Titanium based Niobium Zirconium Alloy

Ti-Nb-Zr (TNZ)


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
Ti- Nb-0.4% Zr-15% TI-NB-01-P.15ZR Contact American Elements
Ti- Nb-13% Zr-13% TI-NB-01-P.13ZR Contact American Elements

Titanium based Niobium Zirconium is one of numerous metal alloys sold by American Elements under the tradename AE Alloys™. Generally immediately available in most volumes, AE Alloys™ are available as bar, Ingot, ribbon, wire, shot, sheet, and foil. Ultra high purity and high purity forms also include metal powder, submicron powder and nanoscale, targets for thin film deposition, and pellets for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Primary applications include bearing assembly, ballast, casting, step soldering, and radiation shielding. Titanium has become a fundamental material used in medicine due to its ability to resist corrosion, its biocompatibility and its natural ability to join with human bone. There are many medical materials made with Titanium including, surgical titanium instruments, orthopedic titanium rods, pins and plates, medical and dental titanium. These bio-medical materials are biocompatible, resistant to corrosion, degradation, and wear, and they have mechanical properties that duplicate the structures they are intended to replace.

Titanium (Ti) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolTitanium (atomic symbol: Ti, atomic number: 22) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 47.867. The number of electrons in each of Titanium's shells is [2, 8, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d2 4s2. Titanium Bohr ModelThe titanium atom has a radius of 147 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 187 pm. Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in 1791 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1825. n its elemental form, titanium has a silvery grey-white metallic appearance. Titanium's properties are chemically and physically similar to zirconium, both of which have the same number of valence electrons and are in the same group in the periodic table.Elemental Titanium Titanium has five naturally occurring isotopes: 46Ti through 50Ti, with 48Ti being the most abundant (73.8%). Titanium is found in igneous rocks and the sediments derived from them. It is named after the word Titanos, which is Greek for Titans. For more information on titanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of titanium products, visit the Titanium Information Center.

Niobium(Nb) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolNiobium (atomic symbol: Nb, atomic number: 41) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 92.90638. Niobium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of niobium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 12, 1 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d4 5s1. The niobium atom has a radius of 146 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 207 pm. Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in 1801 and first isolated by Christian Wilhelm Blomstrand in 1864. Elemental NiobiumIn its elemental form, niobium has a gray metallic appearance. Niobium has the largest magnetic penetration depth of any element and is one of three elemental type-II superconductors (along with vanadium and technetium). Niobium is found in the minerals pyrochlore, its main commercial source, and columbite. The word Niobium originates from Niobe, daughter of mythical Greek king Tantalus. For more information on niobium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of niobium products, visit the Niobium Information Center.

Zirconium (Zr) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Zirconium (atomic symbol: Zr, atomic number: 40) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 91.224. Zirconium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Zirconium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 10, 2 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d2 5s2. The zirconium atom has a radius of 160 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in 1789 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1824. Elemental ZirconiumIn its elemental form, zirconium has a silvery white appearance that is similar to titanium. Zirconium's principal mineral is zircon (zirconium silicate). Zirconium is commercially produced as a by-product of titanium and tin mining and has many applications as a opacifier and a refractory material. It is not found in nature as a free element. The name of zirconium comes from the mineral zircon, the most important source of zirconium, and from the Persian word 'zargun' meaning gold-like. For more information on zirconium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of zirconium products, visit the Zirconium Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Titanium

  • Giable George, The structural and optical studies of titanium doped rare earth pigments and coloring applications, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 112, January 2015
  • Li Zhang, Yu-ping Feng, Qing Nan, Rong-xian Ke, Qing-lei Wan, Zhe Wang, Effects of titanium-based raw materials on electrochemical behavior of Ti(C,N)-based cermets, International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, Volume 48, January 2015
  • G.J. Li, J. Li, X. Luo, Effects of post-heat treatment on microstructure and properties of laser cladded composite coatings on titanium alloy substrate, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 65, January 2015
  • Xiaoxin Ye, Xiaopei Li, Guolin Song, Guoyi Tang, Effect of recovering damage and improving microstructure in the titanium alloy strip under high-energy electropulses, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Wei-Sheng Liu, Shen-Yu Wu, Chao-Yu Hung, Ching-Hsuan Tseng, Yu-Lin Chang, Improving the optoelectronic properties of gallium ZnO transparent conductive thin films through titanium doping, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Yanyan Zhu, Xiangjun Tian, Jia Li, Huaming Wang, Microstructure evolution and layer bands of laser melting deposition Ti–6.5Al–3.5Mo–1.5Zr–0.3Si titanium alloy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Guangyu Zhao, Yanning Niu, Li Zhang, Kening Sun, Ruthenium oxide modified titanium dioxide nanotube arrays as carbon and binder free lithium–air battery cathode catalyst, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Zichao Yan, Li Liu, Jinli Tan, Qian Zhou, Zhifeng Huang, Dongdong Xia, Hongbo Shu, Xiukang Yang, Xianyou Wang, One-pot synthesis of bicrystalline titanium dioxide spheres with a core–shell structure as anode materials for lithium and sodium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Kun-Mu Lee, Ling-Chuan Lin, Vembu Suryanarayanan, Chun-Guey Wu, Titanium dioxide coated on titanium/stainless steel foil as photoanode for high efficiency flexible dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Xiaodong Li, Zemin Zhang, Lulu Chen, Zhongping Liu, Jianli Cheng, Wei Ni, Erqing Xie, Bin Wang, Cadmium sulfide quantum dots sensitized tin dioxide–titanium dioxide heterojunction for efficient photoelectrochemical hydrogen production, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • J.S. Luo, K. Li, X.B. Li, Y.J. Shu, Y.J. Tang, Phase evolution and alloying mechanism of titanium aluminide nanoparticles, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Ke Hua, Xiangyi Xue, Hongchao Kou, Jiangkun Fan, Bin Tang, Jinshan Li, Characterization of hot deformation microstructure of a near beta titanium alloy Ti-5553, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Xinmei Hou, Penglong Qiu, Tao Yang, Kuo-Chih Chou, Synthesis of titanium nitride nanopowder at low temperature from the combustion synthesized precursor and the thermal stability, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Ming Liu, Yan-Bing He, Wei Lv, Chen Zhang, Hongda Du, Baohua Li, Quan-Hong Yang, Feiyu Kang, High catalytic activity of anatase titanium dioxide for decomposition of electrolyte solution in lithium ion battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ariadne Helena P. de Oliveira, Helinando P. de Oliveira, Carbon nanotube/ polypyrrole nanofibers core–shell composites decorated with titanium dioxide nanoparticles for supercapacitor electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Pengfei Cheng, Yang Liu, Peng Sun, Sisi Du, Yaxin Cai, Fengmin Liu, Jie Zheng, Geyu Lu, Hydrothermally growth of novel hierarchical structures titanium dioxide for high efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Lanfang Que, Zhang Lan, Wanxia Wu, Jihuai Wu, Jianming Lin, Miaoliang Huang, Titanium dioxide quantum dots: Magic materials for high performance underlayers inserted into dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Feng Gu, Wenjuan Huang, Shufen Wang, Xing Cheng, Yanjie Hu, Chunzhong Li, Improved photoelectric conversion efficiency from titanium oxide-coupled tin oxide nanoparticles formed in flame, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Aslan Miriyev, David Barlam, Roni Shneck, Adin Stern, Nachum Frage, Steel to titanium solid state joining displaying superior mechanical properties, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 12, December 2014
  • X.P. Zhang, R. Shivpuri, A.K. Srivastava, Role of phase transformation in chip segmentation during high speed machining of dual phase titanium alloys, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 12, December 2014

Recent Research & Development for Niobium

  • P. Tsakiropoulos, On the macrosegregation of silicon in niobium silicide based alloys, Intermetallics, Volume 55, December 2014
  • Sofya B. Artemkina, Tatyana Yu Podlipskaya, Alexander I. Bulavchenko, Alexander I. Komonov, Yuri V. Mironov, Vladimir E. Fedorov, Preparation and characterization of colloidal dispersions of layered niobium chalcogenides, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 461, 5 November 2014
  • P. Mastanaiah, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, K. Satya Prasad, C.V.S. Murthy, An investigation on microstructures and mechanical properties of explosive cladded C103 niobium alloy over C263 nimonic alloy, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • R.L. Grosso, R. Muccillo, E.N.S. Muccillo, Stabilization of the cubic phase in zirconia–scandia by niobium oxide addition, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Juan-Li Gao, Shuang Gao, Chun-Ling Liu, Zhao-Tie Liu, Wen-Sheng Dong, Synthesis, characterization, and catalytic application of ordered mesoporous carbon–niobium oxide composites, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014
  • Aihua Yan, Changsheng Xie, Fei Huang, Shunping Zhang, Shaoliang Zhang, An efficient method to modulate the structure, morphology and properties of WO3 through niobium doping, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • Zhong-Li Liu, Ling-Cang Cai, Xiu-Lu Zhang, Novel high pressure structures and superconductivity of niobium disulfide, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • O. Toma, S. Georgescu, Excited-state absorption in erbium-doped calcium lithium niobium gallium garnet, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 154, October 2014
  • L. Ghussn, R.M.C.V. Reis, R.K. Brow, D.B. Baker, Color bleaching and oxygen diffusion in a niobium phosphate glass, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 401, 1 October 2014
  • Agnieszka Gubernat, Lukasz Zych, The isothermal sintering of the single-phase non-stoichiometric niobium carbide (NbC1-x) and tantalum carbide (TaC1-x), Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 12, October 2014
  • Bo-Wen Huang, Jia-Xiang Shang, Zeng-Hui Liu, Yue Chen, Atomic simulation of bcc niobium 5 grain boundary under shear deformation, Acta Materialia, Volume 77, 15 September 2014
  • F.E. Castillejo, D.M. Marulanda, J.J. Olaya, J.E. Alfonso, Wear and corrosion resistance of niobium–chromium carbide coatings on AISI D2 produced through TRD, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 254, 15 September 2014
  • Li Ming, Qingfeng Wang, Huibin Wang, Chuanyou Zhang, Zhang Wei, Aimin Guo, A remarkable role of niobium precipitation in refining microstructure and improving toughness of A QT-treated 20CrMo47NbV steel with ultrahigh strength, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 613, 8 September 2014
  • Chenning Zhang, Tetsuo Uchikoshi, Ji-Guang Li, Takayuki Watanabe, Takamasa Ishigaki, Photocatalytic activities of europium (III) and niobium (V) co-doped TiO2 nanopowders synthesized in Ar/O2 radio-frequency thermal plasmas, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 606, 5 September 2014
  • Lingxia Li, Dan Xu, Shihui Yu, Helei Dong, Yuxin Jin, Effect of thickness on the dielectric properties of bismuth magnesium niobium thin films deposited by rf magnetron sputtering, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • Maciej Sowa, Katarzyna Gren, Andrey I. Kukharenko, Danila M. Korotin, Joanna Michalska, Lilianna Szyk-Warszynska, Michal Mosialek, Jerzy Zak, Elzbieta Pamula, Ernst Z. Kurmaev, Seif O. Cholakh, Wojciech Simka, Influence of electropolishing and anodic oxidation on morphology, chemical composition and corrosion resistance of niobium, Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 42, 1 September 2014
  • L. Portebois, S. Mathieu, Y. Bouizi, M. Vilasi, S. Mathieu, Effect of boron addition on the oxidation resistance of silicide protective coatings: A focus on boron location in as-coated and oxidised coated niobium alloys, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 253, 25 August 2014
  • Lixia Wang, Bin Kang, Juncai Sun, Yuanyuan Li, Linan Jia, Niobium diffusion modified austenitic stainless steel bipolar plate for direct methanol fuel cell, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 39, Issue 25, 22 August 2014
  • Zhongfei Ye, Pei Wang, Dianzhong Li, Yutuo Zhang, Yiyi Li, Effect of carbon and niobium on the microstructure and impact toughness of a High silicon 12%Cr Ferritic/Martensitic heat resistant steel, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Available online 8 August 2014
  • J. Suresh Kumar, K. Pavani, M.P.F. Graça, M.J. Soares, Enhanced green upconversion by controlled ceramization of Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped sodium niobium tellurite glass–ceramics for low temperature sensors, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Available online 4 August 2014

Recent Research & Development for Zirconium

  • Fei Li, Zhuang Kang, Xiao Huang, Xin-Gang Wang, Guo-Jun Zhang, Preparation of zirconium carbide foam by direct foaming method, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 15, December 2014
  • Xian Zhang, Zhijun Dong, Qing Huang, Yanjun Li, Xu Zhang, Guanming Yuan, Xuanke Li, Preparation of zirconium diboride powders by co-pyrolysis of a zirconium-containing organic precursor and polyborazine using a solution based method, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • Wanying Geng, Ge Zhu, Yurong Shi, Yuhua Wang, Luminescent characteristics of Dy3+ doped calcium zirconium phosphate CaZr4(PO4)6 (CZP) phosphor for warm-white LEDs, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • I. Kratochvílová, R. Škoda, J. Škarohlíd, P. Ashcheulov, A. Jäger, J. Racek, A. Taylor, L. Shao, Nanosized polycrystalline diamond cladding for surface protection of zirconium nuclear fuel tubes, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • R.F.L. Lorenzi, J.E. Zorzi, C.A. Perottoni, Effect of annealing on the elastic moduli of amorphous zirconium tungstate, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 403, 1 November 2014
  • P. Suresh, J. Judith Vijaya, L. John Kennedy, Photocatalytic degradation of textile-dyeing wastewater by using a microwave combustion-synthesized zirconium oxide supported activated carbon, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Yuliya S. Dzyazko, Ludmila N. Ponomaryova, Yurii M. Volfkovich, Vladimir V. Trachevskii, Alexey V. Palchik, Ion-exchange resin modified with aggregated nanoparticles of zirconium hydrophosphate. Morphology and functional properties, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 198, 1 November 2014
  • Sangjoon Ahn, Sandeep Irukuvarghula, Sean M. McDeavitt, Thermophysical investigations of the uranium–zirconium alloy system, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • Moira Ambrosi, Sergio Santoni, Rodorico Giorgi, Emiliano Fratini, Nicola Toccafondi, Piero Baglioni, High-performance and anti-stain coating for porcelain stoneware tiles based on nanostructured zirconium compounds, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 432, 15 October 2014
  • Céline Varvenne, Olivier Mackain, Emmanuel Clouet, Vacancy clustering in zirconium: An atomic-scale study, Acta Materialia, Volume 78, 1 October 2014
  • Yueming Ren, Pingxin Liu, Xiaoli Liu, Jing Feng, Zhuangjun Fan, Tianzhu Luan, Preparation of zirconium oxy ion-imprinted particle for the selective separation of trace zirconium ion from water, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 431, 1 October 2014
  • M. Sattari, R.A. Holt, M.R. Daymond, Variant selection and transformation texture in zirconium alloy Excel, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 453, Issues 1–3, October 2014
  • Tingshun Jiang, Jinlian Cheng, Wangping Liu, Lie Fu, Xuping Zhou, Qian Zhao, Hengbo Yin, Sulfuric acid functional zirconium (or aluminum) incorporated mesoporous MCM-48 solid acid catalysts for alkylation of phenol with tert-butyl alcohol, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 218, October 2014
  • Lucimara B. Panice, Elisangela A. de Oliveira, Ricardo A.D. Molin Filho, Daniela P. de Oliveira, Angélica M. Lazarin, Elza I.S. Andreotti, Rosana L. Sernaglia, Yoshitaka Gushikem, Electrochemical properties of the hexacyanoferrate(II)–ruthenium(III) complex immobilized on silica gel surface chemically modified with zirconium(IV) oxide, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 188, October 2014
  • Lan Zhang, Shaoyu Zhu, Yong Han, Chengzhang Xiao, Wu Tang, Formation and bioactivity of HA nanorods on micro-arc oxidized zirconium, Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 43, 1 October 2014
  • Z. Amghouz, C. Ancín-Azpilicueta, K.K. Burusco, J.R. García, S.A. Khainakov, A. Luquin, R. Nieto, J.J. Garrido, Biogenic amines in wine: Individual and competitive adsorption on a modified zirconium phosphate, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 197, October 2014
  • Mario Casciola, Paula Cojocaru, Anna Donnadio, Stefano Giancola, Luca Merlo, Yannig Nedellec, Monica Pica, Surya Subianto, Zirconium phosphate reinforced short side chain perflurosulfonic acid membranes for medium temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell application, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 262, 15 September 2014
  • Abubaker Abutartour, Yunjie Jia, Lotfia El Majdoub, Qinghong Xu, A new hierarchical porous zirconium phosphate membrane and its adsorption properties, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 196, 15 September 2014
  • Luminita Ghimici, Marieta Nichifor, Flocculation performance of different cationic amphiphilic dextran derivatives in zirconium silicate suspension, Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 133, 8 September 2014
  • Hasan Gocmez, Mustafa Tuncer, Yavuz Selim Yeniceri, Low temperature synthesis and pressureless sintering of nanocrystalline zirconium diboride powders, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014