Thorium Nitrate

Th(NO3)4.xH2O
CAS 13823-29-5


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-04 Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Th(NO3)4·xH2O 13823-29-5 24889181 N/A MFCD03094924 237-514-1 Thorium(+4) cation tetranitrate N/A [Th+4].O=[N+]([O-])[O-].[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O InChI=1S/4NO3.Th/c4*2-1(3)4;/q4*-1;+4 VGBPIHVLVSGJGR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
N4O12Th 246.04 White g/cm3 N/A N/A 0 Safety Data Sheet

Nitrate IonThorium Nitrate is a highly water soluble crystalline Thorium source for uses compatible with nitrates and lower (acidic) pH. All metallic nitrates are inorganic salts of a given metal cation and the nitrate anion. The nitrate anion is a univalent (-1 charge) polyatomic ion composed of a single nitrogen atom ionically bound to three oxygen atoms (Formula: NO3) for a total formula weight of 62.05. Nitrate compounds are generally soluble in water. Nitrate materials are also oxidizing agents. When mixed with hydrocarbons, nitrate compounds can form a flammable mixture. Nitrates are excellent precursors for production of ultra high purity compounds and certain catalyst and nanoscale (nanoparticles and nanopowders) materials. Thorium Nitrate is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity, high purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Thorium Nitrate Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Thorium (Th) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Thorium (atomic symbol: Th, atomic number: 90) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 7 element with an atomic weight of 232.03806. The number of electrons in each of thorium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Rn] 6d2 7s2. Thorium Bohr ModelThe thorium atom has a radius of 179 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Thorium was first discovered by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1829. The name Thorium originates from the Scandinavian god Thor, the Norse god of war and thunder.Elemental Thorium In its elemental form, thorium has a silvery, sometimes black-tarnished, appearance. It is found in small amounts in most rocks and soils. Thorium is a radioactive element that is currently the best contender for replacing uranium as nuclear fuel for nuclear reactors. It provides greater safety benefits, an absence of non-fertile isotopes, and it is both more available and abundant in the Earth's crust than uranium. For more information on Thorium, including properties, satefy data, research, and American Elements' catalog of Thorium products, visit the Thorium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H272-H302-H315-H319-H335-H373-H411
O,Xn,R
8-22-33-36/37/38
36/37/39-45
XO6825000
UN 1477 5.1/PG 2
3
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity Health Hazard Environment-Hazardous to the aquatic environment Flame Over Circle-Oxidizing gases and liquids  

THORIUM NITRATE SYNONYMS
Thorium nitrate hydrate, Thorium(4+) tetranitrate, Thorium(IV) nitrate

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Thorium

    • Ankita Rao, Pradeep Kumar, B.S. Tomar, Supercritical fluid extraction of uranium and thorium employing dialkyl amides, Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 134, 25 September 2014
    • Zongmeng Liao, Ping Huai, Wujie Qiu, Xuezhi Ke, Wenqing Zhang, Zhiyuan Zhu, Lattice dynamics and lattice thermal conductivity of thorium dicarbide, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Available online 12 August 2014
    • Marisa J. Monreal, Robert K. Thomson, Brian L. Scott, Jaqueline L. Kiplinger, Enhancing the synthetic efficacy of thorium tetrachloride bis(1,2-dimethoxyethane) with added 1,2-dimethoxyethane: Preparation of metallocene thorium dichlorides, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 46, August 2014
    • D. Pérez Daroca, S. Jaroszewicz, A.M. Llois, H.O. Mosca, First-principles study of point defects in thorium carbide, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Available online 30 July 2014
    • Deepak Rawat, Smruti Dash, A.R. Joshi, Thermodynamic studies of thorium phosphate diphosphate and phase investigations of Th-P-O and Th-P-H2O systems, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 581, 10 April 2014
    • M.G. Brik, First-principles studies of the structural, electronic, and optical properties of a novel thorium compound Rb2Th7Se15, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 212, April 2014
    • Moshiel Biton, Assaf Shamir, Michael Shandalov, Neta Arad-Vosk, Amir Sa'ar, Eyal Yahel, Yuval Golan, Chemical deposition and characterization of thorium-alloyed lead sulfide thin films, Thin Solid Films, Volume 556, 1 April 2014
    • Clément Falaise, Christophe Volkringer, Thierry Loiseau, Isolation of thorium benzoate polytypes with discrete ThO8 square antiprismatic units involved in chain-like assemblies, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 39, January 2014
    • Yingjie Zhang, Mohan Bhadbhade, Jiabin Gao, Inna Karatchevtseva, Jason R. Price, Gregory R. Lumpkin, Synthesis and crystal structures of uranium (VI) and thorium (IV) complexes with picolinamide and malonamide, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 37, November 2013
    • A.N. Turanov, V.K. Karandashev, V.M. Masalov, A.A. Zhokhov, G.A. Emelchenko, Adsorption of lanthanides(III), uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) from nitric acid solutions by carbon inverse opals modified with tetraphenylmethylenediphospine dioxide, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 405, 1 September 2013
    • K.O. Obodo, N. Chetty, A theoretical study of thorium titanium-based alloys, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 440, Issues 1–3, September 2013
    • Meera Keskar, S.K. Sali, N.D. Dahale, K. Krishnan, N.K. Kulkarni, R. Phatak, S. Kannan, Thermal stability and expansion studies of cesium molybdates and cesium thorium molybdates, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 438, Issues 1–3, July 2013
    • D. Pérez Daroca, S. Jaroszewicz, A.M. Llois, H.O. Mosca, Phonon spectrum, mechanical and thermophysical properties of thorium carbide, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 437, Issues 1–3, June 2013
    • Wenshan Ren, Ning Zhao, Liang Chen, Guofu Zi, Synthesis, structure, and catalytic activity of benzyl thorium metallocenes, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 30, April 2013
    • C.S. Kedari, S.S. Pandit, P.M. Gandhi, Separation by competitive transport of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) nitrates across supported renewable liquid membrane containing trioctylphosphine oxide as metal carrier, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 430, 1 March 2013
    • Recep Akkaya, Birnur Akkaya, Adsorption isotherms, kinetics, thermodynamics and desorption studies for uranium and thorium ions from aqueous solution by novel microporous composite P(HEMA-EP), Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 434, Issues 1–3, March 2013
    • S. Yagoubi, S. Heathman, A. Svane, G. Vaitheeswaran, P. Heines, J.-C. Griveau, T. Le Bihan, M. Idiri, F. Wastin, R. Caciuffo, High pressure studies on uranium and thorium silicide compounds: Experiment and theory, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 546, 5 January 2013
    • Zuokang Lin, Jingen Chen, Wei Guo, Zhimin Dai, The Conceptual Design of Electron-accelerator-driven Subcritical Thorium Molten Salt System, Energy Procedia, Volume 39, 2013
    • Hal Hodson, India's thorium dream remains elusive, New Scientist, Volume 216, Issue 2890, 10 November 2012
    • Yanling LI, Youcai LU, Yan BAI, Wuping LIAO, Extraction and separation of thorium and rare earths with 5,11,17,23-tetra (diethoxyphosphoryl)-25,26,27,28-tetraacetoxycalix[4]arene, Journal of Rare Earths, Volume 30, Issue 11, November 2012

    Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

    • Teresa S. Ortner, Klaus Wurst, Lukas Perfler, Martina Tribus, Hubert Huppertz, Hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of the first mixed alkali borate-nitrate K3Na[B6O9(OH)3]NO3, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 221, January 2015
    • A.G. Fernández, S. Ushak, H. Galleguillos, F.J. Pérez, Thermal characterisation of an innovative quaternary molten nitrate mixture for energy storage in CSP plants, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 132, January 2015
    • Ying Wang, Jia Yang, Wenliang Gao, Rihong Cong, Tao Yang, Organic-free hydrothermal synthesis of chalcopyrite CuInS2 and its photocatalytic activity for nitrate ions reduction, Materials Letters, Volume 137, 15 December 2014
    • L. Liu, J.P. Cheng, J. Zhang, F. Liu, X.B. Zhang, Effects of dodecyl sulfate and nitrate anions on the supercapacitive properties of α-Co(OH)2, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
    • Baogang Zhang, Ye Liu, Shuang Tong, Maosheng Zheng, Yinxin Zhao, Caixing Tian, Hengyuan Liu, Chuanping Feng, Enhancement of bacterial denitrification for nitrate removal in groundwater with electrical stimulation from microbial fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
    • Jinghuan Luo, Guangyu Song, Jianyong Liu, Guangren Qian, Zhi Ping Xu, Mechanism of enhanced nitrate reduction via micro-electrolysis at the powdered zero-valent iron/activated carbon interface, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 435, 1 December 2014
    • Dajana Japić, Marko Bitenc, Marjan Marinšek, Zorica Crnjak Orel, The impact of nano-milling on porous ZnO prepared from layered zinc hydroxide nitrate and zinc hydroxide carbonate, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 60, December 2014
    • Xu Wang, Dahai Pan, Qian Xu, Min He, Shuwei Chen, Feng Yu, Ruifeng Li, Synthesis of ordered mesoporous alumina with high thermal stability using aluminum nitrate as precursor, Materials Letters, Volume 135, 15 November 2014
    • Javad Baneshi, Mohammad Haghighi, Naeimeh Jodeiri, Mozaffar Abdollahifar, Hossein Ajamein, Urea–nitrate combustion synthesis of ZrO2 and CeO2 doped CuO/Al2O3 nanocatalyst used in steam reforming of biomethanol for hydrogen production, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
    • Ian Y.Y. Bu, Sol–gel production of aluminium doped zinc oxide using aluminium nitrate, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014