Fatigue strength reduction of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy after contact with high-frequency cauterising instruments.

Title Fatigue strength reduction of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy after contact with high-frequency cauterising instruments.
Authors S.M. Zobel; M.M. Morlock; G. Huber
Journal Med Eng Phys
DOI 10.1016/j.medengphy.2020.05.016

Contact of implants with high-frequency cauterising instruments has serious implications for patient safety. Studies have reported a possible direct connection of fatigue failure of Ti-6Al-4V implants with electrocautery contact. Such contacts were observed at the polished neck of titanium hip stems, which are subjected to high-tension loads. Evidence of electrocautery contact has also been found on a retrieved spinal fixator with a rough surface; however, no fatigue failure related to electrocautery contact has been reported thus far. The influence of the heat-affected zone caused by flashover on the mechanical behaviour of the Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy is not yet fully understood. Then, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the polished areas of Ti-6Al-4V implants are especially susceptible to fatigue failure after electrocautery contact. Flashovers caused by electrocautery contact were induced on titanium specimens with different surface roughnesses. These specimens were subjected to cyclic loading in a four-point-bending test setup, which represented the stress resulting from physiological loading activities (~861 MPa). In this test setup, electrocautery contact was found to reduce the fatigue strength of the titanium alloy significantly-by up to 96%-as revealed from the median value of the cycles to failure. Cycles to failure showed a dependence on the flashover duration, with a flashover for 40 ms leading to fatigue fracture. Despite the lower fatigue strength of a rough polished surface in the undamaged state, it is less prone to the damaging effect of flashover than a smooth polished surface.

Citation S.M. Zobel; M.M. Morlock; G. Huber.Fatigue strength reduction of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy after contact with high-frequency cauterising instruments.. Med Eng Phys. 2020. doi:10.1016/j.medengphy.2020.05.016

Related Elements


See more Aluminum products. Aluminum (or Aluminium) (atomic symbol: Al, atomic number: 13) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 3 element with an atomic weight of 26.9815386. It is the third most abundant element in the earth's crust and the most abundant metallic element. Aluminum Bohr Model Aluminum's name is derived from alumina, the mineral from which Sir Humphrey Davy attempted to refine it from in 1812. Aluminum was first predicted by Antoine Lavoisier 1787 and first isolated by Hans Christian Øersted in 1825. Aluminum is a silvery gray metal that possesses many desirable characteristics. It is light, nonmagnetic and non-sparking. It stands second among metals in the scale of malleability, and sixth in ductility. It is extensively used in many industrial applications where a strong, light, easily constructed material is needed. Elemental AluminumAlthough it has only 60% of the electrical conductivity of copper, it is used in electrical transmission lines because of its light weight. Pure aluminum is soft and lacks strength, but alloyed with small amounts of copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese, or other elements, it imparts a variety of useful properties.


See more Titanium products. Titanium (atomic symbol: Ti, atomic number: 22) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 47.867. The number of electrons in each of Titanium's shells is [2, 8, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d2 4s2. Titanium Bohr ModelThe titanium atom has a radius of 147 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 187 pm. Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in 1791 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1825. In its elemental form, titanium has a silvery grey-white metallic appearance. Titanium's properties are chemically and physically similar to zirconium, both of which have the same number of valence electrons and are in the same group in the periodic table. Elemental TitaniumTitanium has five naturally occurring isotopes: 46Ti through 50Ti, with 48Ti being the most abundant (73.8%). Titanium is found in igneous rocks and the sediments derived from them. It is named after the word Titanos, which is Greek for Titans.


See more Vanadium products. Vanadium (atomic symbol: V, atomic number: 23) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 50.9415. Vanadium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Vanadium's shells is 2, 8, 11, 2 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d3 4s2. The vanadium atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 179 pm. Vanadium was discovered by Andres Manuel del Rio in 1801 and first isolated by Nils Gabriel Sefström in 1830. In its elemental form, vanadium has a bluish-silver appearance. Elemental VanadiumIt is a hard, ductile transition metal that is primarily used as a steel additive and in alloys such as Titanium-6AL-4V, which is composed of titanium, aluminum, and vanadium and is the most common titanium alloy commercially produced. Vanadium is found in fossil fuel deposits and 65 different minerals. Vanadium is not found free in nature; however, once isolated it forms an oxide layer that stabilizes the free metal against further oxidation. Vanadium was named after the word "Vanadis" meaning goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology.

Related Forms & Applications