Thulium Rod

High Purity Tm Rod
CAS 7440-30-4


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Thulium Rod TM-M-02-R Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Thulium Rod TM-M-03-R Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Thulium Rod TM-M-04-R Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Thulium Rod TM-M-04-R Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Tm 7440-30-4 24855957 23961 MFCD00011281  231-140-2 N/A [Tm] InChI=1S/Tm FRNOGLGSGLTDKL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
168.93 Silvery 9321 kg/m³ 60 MPa 1545 °C 1950 °C 0.169 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K  79.0 microhm-cm @ 25°C 1.2 Paulings  0.0382 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C 59 K-Cal/gm atom at 1947°C 4.40 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

American Elements specializes in producing high purity uniform shaped Thulium Rod with the highest possible density 99.9+% Ultra High Purity Metallic Rods and smallest possible average grain sizes for use in semiconductor, Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). Our standard Rod sizes range from 1/8" x 1/8" to 1/4" x 1/4" and 3 mm diameter. We can also provide Rod outside this range and deposition materials for specific applications such as fuel cells and solar energy and for thin film deposition on glass or metal substrates. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics.We have a variety of standard sized rod molds. We also produce Thulium as powder, ingot, pieces, pellets, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request.

Thulium Bohr Model Thulium Element SymbolThulium (atomic symbol: Tm, atomic number: 69) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 168.93421. The number of electrons in each of Thulium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe]4f136s2. The thulium atom has a radius of 176 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 227 pm. In its elemental form, thulium has a silvery-gray appearance. Thulium is representative of the other lanthanides (rare earths) similar in chemistry to yttrium).Elemental Thulium Picture It is the least abundant of the rare earth elements. Thulium emits blue upon excitation, and is used in flat panel screens that depend critically on bright blue emitters. Thulium was discovered and first isolated by Per Teodor Cleve in 1879. It is named after "Thule," which is the ancient name of Scandinavia. For more information on Thulium, including properties, satefy data, research, and American Elements' catalog of Thulium products, visit the Thulium Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Danger
H228-H319-H335 
F,Xi 
15-17-36/37 
26-36-43 
N/A
UN 3089 4.1/PG 2 
3
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity Flame-Flammables      

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Request an MSDS or Certificate of Analysis





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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages


Recent Research & Development for Thulium

  • Zhaofeng Wang, Yezhou Li, Xiong Liu, Xingmin Wei, Yueling Chen, Fei Zhou, Yuhua Wang, Photoluminescence performance of thulium doped Li4SrCa(SiO4)2 under irradiation of ultraviolet and vacuum ultraviolet lights, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014
  • S. Kardellass, C. Servant, N. Selhaoui, A. Iddaoudi, Thermodynamic evaluations of the iron–lutetium and iron–thulium systems, Calphad, Volume 46, September 2014
  • Eugenio Dentoni Litta, Per-Erik Hellström, Christoph Henkel, Mikael Östling, Electrical characterization of thulium silicate interfacial layers for integration in high-k/metal gate CMOS technology, Solid-State Electronics, Volume 98, August 2014
  • Sung Woo Lee, Seong Kyun Park, Bong-Ki Min, Jun-Gill Kang, Youngku Sohn, Structural/spectroscopic analyses and H2/O2/CO responses of thulium(III) oxide nanosquare sheets, Applied Surface Science, Volume 307, 15 July 2014
  • Takafumi Miyazaki, Youji Tokumoto, Ryohei Sumii, Hajime Yagi, Noriko Izumi, Hisanori Shinohara, Shojun Hino, Photoelectron spectra of thulium atoms encapsulated C82 fullerene, Tm2@C82 (III) and Tm2C2@C82 (III), Chemical Physics, Volumes 431–432, 18 March 2014
  • Hong-Xi Tsao, Chun-Hsiang Chang, Shih-Ting Lin, Jinn-Kong Sheu, Tzong-Yow Tsai, Passively gain-switched and self mode-locked thulium fiber laser at 1950 nm, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 56, March 2014
  • O. Annalakshmi, M.T. Jose, U. Madhusoodanan, J. Subramanian, B. Venkatraman, G. Amarendra, A.B. Mandal, Thermoluminescence dosimetric characteristics of thulium doped ZnB2O4 phosphor, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 146, February 2014
  • Taymour A. Hamdalla, Sherif S. Nafee, Radiation effects on the gain of thulium doped fiber amplifier: Experiment and modeling, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 55, February 2014
  • Zhongxing Jiao, Baofu Zhang, Biao Wang, Linearly polarized and narrow-linewidth pulse generation at high repetition rate from an all-fiber gain-switched Thulium-doped fiber laser, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 55, February 2014
  • Felix Benz, Andreas Gonser, Reinhart Völker, Thomas Walther, Jan-Thomas Mosebach, Bianka Schwanda, Nicolas Mayer, Gunther Richter, Horst P. Strunk, Concentration quenching of the luminescence from trivalent thulium, terbium, and erbium ions embedded in an AlN matrix, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 145, January 2014
  • Jay Singh, Manish Srivastava, Appan Roychoudhury, Dong Won Lee, Seung Hee Lee, B.D. Malhotra, Optical and electro-catalytic studies of nanostructured thulium oxide for vitamin C detection, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 578, 25 November 2013
  • Jacek Swiderski, Maria Michalska, Wieslaw Pichola, Marcin Mamajek, Flatly broadened mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a cascade of thulium-doped silica fiber amplifiers, Optical Fiber Technology, Volume 19, Issue 5, October 2013
  • I.Z. Mitrovic, M. Althobaiti, A.D. Weerakkody, N. Sedghi, S. Hall, V.R. Dhanak, P.R. Chalker, C. Henkel, E. Dentoni Litta, P.-E. Hellström, M. Östling, Interface engineering of Ge using thulium oxide: Band line-up study, Microelectronic Engineering, Volume 109, September 2013
  • W. Shin, Y.L. Lee, B.-A. Yu, Y.-C. Noh, T.-J. Ahn, Wavelength-tunable thulium-doped single mode fiber laser based on the digitally programmable micro-mirror array, Optical Fiber Technology, Volume 19, Issue 4, August 2013
  • Hrvoje Gebavi, Stefano Taccheo, Daniel Milanese, The enhanced two micron emission in thulium doped tellurite glasses, Optical Materials, Volume 35, Issue 10, August 2013
  • M. Fialho, K. Lorenz, S. Magalhães, J. Rodrigues, N.F. Santos, T. Monteiro, E. Alves, Lattice site location and luminescence studies of AlxGa1-xN alloys doped with thulium ions, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 307, 15 July 2013
  • Malgorzata Misiak, Katarzyna Prorok, Bartlomiej Cichy, Artur Bednarkiewicz, Wieslaw Strek, Thulium concentration quenching in the up-converting a-Tm3+/Yb3+ NaYF4 colloidal nanocrystals, Optical Materials, Volume 35, Issue 5, March 2013
  • Malgorzata Misiak, Katarzyna Prorok, Bartlomiej Cichy, Artur Bednarkiewicz, Wieslaw Strek, Corrigendum to “Thulium concentration quenching in the up-converting a-Tm3+/Yb3+NaYF4 colloidal nanocrystals” [Opt. Mater. 35 (5) (2013) 1124–1128], Optical Materials, Volume 35, Issue 9, July 2013
  • Jinseong Kim, Heesoo Lee, Substitutional analysis of perovskite-type dysprosium and thulium co-doped barium titanate ceramics by a near edge X-ray absorption fine structure, Materials Letters, Volume 92, 1 February 2013
  • Jinseong Kim, Taimin Noh, Seol Jeon, Sanghu Park, Hohwan Chun, Heesoo Lee, Deterioration behavior analysis of dysprosium and thulium co-doped barium titanate ceramics for multilayer ceramic capacitors, Ceramics International, Volume 38, Issue 8, December 2012