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Yttrium Sulfate Solution

Y2(SO4)3 . 8H2O
CAS 7446-33-5

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(2N) 99% Yttrium Sulfate Solution Y-SAT-02-SOL Request Quote
(3N) 99.9% Yttrium Sulfate Solution Y-SAT-03-SOL Request Quote
(4N) 99.99% Yttrium Sulfate Solution Y-SAT-04-SOL Request Quote
(5N) 99.999% Yttrium Sulfate Solution Y-SAT-05-SOL Request Quote

Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
Y2(SO4)3 . 8H2O 7446-33-5 24859559 165608 MFCD00149946 N/A Yttrium(+3) sulfate octahydrate N/A [Y+3].[Y+3].[O-]S(=O)(=O)[O-].[O-]S([O-])(=O)=O.[O-]S([O-])(=O)=O InChI=1S/3H2O4S.2Y/c3*1-5(2,3)4;;/h3*(H2,1,2,3,4);;/q;;;2*+3/p-6 RTAYJOCWVUTQHB-UHFFFAOYSA-H

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Density Exact Mass Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
H16O20S3Y2 610.12 White N/A 700 °C
(1292 °F)
2.5 g/cm3 N/A 465.66687 Da N/A Safety Data Sheet

Sulfate IonYttrium Sulfate Solutions are moderate to highly concentrated liquid solutions of Yttrium Sulfate. They are an excellent source of Yttrium Sulfate for applications requiring solubilized Compound Solutions Packaging, Bulk Quantity materials. American Elements can prepare dissolved homogenous solutions at customer specified concentrations or to the maximum stoichiometric concentration. Packaging is available in 55 gallon drums, smaller units and larger liquid totes. American Elements maintains solution production facilities in the United States, Northern Europe (Liverpool, UK), Southern Europe (Milan, Italy), Australia and China to allow for lower freight costs and quicker delivery to our customers. American Elements metal and rare earth compound solutions have numerous applications, but are commonly used in petrochemical cracking and automotive catalysts, water treatment, plating, textiles, research and in optic, laser, crystal andglass applications. Ultra high purity and high purity compositions improve both optical quality and usefulness as scientific standards. Nanoscale elemental powders and suspensions, as alternative high surface area forms, may be considered. We also produce Yttrium Sulfate Powder.Sulfate compounds are salts or esters of sulfuric acid formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogens with a metal. Most metal sulfate compounds are readily soluble in water for uses such as water treatment, unlike fluorides and oxides which tend to be insoluble. Organometallic forms are soluble in organic solutions and sometimes in both aqueous and organic solutions. Metallic ions can also be dispersed utilizing suspended or coated nanoparticles and deposited utilizing sputtering targets and evaporation materials for uses such as solar cells and fuel cells. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Yttrium Bohr ModelYttrium (Y) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolYttrium (atomic symbol: Y, atomic number: 39) is a Block D, Group 3, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 88.90585. The number of electrons in each of yttrium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d1 5s2. The yttrium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 219 pm. Yttrium was discovered by Johann Gadolin in 1794 and first isolated by Carl Gustav Mosander in 1840. Elemental Yttrium In its elemental form, Yttrium has a silvery white metallic appearance. Yttrium has the highest thermodynamic affinity for oxygen of any element. Yttrium is not found in nature as a free element and is almost always found combined with the lanthanides in rare earth minerals. While not part of the rare earth series, it resembles the heavy rare earths which are sometimes referred to as the "yttrics" for this reason. Another unique characteristic derives from its ability to form crystals with useful properties. The name yttrium originated from a Swedish village near Vaxholm called Yttbery where it was discovered. For more information on yttrium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of yttrium products, visit the Yttrium element page.

Sulfur Bohr ModelSulfur (S) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSulfur or Sulphur (atomic symbol: S, atomic number: 16) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 3 element with an atomic radius of 32.066. The number of electrons in each of Sulfur's shells is 2, 8, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s2 3p4. In its elemental form, sulfur has a light yellow appearance. The sulfur atom has a covalent radius of 105 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 180 pm. In nature, sulfur can be found in hot springs, meteorites, volcanoes, and as galena, gypsum, and epsom salts. Sulfur has been known since ancient times but was not accepted as an element until 1777, when Antoine Lavoisier helped to convince the scientific community that it was an element and not a compound. For more information on sulfur, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of sulfur products, visit the Sulfur element page.

Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Warning
Hazard Statements H315-H319-H335
Hazard Codes Xi
Risk Codes 36/37/38
Safety Precautions 26-37/39
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity        

Yttrium(III) sulfate octahydrate, Yttrium(+3) sulfate octahydrate, Yttrium sulfate hydrate (2:3:1), Diyttrium trisulfate octahydrate

Yttrium Foil Yttrium Pellets Yttrium Sputtering Target Yttrium Oxide Pellets Yttrium Acetate
Yttrium Metal Yttrium Wire Yttrium Chloride Yttrium Aluminum Alloy Yttrium Nitrate
Yttrium Nanoparticles Yttrium Oxide Yttrium Nickel Alloy Yttrium Chloride Yttrium Acetylacetonate
Show Me MORE Forms of Yttrium

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

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Recent Research & Development for Yttrium

  • Introduction of an yttrium-manganese binary composite that has extremely high adsorption capacity for arsenate uptake in different water conditions. Yang Yu, Ling Yu, and J. Paul Chen. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.: February 9, 2015
  • Rich Structural Chemistry in New Alkali Metal Yttrium Tellurites: Three-Dimensional Frameworks of NaYTe4O10, KY(TeO3)2, RbY(TeO3)2, and a Novel Variant of Hexagonal Tungsten Bronze, CsYTe3O8. Youngkwon Kim, Dong Woo Lee, and Kang Min Ok. Inorg. Chem.: December 17, 2014
  • Versatile Reactivity of Diketiminato-Supported Yttrium Dialkyl Complex toward Aromatic N-Heterocycles. Yin Zhang, Jie Zhang, Jianquan Hong, Fangjun Zhang, Linhong Weng, and Xigeng Zhou. Organometallics: December 2, 2014
  • Unprecedented 3,4-Isoprene and cis-1,4-Butadiene Copolymers with Controlled Sequence Distribution by Single Yttrium Cationic Species. Bo Liu, Xingbao Wang, Yupeng Pan, Fei Lin, Chunji Wu, Jingping Qu, Yi Luo, and Dongmei Cui. Macromolecules: December 1, 2014
  • Synthesis and Characterization of Amine-Bridged Bis(phenolate) Yttrium Guanidinates and Their Application in the Ring-Opening Polymerization of 1,4-Dioxan-2-one. Tinghua Zeng, Yaorong Wang, Qi Shen, Yingming Yao, Yunjie Luo, and Dongmei Cui. Organometallics: November 19, 2014
  • Versatile 2-Methoxyethylaminobis(phenolate)yttrium Catalysts: Catalytic Precision Polymerization of Polar Monomers via Rare Earth Metal-Mediated Group Transfer Polymerization. Peter T. Altenbuchner, Benedikt S. Soller, Stefan Kissling, Thomas Bachmann, Alexander Kronast, Sergei I. Vagin, and Bernhard Rieger. Macromolecules: November 10, 2014
  • Thermochromism in Yttrium Iron Garnet Compounds. Hélène Serier-Brault, Lucile Thibault, Magalie Legrain, Philippe Deniard, Xavier Rocquefelte, Philippe Leone, Jean-Luc Perillon, Stéphanie Le Bris, Jean Waku, and Stéphane Jobic. Inorg. Chem.: November 10, 2014
  • Solvothermal Synthesis and Luminescence Properties of Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Monodispersed Crystallites with Well-Developed Faces. Meng M. Xu, Zhi J. Zhang, Jun J. Zhu, Jing T. Zhao, and Xiang Y. Chen. J. Phys. Chem. C: October 31, 2014
  • Oxygen Vacancy Effect on Photoluminescence Properties of Self-Activated Yttrium Tungstate. Bangfu Ding, Haijiao Qian, Chao Han, Junying Zhang, Sten-Eric Lindquist, Bin Wei, and Zilong Tang. J. Phys. Chem. C: October 10, 2014
  • Structural and Spectroscopic Characterization of Nd3+-Doped YVO4 Yttrium Orthovanadate Nanocrystallites. Rafal J. Wiglusz, Lukasz Marciniak, Robert Pazik, and Wieslaw Strek. Crystal Growth & Design: October 3, 2014

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

  • Kinetic study on sodium sulfate synthesis by reactive crystallization. Juan Carlos Ojeda Toro, Izabela Dobrosz-Gomez, and Miguel Ángel Gómez-García. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.: February 9, 2015
  • Electrophoretic Extraction of Low Molecular Weight Cationic Analytes from Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Containing Sample Matrices for their Direct Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry. Tristan F Kinde, Debashis Dutta, and Thomas D Lopez. Anal. Chem.: February 9, 2015
  • Novel Colorimetric Immunoassay for Ultrasensitive Monitoring of Brevetoxin B Based on Enzyme-Controlled Chemical Conversion of Sulfite to Sulfate. Wenqiang Lai, Junyang Zhuang, and Dianping Tang. J. Agric. Food Chem.: February 7, 2015
  • Aggregation Behavior of Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfate with a Positively Bicharged Organic Salt and Effects of the Mixture on Fluorescent Properties of Conjugated Polyelectrolytes. Yongqiang Tang, Zhang Liu, Linyi Zhu, Yuchun Han, and Yilin Wang. Langmuir: February 1, 2015
  • Oxidation of Ferrous Sulfate Hydrolyzed Slurry—Kinetic Aspects and Impact on As(V) Removal. Renaud Daenzer, Thomas Feldmann, and George P. Demopoulos. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.: January 23, 2015
  • Endosulfan Isomers and Sulfate Metabolite Induced Reproductive Toxicity in Caenorhabditis elegans Involves Genotoxic Response Genes. Hua Du, Min Wang, Hui Dai, Wei Hong, Mudi Wang, Jingjing Wang, Nanyan Weng, Yaguang Nie, and An Xu. Environ. Sci. Technol.: January 22, 2015
  • Solubility of Clopidogrel Hydrogen Sulfate (Form II) in Ethanol + Cyclohexane Mixtures at (283.35 to 333.75) K. Huai Guo, Liangcheng Song, Chunhui Yang, Yu Tao, Yongjun Long, and Yingbei Cui. J. Chem. Eng. Data: January 21, 2015
  • Evaluating Enhanced Sulfate Reduction and Optimized Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA) Composition in Anaerobic Reactor by Fe (III) Addition. Yiwen Liu, Yaobin Zhang, and Bing-Jie Ni. Environ. Sci. Technol.: January 21, 2015
  • Oral Administration of Hen Egg White Ovotransferrin Attenuates the Development of Colitis Induced by Dextran Sodium Sulfate in Mice. Yutaro Kobayashi, Prithy Rupa, Jennifer Kovacs-Nolan, Patricia V. Turner, Toshiro Matsui, and Yoshinori Mine. J. Agric. Food Chem.: January 20, 2015
  • C5-Epimerase and 2-O-Sulfotransferase Associate in Vitro to Generate Contiguous Epimerized and 2-O-Sulfated Heparan Sulfate Domains. Aurélie Préchoux, Célia Halimi, Jean-Pierre Simorre, Hugues Lortat-Jacob, and Cédric Laguri. ACS Chem. Biol.: 42020