Titanium Palladium Alloy

Ti-Pd


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
Ti-95% Pd-05%

TI-PD-01-P.05PD

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Titanium Palladium is one of numerous metal alloys sold by American Elements under the tradename AE Alloys™. Generally immediately available in most volumes, AE Alloys™ are available as bar, Ingot, ribbon, wire, shot, sheet, and foil. Ultra high purity and high purity forms also include metal powder, submicron powder and nanoscale, targets for thin film deposition, and pellets for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Primary applications include bearing assembly, ballast, casting, step soldering, and radiation shielding.

Titanium (Ti) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolTitanium (atomic symbol: Ti, atomic number: 22) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 47.867. The number of electrons in each of Titanium's shells is [2, 8, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d2 4s2. Titanium Bohr ModelThe titanium atom has a radius of 147 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 187 pm. Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in 1791 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1825. n its elemental form, titanium has a silvery grey-white metallic appearance. Titanium's properties are chemically and physically similar to zirconium, both of which have the same number of valence electrons and are in the same group in the periodic table.Elemental Titanium Titanium has five naturally occurring isotopes: 46Ti through 50Ti, with 48Ti being the most abundant (73.8%). Titanium is found in igneous rocks and the sediments derived from them. It is named after the word Titanos, which is Greek for Titans. For more information on titanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of titanium products, visit the Titanium Information Center.

Palladium Bohr ModelPalladium (Pd) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolPalladium (atomic symbol: Pd, atomic number: 46) is a Block D, Group 10, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 106.42. The number of electrons in each of palladium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10. The palladium atom has a radius of 137 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 202 pm. In its elemental form, palladium has a silvery white appearance. Palladium is a member of the platinum group of metals (along with platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium).Elemental Palladium Palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of the group. Palladium can be found as a free metal and alloyed with other platinum-group metals. Nickel-copper deposits are the main commercial source of palladium. Palladium was discovered and first isolated by William Hyde Wollaston in 1803. Its name is derived from the asteroid Pallas. For more information on palladium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of palladium products, visit the Palladium Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Titanium

  • Giable George, The structural and optical studies of titanium doped rare earth pigments and coloring applications, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 112, January 2015
  • Li Zhang, Yu-ping Feng, Qing Nan, Rong-xian Ke, Qing-lei Wan, Zhe Wang, Effects of titanium-based raw materials on electrochemical behavior of Ti(C,N)-based cermets, International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, Volume 48, January 2015
  • G.J. Li, J. Li, X. Luo, Effects of post-heat treatment on microstructure and properties of laser cladded composite coatings on titanium alloy substrate, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 65, January 2015
  • Xiaoxin Ye, Xiaopei Li, Guolin Song, Guoyi Tang, Effect of recovering damage and improving microstructure in the titanium alloy strip under high-energy electropulses, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Wei-Sheng Liu, Shen-Yu Wu, Chao-Yu Hung, Ching-Hsuan Tseng, Yu-Lin Chang, Improving the optoelectronic properties of gallium ZnO transparent conductive thin films through titanium doping, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Yanyan Zhu, Xiangjun Tian, Jia Li, Huaming Wang, Microstructure evolution and layer bands of laser melting deposition Ti–6.5Al–3.5Mo–1.5Zr–0.3Si titanium alloy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Guangyu Zhao, Yanning Niu, Li Zhang, Kening Sun, Ruthenium oxide modified titanium dioxide nanotube arrays as carbon and binder free lithium–air battery cathode catalyst, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Zichao Yan, Li Liu, Jinli Tan, Qian Zhou, Zhifeng Huang, Dongdong Xia, Hongbo Shu, Xiukang Yang, Xianyou Wang, One-pot synthesis of bicrystalline titanium dioxide spheres with a core–shell structure as anode materials for lithium and sodium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Kun-Mu Lee, Ling-Chuan Lin, Vembu Suryanarayanan, Chun-Guey Wu, Titanium dioxide coated on titanium/stainless steel foil as photoanode for high efficiency flexible dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Xiaodong Li, Zemin Zhang, Lulu Chen, Zhongping Liu, Jianli Cheng, Wei Ni, Erqing Xie, Bin Wang, Cadmium sulfide quantum dots sensitized tin dioxide–titanium dioxide heterojunction for efficient photoelectrochemical hydrogen production, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • J.S. Luo, K. Li, X.B. Li, Y.J. Shu, Y.J. Tang, Phase evolution and alloying mechanism of titanium aluminide nanoparticles, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Ke Hua, Xiangyi Xue, Hongchao Kou, Jiangkun Fan, Bin Tang, Jinshan Li, Characterization of hot deformation microstructure of a near beta titanium alloy Ti-5553, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Xinmei Hou, Penglong Qiu, Tao Yang, Kuo-Chih Chou, Synthesis of titanium nitride nanopowder at low temperature from the combustion synthesized precursor and the thermal stability, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Ming Liu, Yan-Bing He, Wei Lv, Chen Zhang, Hongda Du, Baohua Li, Quan-Hong Yang, Feiyu Kang, High catalytic activity of anatase titanium dioxide for decomposition of electrolyte solution in lithium ion battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ariadne Helena P. de Oliveira, Helinando P. de Oliveira, Carbon nanotube/ polypyrrole nanofibers core–shell composites decorated with titanium dioxide nanoparticles for supercapacitor electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Pengfei Cheng, Yang Liu, Peng Sun, Sisi Du, Yaxin Cai, Fengmin Liu, Jie Zheng, Geyu Lu, Hydrothermally growth of novel hierarchical structures titanium dioxide for high efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Lanfang Que, Zhang Lan, Wanxia Wu, Jihuai Wu, Jianming Lin, Miaoliang Huang, Titanium dioxide quantum dots: Magic materials for high performance underlayers inserted into dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Feng Gu, Wenjuan Huang, Shufen Wang, Xing Cheng, Yanjie Hu, Chunzhong Li, Improved photoelectric conversion efficiency from titanium oxide-coupled tin oxide nanoparticles formed in flame, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Aslan Miriyev, David Barlam, Roni Shneck, Adin Stern, Nachum Frage, Steel to titanium solid state joining displaying superior mechanical properties, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 12, December 2014
  • X.P. Zhang, R. Shivpuri, A.K. Srivastava, Role of phase transformation in chip segmentation during high speed machining of dual phase titanium alloys, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 12, December 2014

Recent Research & Development for Palladium

  • Koodlur Sannegowda Lokesh, Annemie Adriaens, Electropolymerization of palladium tetraaminephthalocyanine: Characterization and supercapacitance behavior, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 112, January 2015
  • Jindi Cai, Yanzhen Zeng, Yonglang Guo, Copper@palladium–copper core–shell nanospheres as a highly effective electrocatalyst for ethanol electro-oxidation in alkaline media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Shan-Shan Li, Ai-Jun Wang, Li-Ping Mei, Jiu-Ju Feng, Jian-Rong Chen, Zhaojiang Chen, One-pot synthesis of monodisperse palladium–copper nanocrystals supported on reduced graphene oxide nanosheets with improved catalytic activity and methanol tolerance for oxygen reduction reaction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Jie-Ning Zheng, Hong-Bao Zhang, Meng Lin, Ai-Jun Wang, Jian-Rong Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, Simple synthesis of platinum–palladium nanoflowers on reduced graphene oxide and their enhanced catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Mingjun Ren, Liangliang Zou, Ting Yuan, Qinghong Huang, Zhiqing Zou, Xuemei Li, Hui Yang, Novel palladium flower-like nanostructured networks for electrocatalytic oxidation of formic acid, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • David B. Hobart Jr., Michael A.G. Berg, Joseph S. Merola, Bis-glycinato complexes of palladium(II): Synthesis, structural determination, and hydrogen bonding interactions, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 423, Part A, 1 November 2014
  • Suman Roy, Rajat Saha, Tapan Kumar Mondal, Chittaranjan Sinha, Palladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes of N-{(2-pyridyl)methyliden}-6-coumarin and N-{(2-hydroxy)benzyliden}-6-coumarin, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 423, Part A, 1 November 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Jie-Ning Zheng, Ying-Ying Wang, Ai-Jun Wang, Li-Li Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, A simple one-pot strategy to platinum–palladium@palladium core–shell nanostructures with high electrocatalytic activity, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Peiyu Wang, Guoheng Zhang, Liwei Liu, Haiyan Jiao, Xiaoyan Deng, Xiaoping Zheng, Palladium supported on mesoporous silica via an in-situ method as an efficient catalyst for Suzuki–Miyaura coupling reactions, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014
  • Ali Riza Deniz, Zakir Çaldiran, Önder Metin, Hasan Can, Kadem Meral, Sakir Aydogan, Schottky diode performance of an Au/Pd/GaAs device fabricated by deposition of monodisperse palladium nanoparticles over a p-type GaAs substrate, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Harrison S. Kibombo, Vagulejan Balasanthiran, Chia-Ming Wu, Rui Peng, Ranjit T. Koodali, Exploration of room temperature synthesis of palladium containing cubic MCM-48 mesoporous materials, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 198, 1 November 2014
  • Christopher G. Jones, Patrick J. Cappillino, Vitalie Stavila, David B. Robinson, Control of both particle and pore size in nanoporous palladium alloy powders, Powder Technology, Volume 267, November 2014
  • Tim Boeltken, Dennis Soysal, Seungcheol Lee, Grazyna Straczewski, Uta Gerhards, Peter Peifer, Johannes Arnold, Roland Dittmeyer, Perspectives of suspension plasma spraying of palladium nanoparticles for preparation of thin palladium composite membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 468, 15 October 2014
  • Ganna Gogolieva, Jérôme Durand, Odile Dechy-Cabaret, Emmanuel Gras, Uncommon approach toward NHC–triazole complexes of palladium: Synthesis and applications, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 769, 15 October 2014
  • Sevil Irisli, Merve Karaman, Nilgün Arda, Bircan Dindar, Orhan Büyükgüngör, Palladium and platinum complexes of the new ligands containing P–N and P–O bonds, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Abbas Washeel Salman, Ghani Ur Rehman, Norbani Abdullah, Srinivasa Budagumpi, Salasiah Endud, Hassan Hadi Abdallah, Wen Yee Wong, Sterically modulated palladium(II)-N-heterocyclic carbene complexes for the catalytic oxidation of olefins: Synthesis, crystal structure, characterization and DFT studies, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Cassandra L. Fleming, Trent D. Ashton, Frederick M. Pfeffer, Synthesis of 4-amino substituted 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives using palladium-mediated amination, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 109, October 2014
  • Cheng-Shane Chu, Chih-Yung Chuang, Highly sensitive fiber-optic oxygen sensor based on palladium tetrakis (4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin doped in ormosil, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 154, October 2014
  • Xiang Liu, Xiaohua Zhao, Ming Lu, Novel polymer supported iminopyridylphosphine palladium (?) complexes: An efficient catalyst for Suzuki–Miyaura and Heck cross-coupling reactions, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 768, 1 October 2014
  • Gesa Beck, Christoph Bachmann, Microstructural changes due to anodic polarisation of palladium and silver films on YSZ, Solid State Ionics, Volume 263, 1 October 2014