About Oxalates

Oxalate is an anion with the formula C2O2-4, also written [(COO)2]2-. The ion forms salts or coordination complexes with many metals. The oxalate salts of alkali earth metals, such as calcium oxalate, a major component of human kidney stones that is also found in some plants as sharp crystals known as raphides, are insoluble in water and irritating to the skin and digestive tract. Calcium oxalate is used in the production of ceramics, while strontium oxalate and barium oxalate are used as reducing agents in laboratory chemistry and pyrotechnics.

Other oxalates used as chemical reagents include potassium hydrogenoxalate, also known as salt of sorrel, due to its occurrence in the sorrel plant. It is used in photography and for the removal of ink stains. Ferric oxalate is a chemical compound used in platinum printmaking, while cobalt oxalate is used in the production of cobalt catalysts. Oxalates may also be used in some instances as sources of the metals they contain.

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of oxalate compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its oxalate products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Oxalates Products

Aluminum Oxalate Ammonium bis(oxalato)palladium(II) Dihydrate Ammonium Iron(III) Oxalate Trihydrate
Ammonium Niobate(V) Oxalate Hydrate Ammonium Oxalate Ammonium Titanyl Oxalate Monohydrate
Antimony Oxalate Barium Oxalate Beryllium Oxalate
Bismuth Oxalate Cadmium Oxalate Calcium Oxalate
Calcium Oxalate Hydrate Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate Cerium(III) Oxalate Hydrate
Cerium(III) Oxalate Nonahydrate Cerium(III) Oxalate, Anhydrous Cesium Oxalate
Chromium Oxalate Cobalt Oxalate Cobalt(II) Oxalate Dihydrate
Copper(II) Oxalate Hemihydrate Dysprosium Oxalate Decahydrate Dysprosium(III) Oxalate Hydrate
Erbium Oxalate Erbium(III) Oxalate Hydrate Europium Oxalate
Ferric Ammonium Oxalate Ferrous Oxalate Gadolinium Oxalate
Gadolinium(III) Oxalate Hydrate Holmium Oxalate Iron(II) Oxalate Dihydrate
Iron(III) Oxalate Hexahydrate Lanthanum Oxalate Lanthanum Oxalate Hydrate
Lead Oxalate Lithium Oxalate Lutetium Oxalate
Lutetium(III) Oxalate Hydrate Magnesium Oxalate Manganese Oxalate Dihydrate
Molybdenum Oxalate Neodymium Oxalate Hydrate Neodymium Oxalate, Anhydrous
Nickel Oxalate Nickel(II) Oxalate Dihydrate Niobium Oxalate
Palladium Oxalate Potassium Chromium(III) Oxalate Trihydrate Potassium Oxalate (Anhydrous)
Potassium Oxalate Monohydrate Potassium Tetraoxalate Dihydrate Potassium Tetraoxalatozirconate(IV)
Potassium Titanium Oxide Oxalate Dihydrate Potassium Titanyl Oxalate Potassium Trioxalatochromate
Potassium Trioxalatoferrate(III) Trihydrate Praseodymium Oxalate Decahydrate Praseodymium Oxalate Hydrate
Rubidium Oxalate Ruthenium Oxalate Samarium Oxalate
Scandium Oxalate Hydrate Silver Oxalate Sodium Ferric Oxalate
Sodium Oxalate Strontium Oxalate Tantalum Oxalate
Terbium Oxalate Thulium(III) Oxalate Thulium(III) Oxalate Hydrate
Tin Oxalate Titanium Oxalate Ytterbium Oxalate Decahydrate
Ytterbium Oxalate Hydrate Yttrium Oxalate Zinc Oxalate
Zinc Oxalate Dihydrate

Recent Research & Development for Oxalates

Protective Effects of Pistacia lentiscus L. fruit extract against calcium oxalate monohydrate induced proximal tubular injury., Cheraft-Bahloul, Nassima, Husson Cécile, Ourtioualous Meriam, Sinaeve Sébastien, Atmani Djebbar, Stévigny Caroline, Nortier Joëlle L., and Antoine Marie-Hélène , J Ethnopharmacol, 2017 Sep 14, Volume 209, p.248-254, (2017)

Can Randall's plug composed of calcium oxalate form via the free particle mechanism?, Grases, F, and Söhnel O , BMC Urol, 2017 Sep 08, Volume 17, Issue 1, p.80, (2017)

Time-dependent subcellular structure injuries induced by nano-/micron-sized calcium oxalate monohydrate and dihydrate crystals., Sun, Xin-Yuan, Yu Kai, and Ouyang Jian-Ming , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2017 Oct 01, Volume 79, p.445-456, (2017)

Urinary oxalate to creatinine ratios in healthy Turkish schoolchildren., Dursun, Ismail, Çelik İlknur, Poyrazoglu Hakan M., Köse Kader, Tanrıkulu Esen, Sahin Habibe, Yılmaz Kenan, Öztürk Ahmet, Yel Sibel, Gündüz Zübeyde, et al. , Ren Fail, 2017 Nov, Volume 39, Issue 1, p.146-152, (2017)

Inhibitory effect of an aqueous extract of Radix Paeoniae Alba on calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis in a rat model., Li, Xiaoran, Wang Wenyun, Su Yu, Yue Zhongjin, and Bao Junsheng , Ren Fail, 2017 Nov, Volume 39, Issue 1, p.120-129, (2017)

Discrimination Between Calcium Hydroxyapatite and Calcium Oxalate Using Multienergy Spectral Photon-Counting CT., Kirkbride, Tracy E., Raja Aamir Y., Müller Kristin, Bateman Christopher J., Becce Fabio, and Anderson Nigel G. , AJR Am J Roentgenol, 2017 Nov, Volume 209, Issue 5, p.1088-1092, (2017)

Calcium oxalate crystals induces tight junction disruption in distal renal tubular epithelial cells by activating ROS/Akt/p38 MAPK signaling pathway., Yu, Lei, Gan Xiuguo, Liu Xukun, and An Ruihua , Ren Fail, 2017 Nov, Volume 39, Issue 1, p.440-451, (2017)

Total flavonoids of Desmodium styracifolium attenuates the formation of hydroxy-L-proline-induced calcium oxalate urolithiasis in rats., Zhou, Jianfu, Jin Jing, Li Xiong, Zhao Zhongxiang, Zhang Lei, Wang Qian, Li Jing, Zhang Qiuhong, and Xiang Songtao , Urolithiasis, 2017 May 31, (2017)

Properties of intermediates in the catalytic cycle of oxalate oxidoreductase and its suicide inactivation by pyruvate., Pierce, Elizabeth, Mansoorabadi Steven O., Can Mehmet, Reed George H., and Ragsdale Stephen W. , Biochemistry, 2017 May 17, (2017)

Determination of Escitalopram Oxalate and L-Methylfolate in Tablet by Spectrophotometric and Reverse Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Methods., Sheladia, Seema, and Patel Bhavesh , J Chromatogr Sci, 2017 May 01, Volume 55, Issue 5, p.550-555, (2017)

The oxalyl-CoA synthetase-regulated oxalate and its distinct effects on resistance to bacterial blight and aluminium toxicity in rice., Peng, C, Liang X, Liu E-E, Zhang J-J, and Peng X-X , Plant Biol (Stuttg), 2017 May, Volume 19, Issue 3, p.345-353, (2017)

Chemical modification of oxalate decarboxylase to improve adsorption capacity., Lin, Rihui, He Junbin, Wu Jia, Cai Xinghua, Long Han, Chen Shengfeng, and Liu Haiqian , Int J Biol Macromol, 2017 May, Volume 98, p.495-501, (2017)

Bilateral native nephrectomy reduces systemic oxalate level after combined liver-kidney transplant: A case report., Villani, Vincenzo, Gupta Neena, Elias Nahel, Vagefi Parsia A., Markmann James F., Paul Elahna, Traum Avram Z., and Yeh Heidi , Pediatr Transplant, 2017 May, Volume 21, Issue 3, (2017)

In situ spectroscopic studies on vapor phase catalytic decomposition of dimethyl oxalate., Hegde, Shweta, Tharpa Kalsang, Akuri Satyanarayana Reddy, K Rakesh, Kumar Ajay, Deshpande Raj, and Nair Sreejit A. , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2017 Mar 15, Volume 19, Issue 11, p.8034-8045, (2017)

A sensitive electrochemiluminescence immunosensor based on Ru(bpy)3(2+) in 3D CuNi oxalate as luminophores and graphene oxide-polyethylenimine as released Ru(bpy)3(2+) initiator., Li, Xiaojian, Yu Siqi, Yan Tao, Zhang Yong, Du Bin, Wu Dan, and Wei Qin , Biosens Bioelectron, 2017 Mar 15, Volume 89, Issue Pt 2, p.1020-1025, (2017)