Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate)

CAS #:

Linear Formula:

CdCl2 • 21/2 H2O

MDL Number:

MFCD00799071

EC No.:

233-296-7

ORDER

PRODUCT Product Code ORDER SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
(2N) 99% Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate)
CD-CL-02--C.25HY
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(3N) 99.9% Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate)
CD-CL-03-C.25HY
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(4N) 99.99% Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate)
CD-CL-04-C.25HY
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(5N) 99.999% Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate)
CD-CL-05-C.25HY
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >

Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate) Properties (Theoretical)

Compound Formula H10Cd2Cl4O5
Molecular Weight 228.36 456.7104
Appearance White crystals or chunks
Melting Point N/A
Boiling Point N/A
Density 3.327 g/cm3
Solubility in H2O N/A
Exact Mass 457.7314
Monoisotopic Mass 457.734951

Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate) Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H301-H330-H340-H350-H360FD-H372-H410
Hazard Codes T+, N
Precautionary Statements P201-P260-P273-P284-P301 + P310 + P330-P304 + P340 + P310
Flash Point Not applicable
Risk Codes 45-46-60-61-25-26-48/23/25-50/53
Safety Statements 53-45-60-61
RTECS Number EV0178000
Transport Information UN2570 - class 6.1 - PG 3 - EHS - Cadmium compounds, HI: all (not BR)
WGK Germany 3
GHS Pictograms

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 05/22/2024
Date Revised:01/15/2022

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate)

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. CD-CL-02--C.25HY , CD-CL-03-C.25HY , CD-CL-04-C.25HY , CD-CL-05-C.25HY

CAS #: 7790-78-5

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
10884 Weyburn Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America: +1 800-424-9300
International: +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 3), H301
Acute toxicity, Inhalation (Category 1), H330
Germ cell mutagenicity (Category 1B), H340
Carcinogenicity (Category 1B), H350
Reproductive toxicity (Category 1B), H360
Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure (Category 1), H372
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H400
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H410

2.2 GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements

Skull and Crossbones - GHS06Health Hazard - GHS08 Environment - GHS09

Pictogram
Signal word Danger
Hazard statement(s)
H301 Toxic if swallowed.
H330 Fatal if inhaled.
H340 May cause genetic defects.
H350 May cause cancer.
H360 May damage fertility or the unborn child.
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Precautionary statement(s)
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and
understood.
P260 Do not breathe dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ Vapors/ spray.
P264 Wash skin thoroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face
protection.
P284 Wear respiratory protection.
P301 + P310 + P330 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/
physician. Rinse mouth.
P304 + P340 + P310 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for
breathing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician.
P308 + P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.
P391 Collect spillage.
P403 + P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
2.3 Hazards not otherwise classified (HNOC) or not covered by GHS - none


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

3.1 Substances
Formula : CdCl2 2.5H2O
Molecular weight : 228.36 g/mol
CAS-No. : 7790-78-5
EC-No. : 233-296-7
Index-No. : 048-008-00-3
Hazardous components
Component Classification Concentration
Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate Included in the Candidate List of Substances of Very High
Concern (SVHC) according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH)
Acute Tox. 3; Acute Tox. 1;
Muta. 1B; Carc. 1B; Repr. 1B;
STOT RE 1; Aquatic Acute 1;
Aquatic Chronic 1; H301,
H330, H340, H350, H360,
H372, H410
<= 100 %


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

4.1 Description of first aid measures
General advice
Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.Move out of dangerous area.
If inhaled
If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
In case of skin contact
Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Take victim immediately to hospital. Consult a physician.
In case of eye contact
Flush eyes with water as a precaution.
If swallowed
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.
4.2 Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in section 11
4.3 Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No data available


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

5.1 Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media
Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
5.2 Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Hydrogen chloride gas, Cadmium/cadmium oxides
5.3 Advice for firefighters
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.
5.4 Further information
No data available


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear respiratory protection. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing Vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation.
Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust.
For personal protection see section 8.
6.2 Environmental precautions
Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment
must be avoided.
6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
Pick up and arrange disposal without creating dust. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for
disposal.
6.4 Reference to other sections
For disposal see section 13.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

7.1 Precautions for safe handling
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.Further processing of solid materials may result
in the formation of combustible dusts. The potential for combustible dust formation should be taken into consideration
before additional processing occurs.
Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed.
For precautions see section 2.2.
7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.
Hygroscopic. Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture. Air sensitive.
Storage class (TRGS 510): Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials
7.3 Specific end use(s)
Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

8.1 Control parameters
Components with workplace control parameters
Component CAS-No. Value Control
parameters
Basis
Cadmium chloride
hemipentahydrate
7790-78-5 TWA 0.010000
mg/m3
USA. ACGIH Threshold Limit Values
(TLV)
Remarks Kidney damage
Substances for which there is a Biological Exposure Index or Indices
(see BEI® section)
Suspected human carcinogen
varies
TWA 0.002000
mg/m3
USA. ACGIH Threshold Limit Values
(TLV)
Kidney damage
Substances for which there is a Biological Exposure Index or Indices
(see BEI® section)
Suspected human carcinogen
varies
Potential Occupational Carcinogen
See Appendix A
Potential Occupational Carcinogen
See Appendix A
PEL 0.005000
mg/m3
OSHA Specifically Regulated
Chemicals/Carcinogens
1910.1027
This standard applies to all occupational exposures to cadmium and
cadmium compounds, in all forms, and in all industries covered by
the Occupational Safety and Health Act, except the constructionrelated
industries, which are covered under 29 CFR 1926.63.
OSHA specifically regulated carcinogen
PEL 0.005000
mg/m3
OSHA Specifically Regulated
Chemicals/Carcinogens
1910.1027
This standard applies to all occupational exposures to cadmium and
cadmium compounds, in all forms, and in all industries covered by
the Occupational Safety and Health Act, except the constructionrelated
industries, which are covered under 29 CFR 1926.63.
OSHA specifically regulated carcinogen
TWA 0.01 mg/m3 USA. ACGIH Threshold Limit Values
(TLV)
Kidney damage
Substances for which there is a Biological Exposure Index or Indices
(see BEI® section)
Suspected human carcinogen
varies
TWA 0.002 mg/m3 USA. ACGIH Threshold Limit Values
(TLV)
Kidney damage
Substances for which there is a Biological Exposure Index or Indices
(see BEI® section)
Suspected human carcinogen
varies
PEL 0.005 mg/m3 OSHA Specifically Regulated
Chemicals/Carcinogens
1910.1027
This standard applies to all occupational exposures to cadmium and
cadmium compounds, in all forms, and in all industries covered by
the Occupational Safety and Health Act, except the constructionrelated
industries, which are covered under 29 CFR 1926.63.
OSHA specifically regulated carcinogen
Potential Occupational Carcinogen
See Appendix A
Biological occupational exposure limits
Component CAS-No. Parameters Value Biological
specimen
Basis
Cadmium chloride
hemipentahydrate
7790-78-5 cadmium 5.0000
μg/l
In blood ACGIH - Biological
Exposure Indices
(BEI)
Remarks Not critical
cadmium 0.0050
mg/g
Urine ACGIH - Biological
Exposure Indices
(BEI)
Not critical
cadmium 5 μg/l In blood ACGIH - Biological
Exposure Indices
(BEI)
Not critical
cadmium 5μg/g
creatinine
Urine ACGIH - Biological
Exposure Indices
(BEI)
Not critical
8.2 Exposure controls
Appropriate engineering controls
Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product.
Personal protective equipment
Eye/face protection
Face shield and safety glasses Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate
government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
Skin protection
Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique (without
touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after
use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands.
Full contact
Material: Nitrile rubber
Minimum layer thickness: 0.11 mm
Break through time: 480 min
Material tested:Dermatril® (KCL 740 / Aldrich Z677272, Size M)
Splash contact
Material: Nitrile rubber
Minimum layer thickness: 0.11 mm
Break through time: 480 min
Material tested:Dermatril® (KCL 740 / Aldrich Z677272, Size M)
data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300, e-mail sales@kcl.de, test method:
EN374
If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374, contact the
supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must be evaluated by an
industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of anticipated use by our customers. It
should not be construed as offering an approval for any specific use scenario.
Body Protection
Complete suit protecting against chemicals, The type of protective equipment must be selected according to
the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
Respiratory protection
Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face particle respirator type
N100 (US) or type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges as a backup to engineering controls. If the respirator is the
sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air respirator. Use respirators and components tested and
approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
Control of environmental exposure
Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the
environment must be avoided.


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

9.1 Information on basic physical and chemical properties
a) Appearance Form: crystalline
Colour: white
b) Odor No data available
c) Odor Threshold No data available
d) pH No data available
e) Melting point/freezing
point
No data available
f) Initial boiling point and
boiling range
No data available
g) Flash point N/A
h) Evaporation rate No data available
i) Flammability (solid, gas) No data available
j) Upper/lower
flammability or
explosive limits
No data available
k) Vapor pressure 13 hPa (10 mmHg) at 656 °C (1,213 °F)
l) Vapor density No data available
m) Relative density 3.327 g/cm3
n) Water solubility No data available
o) Partition coefficient: noctanol/
water
No data available
p) Auto-ignition
temperature
No data available
q) Decomposition
temperature
No data available
r) Viscosity No data available
s) Explosive properties No data available
t) Oxidizing properties No data available
9.2 Other safety information
No data available


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

10.1 Reactivity
No data available
10.2 Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions
No data available
10.4 Conditions to avoid
Air Avoid moisture.
10.5 Incompatible materials
Oxidizing agents
10.6 Hazardous decomposition products
Other decomposition products - No data available
In the event of fire: see section 5


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

11.1 Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity
LD50 Oral - Rat - 665 mg/kg
Dermal: No data available
No data available
Skin corrosion/irritation
No data available
Serious eye damage/eye irritation
No data available
Respiratory or skin sensitisation
No data available
Germ cell mutagenicity
May alter genetic material.
In vivo tests showed mutagenic effects
Carcinogenicity
This is or contains a component that has been reported to be carcinogenic based on its IARC, OSHA, ACGIH, NTP, or
EPA classification. Chronic exposure to cadmium may cause lung and prostate cancer.
Possible human carcinogen
IARC: 1 - Group 1: Carcinogenic to humans (Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate)
1 - Group 1: Carcinogenic to humans (Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate)
NTP: Known to be human carcinogen (Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate)
Known to be human carcinogenThe reference note has been added by TD based on the
background information of the NTP. (Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate)
OSHA: 1910.1027 (Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate)
OSHA specifically regulated carcinogen (Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate)
Reproductive toxicity
May cause congenital malformation in the fetus.
Presumed human reproductive toxicant
May cause reproductive disorders.
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
No data available
Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Aspiration hazard
No data available
Additional Information
RTECS: EV0178000
To the best of our knowledge, the chemical, physical, and toxicological properties have not been thoroughly
investigated.
Stomach - Irregularities - Based on Human Evidence
Stomach - Irregularities - Based on Human Evidence


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

12.1 Toxicity
No data available
12.2 Persistence and degradability
No data available
12.3 Bioaccumulative potential
No data available
12.4 Mobility in soil
No data available
12.5 Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
12.6 Other adverse effects
An environmental hazard cannot be excluded in the event of unprofessional handling or disposal.
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

13.1 Waste treatment methods
Product
Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal company. Contact a licensed professional waste
disposal service to dispose of this material. Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a
chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber.
Contaminated packaging
Dispose of as unused product.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

DOT (US)
UN number: 2570 Class: 6.1 Packing group: III
Proper shipping name: Cadmium compounds (Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate)
Reportable Quantity (RQ): 10 lbs
Poison Inhalation Hazard: No
IMDG
UN number: 2570 Class: 6.1 Packing group: III EMS-No: F-A, S-A
Proper shipping name: CADMIUM COMPOUND (Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate)
Marine pollutant:yes
IATA
UN number: 2570 Class: 6.1 Packing group: III
Proper shipping name: Cadmium compound (Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate)


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

SARA 302 Components
No chemicals in this material are subject to the reporting requirements of SARA Title III, Section 302.
SARA 313 Components
The following components are subject to reporting levels established by SARA Title III, Section 313:
Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate
CAS-No.
7790-78-5
Revision Date
1993-04-24
Massachusetts Right To Know Components
Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate
CAS-No.
7790-78-5
Revision Date
1993-04-24
Pennsylvania Right To Know Components
CAS-No. Revision Date
Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate 7790-78-5 1993-04-24
New Jersey Right To Know Components
Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate
CAS-No.
7790-78-5
Revision Date
1993-04-24
California Prop. 65 Components
WARNING! This product contains a chemical known to the
State of California to cause cancer.
Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate
CAS-No.
7790-78-5
Revision Date
1987-10-01
WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the
State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate
CAS-No.
7790-78-5
Revision Date
1987-10-01


SECTION 16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2022 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate)

High purity Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate) Chloride IonCadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate) is an excellent water soluble crystalline Cadmium source for uses compatible with chlorides. Chloride compounds can conduct electricity when fused or dissolved in water. Chloride materials can be decomposed by electrolysis to chlorine gas and the metal. They are formed through various chlorination processes whereby at least one chlorine anion (Cl-) is covalently bonded to the relevant metal or cation. Ultra high purity and proprietary formulations can be prepared. The chloride ion controls fluid equilibrium and pH levels in metabolic systems. They can form either inorganic or organic compounds. Cadmium Chloride is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Cadmium Chloride Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Cadmium Chloride Hemi(pentahydrate) Synonyms

Cadmium dichloride hemipentahydrate; Dichlorocadmium hydrate (2:5); Cadmium chloride hydrate; Cadmium chloride hydrate (1:2.5); Cadmium(II) chloride hemipentahydrate; Cadmium chloride pentahydrate; dichlorocadmium hydrate--water (2/5)

Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula CdCl2 • 21/2 H2O
MDL Number MFCD00799071
EC No. 233-296-7
Beilstein/Reaxys No. N/A
Pubchem CID 16211524
IUPAC Name dichlorocadmium; pentahydrate
SMILES Cl[Cd]Cl.Cl[Cd]Cl.O.O.O.O.O
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/2Cd.4ClH.5H2O/h;;4*1H;5*1H2/q2*+2;;;;;;;;;/p-4
InchI Key DZVRGWYMCGLNKJ-UHFFFAOYSA-J

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Elements

Cadmium

See more Cadmium products. Cadmium (atomic symbol: Cd, atomic number: 48) is a Block D, Group 12, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 112.411. Cadmium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Cadmium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 2 and its electron configuration is [Kr]4d10 5s2. The cadmium atom has a radius of 151 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 230 pm. Cadmium was discovered and first isolated by Karl Samuel Leberecht Hermann and Friedrich Stromeyer in 1817. In its elemental form, cadmium has a silvery bluish gray metallic appearance. Cadmium makes up about 0.1 ppm of the earth's crust. Elemental CadmiumNo significant deposits of cadmium containing ores are known, however, it is sometimes found in its metallic form. It is a common impurity in zinc ores and is isolated during the production of zinc. Cadmium is a key component in battery production and particular pigments and coatings due to its distinct yellow color. Cadmium oxide is used in phosphors for television picture tubes. The name Cadmium originates from the Latin word 'cadmia' and the Greek word 'kadmeia'.

Chlorine

Chlorine is a Block P, Group 17, Period 3 element. Its electron configuration is [Ne]3s23p5. The chlorine atom has a covalent radius of 102±4 pm and its Van der Waals radius is 175 pm. Chlorine ModelIn its elemental form, chlorine is a yellow-green gas. Chlorine is the second lightest halogen after fluorine. It has the third highest electronegativity and the highest electron affinity of all elements, making it a strong oxidizing agent. It is rarely found by itself in nature. Chlorine was discovered and first isolated by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1774. It was first recognized as an element by Humphry Davy in 1808.

TODAY'S TOP DISCOVERY!

May 22, 2024
Los Angeles, CA
Each business day American Elements' scientists & engineers post their choice for the most exciting materials science news of the day
University of Saskatchewan research team develops bioplastic that can absorb phosphate from water and be used as fertilizer

University of Saskatchewan research team develops bioplastic that can absorb phosphate from water and be used as fertilizer