Germanium Samples

CAS #

Ge

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Product Code Product Request Quote
GE-E-02-SAMP (2N) 99% Germanium Samples Request
GE-E-03-SAMP (3N) 99.9% Germanium Samples Request
GE-E-04-SAMP (4N) 99.99% Germanium Samples Request
GE-E-05-SAMP (5N) 99.999% Germanium Samples Request

About

Germanium samples are suitable for metallurgical analysis, chemical analysis, physical testing, mechanical testing, failure analysis, fire & flammability testing, contaminant identification and weatherization studies. Metallurgical testing is used to determine quality by analyzing the microstructure of a sample under a microscope. American Elements specializes in producing irregular shaped Germanium Samples with the highest possible density and smallest possible average grain sizes for use in Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). Germanium samples are available in dimensions appropriate for numerous testing procedures. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. Germanium samples are suitable for metallurgical analysis, chemical analysis, physical testing, mechanical testing, failure analysis, fire & flammability testing, contaminant identification and weatherization studies. Metallurgical testing is used to determine quality by analyzing the microstructure of a sample under a microscope. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar, or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles and in the form of solutions and organometallics. See research below. We also produce Germanium as rod, ingot, powder, pellets, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request. A wide variety of American Elements products are available in sample form for materials and metallurgical testing procedures. Germanium samples vary in size and thickness.

Synonyms

N/A

Chemical Identifiers

Formula Ge
CAS 7440-56-4
Pubchem CID 6326954
MDL MFCD00085310
EC No. 231-164-3
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
SMILES [Ge]
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/Ge
InchI Key GNPVGFCGXDBREM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Properties

Molecular Weight 72.61
Appearance Black Lump
Melting Point 937.4 °C
Boiling Point 2830 °C
Density 5.323 g/cm3
Tensile Strength N/A
Thermal Conductivity 0.602 W/cm/K @ 302.93 K
Electronegativity 1.8 Paulings
Specific Heat 0.077 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
Heat of Vaporization 68 K-cal/gm atom at 2830 °C
Heat of Fusion 8.3 Cal/gm mole

Health & Safety Info  |  MSDS / SDS

Signal Word Warning
Hazard Statements H315-H319-H335
Hazard Codes Xi
Risk Codes 36/37/38
Safety Statements 26-36/39
RTECS Number LY5200000
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling (GHS) N/A
MSDS / SDS

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

Related Products

GeSee more Germanium products. Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. The number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2. The germanium atom has a radius of 122.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 211 pm. Germanium was first discovered by Clemens Winkler in 1886. In its elemental form, germanium is a brittle grayish white semi-metallic element. Germanium is too reactive to be found naturally on Earth in its native state. It is commercially obtained from zinc ores and certain coals. It is also found in argyrodite and germanite. It is used extensively as a semiconductor in transitors, solar cells, and optical materials. Other applications include acting an alloying agent, as a phosphor in fluorescent lamps, and as a catalyst. The name Germanium originates from the Latin word "Germania" meaning "Germany," For more information on germanium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of germanium products, visit the Germanium element page.

Research

Recent Research & Development for Germanium

  • Temperature and magnetic-field dependence of radiative decay in colloidal germanium quantum dots. Robel I, Shabaev A, Lee DC, Schaller RD, Pietryga JM, Crooker SA, L Efros A, Klimov VI. Nano Lett. 2015 Apr 8
  • Electrodeposition of germanium at elevated temperatures and pressures from ionic liquids. Wu M, Vanhoutte G, Brooks NR, Binnemans K, Fransaer J. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015 Apr 29
  • Tensile Strained Germanium Nanowires Measured by Photocurrent Spectroscopy and X-ray Microdiffraction. Guilloy K, Pauc N, Gassenq A, Gentile P, Tardif S, Rieutord F, Calvo V. Nano Lett. 2015 Apr 8
  • Germanium Nanowires-in-Graphite Tubes via Self-Catalyzed Synergetic Confined Growth and Shell-Splitting Enhanced Li-Storage Performance. Sun Y, Jin S, Yang G, Wang J, Wang C. ACS Nano. 2015 Apr 28
  • Probing lithium germanide phase evolution and structural change in a germanium-in-carbon nanotube energy storage system. Tang W, Liu Y, Peng C, Hu MY, Deng X, Lin M, Hu JZ, Loh KP. J Am Chem Soc. 2015 Feb 25: J Am Chem Soc
  • Integration of SrTiO3 on Crystallographically Oriented Epitaxial Germanium for Low-Power Device Applications. Hudait MK, Clavel M, Zhu Y, Goley PS, Kundu S, Maurya D, Priya S. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Mar 11: ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
  • Tensile Strained Germanium Nanowires Measured by Photocurrent Spectroscopy and X-ray Microdiffraction. Guilloy K, Pauc N, Gassenq A, Gentile P, Tardif S, Rieutord F, Calvo V. Nano Lett. 2015 Apr 8: Nano Lett
  • Germanium Nanowires-in-Graphite Tubes via Self-Catalyzed Synergetic Confined Growth and Shell-Splitting Enhanced Li-Storage Performance. Sun Y, Jin S, Yang G, Wang J, Wang C. ACS Nano. 2015 Mar 9. : ACS Nano
  • Carbon-Coated Germanium Nanowires on Carbon Nanofibers as Self-Supported Electrodes for Flexible Lithium-Ion Batteries. Li W, Li M, Yang Z, Xu J, Zhong X, Wang J, Zeng L, Liu X, Jiang Y, Wei X, Gu L, Yu Y. Small. 2015 Feb 2.: Small
  • Facile Synthesis of pH-sensitive Germanium Nanocrystals with High Quantum Yield for Intracellular Acidic Compartment Imaging. Li F, Wang J, Sun S, Wang H, Tang Z, Nie G. Small. 2015 Jan 12.: Small

Free Test Sample Program

We recognize many of our customers are purchasing small quantities directly online as trial samples in anticipation of placing a larger future order or multiple orders as a raw material for production. Since our primary business is the production of industrial quantities and/or highly consistent batches which can be used for commercial production and purchased repeatedly in smaller quantity, American Elements offers trial samples at no charge on the following basis. Within 6 months of purchasing materials directly online from us, you have the option to refer back to that order and advise that it is the intention of your company, institution or lab to either purchase a larger quantity, purchase the material in regular intervals or purchase more on some other basis.

We will then evaluate your future needs and assuming the quantity or number of future purchases qualify, we will fully credit your purchase price with the next order. Because of the many variables in the quantity and number of orders you may place, it is impossible to evaluate whether your future order(s) will qualify for this program prior to your placing your next order. Please know American Elements strongly desires to make this free sample program available to you and will make every effort to do so once your next order is placed.