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Thorium Nitrate

Th(NO3)4.xH2O
CAS 13823-29-5


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(2N) 99% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-02 Request Quote
(3N) 99.9% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-03 Request Quote
(4N) 99.99% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-04 Request Quote

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Th(NO3)4·xH2O 13823-29-5 24889181 N/A MFCD03094924 237-514-1 Thorium(+4) cation tetranitrate N/A [Th+4].O=[N+]([O-])[O-].[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O InChI=1S/4NO3.Th/c4*2-1(3)4;/q4*-1;+4 VGBPIHVLVSGJGR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Exact Mass Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
N4O12Th 246.04 White g/cm3 N/A N/A 0 Safety Data Sheet

Nitrate IonThorium Nitrate is a highly water soluble crystalline Thorium source for uses compatible with nitrates and lower (acidic) pH. All metallic nitrates are inorganic salts of a given metal cation and the nitrate anion. The nitrate anion is a univalent (-1 charge) polyatomic ion composed of a single nitrogen atom ionically bound to three oxygen atoms (Formula: NO3) for a total formula weight of 62.05. Nitrate compounds are generally soluble in water. Nitrate materials are also oxidizing agents. When mixed with hydrocarbons, nitrate compounds can form a flammable mixture. Nitrates are excellent precursors for production of ultra high purity compounds and certain catalyst and nanoscale (nanoparticles and nanopowders) materials. Thorium Nitrate is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity, high purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Thorium Nitrate Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Thorium (Th) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Thorium (atomic symbol: Th, atomic number: 90) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 7 element with an atomic weight of 232.03806. The number of electrons in each of thorium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Rn] 6d2 7s2. Thorium Bohr ModelThe thorium atom has a radius of 179 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Thorium was first discovered by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1829. The name Thorium originates from the Scandinavian god Thor, the Norse god of war and thunder.Elemental Thorium In its elemental form, thorium has a silvery, sometimes black-tarnished, appearance. It is found in small amounts in most rocks and soils. Thorium is a radioactive element that is currently the best contender for replacing uranium as nuclear fuel for nuclear reactors. It provides greater safety benefits, an absence of non-fertile isotopes, and it is both more available and abundant in the Earth's crust than uranium. For more information on Thorium, including properties, satefy data, research, and American Elements' catalog of Thorium products, visit the Thorium element page.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H272-H302-H315-H319-H335-H373-H411
O,Xn,R
8-22-33-36/37/38
36/37/39-45
XO6825000
UN 1477 5.1/PG 2
3
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity Health Hazard Environment-Hazardous to the aquatic environment Flame Over Circle-Oxidizing gases and liquids  

THORIUM NITRATE SYNONYMS
Thorium nitrate hydrate, Thorium(4+) tetranitrate, Thorium(IV) nitrate

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Thorium

  • A rare tetranuclear thorium(IV) μ4 -oxo cluster and dinuclear thorium(IV) complex assembled by carbon-oxygen bond activation of 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME).. Travia NE, Scott BL, Kiplinger JL.. Chemistry. 2014 Dec 15
  • Production of medical isotopes from a thorium target irradiated by light charged particles up to 70 MeV.. Duchemin C, Guertin A, Haddad F, Michel N, Métivier V.. Phys Med Biol. 2015 Feb 7
  • Gas Phase Properties of MX2 and MX4 (X = F, Cl) for M = Group 4, Group 14, Cerium, and Thorium.. Thanthiriwatte KS, Vasiliu M, Battey SR, Lu Q, Peterson KA, Andrews L, Dixon DA.. J Phys Chem A. 2015 May 18.
  • Environmental consequences of uranium atmospheric releases from fuel cycle facility: II. The atmospheric deposition of uranium and thorium on plants.. Pourcelot L, Masson O, Renaud P, Cagnat X, Boulet B, Cariou N, De Vismes-Ott A.. J Environ Radioact. 2015 Mar
  • Distribution of uranium, thorium and some stable trace and toxic elements in human hair and nails in Niška Banja Town, a high natural background radiation area of Serbia (Balkan Region, South-East Europe).. Sahoo SK, Žunić ZS, Kritsananuwat R, Zagrodzki P, Bossew P, Veselinovic N, Mishra S, Yonehara H, Tokonami S.. J Environ Radioact. 2015 Jul
  • Adsorption of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) by insolubilized humic acid from Ajloun soil - Jordan.. Khalili F, Al-Banna G.. J Environ Radioact. 2015 Apr 15
  • Application of ion exchange and extraction chromatography to the separation of actinium from proton-irradiated thorium metal for analytical purposes.. Radchenko V, Engle JW, Wilson JJ, Maassen JR, Nortier FM, Taylor WA, Birnbaum ER, Hudston LA, John KD, Fassbender ME.. J Chromatogr A. 2015 Feb 6
  • A non-symmetric pillar[5]arene based on triazole-linked 8-oxyquinolines as a sequential sensor for thorium(iv) followed by fluoride ions.. Fang Y, Li C, Wu L, Bai B, Li X, Jia Y, Feng W, Yuan L.. Dalton Trans. 2015 Feb 17.
  • The influence of different hydroponic conditions on thorium uptake by Brassica juncea var. foliosa.. Wang D, Zhou S, Liu L, Du L, Wang J, Huang Z, Ma L, Ding S, Zhang D, Wang R, Jin Y, Xia C.. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2015 May
  • Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies on sorption of uranium and thorium from aqueous solutions by a selective impregnated resin containing carminic acid.. Rahmani-Sani A, Hosseini-Bandegharaei A, Hosseini SH, Kharghani K, Zarei H, Rastegar A.. J Hazard Mater. 2015 Apr 9
  • Hepatic angiosarcoma occurring 65 years after thorium dioxide (Thorotrast) exposure: imaging, surgical and histo- pathologic findings of a historical case.. Coulier B, Pierard F, Gielen I, Maldague P.. JBR-BTR. 2014 Jul-Aug

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

  • Nitrate denitrification with nitrite or nitrous oxide as intermediate products: Stoichiometry, kinetics and dynamics of stable isotope signatures.. Vavilin VA, Rytov SV.. Chemosphere. 2015 May 15
  • Estimation and mitigation of N2O emission and nitrate leaching from intensive crop cultivation in the Haean catchment, South Korea.. Kim Y, Seo Y, Kraus D, Klatt S, Haas E, Tenhunen J, Kiese R.. Sci Total Environ. 2015 May 22
  • Phylogenomics of Mycobacterium Nitrate Reductase Operon.. Huang Q, Abdalla AE, Xie J.. Curr Microbiol. 2015 May 17.
  • Prolixibacter denitrificans sp. nov., an iron-corroding facultative aerobic nitrate-reducing bacterium isolated from crude oil, and emended descriptions of the genus Prolixibacter and Prolixibacter bellariivorans.. Iino T, Sakamoto M, Ohkuma M.. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2015 May 19.
  • Preparation and Release Behavior of Chlorpyrifos Adsolubilized into Layered Zinc Hydroxide Nitrate Intercalated with Dodecylbenzenesulfonate.. Liu J, Zhang X, Zhang Y.. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 May 22.
  • Can elite athletes benefit from dietary nitrate supplementation?. Jonvik KL, Nyakayiru J, van Loon LJ, Verdijk LB.. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 May 21:jap.00232.2015.
  • A metabolomic study on the responses of daphnia magna exposed to silver nitrate and coated silver nanoparticles.. Li L, Wu H, Ji C, van Gestel CA, Allen HE, Peijnenburg WJ.. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2015 May 12
  • Preparation of Nd-Fe-B by nitrate-citrate auto-combustion followed by the reduction-diffusion process. Ma HX, Kim CW, Kim DS, Jeong JH, Kim IH, Kang YS. Nanoscale. 2015 Apr 13. : Nanoscale
  • Effects of lead nitrate and sodium selenite on DNA damage and oxidative stress in diabetic and non-diabetic rat erythrocytes and leucocytes. Baş H, Kalender Y, Pandir D, Kalender S. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2015 Mar 27: Environ Toxicol Pharmacol
  • Nephrotoxic effects of lead nitrate exposure in diabetic and nondiabetic rats: Involvement of oxidative stress and the protective role of sodium selenite. Ba? H, Kalender Y. Environ Toxicol. 2015 Mar 2.