Silica doped Zirconia

ZrO2 • SiO2


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Silica doped Zirconia SI-SROX-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Silica doped Zirconia SI-SROX-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Silica doped Zirconia SI-SROX-04 Contact American Elements

Silica doped Zirconia is available in granule, powder and tablet form with an average particle size range of 1 - 3mm. Oxide compounds are not conductive to electricity. However, certain perovskite structured oxides are electronically conductive finding application in the cathode of solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen generation systems. They are compounds containing at least one oxygen anion and one metallic cation. They are typically insoluble in aqueous solutions (water) and extremely stable making them useful in ceramic structures as simple as producing clay bowls to advanced electronics and in light weight structural components in aerospace and electrochemical applications such as fuel cells in which they exhibit ionic conductivity. Metal oxide compounds are basic anhydrides and can therefore react with acids and with strong reducing agents in redox reactions. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available. . American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopeia/British Pharmacopeia) and followsapplicable ASTM testing standards.

Silicon (Si) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSilicon (atomic symbol: Si, atomic number: 14) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 3 element with an atomic weight of 28.085. Silicon Bohr MoleculeThe number of electrons in each of Silicon's shells is 2, 8, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s2 3p2. The silicon atom has a radius of 111 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 210 pm. Silicon was discovered and first isolated by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in 1823. Silicon makes up 25.7% of the earth's crust, by weight, and is the second most abundant element, exceeded only by oxygen. The metalloid is rarely found in pure crystal form and is usually produced from the iron-silicon alloy Ferrosilicon.Elemental Silicon Silica (or silicon oxide), as sand, is a principal ingredient of glass, one of the most inexpensive of materials with excellent mechanical, optical, thermal, and electrical properties. Ultra high purity silicon can be doped with boron, gallium, phosphorus, or arsenic to produce silicon for use in transistors, solar cells, rectifiers, and other solid-state devices which are used extensively in the electronics industry.The name Silicon originates from the Latin word "silex" which means flint or hard stone. For more information on silicon, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of silicon products, visit the Silicon Information Center.

Zirconium (Zr) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Zirconium (atomic symbol: Zr, atomic number: 40) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 91.224. Zirconium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Zirconium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 10, 2 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d2 5s2. The zirconium atom has a radius of 160 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in 1789 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1824. Elemental ZirconiumIn its elemental form, zirconium has a silvery white appearance that is similar to titanium. Zirconium's principal mineral is zircon (zirconium silicate). Zirconium is commercially produced as a by-product of titanium and tin mining and has many applications as a opacifier and a refractory material. It is not found in nature as a free element. The name of zirconium comes from the mineral zircon, the most important source of zirconium, and from the Persian word 'zargun' meaning gold-like. For more information on zirconium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of zirconium products, visit the Zirconium Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Silicon

  • El-Sayed Y. El-Zaiat, Gamal M. Youssef, Dispersive parameters for complex refractive index of p- and n-type silicon from spectrophotometric measurements in spectral range 200–2500 nm, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 65, January 2015
  • Ali Ghafarinazari, Masoud Mozafari, A systematic study on metal-assisted chemical etching of high aspect ratio silicon nanostructures, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Matt Pharr, Zhigang Suo, Joost J. Vlassak, Variation of stress with charging rate due to strain-rate sensitivity of silicon electrodes of Li-ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Jan Kaspar, Magdalena Graczyk-Zajac, Stefan Lauterbach, Hans-Joachim Kleebe, Ralf Riedel, Silicon oxycarbide/nano-silicon composite anodes for Li-ion batteries: Considerable influence of nano-crystalline vs. nano-amorphous silicon embedment on the electrochemical properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Jinho Yang, Rhet C. de Guzman, Steven O. Salley, K.Y. Simon Ng, Bing-Hung Chen, Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng, Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition silicon nitride for a high-performance lithium ion battery anode, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • F. Maroni, R. Raccichini, A. Birrozzi, G. Carbonari, R. Tossici, F. Croce, R. Marassi, F. Nobili, Graphene/silicon nanocomposite anode with enhanced electrochemical stability for lithium-ion battery applications, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Joseph Gonzalez, Ke Sun, Meng Huang, John Lambros, Shen Dillon, Ioannis Chasiotis, Three dimensional studies of particle failure in silicon based composite electrodes for lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Fleur Thissandier, Pascal Gentile, Thierry Brousse, Gérard Bidan, Saïd Sadki, Are tomorrow's micro-supercapacitors hidden in a forest of silicon nanotrees?, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Jinwei Yin, Dongxu Yao, Yongfeng Xia, Kaihui Zuo, Yuping Zeng, The effect of modified interfaces on the mechanical property of ß-silicon nitride whiskers reinforced Cu matrix composites, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Wei Sun, Renzong Hu, Hui Liu, Meiqin Zeng, Lichun Yang, Haihui Wang, Min Zhu, Embedding nano-silicon in graphene nanosheets by plasma assisted milling for high capacity anode materials in lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Hiroyuki Usui, Kazuma Nouno, Yuya Takemoto, Kengo Nakada, Akira Ishii, Hiroki Sakaguchi, Influence of mechanical grinding on lithium insertion and extraction properties of iron silicide/silicon composites, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Liguo Wang, Fengyou Wang, Xiaodan Zhang, Ning Wang, Yuanjian Jiang, Qiuyan Hao, Ying Zhao, Improving efficiency of silicon heterojunction solar cells by surface texturing of silicon wafers using tetramethylammonium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Xiao-Qing Bao, Lifeng Liu, Improved photo-stability of silicon nanobelt arrays by atomic layer deposition for efficient photocatalytic hydrogen evolution, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • L. Pizzagalli, A. Charaf-Eddin, S. Brochard, Numerical simulations and modeling of the stability of noble gas atoms in interaction with vacancies in silicon, Computational Materials Science, Volume 95, December 2014
  • P. Tsakiropoulos, On the macrosegregation of silicon in niobium silicide based alloys, Intermetallics, Volume 55, December 2014
  • Nadia Chehata, Adnen Ltaief, Bouraoui Ilahi, Bassem Salem, Abdelaziz Bouazizi, Hassen Maaref, Thierry Baron, Pascal Gentile, Hybrid nanocomposites based on conducting polymer and silicon nanowires for photovoltaic application, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 156, December 2014
  • T. Koyanagi, K. Shimoda, S. Kondo, T. Hinoki, K. Ozawa, Y. Katoh, Irradiation creep of nano-powder sintered silicon carbide at low neutron fluences, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Daxi Guo, Hang Zang, Peng Zhang, Jianqi Xi, Tao Li, Li Ma, Chaohui He, Analysis of primary damage in silicon carbide under fusion and fission neutron spectra, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Bo Liang, Yanping Liu, Yunhua Xu, Silicon-based materials as high capacity anodes for next generation lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Chan Soon Kang, Seoung-Bum Son, Ji Woo Kim, Seul Cham Kim, Yong Seok Choi, Jae Young Heo, Soon-Sung Suh, Young-Ugk Kim, Yeon Yi Chu, Jong Soo Cho, Se-Hee Lee, Kyu Hwan Oh, Electrochemically induced and orientation dependent crack propagation in single crystal silicon, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014

Recent Research & Development for Zirconium

  • Fei Li, Zhuang Kang, Xiao Huang, Xin-Gang Wang, Guo-Jun Zhang, Preparation of zirconium carbide foam by direct foaming method, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 15, December 2014
  • Xian Zhang, Zhijun Dong, Qing Huang, Yanjun Li, Xu Zhang, Guanming Yuan, Xuanke Li, Preparation of zirconium diboride powders by co-pyrolysis of a zirconium-containing organic precursor and polyborazine using a solution based method, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • Wanying Geng, Ge Zhu, Yurong Shi, Yuhua Wang, Luminescent characteristics of Dy3+ doped calcium zirconium phosphate CaZr4(PO4)6 (CZP) phosphor for warm-white LEDs, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • I. Kratochvílová, R. Škoda, J. Škarohlíd, P. Ashcheulov, A. Jäger, J. Racek, A. Taylor, L. Shao, Nanosized polycrystalline diamond cladding for surface protection of zirconium nuclear fuel tubes, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • R.F.L. Lorenzi, J.E. Zorzi, C.A. Perottoni, Effect of annealing on the elastic moduli of amorphous zirconium tungstate, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 403, 1 November 2014
  • P. Suresh, J. Judith Vijaya, L. John Kennedy, Photocatalytic degradation of textile-dyeing wastewater by using a microwave combustion-synthesized zirconium oxide supported activated carbon, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Yuliya S. Dzyazko, Ludmila N. Ponomaryova, Yurii M. Volfkovich, Vladimir V. Trachevskii, Alexey V. Palchik, Ion-exchange resin modified with aggregated nanoparticles of zirconium hydrophosphate. Morphology and functional properties, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 198, 1 November 2014
  • Sangjoon Ahn, Sandeep Irukuvarghula, Sean M. McDeavitt, Thermophysical investigations of the uranium–zirconium alloy system, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • Moira Ambrosi, Sergio Santoni, Rodorico Giorgi, Emiliano Fratini, Nicola Toccafondi, Piero Baglioni, High-performance and anti-stain coating for porcelain stoneware tiles based on nanostructured zirconium compounds, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 432, 15 October 2014
  • Céline Varvenne, Olivier Mackain, Emmanuel Clouet, Vacancy clustering in zirconium: An atomic-scale study, Acta Materialia, Volume 78, 1 October 2014
  • Yueming Ren, Pingxin Liu, Xiaoli Liu, Jing Feng, Zhuangjun Fan, Tianzhu Luan, Preparation of zirconium oxy ion-imprinted particle for the selective separation of trace zirconium ion from water, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 431, 1 October 2014
  • M. Sattari, R.A. Holt, M.R. Daymond, Variant selection and transformation texture in zirconium alloy Excel, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 453, Issues 1–3, October 2014
  • Tingshun Jiang, Jinlian Cheng, Wangping Liu, Lie Fu, Xuping Zhou, Qian Zhao, Hengbo Yin, Sulfuric acid functional zirconium (or aluminum) incorporated mesoporous MCM-48 solid acid catalysts for alkylation of phenol with tert-butyl alcohol, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 218, October 2014
  • Lucimara B. Panice, Elisangela A. de Oliveira, Ricardo A.D. Molin Filho, Daniela P. de Oliveira, Angélica M. Lazarin, Elza I.S. Andreotti, Rosana L. Sernaglia, Yoshitaka Gushikem, Electrochemical properties of the hexacyanoferrate(II)–ruthenium(III) complex immobilized on silica gel surface chemically modified with zirconium(IV) oxide, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 188, October 2014
  • Lan Zhang, Shaoyu Zhu, Yong Han, Chengzhang Xiao, Wu Tang, Formation and bioactivity of HA nanorods on micro-arc oxidized zirconium, Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 43, 1 October 2014
  • Z. Amghouz, C. Ancín-Azpilicueta, K.K. Burusco, J.R. García, S.A. Khainakov, A. Luquin, R. Nieto, J.J. Garrido, Biogenic amines in wine: Individual and competitive adsorption on a modified zirconium phosphate, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 197, October 2014
  • Mario Casciola, Paula Cojocaru, Anna Donnadio, Stefano Giancola, Luca Merlo, Yannig Nedellec, Monica Pica, Surya Subianto, Zirconium phosphate reinforced short side chain perflurosulfonic acid membranes for medium temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell application, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 262, 15 September 2014
  • Abubaker Abutartour, Yunjie Jia, Lotfia El Majdoub, Qinghong Xu, A new hierarchical porous zirconium phosphate membrane and its adsorption properties, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 196, 15 September 2014
  • Luminita Ghimici, Marieta Nichifor, Flocculation performance of different cationic amphiphilic dextran derivatives in zirconium silicate suspension, Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 133, 8 September 2014
  • Hasan Gocmez, Mustafa Tuncer, Yavuz Selim Yeniceri, Low temperature synthesis and pressureless sintering of nanocrystalline zirconium diboride powders, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014