Crystal structure of sodium di-hydrogen arsenate.

Title Crystal structure of sodium di-hydrogen arsenate.
Authors J. Ring; L. Lindenthal; M. Weil; B. Stöger
Journal Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun
DOI 10.1107/S2056989017013470

Single crystals of the title compound, Na(H2AsO4), were obtained by partial neutralization of arsenic acid with sodium hydroxide in aqueous solution. The crystal structure of Na(H2AsO4) is isotypic with the phosphate analogue and the asymmetric unit consists of two sodium cations and two tetra-hedral H2AsO4- anions. Each of the sodium cations is surrounded by six O atoms of five H2AsO4- groups, defining distorted octa-hedral coordination spheres. In the extended structure, the sodium cations and di-hydrogen arsenate anions are arranged in the form of layers lying parallel to (010). Strong hydrogen bonds [range of O?O distances 2.500?(3)-2.643?(3)?Å] between adjacent H2AsO4- anions are observed within and perpendicular to the layers. The isotypic structure of Na(H2PO4) is comparatively discussed.

Citation J. Ring; L. Lindenthal; M. Weil; B. Stöger.Crystal structure of sodium di-hydrogen arsenate.. Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun. 2017;73(Pt 10):15201522. doi:10.1107/S2056989017013470

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See more Arsenic products. Arsenic (atomic symbol: As, atomic number: 33) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 4 element with an atomic radius of 74.92160. Arsenic Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of arsenic's shells is 2, 8, 18, 5 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3. The arsenic atom has a radius of 119 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 185 pm. Arsenic was discovered in the early Bronze Age, circa 2500 BC. It was first isolated by Albertus Magnus in 1250 AD. In its elemental form, arsenic is a metallic grey, brittle, crystalline, semimetallic solid. Elemental ArsenicArsenic is found in numerous minerals including arsenolite (As2O3), arsenopyrite (FeAsS), loellingite (FeAs2), orpiment (As2S3), and realgar (As4S4). Arsenic has numerous applications as a semiconductor and other electronic applications as indium arsenide, silicon arsenide and tin arsenide. Arsenic is finding increasing uses as a doping agent in solid-state devices such as transistors.


Sodium Bohr ModelSee more Sodium products. Sodium (atomic symbol: Na, atomic number: 11) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 22.989769. The number of electrons in each of Sodium's shells is [2, 8, 1] and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s1. The sodium atom has a radius of 185.8 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 227 pm. Sodium was discovered and first isolated by Sir Humphrey Davy in 1807. In its elemental form, sodium has a silvery-white metallic appearance. It is the sixth most abundant element, making up 2.6 % of the earth's crust. Sodium does not occur in nature as a free element and must be extracted from its compounds (e.g., feldspars, sodalite, and rock salt). The name Sodium is thought to come from the Arabic word suda, meaning "headache" (due to sodium carbonate's headache-alleviating properties), and its elemental symbol Na comes from natrium, its Latin name.

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