Thorium Oxide Sputtering Target
|Product||Product Code||Order or Specifications|
|(3N) 99.9% Thorium Oxide Sputtering Target||TH-OX-03-ST|
|(4N) 99.99% Thorium Oxide Sputtering Target||TH-OX-04-ST|
|Formula||CAS No.||PubChem SID||PubChem CID||MDL No.||EC No||IUPAC Name||Beilstein
|ThO2||1314-20-1||N/A||169899||N/A||253-453-3||Oxygen(-2)anion; thorium(=4) cation||N/A||O=[Th]=O||InChI=1S/2O.Th||ZCUFMDLYAMJYST-UHFFFAOYSA-N|
|PROPERTIES||Compound Formula||Mol. Wt.||Appearance||Melting Point||Boiling Point||Density||Monoisotopic Mass||Charge||MSDS|
|O2Th||264.028 g/mol||white solid||3,390° C
|10 g/cm3||264.028 g/mol||264.027879 Da||0||Safety Data Sheet|
American Elements specializes in producing high purity Thorium Oxide Sputtering Targets with the highest possible density and smallest possible average grain sizes for use in semiconductor, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) display and optical applications. Our standard Sputtering Targets for thin film are available monoblock or bonded with dimensions and configurations up to 820 mm with hole drill locations and threading, beveling, grooves and backing designed to work with both older sputtering devises as well as the latest process equipment, such as large area coating for solar energy or fuel cells and flip-chip applications. Research sized targets are also produced as well as custom sizes and alloys. All targets are analyzed using best demonstrated techniques including X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), Glow Discharge Mass Spectrometry (GDMS), and Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP). "Sputtering" allows for thin film deposition of an ultra high purity sputtering metallic or oxide material onto another solid substrate by the controlled removal and conversion of the target material into a directed gaseous/plasma phase through ionic bombardment. We can also provide targets outside this range in addition to just about any size rectangular, annular, or oval target. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We also produce Thorium Oxide as rods, powder and plates. Oxide compounds are not conductive to electricity. However, certain perovskite structured oxides are electronically conductive finding application in the cathode of solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen generation systems. Other shapes are available by request.
Thorium (atomic symbol: Th, atomic number: 90) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 7 element with an atomic weight of 232.03806. The number of electrons in each of thorium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Rn] 6d2 7s2. The thorium atom has a radius of 179 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Thorium was first discovered by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1829. The name Thorium originates from the Scandinavian god Thor, the Norse god of war and thunder. In its elemental form, thorium has a silvery, sometimes black-tarnished, appearance. It is found in small amounts in most rocks and soils. Thorium is a radioactive element that is currently the best contender for replacing uranium as nuclear fuel for nuclear reactors. It provides greater safety benefits, an absence of non-fertile isotopes, and it is both more available and abundant in the Earth's crust than uranium. For more information on Thorium, including properties, satefy data, research, and American Elements' catalog of Thorium products, visit the Thorium Information Center.
|HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION|
|Material Safety Data Sheet||MSDS|
|Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
|THORIUM OXIDE SYNONYMS|
|Dioxothorium, Thorium(IV) oxide, Thorianite, Thorium anhydride, Thorotrast Umbrathor|
CUSTOMERS FOR THORIUM OXIDE SPUTTERING TARGETS HAVE ALSO LOOKED AT
|Thorium Sheet||Thorium Nitrate||Thorium Oxide Nanopowder||Thorium Acetate||Thorium Pellets|
|Thorium Oxide Pellets||Thorium Wire||Thorium Carbide||Thorium Metal||Thorium 2 - Ethylhexanoate|
|Thorium Sputtering Target||Thorium Chloride||Thorium Sulfate||Thorium Foil||Thorium Oxide|
|Show Me MORE Forms of Thorium|
PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
|Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.|
Recent Research & Development for Thorium
- On the structure of thorium and americium adenosine triphosphate complexes. Mostapha S, Fontaine-Vive F, Berthon L, Boubals N, Zorz N, Solari PL, Charbonnel MC, Den Auwer C. Int J Radiat Biol. 2014.
- The permanent electric dipole moment of thorium sulfide, ThS. Le A, Heaven MC, Steimle TC. J Chem Phys. 2014 Jan.
- Photochemical route to actinide-transition metal bonds: synthesis, characterization and reactivity of a series of thorium and uranium heterobimetallic complexes. Ward AL, Lukens WW, Lu CC, Arnold J. J Am Chem Soc. 2014.
- Thorium induced cytoproliferative effect in human liver cell HepG2: Role of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor and downstream signaling. Ali M, Kumar A, Pandey BN. Chem Biol Interact. 2014.
- The role of chemical interactions between thorium, cerium, and lanthanum in lymphocyte toxicity. Oliveira MS, Duarte IM, Paiva AV, Yunes SN, Almeida CE, Mattos RC, Sarcinelli PN. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2014.
- Thorium and Uranium Carbide Cluster Cations in the Gas Phase: Similarities and Differences between Thorium and Uranium. Pereira CC, Maurice R, Lucena AF, Hu S, Gonçalves AP, Marçalo J, Gibson JK, Andrews L, Gagliardi L. Inorg Chem. 2013 create date:2013/09/21 | first author:Pereira CC
- Synthesis and Characterization of Thorium(IV) and Uranium(IV) Corrole Complexes. Ward AL, Buckley HL, Lukens WW, Arnold J. J Am Chem Soc. 2013 create date:2013/09/06 | first author:Ward AL
- Systematic Investigation of Thorium(IV)- and Uranium(IV)-Ligand Bonding in Dithiophosphonate, Thioselenophosphinate, and Diselenophosphonate Complexes. Behrle AC, Barnes CL, Kaltsoyannis N, Walensky JR. Inorg Chem. 2013 create date:2013/08/31 | first author:Behrle AC
- Comparison of the Reactivity of 2-Li-C(6) H(4) CH(2) NMe(2) with MCl(4) (M=Th, U): Isolation of a Thorium Aryl Complex or a Uranium Benzyne Complex. Seaman LA, Pedrick EA, Tsuchiya T, Wu G, Jakubikova E, Hayton TW. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2013 create date:2013/08/15 | first author:Seaman LA
- Ethyl thiosemicarbazide intercalated organophilic calcined hydrotalcite as a potential sorbent for the removal of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) ions from aqueous solutions. Anirudhan TS, Jalajamony S. J Environ Sci (China). 2013 create date:2013/08/09 | first author:Anirudhan TS
- Current commentary: thorium-based nuclear power. Rhodes CJ. Sci Prog. 2013 create date:2013/08/02 | first author:Rhodes CJ
- Thorium fluorides ThF, ThF2, ThF3, ThF4, ThF3(F2), and ThF5- characterized by infrared spectra in solid argon and electronic structure and vibrational frequency calculations. Andrews L, Thanthiriwatte KS, Wang X, Dixon DA. Inorg Chem. 2013 create date:2013/06/29 | first author:Andrews L
- An Insight into Third-Phase Formation during the Extraction of Thorium Nitrate: Evidence for Aggregate Formation from Small-Angle Neutron Scattering and Validation by Computational Studies. Verma PK, Pathak PN, Mohapatra PK, Aswal VK, Sadhu B, Sundararajan M. J Phys Chem B. 2013 create date:2013/07/31 | first author:Verma PK
- Adsorption of lanthanides(III), uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) from nitric acid solutions by carbon inverse opals modified with tetraphenylmethylenediphospine dioxide. Turanov AN, Karandashev VK, Masalov VM, Zhokhov AA, Emelchenko GA. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013 create date:2013/06/22 | first author:Turanov AN
- Use of pectin-thorium (IV) tungstomolybdate nanocomposite for photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue. Gupta VK, Agarwal S, Pathania D, Kothiyal NC, Sharma G. Carbohydr Polym. 2013 create date:2013/05/22 | first author:Gupta VK
- Thermodynamics of tetravalent thorium and uranium complexes from first-principles calculations. Johnson DF, Bhaskaran-Nair K, Bylaska EJ, de Jong WA. J Phys Chem A. 2013 create date:2013/05/17 | first author:Johnson DF
- A tetrapositive metal ion in the gas phase: thorium(IV) coordinated by neutral tridentate ligands. Gong Y, Hu HS, Tian G, Rao L, Li J, Gibson JK. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2013 create date:2013/05/08 | first author:Gong Y
- Comparisons of plutonium, thorium, and cerium tellurite sulfates. Lin J, Cross JN, Diwu J, Meredith NA, Albrecht-Schmitt TE. Inorg Chem. 2013 create date:2013/03/27 | first author:Lin J
- Anomalous bulk compression behaviour in a hyperstoichiometric uranium-dioxide-thorium-dioxide solid solution. Tschauner O, Ma C, Grubor-Urosevic O, Chen YJ. J Phys Condens Matter. 2013 create date:2013/03/19 | first author:Tschauner O
- Uranium and thorium adsorption from aqueous solution using a novel polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate-pumice composite. Akkaya R. J Environ Radioact. 2013 create date:2013/02/19 | first author:Akkaya R