Thallium Plate

High Purity Tl Plate
CAS 10102-45-1


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Thallium Plate TL-M-02-PL Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Thallium Plate TL-M-03-PL Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Thallium Plate TL-M-04-PL Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Thallium Plate TL-M-05-PL Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Tl 10102-45-1 24856794 5359464 MFCD00134063  231-138-1 N/A [Tl] InChI=1S/Tl BKVIYDNLLOSFOA-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS

204.37

White Crystals 11.85 gm/cc N/A 303.5 °C 1457 °C 0.461 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K  18.0 microhm-cm @ 0 °C 1.8 Paulings 0.0307 Cal/g/K @ 25°C 38.8 K-Cal/gm atom at 1457°C 1.03 Cal/gm mole  Safety Data Sheet

See research below. American Elements specializes in producing Thallium as plates in various thicknesses and sizes. Most plates are cast for use in coating and thin film Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Organometallic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) for specific applications such as fuel cells and solar energy.Thicknesses start at 0.25" for all metals. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We also produce Thallium as rods, powder and plates. Other shapes are available by request.

Thallium (Tl) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolThallium (atomic symbol: Tl, atomic number: 81) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 204.38.Thallium Bohr Model The number of electrons in each of thallium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 3 and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1. The thallium atom has a radius of 170 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 196 pm. Thallium was discovered by Sir William Crookes in 1861 and first isolated by Claude-Auguste Lamy in 1862. Thallium is a post-transition metal that is not found free in nature. Thallium is primarily used for its electrical conductivity as thallium sulfide which changes with exposure to infrared light. This ability makes the compound useful in photocells.Elemental Thallium Thallium bromide-iodide crystals have been used as infrared optical materials. Thallium has also been used with sulfur, selenium or arsenic to produce low melting glasses which become fluid between 125 and 150 °C, while thallium oxide has been used to produce glasses with a high index of refraction, and is also used in the manufacture of photo cells. Its name is drived from the Greek word "thallos," which means twig or green shoot. For more information on thallium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of thallium products, visit the Thallium Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H300-H330-H373-H413 
T+
26/28-33-53 
13-28-45-61 
XG3425000
UN 3288 6.1/PG 2
3
Skull and Crossbones-Acute Toxicity  Health Hazard      

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Thallium

  • C. Karunakaran, S. Kalaivani, Enhanced visible light-photocatalysis by hydrothermally synthesized thallium-doped bismuth vanadate nanoparticles, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Wen Liu, Pan Zhang, Alistair G.L. Borthwick, Hao Chen, Jinren Ni, Adsorption mechanisms of thallium(I) and thallium(III) by titanate nanotubes: Ion-exchange and co-precipitation, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 423, 1 June 2014
  • Sudha Rana, Navneet Sharma, Himanshu Ojha, Hosakote Gurumalappa Shivkumar, Sarwat Sultana, Rakesh Kumar Sharma, p-Tertbutylcalix[4]arene nanoemulsion: Preparation, characterization and comparative evaluation of its decontamination efficacy against Technetium-99m, Iodine-131 and Thallium-201, Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 117, 1 May 2014
  • G.S. Sivagurunathan, K. Ramalingam, C. Rizzoli, Nanothallium(III) sulfide from dithiocarbamate precursors: Synthesis, single crystal X-ray structures and characterization, Polyhedron, Volume 65, 28 November 2013
  • I. Mucha, Reinvestigation of phase equilibria in the thallium(I) selenide–antimony(III) selenide system, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 563, 10 July 2013
  • Maryam Mohammadi, Kamran Akhbari, Younes Hanifehpour, Ali Morsali, Sang Woo Joo, Giuseppe Bruno, Hadi Amiri Rudbari, Synthesis of one-dimensional Tl2O3 nano-structures from thermolyses of a new two-dimensional thallium(I) supramolecular polymer with secondary polyhapto Tl?C interactions, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 733, 1 June 2013
  • Saeed ur Rehman, Najeeb Ullah, Ali Reza Kamali, Khurshid Ali, Cemile Yerlikaya, Hanif ur Rehman, Study of thallium (III) adsorption onto multiwall carbon nanotubes, Carbon, Volume 55, April 2013
  • I. Mucha, Phase diagram for the quasi-binary thallium(I) selenide–indium(III) selenide system, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 550, 20 December 2012
  • Saeed ur Rehman, Najeeb Ullah, Ali Reza Kamali, Khurshid Ali, Cemile Yerlikaya, Hanif ur Rehman, Study of thallium(III) adsorption onto multiwall carbon nanotubes, New Carbon Materials, Volume 27, Issue 6, December 2012
  • R. Adam Rebeles, P. Van den Winkel, A. Hermanne, F. Tárkányi, S. Takács, Experimental excitation functions of deuteron induced reactions on natural thallium up to 50 MeV, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 288, 1 October 2012
  • V. Zhurikhina, J.-R. Duclère, A. Lipovskii, A.P. Mirgorodski, D. Tagantsev, P. Thomas, On the origin of the high Kerr coefficient measured in thallium–zinc–tellurite glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 358, Issue 15, 1 August 2012
  • Mohammad Mahbubur Rahman, K. Rukmani, Rajam Sekhar, S. Asokan, Thermal diffusivity measurements on ternary Ge–Te–Tl glasses using Photo-thermal Deflection method: Effect of thallium addition, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 358, Issues 12–13, 1 July 2012
  • Pavel Kocán, Pavel Sobotík, Peter Matvija, Martin Setvín, Ivan Ošt'ádal, An STM study of desorption-induced thallium structures on the Si(111) surface, Surface Science, Volume 606, Issues 13–14, July 2012
  • I. Mucha, Phase studies on the quasi-binary thallium(I) telluride–bismuth(III) selenide system, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 538, 20 June 2012
  • Jaroslav Kríž, Jirí Dybal, Emanuel Makrlík, Zdenka Sedláková, Ion vs. ion pair receptor: NMR and DFT study of the interaction of Thallium and Cesium ions and ion pairs with meso-octamethylcalix[4]pyrrole, Chemical Physics, Volume 400, 25 May 2012
  • Muralikrishna Molli, Sowmendran Parola, L.A. Avinash Chunduri, Saikiran Aditha, V Sai Muthukumar, Tanu Mimani Rattan, Venkataramaniah Kamisetti, Solvothermal synthesis and study of nonlinear optical properties of nanocrystalline thallium doped bismuth telluride, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 189, May 2012
  • Kamran Akhbari, Ali Morsali, Thallium(I) supramolecular polymer with Tl?p secondary interactions; preparation of nano-structures by sonochemical method as a new precursor for preparation of Tl2O3 with nano-structural surface, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 700, 1 March 2012
  • Brigitte S. Fox-Beyer, Christoph van Wüllen, Theoretical modelling of the adsorption of thallium and element 113 atoms on gold using two-component density functional methods with effective core potentials, Chemical Physics, Volume 395, 20 February 2012
  • Igor Mucha, Katarzyna Wiglusz, Phase studies on the quasi-binary thallium(I) selenide–cadmium selenide system, Thermochimica Acta, Volume 526, Issues 1–2, 10 November 2011