Zinc Phosphide

High Purity Zn3P2
CAS 1314-84-7

Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(5N) 99.999% Zinc Phosphide Powder ZN-P-05-P Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Zinc Phosphide Ingot ZN-P-05-I Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Zinc Phosphide Chunk ZN-P-05-CK Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Zinc Phosphide Lump ZN-P-05-L Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Zinc Phosphide Sputtering Target ZN-P-05-ST Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Zinc Phosphide Wafer ZN-P-05-WSX Contact American Elements

Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
Zn3P2 1314-84-7 24845746 N/A MFCD00049631 215-244-5 N/A N/A [Zn]=P[Zn]P=[Zn] InChI=1S/2P.3Zn NQDYSWQRWWTVJU-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
P2Zn3 258.12 Powder N/A N/A 253.734955 N/A Safety Data Sheet

Phosphide IonZinc Phosphide is a crystalline solid used as a semiconductor and in photo optic applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Zinc(Zn) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolZinc (atomic symbol: Zn, atomic number: 30) is a Block D, Group 12, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 65.38. The number of electrons in each of zinc's shells is 2, 8, 18, 2, and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2. Zinc Bohr ModelThe zinc atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 210 pm. Zinc was discovered by Indian metallurgists prior to 1000 BC and first recognized as a unique element by Rasaratna Samuccaya in 800. Zinc was first isolated by Andreas Marggraf in 1746.Elemental Zinc In its elemental form, zinc has a silver-gray appearance. It is brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable at 100 °C to 150 °C. It is a fair conductor of electricity, and burns in air at high red producing white clouds of the oxide. Zinc is mined from sulfidic ore deposits. It is the 24th most abundant element in the earth's crust and the fourth most common metal in use (after iron, aluminum, and copper). The name zinc originates from the German word "zin," meaning tin. For more information on zinc, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of zinc products, visit the Zinc Information Center.

Phosphorus(P) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolPhosphorus Bohr ModelPhosphorus (atomic symbol: P, atomic number: 15) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 3 element. The number of electrons in each of Phosphorus's shells is 2, 8, 5 and its electronic configuration is [Ne] 3s2 3p3. The phosphorus atom has a radius of 110.5.pm and its Van der Waals radius is 180.pm. Phosphorus is a highly-reactive non-metallic element (sometimes considered a metalloid) with two primary allotropes, white phosphorus and red phosphorus; its black flaky appearance is similar to graphitic carbon. Compound forms of phosphorus include phosphates and phosphides. Phosphorous was first recognized as an element by Hennig Brand in 1669; its name (phosphorus mirabilis, or "bearer of light") was inspired from the brilliant glow emitted by its distillation. For more information on phosphorus, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of phosphorus products, visit the Phosphorus Information Center.

Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H260-H300-H410
Hazard Codes F,T+,N
Risk Codes 15/29-28-32-50/53
Safety Precautions 3/9/14-30-36/37-45-60-61
RTECS Number ZH4900000
Transport Information UN 1714 4.3/PG 1
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
Flame-Flammables Skull and Crossbones-Acute Toxicity  Environment-Hazardous to the aquatic environment    

trizinc phosphorus(-3), zinc bis(phosphanidylidenezinc)

Zinc Bars Zn Cd Se Zinc Foil Tin Bismuth Zinc Alloy Zinc Nanoparticles
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Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages

Recent Research & Development for Zinc

  • Hongying Li, Junying Duan, Xiaobing Min, Comparative studies on the initial stage of arc-sprayed and zinc-rich powder coatings in sulfur-rich environment, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • A.I. Ivon, A.B. Glot, R.I. Lavrov, Zhen-Ya Lu, Grain resistivity in zinc oxide and tin dioxide varistor ceramics, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Po-Chieh Li, Chi-Chang Hu, Tai-Chou Lee, Wen-Sheng Chang, Tsin Hai Wang, Synthesis and characterization of carbon black/manganese oxide air cathodes for zinc-air batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Ashis K. Mandal, S. Balaji, Ranjan Sen, Microwave and conventional preparation of Zinc borate glass: Eu3+ ion as luminescent probe, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Zuoqian Wang, Rich Winslow, Deepa Madan, Paul K. Wright, James W. Evans, Malcolm Keif, Xiaoying Rong, Development of MnO2 cathode inks for flexographically printed rechargeable zinc-based battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Renan Azevedo da Rocha, Carolina Leão Quintanilha, Thayná Viana Lanxin, Júlio Carlos Afonso, Cláudio Augusto Vianna, Valdir Gante, José Luiz Mantovano, Production of potassium manganate and barium manganate from spent zinc–MnO2 dry cells via fusion with potassium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jianhua Han, Zhifeng Liu, Boluo Yadian, Yizhong Huang, Keying Guo, Zhichao Liu, Bo Wang, Yajun Li, Ting Cui, Synthesis of metal sulfide sensitized zinc oxide-based core/shell/shell nanorods and their photoelectrochemical properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Cem Göl, Mustafa Malkoç, Serkan Yesilot, Mahmut Durmus, Novel zinc(II) phthalocyanine conjugates bearing different numbers of BODIPY and iodine groups as substituents on the periphery, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Marc Milesi, Roland E. Logé, Yann Jansen, Anisotropic mechanical behavior and formability criterion for zinc sheets, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 12, December 2014
  • Ming-Wei Wu, Pang-Hsin Lai, Chia-Hong Hong, Fang-Cheng Chou, The sintering behavior, microstructure, and electrical properties of gallium-doped zinc oxide ceramic targets, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 15, December 2014
  • Sean R. Wagner, Pengpeng Zhang, Nucleation and evolution of zinc phthalocyanine thin films on the deactivated Si(111)-B R30° surface, Surface Science, Volume 630, December 2014
  • Hye-Ji Jeon, Seul-Gi Lee, Kyung-Sik Shin, Sang-Woo Kim, Jin-Seong Park, Growth behaviors and film properties of zinc oxide grown by atmospheric mist chemical vapor deposition, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • Amin Nourmohammadi, Reza Rahighi, Omid Akhavan, Alireza Moshfegh, Graphene oxide sheets involved in vertically aligned zinc oxide nanowires for visible light photoinactivation of bacteria, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Ian Y.Y. Bu, Sol–gel production of wrinkled fluorine doped zinc oxide through hydrofluride acid, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • G. Biasotto, M.G.A. Ranieri, C.R Foschini, A.Z. Simões, E. Longo, M.A. Zaghete, Gas sensor applications of zinc oxide thin film grown by the polymeric precursor method, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • Hadi Barzegar Bafrooei, Ehsan Taheri Nassaj, Touradj Ebadzadeh, Chunfeng Hu, Sintering behavior and microwave dielectric properties of nano zinc niobate powder, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Andrea Bencini, Francesco Bartoli, Claudia Caltagirone, Vito Lippolis, Zinc(II)-based fluorescent dyes: Luminescence modulation by phosphate anion binding, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 110, November 2014
  • Alexey N. Gusev, Victor F. Shul’gin, Svetlana B. Meshkova, Sergey S. Smola, Wolfgang Linert, A novel triazole-based fluorescent chemosensor for Zinc ions, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • P. Vanathi, P. Rajiv, S. Narendhran, Sivaraj Rajeshwari, Pattanathu K.S.M. Rahman, Rajendran Venckatesh, Biosynthesis and characterization of phyto mediated zinc oxide nanoparticles: A green chemistry approach, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Jih-Hsin Liu, L. Saravanan, Zinc oxide loaded MWCNT buckypaper for the efficient photocurrent generation, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Phosphides

  • Yuanyuan Tan, Dongbai Sun, Hongying Yu, Tao Wu, Bin Yang, Yu Gong, Shi Yan, Rong Du, Zhongjun Chen, Xueqing Xing, Guang Mo, Quan Cai, Zhonghua Wu, Optimal synthesis and magnetic properties of size-controlled nickel phosphide nanoparticles, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 605, 25 August 2014
  • Zihab Sohbatzadeh, M.R. Roknabadi, Nasser Shahtahmasebi, Mohammad Behdani, Spin-dependent transport properties of an armchair boron-phosphide nanoribbon embedded between two graphene nanoribbon electrodes, Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Available online 13 August 2014
  • Kristian Smistrup, Jesper Nørregaard, Andrej Mironov, Tobias H. Bro, Brian Bilenberg, Theodor Nielsen, Johan Eriksen, Anil H. Thilsted, Ole Hansen, Anders Kristensen, Stephen Rishton, Ferdous Khan, Mark Emanuel, Yong Ma, Yin Zhang, Nanoimprinted DWDM laser arrays on indium phosphide substrates, Microelectronic Engineering, Volume 123, 1 July 2014
  • Kathleen Lee, Sarah Synnestvedt, Maverick Bellard, Kirill Kovnir, GeP and (Ge1-xSnx)(P1-yGey) (x˜0.12, y˜0.05): Synthesis, structure, and properties of two-dimensional layered tetrel phosphides, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Available online 2 May 2014
  • Shuna Zhang, Shujuan Zhang, Limin Song, Xiaoqing Wu, Sheng Fang, Three-dimensional interconnected nickel phosphide networks with hollow microstructures and desulfurization performance, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 53, May 2014
  • Xuguang Liu, Lei Xu, Baoquan Zhang, Essential elucidation for preparation of supported nickel phosphide upon nickel phosphate precursor, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 212, April 2014
  • Nicole A. Kotulak, Martin Diaz, Allen Barnett, Robert L. Opila, Toward a tandem gallium phosphide on silicon solar cell through liquid phase epitaxy growth, Thin Solid Films, Volume 556, 1 April 2014
  • Shuna Zhang, Shujuan Zhang, Limin Song, Qingwu Wei, A general approach to the synthesis of metal phosphide catalysts, Powder Technology, Volume 253, February 2014
  • Paulin Buchwalter, Jacky Rosé, Bénédicte Lebeau, Pierre Rabu, Pierre Braunstein, Jean-Louis Paillaud, Stoichiometric molecular single source precursors to cobalt phosphides, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 409, Part B, 1 January 2014
  • C. Kamal, Aparna Chakrabarti, Arup Banerjee, S.K. Deb, Ab initio studies of effect of intercalation on the properties of single walled carbon and gallium phosphide nanotubes, Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Volume 54, December 2013
  • Jian Wang, Sheng-Qing Xia, Xu-Tang Tao, Marion C. Schäfer, Svilen Bobev, New ternary phosphides and arsenides. Syntheses, crystal structures, physical properties of Eu2ZnP2, Eu2Zn2P3 and Eu2Cd2As3, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 205, September 2013
  • Enrique San Andrés, María Ángela Pampillón, Pedro Carlos Feijoo, Raúl Pérez, Carmina Cañadilla, High permittivity gadolinium oxide deposited on indium phosphide by high-pressure sputtering without interface treatments, Microelectronic Engineering, Volume 109, September 2013
  • N. Fressengeas, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, Microsecond infrared beam bending in photorefractive iron doped indium phosphide, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 48, June 2013
  • Shan Liu, Haisheng Fang, Bin Yang, Yaochun Yao, Wenhui Ma, Yongnian Dai, Improving rate performance of LiMnPO4 based material by forming electron-conducting iron phosphides, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 230, 15 May 2013
  • Kazuyuki Edamoto, The electronic properties of nickel phosphide surfaces: Angle-resolved and resonant photoemission studies, Applied Surface Science, Volume 269, 15 March 2013
  • Stanislav Hasenöhrl, Peter Eliáš, Ján Šoltýs, Roman Stoklas, Agáta Dujavová-Laurencíková, Jozef Novák, Zinc-doped gallium phosphide nanowires for photovoltaic structures, Applied Surface Science, Volume 269, 15 March 2013
  • Erik Busby, Arthur Thibert, Jack Fuzell, Deisy C. Arrington, Ali M. Jawaid, Preston T. Snee, Delmar S. Larsen, Ultrafast exciton dynamics in colloidal aluminum phosphide nanocrystals, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 557, 5 February 2013
  • D. Philippon, M.-I. De Barros-Bouchet, Th. Le Mogne, B. Vacher, O. Lerasle, J.-M. Martin, A multi-technique approach to the characterization of iron phosphide tribofilm, Thin Solid Films, Volume 524, 1 December 2012
  • Wei Liu, Hailing Tu, Hai Yang, Shuyu Zhang, Lanqin Yan, Chengsong Huo, Xiaoping Su, Structural, mechanical properties and composition analysis of boron phosphide coatings, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 538, 15 October 2012
  • Hairui Liu, Jian Liang, Xuguang Liu, Husheng Jia, Bingshe Xu, Self-assembly of indium phosphide with an urchin-like architecture through a hydrothermal route, Materials Letters, Volume 82, 1 September 2012