Antimony Tin Oxide (ATO) Nanoparticles

High Purity Sb2SnO5 Nanoparticles / Nanopowder


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles SB-SNOX-02-NP Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles SB-SNOX-03-NP Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles SB-SNOX-04-NP Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles SB-SNOX-05-NP Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Sb2SnO5 N/A N/A N/A MFCD00799153 N/A N/A N/A O=[Sn]=O.O=[Sb]O[Sb]=O InChI=1S/5O.2Sb.Sn DCEPJBOKQZTMOG-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance True Density Bulk Density Melting Point Boiling Point Average Particle Size Size Range Crystal Phase Specific Surface Area Morphology MSDS
444.23 Blue Powder 6.8 g/cm3 0.95 g/cm3 N/A N/A 15 nm N/A Tetragonal 47 m2/g N/A Safety Data Sheet

Oxide IonHigh Purity, D50 = +10 nanometer (nm) by SEMAntimony Tin Oxide (ATO) Nanoparticles, nanopowder, nanodots or nanocrystals are spherical or faceted high surface area nanocrystalline alloy particles with magnetic properties. Nanoscale Antimony Tin Oxide (ATO) Particles are typically 20-40 nanometers (nm) with specific surface area (SSA) in the 30 - 50 m 2 /g range and also available in with an average particle size of 100 nm range with a specific surface area of approximately 7 m 2 /g. Nano Antimony Tin Oxide (ATO) Particles are also available in ultra high purity and high purity and coated and dispersed forms. They are also available as a nanofluid through the AE Nanofluid production group. Nanofluids are generally defined as suspended nanoparticles in solution either using surfactant or surface charge technology. Nanofluid dispersion and coating selection technical guidance is also available. Other nanostructures include nanorods, nanowhiskers, nanohorns, nanopyramids and other nanocomposites. Surface functionalized nanoparticles allow for the particles to be preferentially adsorbed at the surface interface using chemically bound polymers.

Development research is underway in Nano Electronics and Photonics materials, such as MEMS and NEMS, Bio Nano Materials, such as Biomarkers, Bio Diagnostics & Bio Sensors, and Related Nano Materials, for use in Polymers, Textiles, Fuel Cell Layers, Composites and Solar Energy materials. Nanopowders are analyzed for chemical composition by ICP, particle size distribution (PSD) by laser diffraction, and for Specific Surface Area (SSA) by BET multi-point correlation techniques. Novel nanotechnology applications also include Quantum Dots. High surface areas can also be achieved using solutions and using thin film by sputtering targets and evaporation technology using pellets, rod and foil.. Applications for Antimony Tin Oxide Nanocrystals include in high conductivity uses, as an antistatic additive in coatings, plastics, nanowire, fiber and textiles and in certain alloy and catalyst applications, in electrochromic or electro-optics and magnetic machines and micro-equipment due to their high conductivity. Further research is being done for their potential electrical, dielectric, magnetic, optical, imaging, catalytic, bio-medical and bioscience properties. Antimony Tin Oxide Nano Particles are generally immediately available in most volumes. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available.

Antimony (Sb) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolAntimony (atomic symbol: As, atomic number: 51) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 5 element with an atomic radius of 121.760. Antimony Bohr Model The number of electrons in each of antimony's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 5 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3. The antimony atom has a radius of 140 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 206 pm. Antimony was discovered around 3000 BC and first isolated by Vannoccio Biringuccio in 1540 AD. In its elemental form, antimony has a silvery lustrous gray appearance.Elemental Antimony The most common source of antimony is the sulfide mineral known as stibnite (Sb2S3), although it sometimes occurs natively as well. Antimony has numerous applications, most commonly in flame-retardant materials; it also increases the hardness and strength of lead when combined in an alloy and is frequently employed as a dopant in semiconductor materials. Its name is derived from the Greek words anti and monos, meaning a metal not found by itself. For more information on antimony, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of antimony products, visit the Antimony Information Center.

Tin Bohr ModelTin (Sn) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolTin (atomic symbol: Sn, atomic number: 50) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 118.710. The number of electrons in each of tin's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2. The tin atom has a radius of 140.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 217 pm.In its elemental form, tin has a silvery-gray metallic appearance. It is malleable, ductile and highly crystalline. High Purity (99.9999%) Tin (Sn) MetalTin has nine stable isotopes and 18 unstable isotopes. Under 3.72 degrees Kelvin, Tin becomes a superconductor. Applications for tin include soldering, plating, and such alloys as pewter. The first uses of tin can be dated to the Bronze Age around 3000 BC in which tin and copper were combined to make the alloy bronze. The origin of the word tin comes from the Latin word Stannum which translates to the Anglo-Saxon word tin. For more information on tin, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of tin products, visit the Tin Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Warning
H315-H319
N/A
36/37/38
26
N/A
UN 1549 6.1/PG 3
3
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity        

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Antimony

  • Tobias Rosenthal, Simon Welzmiller, Lukas Neudert, Philipp Urban, Andy Fitch, Oliver Oeckler, Novel superstructure of the rocksalt type and element distribution in germanium tin antimony tellurides, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 219, November 2014
  • Marko Peric, Ljubica Andjelkovic, Matija Zlatar, Claude Daul, Maja Gruden-Pavlovic, DFT investigation of the influence of Jahn–Teller distortion on the aromaticity in square-planar arsenic and antimony clusters, Polyhedron, Volume 80, 25 September 2014
  • Jasmine B. Biswal, Shivram S. Garje, Neerish Revaprasadu, A convenient synthesis of antimony sulfide and antimony phosphate nanorods using single source dithiolatoantimony(III) dialkyldithiophosphate precursors, Polyhedron, Volume 80, 25 September 2014
  • A. Han, I.I. Ozturk, C.N. Banti, N. Kourkoumelis, M. Manoli, A.J. Tasiopoulos, A.M. Owczarzak, M. Kubicki, S.K. Hadjikakou, Antimony(III) halide compounds of thioureas: Structures and biological activity, Polyhedron, Volume 79, 5 September 2014
  • Monika Korenková, Barbora Mairychová, Roman Jambor, Zdenka Ružicková, Libor Dostál, Opening of boroxines by N,C,N-chelated antimony(III), bismuth(III) and tin(IV) compounds, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 47, September 2014
  • Albert Juma, Anahita Azarpira, Ch.-H. Fischer, Elke Wendler, Thomas Dittrich, Formation of inorganic nanocomposites by filling TiO2 nanopores with indium and antimony sulfide precursor aerosols, Thin Solid Films, Volume 566, 1 September 2014
  • K. Ouannes, M.T. Soltani, M. Poulain, G. Boulon, G. Alombert-Goget, Y. Guyot, A. Pillonnet, K. Lebbou, Spectroscopic properties of Er3+-doped antimony oxide glass, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 603, 5 August 2014
  • S. Rada, L. Rus, M. Rada, M. Zagrai, E. Culea, T. Rusu, Compositional dependence of structure, optical and electrochemical properties of antimony(III) oxide doped lead glasses and vitroceramics, Ceramics International, Available online 26 July 2014
  • Lijie Zhang, Hongfei Yu, Wei Cao, Youqing Dong, Chao Zou, Yun Yang, Shaoming Huang, Ning Dai, Da-Ming Zhu, Antimony doped cadmium selenium nanobelts with enhanced electrical and optoelectrical properties, Applied Surface Science, Volume 307, 15 July 2014
  • Alexandra Faucher, Victor V. Terskikh, Roderick E. Wasylishen, Feasibility of arsenic and antimony NMR spectroscopy in solids: An investigation of some group 15 compounds, Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Volumes 61–62, July–September 2014
  • Zhuang-hao Zheng, Ping Fan, Jing-ting Luo, Xing-min Cai, Guang-xing Liang, Dong-ping Zhang, Fan Ye, Thermoelectric properties of bismuth antimony tellurium thin films through bilayer annealing prepared by ion beam sputtering deposition, Thin Solid Films, Volume 562, 1 July 2014
  • Wei-Chen Chen, Dah-Shyang Tsai, Lin-Wei Tseng, Li-Rong Yang, Minh-Vien Le, Proton exchange membrane fuel cell of polybenzimidazole electrolyte doped with phosphoric acid and antimony chloride, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 39, Issue 19, 24 June 2014
  • Karthik Ramasamy, Benjamin Tien, P.S. Archana, Arunava Gupta, Copper antimony sulfide (CuSbS2) mesocrystals: A potential counter electrode material for dye-sensitized solar cells, Materials Letters, Volume 124, 1 June 2014
  • Antimony promises alternative battery anodes, Nano Today, Volume 9, Issue 3, June 2014
  • Saeed Farahany, Mohd Hasbullah Idris, Ali Ourdjini, Evaluations of antimony and strontium interaction in an Al–Si–Cu–Zn die cast alloy, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 584, 20 May 2014
  • Yu Zou, Jiang Jiang, Colloidal synthesis of chalcostibite copper antimony sulfide nanocrystals, Materials Letters, Volume 123, 15 May 2014
  • John J. Carey, Jeremy P. Allen, David O. Scanlon, Graeme W. Watson, The electronic structure of the antimony chalcogenide series: Prospects for optoelectronic applications, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 213, May 2014
  • E.P. Kharitonova, D.A. Belov, A.B. Gagor, A.P. Pietraszko, O.A. Alekseeva, V.I. Voronkova, Polymorphism and properties of Bi2WO6 doped with pentavalent antimony, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 591, 5 April 2014
  • WeiLi Qu, ZhenBo Wang, XuLei Sui, DaMing Gu, An efficient antimony doped tin oxide and carbon nanotubes hybrid support of Pd catalyst for formic acid electrooxidation, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 39, Issue 11, 4 April 2014
  • J. CHAIDEZ-FELIX, A. ROMERO-SERRANO, A. HERNANDEZ-RAMIREZ, M. PEREZ-LABRA, I. ALMAGUER-GUZMAN, R. BENAVIDES-PEREZ, M. FLORES-FAVELA, Effect of copper, sulfur, arsenic and antimony on silver distribution in phases of lead blast furnace, Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, Volume 24, Issue 4, April 2014

Recent Research & Development for Tin

  • Balázs Illés, Barbara Horváth, Tin whisker growth from micro-alloyed SAC solders in corrosive climate, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • F.Z. Bedia, A. Bedia, N. Maloufi, M. Aillerie, F. Genty, B. Benyoucef, Effect of tin doping on optical properties of nanostructured ZnO thin films grown by spray pyrolysis technique, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • A.I. Ivon, A.B. Glot, R.I. Lavrov, Zhen-Ya Lu, Grain resistivity in zinc oxide and tin dioxide varistor ceramics, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Chunhui Tan, Jing Cao, Abdul Muqsit Khattak, Feipeng Cai, Bo Jiang, Gai Yang, Suqin Hu, High-performance tin oxide-nitrogen doped graphene aerogel hybrids as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Qinghua Tian, Yang Tian, Zhengxi Zhang, Li Yang, Shin-ichi Hirano, Facile synthesis of ultrasmall tin oxide nanoparticles embedded in carbon as high-performance anode for lithium-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Xiaodong Li, Zemin Zhang, Lulu Chen, Zhongping Liu, Jianli Cheng, Wei Ni, Erqing Xie, Bin Wang, Cadmium sulfide quantum dots sensitized tin dioxide–titanium dioxide heterojunction for efficient photoelectrochemical hydrogen production, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Xinman Chen, Wei Hu, Shuxiang Wu, Dinghua Bao, Complementary switching on TiN/MgZnO/ZnO/Pt bipolar memory devices for nanocrossbar arrays, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Nguyen Dang Nam, Mahesh Vaka, Nguyen Tran Hung, Corrosion behavior of TiN, TiAlN, TiAlSiN-coated 316L stainless steel in simulated proton exchange membrane fuel cell environment, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • M.A. Deyab, Hydrogen generation by tin corrosion in lactic acid solution promoted by sodium perchlorate, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Feng Gu, Wenjuan Huang, Shufen Wang, Xing Cheng, Yanjie Hu, Chunzhong Li, Improved photoelectric conversion efficiency from titanium oxide-coupled tin oxide nanoparticles formed in flame, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Yi Liao, Meizhen Xiang, Xiangguo Zeng, Jun Chen, Molecular dynamics study of the micro-spallation of single crystal tin, Computational Materials Science, Volume 95, December 2014
  • Mettaya Kitiwan, Akihiko Ito, Jianfeng Zhang, Takashi Goto, Densification and mechanical properties of cBN–TiN–TiB2 composites prepared by spark plasma sintering of SiO2-coated cBN powder, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 15, December 2014
  • E.N.S. Muccillo, R. Muccillo, Electric field-assisted sintering of tin dioxide with manganese dioxide addition, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 15, December 2014
  • C. Tholander, B. Alling, F. Tasnádi, J.E. Greene, L. Hultman, Effect of Al substitution on Ti, Al, and N adatom dynamics on TiN(001), (011), and (111) surfaces, Surface Science, Volume 630, December 2014
  • Sun-Dong Kim, Hyang-Tae Kim, Doo-Won Seo, Se Young Kim, Min-Soo Suh, Sang-Kuk Woo, Novel Mo/TiN composites for an alkali metal thermal-to-electric converter (AMTEC) electrode, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Deqiang Yin, Yi Yang, Xianghe Peng, Yi Qin, Zhongchang Wang, Tensile and fracture process of the TiN/VN interface from first principles, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • A. Elrefaey, J. Janczak-Rusch, M.M. Koebel, Direct glass-to-metal joining by simultaneous anodic bonding and soldering with activated liquid tin solder, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • Tobias Rosenthal, Simon Welzmiller, Lukas Neudert, Philipp Urban, Andy Fitch, Oliver Oeckler, Novel superstructure of the rocksalt type and element distribution in germanium tin antimony tellurides, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 219, November 2014
  • Yoichi Masui, Jiacheng Wang, Kentaro Teramura, Toshihiro Kogure, Tsunehiro Tanaka, Makoto Onaka, Unique structural characteristics of tin hydroxide nanoparticles-embedded montmorillonite (Sn-Mont) demonstrating efficient acid catalysis for various organic reactions, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 198, 1 November 2014
  • Xiang Lei Shi, Jian Tao Wang, Jian Nong Wang, Roughness improvement of fluorine-doped tin oxide thin films by using different alcohol solvents, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014