 2014
  • Lucimara B. Panice, Elisangela A. de Oliveira, Ricardo A.D. Molin Filho, Daniela P. de Oliveira, Angélica M. Lazarin, Elza I.S. Andreotti, Rosana L. Sernaglia, Yoshitaka Gushikem, Electrochemical properties of the hexacyanoferrate(II)–ruthenium(III) complex immobilized on silica gel surface chemically modified with zirconium(IV) oxide, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 188, October 2014
  • Pawel Sliwa, Jaroslaw Handzlik, Izabela Czelusniak, Alkynol polymerization catalysed by Grubbs-type and Hoveyda–Grubbs ruthenium alkylidene complexes: A computational study, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 767, 15 September 2014
  • Wen-Lin Huang, Guan-Jie Hung, Yih-Hsing Lo, Unprecedented formation of ruthenium 2-mercaptobenzothiazole complex, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 767, 15 September 2014
  • Paul Kübler, Benjamin Oelkers, Jörg Sundermeyer, Ruthenium cyclopentadienylidene phosphorane complexes – Synthesis, characterization and catalysis, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 767, 15 September 2014
  • Pelin Edinç Cürdaneli, Saim Özkar, Ruthenium(III) ion-exchanged zeolite Y as highly active and reusable catalyst in decomposition of nitrous oxide to sole nitrogen and oxygen, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 196, 15 September 2014
  • Irvin Noel Booysen, Sanam Maikoo, Matthew Piers Akerman, Bheki Xulu, Novel ruthenium(II) and (III) compounds with multidentate Schiff base chelates bearing biologically significant moieties, Polyhedron, Volume 79, 5 September 2014
  • Konstantinos Ypsilantis, Spyridon Karkabounas, Elena Georgiou, Ioannis Zelovitis, Achilleas Garoufis, Synthesis, characterization and interactions with the oligonucleotide d(5'-CGCGAATTCGCG-3')2, of bis(terpyridine)ruthenium(II)–peptide conjugates, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 421, 1 September 2014
  • Mahesh Kalidasan, S.H. Forbes, Yurij Mozharivskyj, Mohan Rao Kollipara, Half-sandwich ?6-arene ruthenium and Cp* rhodium/iridium compounds comprising with thioether ligands: Synthesis, spectral and molecular studies, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 421, 1 September 2014
  • Oded Halevi, Benny Bogoslavsky, Dan Grinstein, Francoise Tibika-Apfelbaum, Avi Bino, Synthesis and characterization of nitrogen rich ruthenium complexes, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 421, 1 September 2014