CAS No. 7550-45-0

Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula TiCl4
Pubchem CID 24193
MDL Number MFCD00011267
EC No. 231-444-5
IUPAC Name Tetrachlorotitanium
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
SMILES Cl[Ti](Cl)(Cl)Cl
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/4ClH.Ti/h4*1H;/q;;;;+4/p-4
InchI Key XJDNKRIXUMDJCW-UHFFFAOYSA-J

Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H314-H335-H336-H351-H373
Hazard Codes C
Precautionary Statements P261-P280-P305 + P351 + P338-P310
Flash Point Not applicable
Risk Codes 14-34
Safety Statements 26-27-36/37/39-45
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information UN3289 - class 6.1 - PG 2 - acidic - Toxic liquid, corrosive, inorganic, n.o.s., HI: all
WGK Germany 2
GHS Pictograms

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 10/18/2019
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Identifiers: All applicable American Elements product codes for CAS #7550-45-0

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
GHS05 Corrosion
Skin Corr. 1B H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Classification according to Directive 67/548/EEC or Directive 1999/45/EC
C; Corrosive
R34: Causes burns.
R14: Reacts violently with water.
Information concerning particular hazards for human and environment:
N/A
Hazards not otherwise classified
No data available.
Label elements
Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
The substance is classified and labeled according to the CLP regulation.
Hazard pictograms

Corrosion - GHS05

GHS05
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary statements
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
P303+P361+P353 If on skin (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/
national/international regulations.
WHMIS classification
D1A - Very toxic material causing immediate and serious toxic effects
D2B - Toxic material causing other toxic effects
E - Corrosive material
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
3

2
Health (acute effects) = 3
Flammability = 0
Physical Hazard = 2
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment:
PBT:
N/A.
vPvB:
N/A.


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Substances
CAS No. / Substance Name:
7550-45-0 Titanium(IV) chloride
Identification number(s):
EC number:
231-441-9
Index number:
022-001-00-5


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
General information
Immediately remove any clothing soiled by the product.
If inhaled:
Supply fresh air. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.
In case of skin contact:
Immediately wash with soap and water; rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.
In case of eye contact:
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Consult a physician.
If swallowed:
Seek medical treatment.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Causes severe skin burns.
Causes serious eye damage.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No information available.


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media
Carbon dioxide, extinguishing powder or water spray. Fight larger fires with water spray or alcohol resistant foam.
For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing media
Water
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Reacts violently with water
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Metal oxide fume
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Environmental precautions:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without official permits.
Do not allow product to reach sewage system or any water course.
Do not allow to penetrate the ground/soil.
Methods and material for containment and cleanup:
Absorb with liquid-binding material (sand, diatomite, acid binders, universal binders, sawdust).
Use neutralizing agent.
Dispose of contaminated material as waste according to section 13.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Do not flush with water or aqueous cleansing agents
Prevention of secondary hazards:
No special measures required.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Handle under dry protective gas.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Information about protection against explosions and fires:
No data available.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
No special requirements.
Information about storage in one common storage facility:
Store in the dark.
Store away from water/moisture.
Store away from strong bases.
Store away from oxidizing agents.
Further information about storage conditions:
Store under dry inert gas.
This product is moisture sensitive.
Protect from humidity and water.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well-sealed containers.
Protect from exposure to light.
Specific end use(s)
No information available.


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
7550-45-0 Titanium(IV) chloride (100.0%)
WEEL (USA) Long-term value: 0.5 mg/m³
Additional information:
No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
Follow typical general protective and industrial hygiene measures for handling chemicals.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Avoid contact with the eyes and skin.
Breathing equipment:
Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.
Protection of hands:
Impervious gloves
Inspect gloves prior to use.
Suitability of gloves should be determined both by material and quality, the latter of which may vary by manufacturer.
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes)
No data available.
Eye protection:
Tightly sealed goggles
Full face protection
Body protection:
Protective work clothing


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
Appearance:
Form: Liquid
Color: Colorless to yellow
Odor: No data available.
Odor threshold: No data available.
pH: No data available.
Melting point/range: -25 °C (-13 °F)
Boiling point/range: 136-137 °C (277-279 °F)
Sublimation temperature / start: No data available.
Flammability (solid, gas):
No data available.
Ignition temperature: No data available.
Decomposition temperature: No data available.
Auto igniting: No data available.
Danger of explosion: No data available.
Explosion limits:
Lower: No data available.
Upper: No data available.
Vapor pressure: No data available.
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 1.726 g/cm³ (14.403 lbs/gal)
Relative density
No data available.
Vapor density
No data available.
Evaporation rate
No data available.
Solubility in Water (H2O): Reacts violently
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): No data available.
Viscosity:
Dynamic: No data available.
Kinematic: No data available.
Other information
No information available.


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity
Reacts violently with water.
Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
Reacts with strong oxidizing agents
Reacts violently with water
Conditions to avoid
No information available.
Incompatible materials:
Bases
Oxidizing agents
Water/moisture
Light
Hazardous decomposition products:
Hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Metal oxide fume


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity:
Swallowing will lead to a strong corrosive effect on mouth and
throat and to the danger of perforation of esophagus and stomach.
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains acute toxicity data for this substance.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification:
No data
Skin irritation or corrosion:
Causes severe skin burns.
Eye irritation or corrosion:
Causes serious eye damage.
Sensitization:
No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity:
N/A
Carcinogenicity:
No classification data on carcinogenic properties of this material is available from the EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.
Reproductive toxicity:
N/A
Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure:
N/A
Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure:
N/A
Aspiration hazard:
N/A
Subacute to chronic toxicity:
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains multiple dose toxicity
data for this substance.
Additional toxicological information:
To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity:
No information available.
Persistence and degradability:
No information available.
Bioaccumulative potential:
No information available.
Mobility in soil:
No information available.
Additional ecological information:
General notes:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without official permits.
Do not allow undiluted product or large quantities to reach ground water, water course or sewage system.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment:
PBT:
N/A.
vPvB:
N/A.
Other adverse effects
No information available.


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation:
Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation:
Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

UN-Number
DOT, IMDG, IATA
UN1838
UN proper shipping name
DOT
Titanium tetrachloride
IMDG, IATA
TITANIUM TETRACHLORIDE
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT
Class
6.1 Toxic substances.
Label
6.1+8
Class
6.1 (TC3) Toxic substances
Label
6.1+8
IMDG, IATA
Class
6.1 Toxic substances.
Label
6.1+8
Packing group
DOT, IMDG
I
Environmental hazards:
N/A.
Special precautions for user
Warning: Toxic substances
Poison inhalation hazard: Yes
EMS Number: F-A,S-B
Segregation groups
Acids, heavy metals and their salts (including their organometallic compounds)
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
N/A.
Transport/Additional information: DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT): No
Remarks:
This material is poisonous by inhalation in Hazard Zone B.
UN "Model Regulation":
UN1838, Titanium tetrachloride, 6.1 (8), l


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Domestic Substances List (DSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
7550-45-0 Titanium(IV) chloride
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male
Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
This product is subject to the reporting requirements of section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act of 1986 and 40CFR372.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006.
Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the market and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
Substance is not listed.
REACH - Pre-registered substances
Substance is listed
Chemical safety assessment:
A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.


Reseach

  • Advantages of titanium xerogel over titanium tetrachloride and polytitanium tetrachloride in coagulation: A mechanism analysis. Xiaomeng Wang, Yonghai Gan, Shang Guo, Xueyan Ma, Shujuan Zhang. Water Research, Volume 132, 1 April 2018, Pages 350-360.
  • Alkylation of titanium tetrachloride on magnesium dichloride in the presence of Lewis bases. Mikko Linnolahti, Tapani A. Pakkanen, Andrey S. Bazhenov, Peter Denifl, Anneli Pakkanen. Journal of Catalysis, Volume 353, September 2017, Pages 89-98.
  • Anatase nanoparticles boundaries resulting from titanium tetrachloride hydrolysis. J. Sanz, I. Sobrados, J. Soria, S. Yurdakal, V. Augugliaro. Catalysis Today, Volume 281, Part 1, 1 March 2017, Pages 198-204.
  • Evaluation of titanium tetrachloride and polytitanium tetrachloride to remove phosphorus from wastewater. Kyeong-Jun Jeon, Johng-Hwa Ahn. Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 197, 31 May 2018, Pages 197-201.
  • Extended first-principles thermochemistry for the oxidation of titanium tetrachloride. Philipp Buerger, Jethro Akroyd, Markus Kraft. Combustion and Flame, Volume 199, January 2019, Pages 441-450.
  • Influence of titanium tetrachloride concentration and multiple growth cycles of TiO2 nanorod on photoanode performance in dye sensitized solar cell. Selma M. H. Al-Jawad, Odai N. Salman, Nwar A. Yousif. Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 31, September 2018, Pages 81-88.
  • Titanium tetrachloride as novel working fluid for high temperature Rankine Cycles: Thermodynamic analysis and experimental assessment of the thermal stability. C. M. Invernizzi, P. Iora, D. Bonalumi, E. Macchi, M. Caldera. Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 107, 25 August 2016, Pages 21-27.
  • Coagulation performance and floc characteristics of polytitanium tetrachloride and titanium tetrachloride compared with ferric chloride for coal mining wastewater treatment. J. Galloux, L. Chekli, S. Phuntsho, L. D. Tijing, H. K. Shon. Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 152, 25 September 2015, Pages 94-100.
  • Comparison of nano-particulate TiO2 prepared from titanium tetrachloride and titanium tetraisopropoxide. Liwei Wang, Zhanhui Yuan, Terry A. Egerton. Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 133, Issue 1, 15 March 2012, Pages 304-310.
  • Cross-linked polystyrene/titanium tetrachloride as a tightly bound complex catalyzed the modified Mannich reaction for the synthesis of piperidin-4-ones. Ali Rahmatpour, Reza Emen, Ghazal Amini. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 892, 15 August 2019, Pages 24-33.
  • Removal of chloride impurities from titanium sponge by vacuum distillation. Li Liang, Liu Dachun, Wan Heli, Li Kaihua, Jiang Wenlong. Vacuum, Volume 152, June 2018, Pages 166-172.
  • Kinetics and mechanism of ethylene polymerization with TiCl4/MgCl2 model catalysts: Effects of titanium content. Baiyu Jiang, Yuhong Weng, Shuangjie Zhang, Zhen Zhang, Zhiqiang Fan. Journal of Catalysis, Volume 360, April 2018, Pages 57-65.