Antimony Tin Oxide (ATO) Nanoparticles
High Purity Sb2SnO5 Nanoparticles / Nanopowder
|Formula||CAS No.||PubChem SID||PubChem CID||MDL No.||EC No||IUPAC Name||Beilstein
|PROPERTIES||Mol. Wt.||Appearance||True Density||Bulk Density||Melting Point||Boiling Point||Average Particle Size||Size Range||Crystal Phase||Specific Surface Area||Morphology||MSDS|
|444.23||Blue Powder||6.8 g/cm3||0.95 g/cm3||N/A||N/A||15 nm||N/A||Tetragonal||47 m2/g||N/A||Safety Data Sheet|
Antimony Tin Oxide (ATO) Nanoparticles, nanopowder, nanodots or nanocrystals are spherical or faceted high surface area nanocrystalline alloy particles with magnetic properties. Nanoscale Antimony Tin Oxide (ATO) Particles are typically 20-40 nanometers (nm) with specific surface area (SSA) in the 30 - 50 m 2 /g range and also available in with an average particle size of 100 nm range with a specific surface area of approximately 7 m 2 /g. Nano Antimony Tin Oxide (ATO) Particles are also available in ultra high purity and high purity and coated and dispersed forms. They are also available as a nanofluid through the AE Nanofluid production group. Nanofluids are generally defined as suspended nanoparticles in solution either using surfactant or surface charge technology. Nanofluid dispersion and coating selection technical guidance is also available. Other nanostructures include nanorods, nanowhiskers, nanohorns, nanopyramids and other nanocomposites. Surface functionalized nanoparticles allow for the particles to be preferentially adsorbed at the surface interface using chemically bound polymers.
Development research is underway in Nano Electronics and Photonics materials, such as MEMS and NEMS, Bio Nano Materials, such as Biomarkers, Bio Diagnostics & Bio Sensors, and Related Nano Materials, for use in Polymers, Textiles, Fuel Cell Layers, Composites and Solar Energy materials. Nanopowders are analyzed for chemical composition by ICP, particle size distribution (PSD) by laser diffraction, and for Specific Surface Area (SSA) by BET multi-point correlation techniques. Novel nanotechnology applications also include Quantum Dots. High surface areas can also be achieved using solutions and using thin film by sputtering targets and evaporation technology using pellets, rod and foil.. Applications for Antimony Tin Oxide Nanocrystals include in high conductivity uses, as an antistatic additive in coatings, plastics, nanowire, fiber and textiles and in certain alloy and catalyst applications, in electrochromic or electro-optics and magnetic machines and micro-equipment due to their high conductivity. Further research is being done for their potential electrical, dielectric, magnetic, optical, imaging, catalytic, bio-medical and bioscience properties. Antimony Tin Oxide Nano Particles are generally immediately available in most volumes. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available.
Antimony (atomic symbol: As, atomic number: 51) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 5 element with an atomic radius of 121.760. The number of electrons in each of antimony's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 5 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3. The antimony atom has a radius of 140 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 206 pm. Antimony was discovered around 3000 BC and first isolated by Vannoccio Biringuccio in 1540 AD. In its elemental form, antimony has a silvery lustrous gray appearance. The most common source of antimony is the sulfide mineral known as stibnite (Sb2S3), although it sometimes occurs natively as well. Antimony has numerous applications, most commonly in flame-retardant materials; it also increases the hardness and strength of lead when combined in an alloy and is frequently employed as a dopant in semiconductor materials. Its name is derived from the Greek words anti and monos, meaning a metal not found by itself. For more information on antimony, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of antimony products, visit the Antimony Information Center.
Tin (atomic symbol: Sn, atomic number: 50) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 118.710. The number of electrons in each of tin's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2. The tin atom has a radius of 140.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 217 pm.In its elemental form, tin has a silvery-gray metallic appearance. It is malleable, ductile and highly crystalline. Tin has nine stable isotopes and 18 unstable isotopes. Under 3.72 degrees Kelvin, Tin becomes a superconductor. Applications for tin include soldering, plating, and such alloys as pewter. The first uses of tin can be dated to the Bronze Age around 3000 BC in which tin and copper were combined to make the alloy bronze. The origin of the word tin comes from the Latin word Stannum which translates to the Anglo-Saxon word tin. For more information on tin, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of tin products, visit the Tin Information Center.
HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
UN 1549 6.1/PG 3
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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
|Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.|
Recent Research & Development for Antimony
- Synthesis and characterisation of nano-pore antimony imprinted polymer and its use in the extraction and determination of antimony in water and fruit juice samples. Shakerian F, Dadfarnia S, Haji Shabani AM, Nili Ahmad Abadi M. Food Chem. 2014 Feb 15.
- Migration of antimony from PET containers into regulated EU food simulants. Sánchez-Martínez M, Pérez-Corona T, Cámara C, Madrid Y. Food Chem. 2013 Nov 15.
- Second order non-linear optical activity of arsenic and antimony dithiolene complexes. Mitra J, Pal K, Sarkar S. Dalton Trans. 2013 Oct 14.
- Removal of antimony (Sb(V)) from Sb mine drainage: Biological sulfate reduction and sulfide oxidation-precipitation. Wang H, Chen F, Mu S, Zhang D, Pan X, Lee DJ, Chang JS. Bioresour Technol. 2013 Oct.
- Antimony migration trends from a small arms firing range compared to lead, copper, and zinc. Martin WA, Lee LS, Schwab P. Sci Total Environ. 2013 Oct 1.
- The availability and mobility of arsenic and antimony in an acid sulfate soil pasture system. Tighe M, Lockwood PV, Ashley PM, Murison RD, Wilson SC. Sci Total Environ. 2013 Oct 1.
- Surface complexation modeling and spectroscopic evidence of antimony adsorption on iron-oxide-rich red earth soils. Vithanage M, Rajapaksha AU, Dou X, Bolan NS, Yang JE, Ok YS. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013 Sep 15.
- Antimony mediated control of misfit dislocation and strain at the highly lattice mismatched GaSb/GaAs interface. Wang Y, Ruterana P, Chen J, Kret S, Ei Kazzi S, Genevois C, Desplanque L, Wallart X. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 Sep 11.
- Behavior of Antimony(V) during the Transformation of Ferrihydrite and Its Environmental Implications. Mitsunobu S, Muramatsu C, Watanabe K, Sakata M. Environ Sci Technol. 2013 Sep 3.
- Antimony toxicity in the lichen Xanthoria parietina (L.) Th. Fr. Paoli L, Fiorini E, Munzi S, Sorbo S, Basile A, Loppi S. Chemosphere. 2013 Aug 31.
- Solvothermal synthesis of antimony sulfide dendrites for electrochemical detection of dopamine. Tao W, Wang J, Wu D, Chang J, Wang F, Gao Z, Xu F, Jiang K. Dalton Trans. 2013 Aug 28.
- Photochemical properties of mono-, tri-, and penta-cationic antimony(v) metalloporphyrin derivatives on a clay layer surface. Tsukamoto T, Shimada T, Takagi S. J Phys Chem A. 2013 Aug 22.
- Migration and leaching risk of extraneous antimony in three representative soils of China: Lysimeter and batch experiments. Hou H, Yao N, Li JN, Wei Y, Zhao L, Zhang J, Li FS. Chemosphere. 2013 Aug 7.
- Identification of antimony resistance markers in Leishmania tropica field isolates through a cDNA-AFLP approach. Kazemi-Rad E, Mohebali M, Erfan MB, Saffari M, Raoofian R, Hajjaran H, Hadighi R, Khamesipour A, Rezaie S, Abedkhojasteh H, Heidari M. Exp Parasitol. 2013 Aug 6.
- Second order non-linear optical activity of arsenic and antimony dithiolene complexes. Mitra J, Pal K, Sarkar S. Dalton Trans. 2013 Aug 7.
- Histopathological and functional effects of antimony on the renal cortex of growing albino rat. Rashedy AH, Solimany AA, Ismail AK, Wahdan MH, Saban KA. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2013 Jul 15;6(8):1467-80.
- Behavior of antimony(V) during the transformation of ferrihydrite and its environmental implications. Mitsunobu S, Muramatsu C, Watanabe K, Sakata M. Environ Sci Technol. 2013 Aug 5.
- Photochemical Properties of Mono-, Tri-, Penta- Cationic Antimony(V) Metalloporphyrin Derivatives on Clay Layer Surface. Tsukamoto T, Shimada T, Takagi S. J Phys Chem A. 2013 Jul 25.
- Solid-state chemiluminescence assay for ultrasensitive detection of antimony using on-vial immobilization of CdSe quantum dots combined with liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction. Costas-Mora I, Romero V, Lavilla I, Bendicho C. Anal Chim Acta. 2013 Jul 25.
- Comparative proteomic analysis of antimony-resistant and -susceptible Leishmania braziliensis and Leishmania infantum chagasi lines. Matrangolo FS, Liarte DB, Andrade LC, de Melo MF, Andrade JM, Ferreira RF, Santiago AS, Pirovani CP, Silva-Pereira RA, Murta SM. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2013 Jul 4.
- Solvothermal synthesis of antimony sulfide dendrites for electrochemical detection of dopamine. Tao W, Wang J, Wu D, Chang J, Wang F, Gao Z, Xu F, Jiang K. Dalton Trans. 2013 Jul 2.
- Antimony migration trends from a small arms firing range compared to lead, copper, and zinc. Martin WA, Lee LS, Schwab P. Sci Total Environ. 2013 Jun.
- Effectiveness of chemical amendments for stabilisation of lead and antimony in risk-based land management of soils of shooting ranges. Sanderson P, Naidu R, Bolan N. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2013 Jun 27.
Recent Research & Development for Tin
- Electrochemical serotonin monitoring of poly(ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate)-modified fluorine-doped tin oxide by predeposition of self-assembled 4-pyridylporphyrin. Song MJ, Kim S, Ki Min N, Jin JH. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Feb 15.
- Application of ZnO/graphene and S6 aptamers for sensitive photoelectrochemical detection of SK-BR-3 breast cancer cells based on a disposable indium tin oxide device. Liu F, Zhang Y, Yu J, Wang S, Ge S, Song X. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Jan 15.
- Four coordinate tin complexes: Synthesis, characterization, thermodynamic and theoretical calculations. Mohammadikish M. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 Jan 3.
- Optimization of a hydride generation metallic furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-MF-AAS) method for tin determination: Analytical and morphological parameters of a metallic atomizer. Moretto Galazzi R, Arruda MA. Talanta. 2013 Dec.
- A visible light photoelectrochemical sensor for tumor marker detection using tin dioxide quantum dot-graphene as labels. Analyst. 2013 create date:2013/10/18 | first author:Wang Y
- Immune stimulation following dermal exposure to unsintered indium tin oxide. J Immunotoxicol. 2013 create date:2013/10/30 | first author:Brock K
- Inorganic tin compounds do not induce micronuclei in human lymphocytes in the absence of metabolic activation. Drug Chem Toxicol. 2013 create date:2013/10/30 | first author:Damati A
- Fabrication of Highly Transparent and Conductive Indium-Tin Oxide Thin Films with a High Figure of Merit via Solution Processing. Langmuir. 2013 create date:2013/10/15 | first author:Chen Z
- Gallium-Doped Tin Oxide Nano-Cuboids for Improved Dye Sensitized Solar Cell. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 create date:2013/10/16 | first author:Teh JJ
- Interconnected Tin Disulfide Nanosheets Grown on Graphene for Li-ion Storage and Photocatalytic Applications. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 create date:2013/10/26 | first author:Chen P
- Mitigation of CO poisoning on functionalized Pt-TiN surfaces. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013 create date:2013/10/16 | first author:Zhang RQ
- Comparison between GC-MS and GC-ICPMS using isotope dilution for the simultaneous monitoring of inorganic and methyl mercury, butyl and phenyl tin compounds in biological tissues. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2013 create date:2013/10/19 | first author:Cavalheiro J
- New understanding of hardening mechanism of TiN/SiNx-based nanocomposite films. Nanoscale Res Lett. 2013 create date:2013/10/19 | first author:Li W
- Micro-Fabricated Tin-Film Electrodes for Protein and DNA Sensing Based on Stripping Voltammetric Detection of Cd(II) Released from Quantum Dots Labels. Anal Chem. 2013 create date:2013/10/18 | first author:Kokkinos C
- Cytochrome P450 Modified Polycrystalline Indium Tin Oxide Film as a Drug Metabolizing Electrochemical Biosensor with a Simple Configuration. Anal Chem. 2013 create date:2013/10/15 | first author:Yoshioka K
- An ecotoxicological study on tin- and bismuth-catalysed PDMS based coatings containing a surface-active polymer. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2013 create date:2013/10/16 | first author:Pretti C
- Ultraflexible Polymer Solar Cells Using Amorphous Zinc-Indium-Tin Oxide Transparent Electrodes. Adv Mater. 2013 create date:2013/10/15 | first author:Zhou N
- Large-gap quantum spin Hall insulators in tin films. Phys Rev Lett. 2013 create date:2013/10/15 | first author:Xu Y
- In situ synthesized TiB-TiN reinforced Ti6Al4V alloy composite coatings: Microstructure, tribological and in-vitro biocompatibility. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2013 create date:2013/10/15 | first author:Das M
- Electrochemical serotonin monitoring of poly(ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate)-modified fluorine-doped tin oxide by predeposition of self-assembled 4-pyridylporphyrin. Biosens Bioelectron. 2013 create date:2013/10/16 | first author:Song MJ