High Purity Ru Chunk
|Product||Product Code||Request Quote|
|(2N) 99% Ruthenium Chunk||RU-M-02-CK||Request Quote|
|(3N) 99.9% Ruthenium Chunk||RU-M-03-CK||Request Quote|
|(4N) 99.99% Ruthenium Chunk||RU-M-04-CK||Request Quote|
|(5N) 99.999% Ruthenium Chunk||RU-M-05-CK||Request Quote|
|Formula||CAS No.||PubChem SID||PubChem CID||MDL No.||EC No||Beilstein
|PROPERTIES||Mol. Wt.||Appearance||Density||Tensile Strength||Melting Point||Boiling Point||Thermal Conductivity||Electrical Resistivity||Eletronegativity||Specific Heat||Heat of Vaporization||Heat of Fusion||MSDS|
|101.07||N/A||12370 kg/m³||N/A||2334°C||4150°C||1.17 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K||7.6 microhm-cm @ 0°C||2.2 Paulings||0.057 Cal/g/K @ 25°C||148 K-cal/gm atom at 3900°C||6.1 Cal/gm mole||Safety Data Sheet|
American Elements specializes in producing high purity Ruthenium Chunks are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. Standard Chunk pieces are amorphous uniform pieces ranging in size from 5-15 mm. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into granules, rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We also produce Ruthenium as rod, pellets, powder, pieces, disc, ingot, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request.
Ruthenium (atomic symbol: Ru, atomic number: 44) is a Block D, Group 8, Period 5 elemen with an atomic weight of 101.07. The number of electrons in each of ruthenium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 15, 1] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d7 5s1. The ruthenium atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 207 pm. Ruthenium was discovered by Jędrzej Śniadecki in 1807.It was first recognized as a distinct element by Karl Ernst Claus in 1844. In its elemental form, ruthenium has a silvery white metallic appearance. Ruthenium is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of metals. It is found in pentlandite, pyroxenite, and platinum group metal ores. The name Ruthenium originates from the Latin word "Ruthenia," meaning Russia. For more information on ruthenium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of ruthenium products, visit the Ruthenium element page.
HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
|Material Safety Data Sheet||MSDS|
|Transport Information||UN 3089 4.1/PG 2|
|Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
|PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES|
|Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.|
Recent Research & Development for Ruthenium
- Response of a chemical wave to local pulse irradiation in the ruthenium-catalyzed Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. Nakata S, Suzuki S, Ezaki T, Kitahata H, Nishi K, Nishiura Y. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015 Mar 11.
- Vinyl Ruthenium-Modified Biphenyl and 2,2'-Bipyridines. Scheerer S, Rotthowe N, Abdel-Rahman OS, He X, Rigaut S, Kvapilová H, Záliš S, Winter RF. Inorg Chem. 2015 Mar 11.
- Luminescent Ruthenium(II) Complex Bearing Bipyridine and N-Heterocyclic Carbene-based C(^)N(^)C Pincer Ligand for Live-Cell Imaging of Endocytosis. Tsui WK, Chung LH, Wong MM, Tsang WH, Lo HS, Liu Y, Leung CH, Ma DL, Chiu SK, Wong CY. Sci Rep. 2015 Mar 13
- Quantification of bindings of organometallic ruthenium complexes to GSTΠ by mass spectrometry. Lin Y, Huang Y, Zheng W, Wu K, Luo Q, Zhao Y, Xiong S, Wang F. J Inorg Biochem. 2015 Mar 2
- Dual Emissions from Ruthenium(II) Complexes Having 4-Arylethynyl-1,10-phenanthroline at Low Temperature. Sakuda E, Matsumoto C, Ando Y, Ito A, Mochida K, Nakagawa A, Kitamura N. Inorg Chem. 2015 Mar 6.
- A Ruthenium-Based Biomimetic Hydrogen Cluster for Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Generation from Formic Acid. Chang CH, Chen MH, Du WS, Gliniak J, Lin JH, Wu HH, Chan HF, Yu JS, Wu TK. Chemistry. 2015 Mar 12.
- Energy Dependence of the Ruthenium(II)-Bipyridine Metal-to-Ligand-Charge-Transfer Excited State Radiative Lifetimes: Effects of ΠΠ (bipyridine) Mixing. Thomas RA, Tsai CN, Mazumder S, Lu IC, Lord RL, Schlegel HB, Chen YJ, Endicott JF. J Phys Chem B. 2015 Mar 12.
- Ruthenium(II)-Catalyzed C?H Activation/Alkyne Annulation by Weak Coordination with O2 as the Sole Oxidant. Warratz S, Kornhaaß C, Cajaraville A, Niepötter B, Stalke D, Ackermann L. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2015 Mar 3.
- New Ruthenium Bis(terpyridine) Methanofullerene and Pyrrolidinofullerene Complexes: Synthesis and Electrochemical and Photophysical Properties. Barthelmes K, Kübel J, Winter A, Wächtler M, Friebe C, Dietzek B, Schubert US. Inorg Chem. 2015 Mar 12.
- Ruthenium-Catalyzed Heteroatom-Directed Regioselective C-H Arylation of Indoles Using a Removable Tether. Tiwari VK, Kamal N, Kapur M. Org Lett. 2015 Mar 12.
- Ruthenium-catalyzed aerobic oxidative decarboxylation of amino acids: a green, zero-waste route to biobased nitriles. Claes L, Verduyckt J, Stassen I, Lagrain B, De Vos DE. Chem Commun (Camb). 2015 Mar 16.
- Ruthenium Complexes with Dendritic Ferrocenyl Phosphanes: Synthesis, Characterization, and Application in the Catalytic Redox Isomerization of Allylic Alcohols. Neumann P, Dib H, Sournia-Saquet A, Grell T, Handke M, Caminade AM, Hey-Hawkins E. Chemistry. 2015 Mar 12.
- Excited State Dynamics and Isomerization in Ruthenium Sulfoxide Complexes. King AW, Wang L, Rack JJ. Acc Chem Res. 2015 Mar 11.
- Enantioselective Syntheses of Sulfoxides in Octahedral Ruthenium(II) Complexes via a Chiral-at-Metal Strategy. Li ZZ, Wen AH, Yao SY, Ye BH. Inorg Chem. 2015 Mar 16
- Revelation of Varying Bonding Motif of Alloxazine, a Flavin Analogue, in Selected Ruthenium(II/III) Frameworks. Mondal P, Ray R, Das A, Lahiri GK. Inorg Chem. 2015 Mar 16
- Orbital entanglement and CASSCF analysis of the Ru-NO bond in a Ruthenium nitrosyl complex. Freitag L, Knecht S, Keller SF, Delcey MG, Aquilante F, Bondo Pedersen T, Lindh R, Reiher M, González L. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015 Mar 13.
- Thiolate-Bridged Dinuclear Ruthenium- and Iron-Complexes as Robust and Efficient Catalysts toward Oxidation of Molecular Dihydrogen in Protic Solvents. Yuki M, Sakata K, Hirao Y, Nonoyama N, Nakajima K, Nishibayashi Y. J Am Chem Soc. 2015 Mar 10.
- Ruthenium-Catalyzed C?C Coupling of Fluorinated Alcohols with Allenes: Dehydrogenation at the Energetic Limit of β-Hydride Elimination. Sam B, Luong T, Krische MJ. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2015 Mar 10.
- Chemiluminescence detection of MDMA in street drug samples using tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(III). Theakstone AG, Smith ZM, Terry JM, Barnett NW, Francis PS. Drug Test Anal. 2015 Mar 9.
- Highly Stereoselective Ruthenium(II)-Catalyzed Direct C2-syn-Alkenylation of Indoles with Alkynes. Zhang W, Wei J, Fu S, Lin D, Jiang H, Zeng W. Org Lett. 2015 Mar 6.