Chromium-53 Metal Isotope
|Chromium 53 Metal
||NDS 61,47 (1990)
Chromium 53 Metal (Chromium-53) is a stable (non-radioactive) isotope of Chromium. It is both naturally occurring and a produced by fission. Chromium 53 Metal is one of over 250 stable Metallic isotopes produced by American Elements for biological and biomedical labeling, as target materials and other applications. Chromium Metal 53 additionally has special application in noninvasive studies of chromium metabolism and human requirements. Also, mechanisms for the onset of adult diabetes. Chromium Metal is also available in ultra high purity and as nanoparticles. For thin film applications it is available as rod, pellets, pieces, granules and sputtering targets and as either an ingot or powder. Chromium Metal 53 isotopic material is generally immediately available. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.
Chromium (atomic symbol: Cr, atomic number: 24) is a Block D, Group 6, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 51.9961. The number of electrons in each of Chromium's shells is 2, 8, 13, 1 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d5 4s1. Chromium was first discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in 1797. It was first isolated in 1798, also by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin. The chromium atom has a radius of 128 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 189 pm. In its elemental form, chromium has a lustrous steel-gray appearance. Chromium is the hardest metal element in the periodic table and the only element that exhibits antiferromagnetic ordering at room temperature, above which it tranforms into a paramagnetic solid. The most common source of chromium is chromite ore (FeCr2O4). Due to its various colorful compounds, Chromium was named after the Greek word 'chroma' meaning color. For more information on chromium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of chromium products, visit the Chromium element page.
|PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
|Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.
Recent Research & Development for Chromium
- Temporal changes in rat liver gene expression after acute cadmium and chromium exposure.. Madejczyk MS, Baer CE, Dennis WE, Minarchick VC, Leonard SS, Jackson DA, Stallings JD, Lewis JA.. PLoS One. 2015 May 19
- Chromium-induced skin damage among Taiwanese cement workers.. Chou TC, Wang PC, Wu J, Sheu SC.. Toxicol Ind Health. 2015 May 11.
- Cooperative Crystallization of Heterometallic Indium-Chromium Metal-Organic Polyhedra and Their Fast Proton Conductivity.. Zhai QG, Mao C, Zhao X, Lin Q, Bu F, Chen X, Bu X, Feng P.. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2015 May 15.
- Synthesis of core shell magnetic Fe3O4-poly(m-phenylenediamine) particles for chromium reduction and adsorption. Wang T, Zhang LL, Li C, Yang W, Song T, Tang C, Meng Y, Dai S, Wang H, Chai L, Luo J. Environ Sci Technol. 2015 Apr 13. : Environ Sci Technol
- Rapid prototyping for in vitro knee rig investigations of prosthetized knee biomechanics: comparison with cobalt-chromium alloy implant material. Schröder C, Steinbrück A, Müller T, Woiczinski M, Chevalier Y, Weber P, Müller PE, Jansson V. Biomed Res Int. 2015: Biomed Res Int
- Toxicology of wear particles of cobalt-chromium alloy metal-on-metal hip implants Part I: Physicochemical properties in patient and simulator studies. Madl AK, Liong M, Kovochich M, Finley BL, Paustenbach DJ, Oberdörster G. Nanomedicine. 2015 Mar 3.
- Simultaneous analysis of Cr(III), Cr(VI) and chromium picolinate in foods using capillary electrophoresis-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Chen Y, Chen J, Xi Z, Yang G, Wu Z, Li J, Fu F. Electrophoresis. 2015 Mar 9.
- Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions using micro zero-valent iron supported by bentonite layer. Daoud W, Ebadi T, Fahimifar A. Water Sci Technol. 2015 Mar
- Direct access to macroporous chromium nitride and chromium titanium nitride with inverse opal structure. Zhao W, DiSalvo FJ. Chem Commun (Camb). 2015 Mar 5
- The modification of ferroelectric LiNbO3(0001) surfaces using chromium oxide thin films. Herdiech MW, Zhu X, Morales-Acosta MD, Walker FJ, Altman EI. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015 Mar 13.