Mechanism of cassava tuber cell wall weakening by dilute sodium hydroxide steeping.

Title Mechanism of cassava tuber cell wall weakening by dilute sodium hydroxide steeping.
Authors M. Odoch; E.M. Buys; J.R.N. Taylor
Journal Food Chem
DOI 10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.02.006

Steeping of cassava root pieces in 0.75% NaOH in combination with wet milling was investigated to determine whether and how dilute NaOH modifies cassava cell walls. Gas chromatography data of cell wall constituent sugar composition and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) data showed that NaOH steeping reduced the level of pectin in cassava cell walls. FTIR and wide-angle X-ray scattering spectroscopy also indicated that NaOH steeping combined with fine milling slightly reduced cellulose crystallinity. Scanning electron microscopy showed that NaOH steeping produced micropores in the cell walls and light microscopy revealed that NaOH steeping increased disaggregation of parenchyma cells. Steeping of ground cassava in NaOH resulted in a 12% decrease in large residue particles and approx. 4% greater starch yield with wet milling. Therefore dilute NaOH steeping can improve the effectiveness of wet milling in disintegrating cell walls through solubilisation of pectin, thereby reduced cell wall strength.

Citation M. Odoch; E.M. Buys; J.R.N. Taylor.Mechanism of cassava tuber cell wall weakening by dilute sodium hydroxide steeping.. Food Chem. 2017;228:338347. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.02.006

Related Elements


Sodium Bohr ModelSee more Sodium products. Sodium (atomic symbol: Na, atomic number: 11) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 22.989769. The number of electrons in each of Sodium's shells is [2, 8, 1] and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s1. The sodium atom has a radius of 185.8 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 227 pm. Sodium was discovered and first isolated by Sir Humphrey Davy in 1807. In its elemental form, sodium has a silvery-white metallic appearance. It is the sixth most abundant element, making up 2.6 % of the earth's crust. Sodium does not occur in nature as a free element and must be extracted from its compounds (e.g., feldspars, sodalite, and rock salt). The name Sodium is thought to come from the Arabic word suda, meaning "headache" (due to sodium carbonate's headache-alleviating properties), and its elemental symbol Na comes from natrium, its Latin name.

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