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Thorium Nitrate

Th(NO3)4.xH2O
CAS 13823-29-5


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(2N) 99% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-02 Request Quote
(3N) 99.9% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-03 Request Quote
(4N) 99.99% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-04 Request Quote

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Th(NO3)4·xH2O 13823-29-5 24889181 N/A MFCD03094924 237-514-1 Thorium(+4) cation tetranitrate N/A [Th+4].O=[N+]([O-])[O-].[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O InChI=1S/4NO3.Th/c4*2-1(3)4;/q4*-1;+4 VGBPIHVLVSGJGR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Exact Mass Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
N4O12Th 246.04 White g/cm3 N/A N/A 0 Safety Data Sheet

Nitrate IonThorium Nitrate is a highly water soluble crystalline Thorium source for uses compatible with nitrates and lower (acidic) pH. All metallic nitrates are inorganic salts of a given metal cation and the nitrate anion. The nitrate anion is a univalent (-1 charge) polyatomic ion composed of a single nitrogen atom ionically bound to three oxygen atoms (Formula: NO3) for a total formula weight of 62.05. Nitrate compounds are generally soluble in water. Nitrate materials are also oxidizing agents. When mixed with hydrocarbons, nitrate compounds can form a flammable mixture. Nitrates are excellent precursors for production of ultra high purity compounds and certain catalyst and nanoscale (nanoparticles and nanopowders) materials. Thorium Nitrate is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity, high purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Thorium Nitrate Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Thorium (Th) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Thorium (atomic symbol: Th, atomic number: 90) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 7 element with an atomic weight of 232.03806. The number of electrons in each of thorium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Rn] 6d2 7s2. Thorium Bohr ModelThe thorium atom has a radius of 179 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Thorium was first discovered by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1829. The name Thorium originates from the Scandinavian god Thor, the Norse god of war and thunder.Elemental Thorium In its elemental form, thorium has a silvery, sometimes black-tarnished, appearance. It is found in small amounts in most rocks and soils. Thorium is a radioactive element that is currently the best contender for replacing uranium as nuclear fuel for nuclear reactors. It provides greater safety benefits, an absence of non-fertile isotopes, and it is both more available and abundant in the Earth's crust than uranium. For more information on Thorium, including properties, satefy data, research, and American Elements' catalog of Thorium products, visit the Thorium element page.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H272-H302-H315-H319-H335-H373-H411
O,Xn,R
8-22-33-36/37/38
36/37/39-45
XO6825000
UN 1477 5.1/PG 2
3
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity Health Hazard Environment-Hazardous to the aquatic environment Flame Over Circle-Oxidizing gases and liquids  

THORIUM NITRATE SYNONYMS
Thorium nitrate hydrate, Thorium(4+) tetranitrate, Thorium(IV) nitrate

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Thorium

  • Thorium Triamidoamine Complexes: Synthesis of an Unusual Dinuclear Tuck-in–Tuck-over Thorium Metallacycle Featuring the Longest Known Thorium-Alkyl Bond. Benedict M. Gardner, William Lewis, Alexander J. Blake, and Stephen T. Liddle. Organometallics: January 26, 2015
  • Surface Reduction of Neptunium Dioxide and Uranium Mixed oxides with Plutonium and Thorium by Photocatalytic Reaction with Ice. Pelin Cakir, Rachel Eloirdi, Frank Huber, Rudy J. M. Konings, and Thomas Gouder. J. Phys. Chem. C: December 8, 2014
  • Effect of Successive Alkylation of N,N-Dialkyl Amides on the Complexation Behavior of Uranium and Thorium: Solvent Extraction, Small Angle Neutron Scattering, and Computational Studies. Parveen Kumar Verma, Priyanath N. Pathak, Neelam Kumari, Biswajit Sadhu, Mahesh Sundararajan, Vinod Kumar Aswal, and Prasanta Kumar Mohapatra. J. Phys. Chem. B: November 5, 2014
  • Uranium- and Thorium-Doped Graphene for Efficient Oxygen and Hydrogen Peroxide Reduction. Zdenk Sofer, Ond?ej Jankovský, Petr Šimek, Katerina Klímová, Anna Macková, and Martin Pumera. ACS Nano: June 30, 2014
  • Investigation of Thorium Salts As Candidate Materials for Direct Observation of the 229mTh Nuclear Transition. Jason K. Ellis, Xiao-Dong Wen, and Richard L. Martin. Inorg. Chem.: June 17, 2014
  • Unexpected Structural Complexity in Cesium Thorium Molybdates. Bin Xiao, Jakob Dellen, Hartmut Schlenz, Dirk Bosbach, Evgeny V. Suleimanov, and Evgeny V. Alekseev. Crystal Growth & Design: April 16, 2014
  • Tetrapositive Plutonium, Neptunium, Uranium, and Thorium Coordination Complexes: Chemistry Revealed by Electron Transfer and Collision Induced Dissociation. Yu Gong, Guoxin Tian, Linfeng Rao, and John K. Gibson. J. Phys. Chem. A: March 24, 2014
  • Relativistic Small-Core Pseudopotentials for Actinium, Thorium, and Protactinium. Anna Weigand, Xiaoyan Cao, Tim Hangele, and Michael Dolg. J. Phys. Chem. A: March 14, 2014
  • Introduction of Bifunctional Groups into Mesoporous Silica for Enhancing Uptake of Thorium(IV) from Aqueous Solution. Li-Yong Yuan, Zhi-Qiang Bai, Ran Zhao, Ya-Lan Liu, Zi-Jie Li, Sheng-Qi Chu, Li-Rong Zheng, Jing Zhang, Yu-Liang Zhao, Zhi-Fang Chai, and Wei-Qun Shi. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces: March 12, 2014
  • High-Temperature Phase Transitions, Spectroscopic Properties, and Dimensionality Reduction in Rubidium Thorium Molybdate Family. Bin Xiao, Thorsten M. Gesing, Philip Kegler, Giuseppe Modolo, Dirk Bosbach, Hartmut Schlenz, Evgeny V. Suleimanov, and Evgeny V. Alekseev. Inorg. Chem.: March 6, 2014

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

  • Surface-Enhanced Nitrate Photolysis on Ice. Guillaume Marcotte, Patrick Marchand, Stéphanie Pronovost, Patrick Ayotte, Carine Laffon, and Philippe Parent. J. Phys. Chem. A: February 11, 2015
  • Enhancement of Nitrite and Nitrate Electrocatalytic Reduction through the Employment of Self-Assembled Layers of Nickel- and Copper-Substituted Crown-Type Heteropolyanions. Shahzad Imar, Chiara Maccato, Calum Dickinson, Fathima Laffir, Mikhail Vagin, and Timothy McCormac. Langmuir: February 2, 2015
  • Facultative Nitrate Reduction by Electrode-Respiring Geobacter Metallireducens Biofilms as a Competitive Reaction to Electrode Reduction in a Bioelectrochemical System. Hiroyuki Kashima and John M. Regan. Environ. Sci. Technol.: January 27, 2015
  • Reactions of Rare Earth Hydrated Nitrates and oxides with Formamide: Relevant to Recycling Rare Earth Metals. Pradeep Samarasekere, Xiqu Wang, Watchareeya Kaveevivitchai, and Allan J. Jacobson. Crystal Growth & Design: January 20, 2015
  • Thermodynamic Modeling of Apparent Molal Volumes of Metal Nitrate Salts with Pitzer Model. Mouad Arrad, Mohammed Kaddami, Hannu Sippola, and Pekka Taskinen. J. Chem. Eng. Data: January 16, 2015
  • Fast Diffusion Reaction in the Composition and Morphology of Coprecipitated Carbonates and Nitrates of Copper(II), Magnesium(II), and Zinc(II). J. Michael Davidson, Khellil Sefiane, and Tiffany Wood. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.: January 14, 2015
  • Novel Approach for the Preparation of Hydroxylammonium Nitrate from the Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis of Cyclohexanone Oxime. Fangfang Zhao, Kuiyi You, Ruige Li, Shan Tan, Pingle Liu, Jian Wu, Qiuhong Ai, and He’an Luo. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.: January 6, 2015
  • Comparative Lipidomic Profiling of Two Dunaliella tertiolecta Strains with Different Growth Temperatures under Nitrate-Deficient Conditions. So-Hyun Kim, Hye Min Ahn, Sa Rang Lim, Seong-Joo Hong, Byung-Kwan Cho, Hookeun Lee, Choul-Gyun Lee, and Hyung-Kyoon Choi. J. Agric. Food Chem.: December 30, 2014
  • Independence of Nitrate and Nitrite Inhibition of Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough and Use of Nitrite as a Substrate for Growth. Hannah L. Korte, Avneesh Saini, Valentine V. Trotter, Gareth P. Butland, Adam P. Arkin, and Judy D. Wall. Environ. Sci. Technol.: December 22, 2014
  • Nitrate Concentration near the Surface of Frozen Aqueous Solutions. Harley A. Marrocco and Rebecca R. H. Michelsen. J. Phys. Chem. B: December 15, 2014