Gadolinium Ingot

CAS 7440-54-2
Linear Formula: Gd
MDL Number: MFCD00011022
EC No.: 231-162-2

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PRODUCT Product Code REQUEST A QUOTE SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
(2N) 99% Gadolinium Ingot
GD-M-02-I Pricing
(3N) 99.9% Gadolinium Ingot
GD-M-03-I Pricing
(4N) 99.99% Gadolinium Ingot
GD-M-04-I Pricing
(5N) 99.999% Gadolinium Ingot
GD-M-05-I Pricing

Properties

Molecular Weight 157.25
Appearance Silvery
Melting Point 1312 °C
Boiling Point 3250 °C
Density 7901kg/m3
Thermal Expansion

(100 °C, poly) 9.4 µm/(m·K)

Poisson Ratio (? form) 0.259
Vickers Hardness 570 MPa
Young's Modulus (? form) 54.8 GPa
Tensile Strength N/A
Thermal Conductivity 0.105 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Electronegativity 1.1 Paulings
Specific Heat 0.055 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
Heat of Vaporization 72 K-Cal/gm atom at 3266 °C
Heat of Fusion 3.70 Cal/gm mole

Health & Safety Information

Signal Word N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Precautionary Statements P231 + P232
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
RTECS Number NONH
Transport Information UN 3208 4.3/PG 3
WGK Germany 3

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 09/29/2016
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Gadolinium Ingot

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. GD-M-02-I , GD-M-03-I , GD-M-04-I , GD-M-05-I

CAS #: 7440-54-2

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
1093 Broxton Ave. Suite 2000
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America +1 800-424-9300
International +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
The substance is not classified as hazardous to health or the environment according to the CLP regulation.
Classification according to Directive 67/548/EEC or Directive 1999/45/EC
Not applicable
Information concerning particular hazards for human and environment:
No information known.
Hazards not otherwise classified
No information known.
Label elements
Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
Not applicable
Hazard pictograms
Not applicable
Signal word
Not applicable
Hazard statements
Not applicable
WHMIS classification
Not controlled
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
1
1
1
Health (acute effects) = 1
Flammability = 1
Physical Hazard = 1
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Chemical characterization: Substances
CAS# Description:
7440-54-2 Gadolinium
Identification number(s):
EC number: 231-162-2


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
After inhalation
Supply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After skin contact
Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After eye contact
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.
After swallowing
Seek medical treatment.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
No further relevant information available.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents
Special powder for metal fires. Do not use water.
For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing agents
Water
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Metal oxide fume
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Environmental precautions:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Do not allow product to reach sewage system or any water course.
Do not allow to penetrate the ground/soil.
Methods and material for containment and cleaning up:
Pick up mechanically.
Prevention of secondary hazards:
No special measures required.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Handle under dry protective gas.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Information about protection against explosions and fires:
No information known.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
No special requirements.
Information about storage in one common storage facility:
Do not store together with oxidizing and acidic materials.
Store away from air.
Store away from water/moisture.
Further information about storage conditions:
Store under dry inert gas.
This product is moisture sensitive.
This product is air sensitive.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.
Protect from humidity and water.
Specific end use(s)
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
The product does not contain any relevant quantities of materials with critical values that have to be monitored at the workplace.
Additional information:
No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
General protective and hygienic measures
The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
Breathing equipment:
Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.
Protection of hands:
Impervious gloves
Check protective gloves prior to each use for their proper condition.
The selection of suitable gloves not only depends on the material, but also on quality. Quality will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes)
Not determined
Eye protection:
Safety glasses
Body protection:
Protective work clothing.


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
General Information
Appearance:
Form: Solid in various forms
Color: Silver-colored
Odor: Not determined
Odor threshold: Not determined.
pH-value: Not applicable.
Change in condition
Melting point/Melting range: 1312 °C (2394 °F)
Boiling point/Boiling range: 3273 °C (5923 °F)
Sublimation temperature / start: Not determined
Flammability (solid, gaseous): Not determined.
Ignition temperature: Not determined
Decomposition temperature: Not determined
Auto igniting: Not determined.
Danger of explosion: Not determined.
Explosion limits:
Lower: Not determined
Upper: Not determined
Vapor pressure at 20 °C (68 °F): 0 hPa
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 7.9 g/cm³ (65.926 lbs/gal)
Relative density: Not determined.
Vapor density: Not applicable.
Evaporation rate: Not applicable.
Solubility in / Miscibility with Water: Not determined
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): Not determined.
Viscosity:
dynamic: Not applicable.
kinematic: Not applicable.
Other information
No further relevant information available


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity
No information known.
Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
Spontaneously flammable in air.
Conditions to avoid
No further relevant information available.
Incompatible materials:
Air
Oxidizing agents
Water/moisture
Hazardous decomposition products:
Metal oxide fume


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity: No effects known.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification: No data
Skin irritation or corrosion: May cause irritation
Eye irritation or corrosion: May cause irritation
Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity: No effects known.
Carcinogenicity:
No classification data on carcinogenic properties of this material is available from the EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.
Reproductive toxicity: No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure: No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure: No effects known.
Aspiration hazard: No effects known.
Subacute to chronic toxicity: No effects known.
Additional toxicological information:
To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity:
No further relevant information available.
Persistence and degradability
No further relevant information available.
Bioaccumulative potential
No further relevant information available.
Mobility in soil
No further relevant information available.
Additional ecological information:
General notes:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Do not allow undiluted product or large quantities to reach ground water, water course or sewage system.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.
Other adverse effects
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation
Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation:
Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

UN-Number
DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA
Not applicable
UN proper shipping name
DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA
Not applicable
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT, ADR, ADN, IMDG, IATA
Class
Not applicable
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA
Not applicable
Environmental hazards:
Not applicable.
Special precautions for user
Not applicable.
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
Not applicable.
Transport/Additional information:
DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT):
No
UN ""Model Regulation"":
-


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Non-Domestic Substances List (NDSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
Substance is not listed.
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male
Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) accord
ing to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006.
Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the market and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
Substance is not listed.
REACH - Pre-registered substances
Substance is listed.
Chemical safety assessment:
A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About

Ultra High Purity IngotAmerican Elements produces metallic Gadolinium Ingots with the highest possible density. Ingots are generally the least costly metallic form and useful in general applications. Our standard Ingot size is nominally 2-3 cm x 3-8 cm x 6-12 cm. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar, or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We can also provide pieces and shot in smaller ranges.American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. We also produce Gadolinium as rod, pellets, powder, pieces, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request.

Synonyms

3.70 Cal/gm mole

Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula Gd
CAS 7440-54-2
Pubchem CID 23982
MDL Number MFCD00011022
EC No. 231-162-2
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
SMILES [Gd]
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/Gd
InchI Key UIWYJDYFSGRHKR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Products & Element Information

SUCCESS

See more Gadolinium products. Gadolinium (atomic symbol: Gd, atomic number: 64) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 157.25. Gadolinium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Gadolinium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2. The gadolinium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Gadolinium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in 1880 and first isolated by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886. In its elemental form, gadolinium has a silvery-white appearance. Gadolinium is a rare earth or lanthanide element that possesses unique properties advantageous to specialized applications such as semiconductor fabrication and nuclear reactor shielding. Elemental Gadolinium PictureIt is utilized for both its high magnetic moment (7.94μ B) and in phosphors and scintillator crystals. When complexed with EDTA ligands, it is used as an injectable contrast agent for MRIs. The element is named after the Finnish chemist and geologist Johan Gadolin.

Recent Research

Fabrication and in vitro characterization of gadolinium-based nanoclusters for simultaneous drug delivery and radiation enhancement., Yoo, Shannon S., Guo Linghong, Sun Xuejun, Shaw Andrew R., Yuan Zhipeng, Löbenberg Raimar, and Roa Wilson H. , Nanotechnology, 2016 Sep 23, Volume 27, Issue 38, p.385104, (2016)

White- and blue-light-emitting dysprosium(III) and terbium(III)-doped gadolinium titanate phosphors., Antić, Ž, Kuzman S, Đorđević V, Dramićanin M D., and Thundat T , Luminescence, 2016 Sep 15, (2016)

MRI-guided clinical 6-MV radiosensitization of glioma using a unique gadolinium-based nanoparticles injection., Verry, Camille, Dufort Sandrine, Barbier Emmanuel Luc, Montigon Olivier, Peoc'h Michel, Chartier Philippe, Lux François, Balosso Jacques, Tillement Olivier, Sancey Lucie, et al. , Nanomedicine (Lond), 2016 Sep, Volume 11, Issue 18, p.2405-17, (2016)

Compressed sensing for rapid late gadolinium enhanced imaging of the left atrium: A preliminary study., Iyer, Srikant Kamesh, Tasdizen Tolga, Burgon Nathan, Kholmovski Eugene, Marrouche Nassir, Adluru Ganesh, and DiBella Edward , Magn Reson Imaging, 2016 Sep, Volume 34, Issue 7, p.846-54, (2016)

Effects of Height and Blood Volume on Venous Enhancement After Gadolinium-Based Contrast Administration in MR Venography: A Paradigm Challenge and Implications for Clinical Imaging., Dehkharghani, Seena, T Williams Richard, Qiu Deqiang, and Saindane Amit M. , AJR Am J Roentgenol, 2016 Sep, Volume 207, Issue 3, p.621-7, (2016)

Enhancements in hepatobiliary imaging: the spectrum of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid usages in hepatobiliary magnetic resonance imaging., Channual, Stephanie, Pahwa Anokh, Lu David S., and Raman Steven S. , Abdom Radiol (NY), 2016 Sep, Volume 41, Issue 9, p.1825-41, (2016)

Effect of gadolinium contrast-enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for detecting extramural venous invasion in rectal cancer., Liu, Liheng, Yang Linke, Jin Erhu, Wang Zhenchang, and Yang Zhenghan , Abdom Radiol (NY), 2016 Sep, Volume 41, Issue 9, p.1736-43, (2016)

Presumed Gadolinium Toxicity in Subjects With Normal Renal Function: A Report of 4 Cases., Semelka, Richard C., Commander Clayton W., Jay Michael, Burke Lauren M. B., and Ramalho Miguel , Invest Radiol, 2016 Oct, Volume 51, Issue 10, p.661-5, (2016)

Self-reported gadolinium toxicity: A survey of patients with chronic symptoms., Burke, Lauren M. B., Ramalho Miguel, AlObaidy Mamdoh, Chang Emily, Jay Michael, and Semelka Richard C. , Magn Reson Imaging, 2016 Oct, Volume 34, Issue 8, p.1078-80, (2016)

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