Titanium Palladium Alloy

Ti-Pd


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
Ti-95% Pd-05%

TI-PD-01-P.05PD

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Titanium Palladium is one of numerous metal alloys sold by American Elements under the tradename AE Alloys™. Generally immediately available in most volumes, AE Alloys™ are available as bar, Ingot, ribbon, wire, shot, sheet, and foil. Ultra high purity and high purity forms also include metal powder, submicron powder and nanoscale, targets for thin film deposition, and pellets for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Primary applications include bearing assembly, ballast, casting, step soldering, and radiation shielding.

Titanium (Ti) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolTitanium (atomic symbol: Ti, atomic number: 22) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 47.867. The number of electrons in each of Titanium's shells is [2, 8, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d2 4s2. Titanium Bohr ModelThe titanium atom has a radius of 147 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 187 pm. Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in 1791 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1825. n its elemental form, titanium has a silvery grey-white metallic appearance. Titanium's properties are chemically and physically similar to zirconium, both of which have the same number of valence electrons and are in the same group in the periodic table.Elemental Titanium Titanium has five naturally occurring isotopes: 46Ti through 50Ti, with 48Ti being the most abundant (73.8%). Titanium is found in igneous rocks and the sediments derived from them. It is named after the word Titanos, which is Greek for Titans. For more information on titanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of titanium products, visit the Titanium Information Center.

Palladium Bohr ModelPalladium (Pd) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolPalladium (atomic symbol: Pd, atomic number: 46) is a Block D, Group 10, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 106.42. The number of electrons in each of palladium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10. The palladium atom has a radius of 137 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 202 pm. In its elemental form, palladium has a silvery white appearance. Palladium is a member of the platinum group of metals (along with platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium).Elemental Palladium Palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of the group. Palladium can be found as a free metal and alloyed with other platinum-group metals. Nickel-copper deposits are the main commercial source of palladium. Palladium was discovered and first isolated by William Hyde Wollaston in 1803. Its name is derived from the asteroid Pallas. For more information on palladium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of palladium products, visit the Palladium Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Titanium

  • Giable George, The structural and optical studies of titanium doped rare earth pigments and coloring applications, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 112, January 2015
  • Ming Liu, Yan-Bing He, Wei Lv, Chen Zhang, Hongda Du, Baohua Li, Quan-Hong Yang, Feiyu Kang, High catalytic activity of anatase titanium dioxide for decomposition of electrolyte solution in lithium ion battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ariadne Helena P. de Oliveira, Helinando P. de Oliveira, Carbon nanotube/ polypyrrole nanofibers core–shell composites decorated with titanium dioxide nanoparticles for supercapacitor electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Pengfei Cheng, Yang Liu, Peng Sun, Sisi Du, Yaxin Cai, Fengmin Liu, Jie Zheng, Geyu Lu, Hydrothermally growth of novel hierarchical structures titanium dioxide for high efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Lanfang Que, Zhang Lan, Wanxia Wu, Jihuai Wu, Jianming Lin, Miaoliang Huang, Titanium dioxide quantum dots: Magic materials for high performance underlayers inserted into dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Feng Gu, Wenjuan Huang, Shufen Wang, Xing Cheng, Yanjie Hu, Chunzhong Li, Improved photoelectric conversion efficiency from titanium oxide-coupled tin oxide nanoparticles formed in flame, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jae-Hwan Kim, Masaru Nakamichi, Reactivity of plasma-sintered beryllium–titanium intermetallic compounds with water vapor, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Si-yao Guo, Song Han, Constructing a novel hierarchical 3D flower-like nano/micro titanium phosphate with efficient hydrogen evolution from water splitting, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Ping-Lin Kuo, Chun-Hou Liao, A seeding method to change primary particle of oriented attachment network titanium dioxide for dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Glenn E. Bean, Michael S. Kesler, Michele V. Manuel, Effect of Nb on phase transformations and microstructure in high Nb titanium aluminides, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Lanfang Que, Zhang Lan, Wanxia Wu, Jihuai Wu, Jianming Lin, Miaoliang Huang, High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells based on ultra-long single crystalline titanium dioxide nanowires, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Yuan-Fong Chau, Chih-Chan Hu, Ci-Yao Jheng, Yao-Tsung Tsai, Li-Zen Hsieh, Wayne Yang, Chien-Ying Chiang, Yuh-Sien Sun, Cheng-Min Lee, Numerical investigation of surface plasmon resonance effects on photocatalytic activities using silver nanobeads photodeposited onto a titanium dioxide layer, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • J.J. Candel, J.A. Jimenez, P. Franconetti, V. Amigó, Effect of laser irradiation on failure mechanism of TiCp reinforced titanium composite coating produced by laser cladding, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • Taek Bo Kim, Sheng Yue, Ziyu Zhang, Eric Jones, Julian R. Jones, Peter D. Lee, Additive manufactured porous titanium structures: Through-process quantification of pore and strut networks, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • Xianglong Guo, Weijie Lu, Liqiang Wang, Jining Qin, A research on the creep properties of titanium matrix composites rolled with different deformation degrees, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • D.P. Mondal, Mahesh Patel, S. Das, A.K. Jha, Hemant Jain, G. Gupta, S.B. Arya, Titanium foam with coarser cell size and wide range of porosity using different types of evaporative space holders through powder metallurgy route, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Y. Torres, P. Trueba, J. Pavón, I. Montealegre, J.A. Rodríguez-Ortiz, Designing, processing and characterisation of titanium cylinders with graded porosity: An alternative to stress-shielding solutions, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Qiu Zheng, Tetsuhide Shimizu, Tomomi Shiratori, Ming Yang, Tensile properties and constitutive model of ultrathin pure titanium foils at elevated temperatures in microforming assisted by resistance heating method, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Anchalee Manonukul, Makiko Tange, Pathompoom Srikudvien, Nipon Denmud, Paiboon Wattanapornphan, Rheological properties of commercially pure titanium slurry for metallic foam production using replica impregnation method, Powder Technology, Volume 266, November 2014
  • Song Wang, Yuhong Liu, Caixia Zhang, Zhenhua Liao, Weiqiang Liu, The improvement of wettability, biotribological behavior and corrosion resistance of titanium alloy pretreated by thermal oxidation, Tribology International, Volume 79, November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Palladium

  • Mingjun Ren, Liangliang Zou, Ting Yuan, Qinghong Huang, Zhiqing Zou, Xuemei Li, Hui Yang, Novel palladium flower-like nanostructured networks for electrocatalytic oxidation of formic acid, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Jing-Jing Lv, Jie-Ning Zheng, Ying-Ying Wang, Ai-Jun Wang, Li-Li Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, A simple one-pot strategy to platinum–palladium@palladium core–shell nanostructures with high electrocatalytic activity, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Ali Riza Deniz, Zakir Çaldiran, Önder Metin, Hasan Can, Kadem Meral, Sakir Aydogan, Schottky diode performance of an Au/Pd/GaAs device fabricated by deposition of monodisperse palladium nanoparticles over a p-type GaAs substrate, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Tim Boeltken, Dennis Soysal, Seungcheol Lee, Grazyna Straczewski, Uta Gerhards, Peter Peifer, Johannes Arnold, Roland Dittmeyer, Perspectives of suspension plasma spraying of palladium nanoparticles for preparation of thin palladium composite membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 468, 15 October 2014
  • Sevil Irisli, Merve Karaman, Nilgün Arda, Bircan Dindar, Orhan Büyükgüngör, Palladium and platinum complexes of the new ligands containing P–N and P–O bonds, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Cassandra L. Fleming, Trent D. Ashton, Frederick M. Pfeffer, Synthesis of 4-amino substituted 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives using palladium-mediated amination, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 109, October 2014
  • Cheng-Shane Chu, Chih-Yung Chuang, Highly sensitive fiber-optic oxygen sensor based on palladium tetrakis (4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin doped in ormosil, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 154, October 2014
  • Xiang Liu, Xiaohua Zhao, Ming Lu, Novel polymer supported iminopyridylphosphine palladium (?) complexes: An efficient catalyst for Suzuki–Miyaura and Heck cross-coupling reactions, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 768, 1 October 2014
  • Gesa Beck, Christoph Bachmann, Microstructural changes due to anodic polarisation of palladium and silver films on YSZ, Solid State Ionics, Volume 263, 1 October 2014
  • Yoshio Iwai, Shun Ikemoto, Kosuke Haramaki, Ryuhei Hattori, Setsuko Yonezawa, Influence of ligands of palladium complexes on palladium/Nafion composite membranes for direct methanol fuel cells by supercritical CO2 impregnation method, The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Volume 94, October 2014
  • Raghavendra R. Adharapurapu, Jun Zhu, Voramon S. Dheeradhada, Don M. Lipkin, Tresa M. Pollock, A combinatorial investigation of palladium and platinum additions to ß-NiAl overlay coatings, Acta Materialia, Volume 77, 15 September 2014
  • Oleg N. Shishilov, Polina V. Ankudinova, Elena V. Nikitenko, Andrei V. Churakov, Irina A. Garbuzova, Nailya S. Akhmadullina, Natalia A. Minaeva, Lyudmila I. Demina, Inessa A. Efimenko, Palladium(I) and palladium(II) unsaturated carboxylate complexes with small molecules: Synthesis and X-ray structure of Pd4(µ-CO)4(µ-trans-CH3CHCHCO2)4 and Pd4(µ-NO)2(µ-CH2C(CH3)CO2)6, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 767, 15 September 2014
  • Takeyoshi Yagyu, Ayana Tsubouchi, Yuki Nishimura, Syntheses and characterization of palladium(II) complexes with a bidentate bis-NHC ligand having methyl and aryl substituents on terminal nitrogen atoms, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 767, 15 September 2014
  • Jie-Ning Zheng, Shan-Shan Li, Xiaohong Ma, Fang-Yi Chen, Ai-Jun Wang, Jian-Rong Chen, Jiu-Ju Feng, Green synthesis of core–shell gold–palladium@palladium nanocrystals dispersed on graphene with enhanced catalytic activity toward oxygen reduction and methanol oxidation in alkaline media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 262, 15 September 2014
  • Ying Tang, Meng Chen, Dong-Jin Qian, Li Zhang, Minghua Liu, Palladium(II)-directed layer-by-layer assembly of chiral metal–organic complex multilayers with bidentate ligands of hydroquinine anthraquinone-1,4-diyl diether as linkers on substrate surfaces, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 457, 5 September 2014
  • Poulami Pattanayak, Jahar Lal Pratihar, Debprasad Patra, Paula Brandão, Vitor Felix, Surajit Chattopadhyay, Synthesis, characterization, structure and properties of copper and palladium complexes incorporating azo-amide ligands, Polyhedron, Volume 79, 5 September 2014
  • Xiaoxi Lin, Yi You, Zhiqiang Weng, Direct palladium-catalyzed desulfitative CC coupling of polyfluoroarenes with arylsulfinate salts: Water-accelerated reactions, Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, Volume 165, September 2014
  • Jin Yang, Pinhua Li, Yicheng Zhang, Lei Wang, Dinuclear N-heterocyclic carbene palladium(II) complexes as efficient catalysts for the Buchwald–Hartwig amination, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 766, 1 September 2014
  • Hongyan Hu, Zhengbo Jiao, Jinhua Ye, Gongxuan Lu, Yingpu Bi, Highly efficient hydrogen production from alkaline aldehyde solutions facilitated by palladium nanotubes, Nano Energy, Volume 8, September 2014
  • Yuki Fujio, Tomoaki Sato, Norio Miura, Sensing performance of zirconia-based gas sensor using titania sensing-electrode added with palladium, Solid State Ionics, Volume 262, 1 September 2014