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BGO Crystal

CAS #:

Linear Formula:


MDL Number:


EC No.:



(2N) 99% Bi12GeO20
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(3N) 99.9% Bi12GeO20
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(4N) 99.99% Bi12GeO20
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(5N) 99.999% Bi12GeO20
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >

BGO Crystal Properties

Compound Formula


Molecular Weight




Melting Point

925 °C

Boiling Point



9.2 g/cm3

Exact Mass


Monoisotopic Mass




BGO Crystal Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Warning
Hazard Statements H315-H319-H335
Hazard Codes Xi
Risk Codes 36/37/38
Safety Statements 26-37
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A

About BGO Crystal

BGO (Bismuth Germanate, Bismuth Germanium Oxide) is a piezoelectric sillenite scintillator crystal used in high-energy physics, nonlinear optics, and nuclear medicine. . American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

BGO Crystal Synonyms

BGO, Bismuth Germanium Oxide, bismuth germanate, Dodecabismuth Germanium Icosaoxide, BGO20

BGO Crystal Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula


Pubchem CID


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InchI Identifier


InchI Key


Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Elements

See more Bismuth products. Bismuth (atomic symbol: Bi, atomic number: 83) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 208.98040. The number of electrons in each of Bismuth's shells is 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5 and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3. Bismuth Bohr ModelThe bismuth atom has a radius of 156 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 207 pm. In its elemental form, bismuth is a silvery white brittle metal. Bismuth is the most diamagnetic of all metals and, with the exception of mercury, its thermal conductivity is lower than any other metal. Elemental BismuthBismuth has a high electrical resistance, and has the highest Hall Effect of any metal (i.e., greatest increase in electrical resistance when placed in a magnetic field). Bismuth is found in bismuthinite and bismite It is also produced as a byproduct of lead, copper, tin, molybdenum and tungsten extraction. Bismuth was first discovered by Early Man. The name Bismuth originates from the German word 'wissmuth,' meaning white mass.

See more Germanium products. Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. Germanium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2. The germanium atom has a radius of 122.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 211 pm. Germanium was first discovered by Clemens Winkler in 1886. In its elemental form, germanium is a brittle grayish white semi-metallic element. Germanium is too reactive to be found naturally on Earth in its native state. High Purity (99.999%) Germanium (Ge) MetalIt is commercially obtained from zinc ores and certain coals. It is also found in argyrodite and germanite. It is used extensively as a semiconductor in transitors, solar cells, and optical materials. Other applications include acting an alloying agent, as a phosphor in fluorescent lamps, and as a catalyst. The name Germanium originates from the Latin word "Germania" meaning "Germany," For more information on germanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of germanium products, visit the Germanium element page.

Recent Research

Homogeneity of bismuth-distribution in bismuth-doped alkali germanate laser glasses towards superbroad fiber amplifiers., Zhao, Yanqi, Wondraczek Lothar, Mermet Alain, Peng Mingying, Zhang Qinyuan, and Qiu Jianrong , Opt Express, 2015 May 4, Volume 23, Issue 9, p.12423-33, (2015)

SBA-15 templating synthesis of mesoporous bismuth oxide for selective removal of iodide., Zhang, Liping, and Jaroniec Mietek , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Sep 01, Volume 501, p.248-255, (2017)

Creation of bismuth-tungsten oxide nanoclusters using lacunary polyoxometalates., Hanaya, Takumi, Suzuki Kosuke, Sato Rinta, Yamaguchi Kazuya, and Mizuno Noritaka , Dalton Trans, 2017 May 25, (2017)

Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles Partially Substituted with Eu(III), Mn(IV), and Si(IV): Structural, Spectroscopic, and Optical Findings., Ortiz-Quiñonez, José-Luis, Zumeta-Dubé Inti, Díaz David, Nava-Etzana Noel, Cruz-Zaragoza Epifanio, and Santiago-Jacinto Patricia , Inorg Chem, 2017 Mar 20, Volume 56, Issue 6, p.3394-3403, (2017)

Morphology memory but reconstructing crystal structure: porous hexagonal GeO2 nanorods for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries., Wei, Wei, Jia Fangfang, Qu Peng, Huang Zhongning, Wang Hua, and Guo Lin , Nanoscale, 2017 Mar 17, Volume 9, Issue 11, p.3961-3968, (2017)

Functionally Graded Bismuth Oxide/Zirconia Bilayer Electrolytes for High-Performance Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (IT-SOFCs)., Joh, Dong Woo, Park Jeong Hwa, Kim Doyeub, Wachsman Eric D., and Lee Kang Taek , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017 Mar 15, Volume 9, Issue 10, p.8443-8449, (2017)

The fabrication and thermal properties of bismuth-aluminum oxide nanothermometers., Wang, Chiu-Yen, Chen Shih-Hsun, Tsai Ping-Hsin, Chiou Chung-Han, and Hsieh Sheng-Jen , Nanotechnology, 2017 Jan 27, Volume 28, Issue 4, p.045705, (2017)

Synthesis and Characterisation of Reduced Graphene Oxide/Bismuth Composite for Electrodes in Electrochemical Energy Storage Devices., Wang, Jiabin, Zhang Han, Hunt Michael R. C., Charles Alasdair, Tang Jie, Bretcanu Oana, Walker David, Hassan Khalil T., Sun Yige, and Šiller Lidija , ChemSusChem, 2017 Jan 20, Volume 10, Issue 2, p.363-371, (2017)

Formation and Controlled Growth of Bismuth Titanate Phases into Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles: An Efficient Self-Sealing Nanosystem for UV Filtering in Cosmetic Formulation., Zaccariello, Gloria, Back Michele, Zanello Marta, Canton Patrizia, Cattaruzza Elti, Riello Pietro, Alimonti Alessandro, and Benedetti Alvise , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017 Jan 18, Volume 9, Issue 2, p.1913-1921, (2017)

Bismuth oxide nanorods based immunosensor for mycotoxin detection., Solanki, Pratima R., Singh Jay, Rupavali Bharti, Tiwari Sachchidanand, and Malhotra Bansi D. , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2017 Jan 01, Volume 70, Issue Pt 1, p.564-571, (2017)


June 23, 2017
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