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Ammonium Hydroxide Solution

CAS #:

Linear Formula:

NH4OH

MDL Number:

MFCD00066650

EC No.:

215-647-6

ORDER

PRODUCT Product Code ORDER SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
(2N) 99% Ammonium Hydroxide Solution
AM-OH-02-SOL
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(3N) 99.9% Ammonium Hydroxide Solution
AM-OH-03-SOL
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(4N) 99.99% Ammonium Hydroxide Solution
AM-OH-04-SOL
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(5N) 99.999% Ammonium Hydroxide Solution
AM-OH-05-SOL
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
Question? Ask an American Elements EngineerWHOLESALE/SKU 0000-742-13871

Ammonium Hydroxide Solution Properties

Compound Formula

H5NO

Molecular Weight

35.05

Appearance

Colorless liquid

Melting Point

N/A

Boiling Point

N/A

Density (Theoretical)

0.9 g/mL

Exact Mass

35.037114

Monoisotopic Mass

35.037114

Ammonium Hydroxide Solution Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H314-H335-H400
Hazard Codes C,N
Risk Codes 34-50
Safety Statements 26-36/37/39-45-61
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information UN 2672 8/PG 3
WGK Germany 2
GHS Pictograms

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 11/21/2017
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Ammonium Hydroxide Solution

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. AM-OH-02-SOL , AM-OH-03-SOL , AM-OH-04-SOL , AM-OH-05-SOL

CAS #: 1336-21-6

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
10884 Weyburn Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America +1 800-424-9300
International +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
GHS05 Corrosion
Skin Corr. 1B H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Eye Dam. 1 H318 Causes serious eye damage.
GHS07
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmful if swallowed.
Hazards not otherwise classified
No information known.
Label elements
GHS label elements
The product is classified and labeled in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Hazard pictograms

Corrosion - GHS05 Exclamation Mark - GHS07

GHS05 GHS07
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements
H302 Harmful if swallowed.
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary statements
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P309 IF exposed or if you feel unwell:
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/...
WHMIS classification
D2B - Toxic material causing other toxic effects
E - Corrosive material
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
3
1
1
Health (acute effects) = 3
Flammability = 1
Physical Hazard = 1
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT:
Not applicable.
vPvB:
Not applicable.


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Chemical characterization: Substances
CAS# Description:
1336-21-6 Ammonium hydroxide
Identification number(s):
EC number:
215-647-6
Index number:
007-001-01-2


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
General information
Immediately remove any clothing soiled by the product.
After inhalation
Supply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After skin contact
Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After eye contact
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.
After swallowing
Seek medical treatment.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Causes severe skin burns.
Causes serious eye damage.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents
Carbon dioxide, extinguishing powder or water spray. Fight larger fires with water spray or alcohol resistant foam.
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Nitrogen oxides (NOx)
Ammonia
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Environmental precautions:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Methods and material for containment and cleaning up:
Absorb with liquid-binding material (sand, diatomite, acid binders, universal binders, sawdust).
Use neutralizing agent.
Dispose of contaminated material as waste according to section 13.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Prevention of secondary hazards:
No special measures required.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.
Information about protection against explosions and fires:
No information known.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
No special requirements.
Information about storage in one common storage facility:
Do not store together with acids.
Store away from oxidizing agents.
Store away from metal powders.
Store away from halogens.
Water reacts with many metals to give hydrogen, often violently. Water is also incompatible with many reactive organic and inorganic chemicals.
Further information about storage conditions:
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.
Specific end use(s)
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
The product does not contain any relevant quantities of materials with critical values that have to be monitored at the workplace.
Additional information:
No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
General protective and hygienic measures
The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Avoid contact with the eyes and skin.
Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
Breathing equipment:
Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.
Recommended filter device for short term use:
Use a respirator with cartidges suitable for use with ammonia as a backup to engineering controls. Risk assessment should be performed to determine if air-purifying respirators are appropiate. Only use equipment tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NI
OSH (USA) or CEN (EU).
Protection of hands:
Impervious gloves
Check protective gloves prior to each use for their proper condition.
The selection of suitable gloves not only depends on the material, but also on quality. Quality will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.
Material of gloves
Butyl rubber, BR
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes)
Not determined
Eye protection:
Tightly sealed goggles
Full face protection
Body protection:
Protective work clothing


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
General Information
Appearance:
Form: Liquid
Color: Colorless
Odor: Ammonia-like
Odor threshold: Not determined.
pH-value (100 g/l) at 20 °C (68 °F): 12
Change in condition
Melting point/Melting range: Not determined
Boiling point/Boiling range: Not determined
Sublimation temperature / start: Not determined
Flammability (solid, gaseous)
Not determined.
Ignition temperature: Not determined
Decomposition temperature: Not determined
Auto igniting: Not determined.
Danger of explosion: Not determined.
Explosion limits:
Lower: Not determined
Upper: Not determined
Vapor pressure at 20 °C (68 °F): 500 hPa (375 mm Hg)
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 0.9 g/cm³ (7.511 lbs/gal)
Relative density
Not determined.
Vapor density
Not determined.
Evaporation rate
Not determined.
Solubility in / Miscibility with Water: Fully miscible
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): Not determined.
Viscosity:
dynamic: Not determined.
kinematic: Not determined.
Other information
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity
No information known.
Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
Water reacts violently with alkali metals.
Reacts with strong oxidizing agents
Water reacts with many metals to give hydrogen, often violently. Water is also incompatible with many reactive organic and inorganic chemicals.
Conditions to avoid
No further relevant information available.
Incompatible materials:
Acids
Oxidizing agents
Halogens
Metal powders
Hazardous decomposition products:
Nitrogen oxides
Ammonia


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity:
Swallowing will lead to a strong corrosive effect on mouth and throat and to the danger of perforation of esophagus and stomach.
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains acute toxicity data for this substance.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification:
Oral LD50 350 mg/kg (rat)
Skin irritation or corrosion:
Causes severe skin burns.
Eye irritation or corrosion:
Causes serious eye damage.
Sensitization:
No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity:
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains mutation data for this substance.
Carcinogenicity:
No classification data on carcinogenic properties of this material is available from the EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.
Reproductive toxicity:
No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure:
No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure:
No effects known.
Aspiration hazard:
No effects known.
Subacute to chronic toxicity:
No effects known.
Additional toxicological information:
To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity:
No further relevant information available.
Persistence and degradability
No further relevant information available.
Bioaccumulative potential
No further relevant information available.
Mobility in soil
No further relevant information available.
Ecotoxical effects:
Remark:
Very toxic for aquatic organisms
Additional ecological information:
General notes:
Do not allow product to reach ground water, water course or sewage system.
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Danger to drinking water if even small quantities leak into the ground.
Also poisonous for fish and plankton in water bodies.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Very toxic for aquatic organisms
Rinse off of bigger amounts into drains or the aquatic environment may lead to increased pH-values. A high pH-value harms aquatic organisms. In the dilution of the use-level the pH-value is considerably reduced, so that after the use of the product the aqueous waste, emptied into drains, is only low water-dangerous.
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT:
Not applicable.
vPvB:
Not applicable.
Other adverse effects
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation
Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation:
Disposal must be made according to official regulations.
Recommended cleansing agent:
Water, if necessary with cleansing agents


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

UN-Number
DOT, IMDG, IATA
UN2672
UN proper shipping name
DOT
Ammonia solutions
IMDG, IATA
AMMONIA SOLUTION
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT
Class
8 Corrosive substances.
Label
8
Class
8 (C5) Corrosive substances
Label
8
IMDG, IATA
Class
8 Corrosive substances.
Label
8
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA
III
Environmental hazards:
Environmentally hazardous substance, liquid
Special precautions for user
Warning: Corrosive substances
EMS Number: F-A,S-B
Segregation groups
Alkalis
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
Not applicable.
Transport/Additional information:
DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT):
No
UN "Model Regulation":
UN2672, Ammonia solutions, 8, IIl


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
GHS label elements
The product is classified and labeled in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Hazard pictograms
GHS05
GHS07
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements
H302 Harmful if swallowed.
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary statements
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P309 IF exposed or if you feel unwell:
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/...
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Domestic Substances List (DSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
1336-21-6 Ammonium hydroxide
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male
Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006.
Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manuf acturing, placing on the market and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
Substance is not listed.
Chemical safety assessment:
A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About Ammonium Hydroxide Solution

High purity Ammonium Hydroxide Solution Ammonium Hydroxide Solution is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. Hydroxide, the OH- anion composed of an oxygen atom bonded to a hydrogen atom, is commonly present in nature and is one of the most widely studied molecules in physical chemistry. Hydroxide compounds have diverse properties and uses, from base catalysis to detection of carbon dioxide. In a watershed 2013 experiment, scientists at JILA (the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics) achieved evaporative cooling of compounds for the first time using hydroxide molecules, a discovery that may lead to new methods of controlling chemical reactions and could impact a range of disciplines, including atmospheric science and energy production technologies. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Ammonium Hydroxide Solution Synonyms

Aqueous ammonia; Ammonia, monohydrate; Aquammonia; Ammonia water

Ammonium Hydroxide Solution Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula

NH4OH

Pubchem CID

14923

MDL Number

MFCD00066650

EC No.

215-647-6

Beilstein Registry No.

3587154

IUPAC Name

azanium; hydroxide

SMILES

[NH4+].[OH-]

InchI Identifier

InChI=1S/H3N.H2O/h1H3;1H2

InchI Key

VHUUQVKOLVNVRT-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Elements

See more Nitrogen products. Nitrogen is a Block P, Group 15, Period 2 element. Its electron configuration is [He]2s22p3. In its elemental form, nitrogen's CAS number is 7727-37-9. Nitrogen is an odorless, tasteless, colorless and mostly inert gas. It is the seventh most abundant element in the universe and it constitutes 78.09% (by volume) of Earth's atmosphere. Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford in 1772.

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