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Germanium Chloride Solution

CAS #:

Linear Formula:

GeCl4

MDL Number:

MFCD00011029

EC No.:

233-116-7

ORDER

PRODUCT Product Code ORDER SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
(2N) 99% Germanium Chloride Solution
GE4-CL-02-SOL
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(3N) 99.9% Germanium Chloride Solution
GE4-CL-03-SOL
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(4N) 99.99% Germanium Chloride Solution
GE4-CL-04-SOL
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(5N) 99.999% Germanium Chloride Solution
GE4-CL-05-SOL
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >

Germanium Chloride Solution Properties (Theoretical)

Compound Formula Cl4Ge
Molecular Weight 214.45
Appearance colourless liquid
Melting Point -49.5 °C, 224 K, -57 °F
Boiling Point 86.5 °C, 360 K, 188 °F
Density 1.879 g/cm3 (20 °C) 1.844 g/cm3 (30 °C)
Solubility in H2O N/A
Exact Mass 215.793638
Monoisotopic Mass 215.793638

Germanium Chloride Solution Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H314-H330
Hazard Codes C
Precautionary Statements P260-P280-P284-P305 + P351 + P338-P310
Flash Point Not applicable
Risk Codes 14-34
Safety Statements 26-27-36-45
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information UN 3390 8(6.1) / PGI
WGK Germany 3
GHS Pictograms

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 10/15/2019
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Germanium Chloride Solution

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. GE4-CL-02-SOL 02 , GE4-CL-03-SOL 03 , GE4-CL-04-SOL 04 , GE4-CL-05-SOL 05

CAS #: 10038-98-9

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
10884 Weyburn Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America: +1 800-424-9300
International: +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture
Skin Corr. 1B H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Eye Dam. 1 H318 Causes serious eye damage.
Acute Tox. 4 H332 Harmful if inhaled.
· Label elements
· GHS label elements
The substance is classified and labeled according to the Globally Harmonized System (GHS).
Hazard pictograms

Corrosion - GHS05Exclamation Mark - GHS07

· Signal word Danger
· Hazard-determining components of labeling:
germanium tetrachloride
· Hazard statements
H332 Harmful if inhaled.
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
· Precautionary statements
P101 If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.
P102 Keep out of reach of children.
P103 Read label before use.
P231 Handle under inert gas.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin
with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if
present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P422 Store contents under inert gas.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international
regulations.
· Classification system:
· NFPA ratings (scale 0 - 4)
3

2
W—
Health = 3
Fire = 0
Reactivity = 2
The substance demonstrates unusual reactivity with water.
· HMIS-ratings (scale 0 - 4)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
4

2
Health = 4
Fire = 0
Reactivity = 2
· Other hazards
· Results of PBT and vPvB assessment:
· PBT: N/A.
· vPvB: N/A.


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Substances
· CAS No. Description
10038-98-9 Germanium tetrachloride
· Identification number(s)
· EC number: 233-116-7


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
· General information:
Immediately remove any clothing soiled by the product.
Symptoms of poisoning may even occur after several hours; therefore medical observation for at least 48 hours
after the accident.
· If inhaled:
Supply fresh air. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm. Consult doctor if symptoms
persist.
In case of unconsciousness place patient stably in side position for transportation.
· In case of skin contact: Immediately wash with soap and water; rinse thoroughly.
· In case of eye contact: Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Consult a physician.
· If swallowed: Drink copious amounts of water and provide fresh air. Immediately call a doctor.
· Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed No information available.
· Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No information available.


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

· Extinguishing media
· Suitable extinguishing media:
CO2, extinguishing powder or water spray. Fight larger fires with water spray or alcohol resistant foam.
· For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing media: Water
· Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture No information available.
· Advice for firefighters
· Protective equipment: Mouth respiratory protective device.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

· Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
· Environmental precautions: No special measures required.
· Methods and material for containment and cleanup:
Absorb with liquid-binding material (sand, diatomite, acid binders, universal binders, sawdust).
Use neutralizing agent.
Dispose contaminated material as waste according to item 13.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Do not flush with water or aqueous cleansing agents
· Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling.
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

· Precautions for safe handling
Ensure good ventilation/exhaustion at the workplace.
Prevent formation of aerosols.
· Information about protection against explosions and fires: No special measures required.
· Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
· Storage:
· Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles: No special requirements.
· Information about storage in one common storage facility: Not required.
· Further information about storage conditions:
Keep receptacle tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed receptacles.
· Specific end use(s) No information available.


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

· Additional information about design of technical systems: No further data; see item 7.
· Control parameters
· Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace: Not required.
· Additional information: The lists that were valid during the creation were used as basis.
· Exposure controls
· Personal protective equipment:
· General protective and hygienic measures:
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Immediately remove all soiled and contaminated clothing.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Avoid contact with the eyes.
Avoid contact with the eyes and skin.
· Breathing equipment:
In case of brief exposure or low pollution use respiratory filter device. In case of intensive or longer exposure use
respiratory protective device that is independent of circulating air.
· Protection of hands:
Protective gloves
The glove material has to be impermeable and resistant to the product/ the substance/ the preparation.
Due to missing tests no recommendation to the glove material can be given for the product/ the preparation/ the
chemical mixture.
Selection of the glove material on consideration of the penetration times, rates of diffusion and the degradation
· Material of gloves
The selection of the suitable gloves does not only depend on the material, but also on further marks of quality and
varies from manufacturer to manufacturer.
· Penetration time of glove material
The exact break through time has to be found out by the manufacturer of the protective gloves and has to be
observed.
· Eye protection:
Tightly sealed goggles


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

· Information on basic physical and chemical properties
· General Information
· Appearance:
Form: Liquid
Color: Colorless
· Odor: Pungent
· Odor threshold: No data available.
· pH: No data available.
· Melting point/range: -49.5 °C (-57 °F)
Boiling point/range: 83 °C (181 °F)
· Flash point: N/A.
· Flammability (solid, gas): N/A.
· Ignition temperature:
Decomposition temperature: No data available.
· Auto igniting: No data available.
· Danger of explosion: Product does not present an explosion hazard.
· Explosion limits:
Lower: No data available.
Upper: No data available.
· Vapor pressure at 20 °C (68 °F): no data hPa
· Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 1.88 g/cm³ (15.689 lbs/gal)
· Relative density No data available.
· Vapor density No data available.
· Evaporation rate No data available.
· Solubility in / Miscibility with
Water: Not miscible or difficult to mix.
· Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): No data available.
· Viscosity:
Dynamic: No data available.
Kinematic: No data available.
Organic solvents: 0.0 %
· Other information No information available.


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

· Reactivity
· Chemical stability
· Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided: No decomposition if used according to specifications.
· Possibility of hazardous reactions No dangerous reactions known.
· Conditions to avoid No information available.
· Incompatible materials: No information available.
· Hazardous decomposition products: No dangerous decomposition products known.


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

· Information on toxicological effects
· Acute toxicity:
· Primary irritant effect:
· on the skin: Strong caustic effect on skin and mucous membranes.
· on the eye:
Strong caustic effect.
Strong irritant with the danger of severe eye injury.
· Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.
· Additional toxicological information:
Swallowing will lead to a strong caustic effect on mouth and throat and to the danger of perforation of esophagus
and stomach.
· Carcinogenic categories
· IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer)
Substance is not listed.
· NTP (National Toxicology Program)
Substance is not listed.
· OSHA-Ca (Occupational Safety & Health Administration)
Substance is not listed.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

· Toxicity
· Aquatic toxicity: No information available.
· Persistence and degradability: No information available.
· Bioaccumulative potential: No information available.
· Mobility in soil: No information available.
· Additional ecological information:
· General notes: Must not reach bodies of water or drainage ditch undiluted or unneutralized.
· Results of PBT and vPvB assessment:
· PBT: N/A.
· vPvB: N/A.
· Other adverse effects No information available.


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

· Waste treatment methods
· Recommendation:
Must not be disposed of together with household garbage. Do not allow product to reach sewage system.
· Uncleaned packagings:
· Recommendation: Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

· UN-Number
· DOT, IMDG, IATA UN1760
· UN proper shipping name
· DOT Corrosive liquids, n.o.s.
· IMDG, IATA CORROSIVE LIQUID, N.O.S.
· Transport hazard class(es)
· DOT
· Class 8 Corrosive substances
· Label 8
· IMDG, IATA
daco}
· Class 8 Corrosive substances
· Label 8
· Packing group
· DOT, IMDG, IATA II
· Environmental hazards:
· Marine pollutant: No
· Special precautions for user Warning: Corrosive substances
· EMS Number: F-A,S-B
· Transport in bulk according to Annex II of
MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code N/A.
· Transport/Additional information:
· DOT
· Quantity limitations On passenger aircraft/rail: 1 L
On cargo aircraft only: 30 L
· IMDG
· Limited quantities (LQ) 1L
· Excepted quantities (EQ) Code: E2
Maximum net quantity per inner packaging: 30 ml
Maximum net quantity per outer packaging: 500 ml
· UN "Model Regulation": UN1760, Corrosive liquids, n.o.s., 8, II


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

· Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
· Sara
· Section 355 (extremely hazardous substances):
Substance is not listed.
· Section 313 (Specific toxic chemical listings):
Substance is not listed.
· TSCA (Toxic Substances Control Act):
Substance is listed.
· Proposition 65
· Chemicals known to cause cancer:
Substance is not listed.
· Chemicals known to cause reproductive toxicity for females:
Substance is not listed.
· Chemicals known to cause reproductive toxicity for males:
Substance is not listed.
· Chemicals known to cause developmental toxicity:
Substance is not listed.
· Carcinogenic categories
· EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)
Substance is not listed.
· TLV (Threshold Limit Value established by ACGIH)
Substance is not listed.
· NIOSH-Ca (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)
Substance is not listed.
· GHS label elements
The substance is classified and labeled according to the Globally Harmonized System (GHS).
· Hazard pictograms
· Signal word Danger
· Hazard-determining components of labeling:
germanium tetrachloride
· Hazard statements
H332 Harmful if inhaled.
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
· Precautionary statements
P101 If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.
P102 Keep out of reach of children.
P103 Read label before use.
P231 Handle under inert gas.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin
with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if
present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P422 Store contents under inert gas.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international
regulations.
· Chemical safety assessment: A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


SECTION 16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2018 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About Germanium Chloride Solution

Germanium Chloride Solutions are moderate to highly concentrated liquid solutions of Germanium Chloride. They are an excellent source of Germanium Chloride for applications requiring solubilized materials. American Elements can prepare dissolved homogeneous solutions at customer specified concentrations or to the maximum stoichiometric concentration. Packaging is available in 55 gallon drums, smaller units and larger liquid totes. American Elements maintains solution production facilities in the United States, Northern Europe (Liverpool, UK), Southern Europe (Milan, Italy), Australia and China to allow for lower freight costs and quicker delivery to our customers. American Elements metal and rare earth compound solutions have numerous applications, but are commonly used in petrochemical cracking and automotive catalysts, water treatment, plating, textiles, research and in optic, laser, crystal and glass applications. Ultra high purity and high purity compositions improve both optical quality and usefulness as scientific standards. Nanoscale elemental powders and suspensions, as alternative high surface area forms, may be considered. We also produce Germanium Chloride. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Germanium Chloride Solution Synonyms

Germanium(IV) chloride, Germanium tetrachloride; Tetrachlorogermane; Tetrachloridogermanium; Germane, tetrachloro-; Germanium, tetrachloro-, Germanium(4+) chloride; Germanium-IV-chloride

Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula GeCl4
MDL Number MFCD00011029
EC No. 233-116-7
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
Pubchem CID 66226
IUPAC Name tetrachlorogermane
SMILES Cl[Ge](Cl)(Cl)Cl
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/Cl4Ge/c1-5(2,3)4
InchI Key IEXRMSFAVATTJX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Elements

See more Germanium products. Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. Germanium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2. The germanium atom has a radius of 122.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 211 pm. Germanium was first discovered by Clemens Winkler in 1886. In its elemental form, germanium is a brittle grayish white semi-metallic element. Germanium is too reactive to be found naturally on Earth in its native state. High Purity (99.999%) Germanium (Ge) MetalIt is commercially obtained from zinc ores and certain coals. It is also found in argyrodite and germanite. It is used extensively as a semiconductor in transitors, solar cells, and optical materials. Other applications include acting an alloying agent, as a phosphor in fluorescent lamps, and as a catalyst. The name Germanium originates from the Latin word "Germania" meaning "Germany," For more information on germanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of germanium products, visit the Germanium element page.

Chlorine is a Block P, Group 17, Period 3 element. Its electron configuration is [Ne]3s23p5. The chlorine atom has a covalent radius of 102±4 pm and its Van der Waals radius is 175 pm. In its elemental form, chlorine is a yellow-green gas. Chlorine is the second lightest halogen after fluorine. it has the third highest electronegativity and the highest electron affinity of all the elements making it a strong oxidizing agent. It is rarely found by itself in nature. Chlorine was discovered and first isolated by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1774. It was first recognized as an element by Humphry Davy in 1808.

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