Thorium Nitrate

Th(NO3)4.xH2O
CAS 13823-29-5


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Thorium Nitrate TH-NAT-04 Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Th(NO3)4·xH2O 13823-29-5 24889181 N/A MFCD03094924 237-514-1 Thorium(+4) cation tetranitrate N/A [Th+4].O=[N+]([O-])[O-].[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O InChI=1S/4NO3.Th/c4*2-1(3)4;/q4*-1;+4 VGBPIHVLVSGJGR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
N4O12Th 246.04 White g/cm3 N/A N/A 0 Safety Data Sheet

Nitrate IonThorium Nitrate is a highly water soluble crystalline Thorium source for uses compatible with nitrates and lower (acidic) pH. All metallic nitrates are inorganic salts of a given metal cation and the nitrate anion. The nitrate anion is a univalent (-1 charge) polyatomic ion composed of a single nitrogen atom ionically bound to three oxygen atoms (Formula: NO3) for a total formula weight of 62.05. Nitrate compounds are generally soluble in water. Nitrate materials are also oxidizing agents. When mixed with hydrocarbons, nitrate compounds can form a flammable mixture. Nitrates are excellent precursors for production of ultra high purity compounds and certain catalyst and nanoscale (nanoparticles and nanopowders) materials. Thorium Nitrate is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity, high purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Thorium Nitrate Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Thorium (Th) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Thorium (atomic symbol: Th, atomic number: 90) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 7 element with an atomic weight of 232.03806. The number of electrons in each of thorium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Rn] 6d2 7s2. Thorium Bohr ModelThe thorium atom has a radius of 179 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Thorium was first discovered by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1829. The name Thorium originates from the Scandinavian god Thor, the Norse god of war and thunder.Elemental Thorium In its elemental form, thorium has a silvery, sometimes black-tarnished, appearance. It is found in small amounts in most rocks and soils. Thorium is a radioactive element that is currently the best contender for replacing uranium as nuclear fuel for nuclear reactors. It provides greater safety benefits, an absence of non-fertile isotopes, and it is both more available and abundant in the Earth's crust than uranium. For more information on Thorium, including properties, satefy data, research, and American Elements' catalog of Thorium products, visit the Thorium Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H272-H302-H315-H319-H335-H373-H411
O,Xn,R
8-22-33-36/37/38
36/37/39-45
XO6825000
UN 1477 5.1/PG 2
3
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity Health Hazard Environment-Hazardous to the aquatic environment Flame Over Circle-Oxidizing gases and liquids  

THORIUM NITRATE SYNONYMS
Thorium nitrate hydrate, Thorium(4+) tetranitrate, Thorium(IV) nitrate

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Thorium

  • Marisa J. Monreal, Robert K. Thomson, Brian L. Scott, Jaqueline L. Kiplinger, Enhancing the synthetic efficacy of thorium tetrachloride bis(1,2-dimethoxyethane) with added 1,2-dimethoxyethane: Preparation of metallocene thorium dichlorides, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 46, August 2014
  • Deepak Rawat, Smruti Dash, A.R. Joshi, Thermodynamic studies of thorium phosphate diphosphate and phase investigations of Th-P-O and Th-P-H2O systems, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 581, 10 April 2014
  • M.G. Brik, First-principles studies of the structural, electronic, and optical properties of a novel thorium compound Rb2Th7Se15, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 212, April 2014
  • Moshiel Biton, Assaf Shamir, Michael Shandalov, Neta Arad-Vosk, Amir Sa'ar, Eyal Yahel, Yuval Golan, Chemical deposition and characterization of thorium-alloyed lead sulfide thin films, Thin Solid Films, Volume 556, 1 April 2014
  • Clément Falaise, Christophe Volkringer, Thierry Loiseau, Isolation of thorium benzoate polytypes with discrete ThO8 square antiprismatic units involved in chain-like assemblies, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 39, January 2014
  • Yingjie Zhang, Mohan Bhadbhade, Jiabin Gao, Inna Karatchevtseva, Jason R. Price, Gregory R. Lumpkin, Synthesis and crystal structures of uranium (VI) and thorium (IV) complexes with picolinamide and malonamide, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 37, November 2013
  • A.N. Turanov, V.K. Karandashev, V.M. Masalov, A.A. Zhokhov, G.A. Emelchenko, Adsorption of lanthanides(III), uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) from nitric acid solutions by carbon inverse opals modified with tetraphenylmethylenediphospine dioxide, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 405, 1 September 2013
  • K.O. Obodo, N. Chetty, A theoretical study of thorium titanium-based alloys, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 440, Issues 1–3, September 2013
  • Meera Keskar, S.K. Sali, N.D. Dahale, K. Krishnan, N.K. Kulkarni, R. Phatak, S. Kannan, Thermal stability and expansion studies of cesium molybdates and cesium thorium molybdates, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 438, Issues 1–3, July 2013
  • D. Pérez Daroca, S. Jaroszewicz, A.M. Llois, H.O. Mosca, Phonon spectrum, mechanical and thermophysical properties of thorium carbide, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 437, Issues 1–3, June 2013

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

  • Baogang Zhang, Ye Liu, Shuang Tong, Maosheng Zheng, Yinxin Zhao, Caixing Tian, Hengyuan Liu, Chuanping Feng, Enhancement of bacterial denitrification for nitrate removal in groundwater with electrical stimulation from microbial fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ian Y.Y. Bu, Sol–gel production of aluminium doped zinc oxide using aluminium nitrate, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • N. Sivakumar, V. Jaisankar, G. Chakkaravarthi, G. Anbalagan, Synthesis, crystal structure, optical, thermal and mechanical characterization of poly bis(thiourea) silver(I) nitrate single crystals synthesized at room temperature, Materials Letters, Volume 132, 1 October 2014
  • Raka Mukherjee, Sirshendu De, Adsorptive removal of nitrate from aqueous solution by polyacrylonitrile–alumina nanoparticle mixed matrix hollow-fiber membrane, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 466, 15 September 2014
  • Mircea Niculescu, Ionuţ Ledeţi, Mihail Bîrzescu, New methods to obtain carboxylic acids by oxidation reactions of 1,2-ethanediol with metallic nitrates, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 767, 15 September 2014
  • Bikshandarkoil R. Srinivasan, Comments on the paper: ‘Studies on structural, thermal and optical properties of novel NLO crystal bis l-glutamine sodium nitrate’, Materials Letters, Volume 131, 15 September 2014
  • Redrothu Hanumantharao, S. Kalainathan, Reply to “Comments on the paper: Studies on structural, thermal and optical properties of novel NLO crystal bis l-glutamine sodium nitrate”, Materials Letters, Volume 131, 15 September 2014
  • N. Hosseini, F. Karimzadeh, M.H. Abbasi, G.M. Choi, Microstructural characterization and electrical conductivity of CuxMn3−xO4 (0.9≤x≤1.3) spinels produced by optimized glycine–nitrate combustion and mechanical milling processes, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • J.L. Camas-Anzueto, A.E. Aguilar-Castillejos, J.H. Castañón-González, M.C. Lujpán-Hidalgo, H.R. Hernández de León, R. Mota Grajales, Fiber sensor based on Lophine sensitive layer for nitrate detection in drinking water, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Volume 60, September 2014
  • Lina Shi, Jianhua Du, Zuliang Chen, Mallavarapu Megharaj, Ravendra Naidu, Functional kaolinite supported Fe/Ni nanoparticles for simultaneous catalytic remediation of mixed contaminants (lead and nitrate) from wastewater, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 428, 15 August 2014