Titanium based Niobium Zirconium Alloy

Ti-Nb-Zr (TNZ)


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
Ti- Nb-0.4% Zr-15% TI-NB-01-P.15ZR Contact American Elements
Ti- Nb-13% Zr-13% TI-NB-01-P.13ZR Contact American Elements

Titanium based Niobium Zirconium is one of numerous metal alloys sold by American Elements under the tradename AE Alloys™. Generally immediately available in most volumes, AE Alloys™ are available as bar, Ingot, ribbon, wire, shot, sheet, and foil. Ultra high purity and high purity forms also include metal powder, submicron powder and nanoscale, targets for thin film deposition, and pellets for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Primary applications include bearing assembly, ballast, casting, step soldering, and radiation shielding. Titanium has become a fundamental material used in medicine due to its ability to resist corrosion, its biocompatibility and its natural ability to join with human bone. There are many medical materials made with Titanium including, surgical titanium instruments, orthopedic titanium rods, pins and plates, medical and dental titanium. These bio-medical materials are biocompatible, resistant to corrosion, degradation, and wear, and they have mechanical properties that duplicate the structures they are intended to replace.

Titanium (Ti) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolTitanium (atomic symbol: Ti, atomic number: 22) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 47.867. The number of electrons in each of Titanium's shells is [2, 8, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d2 4s2. Titanium Bohr ModelThe titanium atom has a radius of 147 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 187 pm. Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in 1791 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1825. n its elemental form, titanium has a silvery grey-white metallic appearance. Titanium's properties are chemically and physically similar to zirconium, both of which have the same number of valence electrons and are in the same group in the periodic table.Elemental Titanium Titanium has five naturally occurring isotopes: 46Ti through 50Ti, with 48Ti being the most abundant (73.8%). Titanium is found in igneous rocks and the sediments derived from them. It is named after the word Titanos, which is Greek for Titans. For more information on titanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of titanium products, visit the Titanium Information Center.

Niobium(Nb) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolNiobium (atomic symbol: Nb, atomic number: 41) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 92.90638. Niobium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of niobium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 12, 1 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d4 5s1. The niobium atom has a radius of 146 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 207 pm. Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in 1801 and first isolated by Christian Wilhelm Blomstrand in 1864. Elemental NiobiumIn its elemental form, niobium has a gray metallic appearance. Niobium has the largest magnetic penetration depth of any element and is one of three elemental type-II superconductors (along with vanadium and technetium). Niobium is found in the minerals pyrochlore, its main commercial source, and columbite. The word Niobium originates from Niobe, daughter of mythical Greek king Tantalus. For more information on niobium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of niobium products, visit the Niobium Information Center.

Zirconium (Zr) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Zirconium (atomic symbol: Zr, atomic number: 40) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 91.224. Zirconium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Zirconium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 10, 2 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d2 5s2. The zirconium atom has a radius of 160 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in 1789 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1824. Elemental ZirconiumIn its elemental form, zirconium has a silvery white appearance that is similar to titanium. Zirconium's principal mineral is zircon (zirconium silicate). Zirconium is commercially produced as a by-product of titanium and tin mining and has many applications as a opacifier and a refractory material. It is not found in nature as a free element. The name of zirconium comes from the mineral zircon, the most important source of zirconium, and from the Persian word 'zargun' meaning gold-like. For more information on zirconium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of zirconium products, visit the Zirconium Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Titanium

  • Giable George, The structural and optical studies of titanium doped rare earth pigments and coloring applications, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 112, January 2015
  • Ming Liu, Yan-Bing He, Wei Lv, Chen Zhang, Hongda Du, Baohua Li, Quan-Hong Yang, Feiyu Kang, High catalytic activity of anatase titanium dioxide for decomposition of electrolyte solution in lithium ion battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ariadne Helena P. de Oliveira, Helinando P. de Oliveira, Carbon nanotube/ polypyrrole nanofibers core–shell composites decorated with titanium dioxide nanoparticles for supercapacitor electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Pengfei Cheng, Yang Liu, Peng Sun, Sisi Du, Yaxin Cai, Fengmin Liu, Jie Zheng, Geyu Lu, Hydrothermally growth of novel hierarchical structures titanium dioxide for high efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Lanfang Que, Zhang Lan, Wanxia Wu, Jihuai Wu, Jianming Lin, Miaoliang Huang, Titanium dioxide quantum dots: Magic materials for high performance underlayers inserted into dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Feng Gu, Wenjuan Huang, Shufen Wang, Xing Cheng, Yanjie Hu, Chunzhong Li, Improved photoelectric conversion efficiency from titanium oxide-coupled tin oxide nanoparticles formed in flame, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jae-Hwan Kim, Masaru Nakamichi, Reactivity of plasma-sintered beryllium–titanium intermetallic compounds with water vapor, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Si-yao Guo, Song Han, Constructing a novel hierarchical 3D flower-like nano/micro titanium phosphate with efficient hydrogen evolution from water splitting, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Ping-Lin Kuo, Chun-Hou Liao, A seeding method to change primary particle of oriented attachment network titanium dioxide for dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Glenn E. Bean, Michael S. Kesler, Michele V. Manuel, Effect of Nb on phase transformations and microstructure in high Nb titanium aluminides, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Lanfang Que, Zhang Lan, Wanxia Wu, Jihuai Wu, Jianming Lin, Miaoliang Huang, High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells based on ultra-long single crystalline titanium dioxide nanowires, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Yuan-Fong Chau, Chih-Chan Hu, Ci-Yao Jheng, Yao-Tsung Tsai, Li-Zen Hsieh, Wayne Yang, Chien-Ying Chiang, Yuh-Sien Sun, Cheng-Min Lee, Numerical investigation of surface plasmon resonance effects on photocatalytic activities using silver nanobeads photodeposited onto a titanium dioxide layer, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • J.J. Candel, J.A. Jimenez, P. Franconetti, V. Amigó, Effect of laser irradiation on failure mechanism of TiCp reinforced titanium composite coating produced by laser cladding, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • Taek Bo Kim, Sheng Yue, Ziyu Zhang, Eric Jones, Julian R. Jones, Peter D. Lee, Additive manufactured porous titanium structures: Through-process quantification of pore and strut networks, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • Xianglong Guo, Weijie Lu, Liqiang Wang, Jining Qin, A research on the creep properties of titanium matrix composites rolled with different deformation degrees, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • D.P. Mondal, Mahesh Patel, S. Das, A.K. Jha, Hemant Jain, G. Gupta, S.B. Arya, Titanium foam with coarser cell size and wide range of porosity using different types of evaporative space holders through powder metallurgy route, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Y. Torres, P. Trueba, J. Pavón, I. Montealegre, J.A. Rodríguez-Ortiz, Designing, processing and characterisation of titanium cylinders with graded porosity: An alternative to stress-shielding solutions, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Qiu Zheng, Tetsuhide Shimizu, Tomomi Shiratori, Ming Yang, Tensile properties and constitutive model of ultrathin pure titanium foils at elevated temperatures in microforming assisted by resistance heating method, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Anchalee Manonukul, Makiko Tange, Pathompoom Srikudvien, Nipon Denmud, Paiboon Wattanapornphan, Rheological properties of commercially pure titanium slurry for metallic foam production using replica impregnation method, Powder Technology, Volume 266, November 2014
  • Song Wang, Yuhong Liu, Caixia Zhang, Zhenhua Liao, Weiqiang Liu, The improvement of wettability, biotribological behavior and corrosion resistance of titanium alloy pretreated by thermal oxidation, Tribology International, Volume 79, November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Niobium

  • P. Mastanaiah, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, K. Satya Prasad, C.V.S. Murthy, An investigation on microstructures and mechanical properties of explosive cladded C103 niobium alloy over C263 nimonic alloy, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • Juan-Li Gao, Shuang Gao, Chun-Ling Liu, Zhao-Tie Liu, Wen-Sheng Dong, Synthesis, characterization, and catalytic application of ordered mesoporous carbon–niobium oxide composites, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014
  • Aihua Yan, Changsheng Xie, Fei Huang, Shunping Zhang, Shaoliang Zhang, An efficient method to modulate the structure, morphology and properties of WO3 through niobium doping, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • Zhong-Li Liu, Ling-Cang Cai, Xiu-Lu Zhang, Novel high pressure structures and superconductivity of niobium disulfide, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • O. Toma, S. Georgescu, Excited-state absorption in erbium-doped calcium lithium niobium gallium garnet, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 154, October 2014
  • Agnieszka Gubernat, Lukasz Zych, The isothermal sintering of the single-phase non-stoichiometric niobium carbide (NbC1-x) and tantalum carbide (TaC1-x), Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 12, October 2014
  • Bo-Wen Huang, Jia-Xiang Shang, Zeng-Hui Liu, Yue Chen, Atomic simulation of bcc niobium 5 grain boundary under shear deformation, Acta Materialia, Volume 77, 15 September 2014
  • Chenning Zhang, Tetsuo Uchikoshi, Ji-Guang Li, Takayuki Watanabe, Takamasa Ishigaki, Photocatalytic activities of europium (III) and niobium (V) co-doped TiO2 nanopowders synthesized in Ar/O2 radio-frequency thermal plasmas, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 606, 5 September 2014
  • Lingxia Li, Dan Xu, Shihui Yu, Helei Dong, Yuxin Jin, Effect of thickness on the dielectric properties of bismuth magnesium niobium thin films deposited by rf magnetron sputtering, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • Maciej Sowa, Katarzyna Gren, Andrey I. Kukharenko, Danila M. Korotin, Joanna Michalska, Lilianna Szyk-Warszynska, Michal Mosialek, Jerzy Zak, Elzbieta Pamula, Ernst Z. Kurmaev, Seif O. Cholakh, Wojciech Simka, Influence of electropolishing and anodic oxidation on morphology, chemical composition and corrosion resistance of niobium, Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 42, 1 September 2014
  • L. Portebois, S. Mathieu, Y. Bouizi, M. Vilasi, S. Mathieu, Effect of boron addition on the oxidation resistance of silicide protective coatings: A focus on boron location in as-coated and oxidised coated niobium alloys, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 253, 25 August 2014
  • Binbin Song, Peizhong Feng, Jianzhong Wang, Yuan Ge, Guangzhi Wu, Xiaohong Wang, Farid Akhtar, Oxidation properties of self-propagating high temperature synthesized niobium disilicide, Corrosion Science, Volume 85, August 2014
  • V.P. Krasin, S.I. Soyustova, Comparison of liquid metal solution model predictions with compatibility data of niobium with liquid sodium, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 451, Issues 1–3, August 2014
  • Bong-Yong Jeong, Eun-Hye Jung, Jin-Ho Kim, Fabrication of superhydrophobic niobium pentoxide thin films by anodization, Applied Surface Science, Volume 307, 15 July 2014
  • R.L. Grosso, R. Muccillo, E.N.S. Muccillo, Stabilization of the cubic phase in zirconia-scandia by niobium oxide addition, Materials Letters, Available online 12 July 2014
  • Mathias Woydt, Hardy Mohrbacher, The Use Of Niobium Carbide (Nbc) As Cutting Tools And For Wear Resistant Tribosystems, International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, Available online 8 July 2014
  • Hanjung Kwon, Jiwoong Kim, Wonbaek Kim, Stability domains of Nb(CN) during the carburization/nitridation of metallic niobium, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 6, July 2014
  • Xiuli Yang, Junwei Zhang, Xihui Fang, Tingsheng Qiu, Kinetics of pressure leaching of niobium ore by sulfuric acid, International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, Volume 45, July 2014
  • A.G. Kostryzhev, A. Al Shahrani, C. Zhu, J.M. Cairney, S.P. Ringer, C.R. Killmore, E.V. Pereloma, Effect of niobium clustering and precipitation on strength of an NbTi-microalloyed ferritic steel, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 607, 23 June 2014
  • Li Ming, Qingfeng Wang, Huibin Wang, Chuanyou Zhang, Zhang Wei, Aimin Guo, A remarkable role of niobium precipitation in refining microstructure and improving toughness of A QT-treated 20CrMo47NbV steel with ultrahigh strength, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Available online 20 June 2014

Recent Research & Development for Zirconium

  • Wanying Geng, Ge Zhu, Yurong Shi, Yuhua Wang, Luminescent characteristics of Dy3+ doped calcium zirconium phosphate CaZr4(PO4)6 (CZP) phosphor for warm-white LEDs, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • I. Kratochvílová, R. Škoda, J. Škarohlíd, P. Ashcheulov, A. Jäger, J. Racek, A. Taylor, L. Shao, Nanosized polycrystalline diamond cladding for surface protection of zirconium nuclear fuel tubes, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • Sangjoon Ahn, Sandeep Irukuvarghula, Sean M. McDeavitt, Thermophysical investigations of the uranium–zirconium alloy system, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • Yueming Ren, Pingxin Liu, Xiaoli Liu, Jing Feng, Zhuangjun Fan, Tianzhu Luan, Preparation of zirconium oxy ion-imprinted particle for the selective separation of trace zirconium ion from water, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 431, 1 October 2014
  • Tingshun Jiang, Jinlian Cheng, Wangping Liu, Lie Fu, Xuping Zhou, Qian Zhao, Hengbo Yin, Sulfuric acid functional zirconium (or aluminum) incorporated mesoporous MCM-48 solid acid catalysts for alkylation of phenol with tert-butyl alcohol, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 218, October 2014
  • Lucimara B. Panice, Elisangela A. de Oliveira, Ricardo A.D. Molin Filho, Daniela P. de Oliveira, Angélica M. Lazarin, Elza I.S. Andreotti, Rosana L. Sernaglia, Yoshitaka Gushikem, Electrochemical properties of the hexacyanoferrate(II)–ruthenium(III) complex immobilized on silica gel surface chemically modified with zirconium(IV) oxide, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 188, October 2014
  • Z. Amghouz, C. Ancín-Azpilicueta, K.K. Burusco, J.R. García, S.A. Khainakov, A. Luquin, R. Nieto, J.J. Garrido, Biogenic amines in wine: Individual and competitive adsorption on a modified zirconium phosphate, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 197, October 2014
  • Mario Casciola, Paula Cojocaru, Anna Donnadio, Stefano Giancola, Luca Merlo, Yannig Nedellec, Monica Pica, Surya Subianto, Zirconium phosphate reinforced short side chain perflurosulfonic acid membranes for medium temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell application, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 262, 15 September 2014
  • Abubaker Abutartour, Yunjie Jia, Lotfia El Majdoub, Qinghong Xu, A new hierarchical porous zirconium phosphate membrane and its adsorption properties, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 196, 15 September 2014
  • Hasan Gocmez, Mustafa Tuncer, Yavuz Selim Yeniceri, Low temperature synthesis and pressureless sintering of nanocrystalline zirconium diboride powders, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • W.J. Kelvin Chew, M. Amiriyan, A. Yaghoubi, S. Ramesh, J. Purbolaksono, R. Tolouei, W.D. Teng, D.K. Agrawal, Sintering properties and thermal depletion of boron in zirconia–zirconium diboride conductive ceramic, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part B, September 2014
  • Mohammed Ibrahim Jamesh, Guosong Wu, Ying Zhao, Weihong Jin, David R. McKenzie, Marcela M.M. Bilek, Paul K. Chu, Effects of zirconium and nitrogen plasma immersion ion implantation on the electrochemical corrosion behavior of Mg–Y–RE alloy in simulated body fluid and cell culture medium, Corrosion Science, Volume 86, September 2014
  • S. Mukherjee, S. Kaity, M.T. Saify, S.K. Jha, P.K. Pujari, Evidence of zirconium nano-agglomeration in as-cast dilute U–Zr alloys, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 452, Issues 1–3, September 2014
  • A. Rico, M.A. Martin-Rengel, J. Ruiz-Hervias, J. Rodriguez, F.J. Gomez-Sanchez, Nanoindentation measurements of the mechanical properties of zirconium matrix and hydrides in unirradiated pre-hydrided nuclear fuel cladding, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 452, Issues 1–3, September 2014
  • Adrien Couet, Arthur T. Motta, Benoit de Gabory, Zhonghou Cai, Microbeam X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Spectroscopy study of the oxidation of Fe and Nb in zirconium alloy oxide layers, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 452, Issues 1–3, September 2014
  • Haneul Yoo, Whangi Kim, Hyunchul Ju, A numerical comparison of hydrogen absorption behaviors of uranium and zirconium cobalt-based metal hydride beds, Solid State Ionics, Volume 262, 1 September 2014
  • Martynas Audronis, Allan Matthews, Kestutis Juškevicius, Ramutis Drazdys, Unlocking the potential of voltage control for high rate zirconium and hafnium oxide deposition by reactive magnetron sputtering, Vacuum, Volume 107, September 2014
  • G. Antou, M. Gendre, E. Laborde, A. Maître, G. Trolliard, High temperature compressive creep of spark plasma sintered zirconium (oxy-)carbide, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 612, 26 August 2014
  • Fei Li, Zhuang Kang, Xiao Huang, Guo-Jun Zhang, Fabrication of zirconium carbide nanofibers by electrospinning, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 7, Part A, August 2014
  • Cuiyan Li, Kezhi Li, Hejun Li, Yulei Zhang, Haibo Ouyang, Dongjia Yao, Lei Liu, Microstructure and ablation resistance of carbon/carbon composites with a zirconium carbide rich surface layer, Corrosion Science, Volume 85, August 2014