Silica doped Zirconia

ZrO2 • SiO2


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Silica doped Zirconia SI-SROX-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Silica doped Zirconia SI-SROX-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Silica doped Zirconia SI-SROX-04 Contact American Elements

Silica doped Zirconia is available in granule, powder and tablet form with an average particle size range of 1 - 3mm. Oxide compounds are not conductive to electricity. However, certain perovskite structured oxides are electronically conductive finding application in the cathode of solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen generation systems. They are compounds containing at least one oxygen anion and one metallic cation. They are typically insoluble in aqueous solutions (water) and extremely stable making them useful in ceramic structures as simple as producing clay bowls to advanced electronics and in light weight structural components in aerospace and electrochemical applications such as fuel cells in which they exhibit ionic conductivity. Metal oxide compounds are basic anhydrides and can therefore react with acids and with strong reducing agents in redox reactions. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available. . American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopeia/British Pharmacopeia) and followsapplicable ASTM testing standards.

Silicon (Si) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSilicon (atomic symbol: Si, atomic number: 14) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 3 element with an atomic weight of 28.085. Silicon Bohr MoleculeThe number of electrons in each of Silicon's shells is 2, 8, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s2 3p2. The silicon atom has a radius of 111 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 210 pm. Silicon was discovered and first isolated by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in 1823. Silicon makes up 25.7% of the earth's crust, by weight, and is the second most abundant element, exceeded only by oxygen. The metalloid is rarely found in pure crystal form and is usually produced from the iron-silicon alloy Ferrosilicon.Elemental Silicon Silica (or silicon oxide), as sand, is a principal ingredient of glass, one of the most inexpensive of materials with excellent mechanical, optical, thermal, and electrical properties. Ultra high purity silicon can be doped with boron, gallium, phosphorus, or arsenic to produce silicon for use in transistors, solar cells, rectifiers, and other solid-state devices which are used extensively in the electronics industry.The name Silicon originates from the Latin word "silex" which means flint or hard stone. For more information on silicon, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of silicon products, visit the Silicon Information Center.

Zirconium (Zr) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Zirconium (atomic symbol: Zr, atomic number: 40) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 91.224. Zirconium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Zirconium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 10, 2 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d2 5s2. The zirconium atom has a radius of 160 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in 1789 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1824. Elemental ZirconiumIn its elemental form, zirconium has a silvery white appearance that is similar to titanium. Zirconium's principal mineral is zircon (zirconium silicate). Zirconium is commercially produced as a by-product of titanium and tin mining and has many applications as a opacifier and a refractory material. It is not found in nature as a free element. The name of zirconium comes from the mineral zircon, the most important source of zirconium, and from the Persian word 'zargun' meaning gold-like. For more information on zirconium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of zirconium products, visit the Zirconium Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Silicon

  • Wei Sun, Renzong Hu, Hui Liu, Meiqin Zeng, Lichun Yang, Haihui Wang, Min Zhu, Embedding nano-silicon in graphene nanosheets by plasma assisted milling for high capacity anode materials in lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Hiroyuki Usui, Kazuma Nouno, Yuya Takemoto, Kengo Nakada, Akira Ishii, Hiroki Sakaguchi, Influence of mechanical grinding on lithium insertion and extraction properties of iron silicide/silicon composites, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Liguo Wang, Fengyou Wang, Xiaodan Zhang, Ning Wang, Yuanjian Jiang, Qiuyan Hao, Ying Zhao, Improving efficiency of silicon heterojunction solar cells by surface texturing of silicon wafers using tetramethylammonium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Xiao-Qing Bao, Lifeng Liu, Improved photo-stability of silicon nanobelt arrays by atomic layer deposition for efficient photocatalytic hydrogen evolution, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • T. Koyanagi, K. Shimoda, S. Kondo, T. Hinoki, K. Ozawa, Y. Katoh, Irradiation creep of nano-powder sintered silicon carbide at low neutron fluences, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Daxi Guo, Hang Zang, Peng Zhang, Jianqi Xi, Tao Li, Li Ma, Chaohui He, Analysis of primary damage in silicon carbide under fusion and fission neutron spectra, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Bo Liang, Yanping Liu, Yunhua Xu, Silicon-based materials as high capacity anodes for next generation lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Chan Soon Kang, Seoung-Bum Son, Ji Woo Kim, Seul Cham Kim, Yong Seok Choi, Jae Young Heo, Soon-Sung Suh, Young-Ugk Kim, Yeon Yi Chu, Jong Soo Cho, Se-Hee Lee, Kyu Hwan Oh, Electrochemically induced and orientation dependent crack propagation in single crystal silicon, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Seunghun Jang, Moonsup Han, RF power control for fabricating amorphous silicon nitride without Si-nanocrystals and its effect on defects and luminescence, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • Ryota Yanagisawa, Hisayuki Endo, Masafumi Unno, Hideyuki Morimoto, Shin-ichi Tobishima, Effects of organic silicon compounds as additives on charge–discharge cycling efficiencies of lithium in nonaqueous electrolytes for rechargeable lithium cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Vivek Raj Shrestha, Hak-Soon Lee, Yong-Geon Lee, Sang-Shin Lee, Silicon nitride waveguide router enabling directional power transmission, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • Haridas Kumarakuru, Zelalem N. Urgessa, Ezra J. Olivier, Johannes R. Botha, Andre Venter, Johannes H. Neethling, Growth of ZnS-coated ZnO nanorod arrays on (1 0 0) silicon substrate by two-step chemical synthesis, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Dong-Joo Kim, Gil-Sung Kim, No-Won Park, Won-Yong Lee, Yumin Sim, Keun-Soo Kim, Maeng-Je Seong, Jung-Hyuk Koh, Chang-Hee Hong, Sang-Kwon Lee, Effect of annealing of graphene layer on electrical transport and degradation of Au/graphene/n-type silicon Schottky diodes, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Yong Seok Choi, Matt Pharr, Chan Soon Kang, Seoung-Bum Son, Seul Cham Kim, Kee-Bum Kim, Hyunchul Roh, Se-Hee Lee, Kyu Hwan Oh, Joost J. Vlassak, Microstructural evolution induced by micro-cracking during fast lithiation of single-crystalline silicon, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Myeongjin Kim, Youngjae Yoo, Jooheon Kim, Synthesis of microsphere silicon carbide/nanoneedle manganese oxide composites and their electrochemical properties as supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Habib Hamidinezhad, Ali Akbar Ashkarran, Zulkurnain Abdul-Malek, Vertically-tapered silicon nanowire arrays prepared by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition: Synthesis, structural characterization and photoluminescence, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Wenhao Chen, Xiaomei Liu, Miao Li, Chuanqiang Yin, Lang Zhou, On the nature and removal of saw marks on diamond wire sawn multicrystalline silicon wafers, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Grzegorz Wielgoszewski, Grzegorz Józwiak, Michal Babij, Tomasz Baraniecki, Robert Geer, Teodor Gotszalk, Investigation of thermal effects in through-silicon vias using scanning thermal microscopy, Micron, Volume 66, November 2014
  • Guofang Fan, Yuan Li, Chunguang Hu, Lihua Lei, Dong Zhao, Hongyu Li, Zhen Zhen, A novel concept of acousto-optic ring frequency shifters on silicon-on-insulator technology, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Liang Cao, Abdelsalam Aboketaf, Zihao Wang, Stefan Preble, Hybrid amorphous silicon (a-Si:H)–LiNbO3 electro-optic modulator, Optics Communications, Volume 330, 1 November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Zirconium

  • Wanying Geng, Ge Zhu, Yurong Shi, Yuhua Wang, Luminescent characteristics of Dy3+ doped calcium zirconium phosphate CaZr4(PO4)6 (CZP) phosphor for warm-white LEDs, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • I. Kratochvílová, R. Škoda, J. Škarohlíd, P. Ashcheulov, A. Jäger, J. Racek, A. Taylor, L. Shao, Nanosized polycrystalline diamond cladding for surface protection of zirconium nuclear fuel tubes, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • Sangjoon Ahn, Sandeep Irukuvarghula, Sean M. McDeavitt, Thermophysical investigations of the uranium–zirconium alloy system, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • Yueming Ren, Pingxin Liu, Xiaoli Liu, Jing Feng, Zhuangjun Fan, Tianzhu Luan, Preparation of zirconium oxy ion-imprinted particle for the selective separation of trace zirconium ion from water, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 431, 1 October 2014
  • Tingshun Jiang, Jinlian Cheng, Wangping Liu, Lie Fu, Xuping Zhou, Qian Zhao, Hengbo Yin, Sulfuric acid functional zirconium (or aluminum) incorporated mesoporous MCM-48 solid acid catalysts for alkylation of phenol with tert-butyl alcohol, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 218, October 2014
  • Lucimara B. Panice, Elisangela A. de Oliveira, Ricardo A.D. Molin Filho, Daniela P. de Oliveira, Angélica M. Lazarin, Elza I.S. Andreotti, Rosana L. Sernaglia, Yoshitaka Gushikem, Electrochemical properties of the hexacyanoferrate(II)–ruthenium(III) complex immobilized on silica gel surface chemically modified with zirconium(IV) oxide, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 188, October 2014
  • Z. Amghouz, C. Ancín-Azpilicueta, K.K. Burusco, J.R. García, S.A. Khainakov, A. Luquin, R. Nieto, J.J. Garrido, Biogenic amines in wine: Individual and competitive adsorption on a modified zirconium phosphate, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 197, October 2014
  • Mario Casciola, Paula Cojocaru, Anna Donnadio, Stefano Giancola, Luca Merlo, Yannig Nedellec, Monica Pica, Surya Subianto, Zirconium phosphate reinforced short side chain perflurosulfonic acid membranes for medium temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell application, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 262, 15 September 2014
  • Abubaker Abutartour, Yunjie Jia, Lotfia El Majdoub, Qinghong Xu, A new hierarchical porous zirconium phosphate membrane and its adsorption properties, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 196, 15 September 2014
  • Hasan Gocmez, Mustafa Tuncer, Yavuz Selim Yeniceri, Low temperature synthesis and pressureless sintering of nanocrystalline zirconium diboride powders, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • W.J. Kelvin Chew, M. Amiriyan, A. Yaghoubi, S. Ramesh, J. Purbolaksono, R. Tolouei, W.D. Teng, D.K. Agrawal, Sintering properties and thermal depletion of boron in zirconia–zirconium diboride conductive ceramic, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part B, September 2014
  • Mohammed Ibrahim Jamesh, Guosong Wu, Ying Zhao, Weihong Jin, David R. McKenzie, Marcela M.M. Bilek, Paul K. Chu, Effects of zirconium and nitrogen plasma immersion ion implantation on the electrochemical corrosion behavior of Mg–Y–RE alloy in simulated body fluid and cell culture medium, Corrosion Science, Volume 86, September 2014
  • S. Mukherjee, S. Kaity, M.T. Saify, S.K. Jha, P.K. Pujari, Evidence of zirconium nano-agglomeration in as-cast dilute U–Zr alloys, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 452, Issues 1–3, September 2014
  • A. Rico, M.A. Martin-Rengel, J. Ruiz-Hervias, J. Rodriguez, F.J. Gomez-Sanchez, Nanoindentation measurements of the mechanical properties of zirconium matrix and hydrides in unirradiated pre-hydrided nuclear fuel cladding, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 452, Issues 1–3, September 2014
  • Adrien Couet, Arthur T. Motta, Benoit de Gabory, Zhonghou Cai, Microbeam X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Spectroscopy study of the oxidation of Fe and Nb in zirconium alloy oxide layers, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 452, Issues 1–3, September 2014
  • Haneul Yoo, Whangi Kim, Hyunchul Ju, A numerical comparison of hydrogen absorption behaviors of uranium and zirconium cobalt-based metal hydride beds, Solid State Ionics, Volume 262, 1 September 2014
  • Martynas Audronis, Allan Matthews, Kestutis Juškevicius, Ramutis Drazdys, Unlocking the potential of voltage control for high rate zirconium and hafnium oxide deposition by reactive magnetron sputtering, Vacuum, Volume 107, September 2014
  • G. Antou, M. Gendre, E. Laborde, A. Maître, G. Trolliard, High temperature compressive creep of spark plasma sintered zirconium (oxy-)carbide, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 612, 26 August 2014
  • Fei Li, Zhuang Kang, Xiao Huang, Guo-Jun Zhang, Fabrication of zirconium carbide nanofibers by electrospinning, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 7, Part A, August 2014
  • Cuiyan Li, Kezhi Li, Hejun Li, Yulei Zhang, Haibo Ouyang, Dongjia Yao, Lei Liu, Microstructure and ablation resistance of carbon/carbon composites with a zirconium carbide rich surface layer, Corrosion Science, Volume 85, August 2014