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Melting Point of Common Metals, Alloys, & Other Materials

The melting point of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure; at the melting point, the solid and liquid phases exist in equilibrium. A substance's melting point depends on pressure and is usually specified at standard pressure in reference materials. The melting point is also referred to as liquefaction point, solidus, or liquidus.

Determining the melting point of a material can provide information about its composition or purity.

Melting points of common materials Download Reference Sheet:
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Metals & Pure Elements
Atomic #Elementmp (C)mp (F)
89Actinium1050 °C1922 °F
13Aluminum660.32 °C1220.58 °F
95Americium1176 °C2149 °F
51Antimony630.63 °C1167.13 °F
18Argon-189.35 °C-308.83 °F
33Arsenic817 °C1503 °F
85Astatine302 °C576 °F
56Barium727 °C1341 °F
97Berkelium (beta)986 °C1807 °F
4Berylium1278 °C2349 °F
83Bismuth271.5 °C520.7 °F
5Boron2076 °C3769 °F
35Bromine-7.2°C19°F
48Cadmium321.07°C609.93°F
20Calcium842 °C1548 °F
98Californium900°C1652°F
6Carbon (graphite)>3527 °C>6381 °F
58Cerium795°C1463°F
55Cesium28.44°C83.19°F
17Chlorine-101.5 °C-150.7 °F
24Chromium1907 °C3465 °F
27Cobalt1495 °C2723 °F
29Copper1084.62 °C1984.32 °F
96Curium1340°C2444°F
66Dysprosium1407°C2565°F
99Einsteinium860°C1580°F
68Erbium1529°C2784°F
63Europium826°C1519°F
100Fermium1527°C2781°F
9Fluorine-219.62 °C-363.32 °F
87Francium27°C (approx.)80°F (approx.)
64Gadolinium1312°C2394°F
31Gallium29.7646 °C85.5763 °F
32Germanium938.25°C1720.85°F
79Gold1064.18°C1947.52°F
72Hafnium2233°C4051°F
2Helium (@ 2.5 MPa)-272.20 °C-457.96 °F
67Holmium1461°C2662°F
1Hydrogen-259.14 °C-434.45 °F
49Indium156.5985°C313.8773°F
53Iodine113.7°C236.66°F
77Iridium2466°C4471°F
26Iron1538 °C2800 °F
36Krypton-157.36°C-251.25°F
57Lanthanum920°C1688°F
82Lead327.46°C621.43°F
3Lithium180.54 °C356.97 °F
71Lutetium1652°C3006°F
12Magnesium650 °C1202 °F
25Manganese1246 °C2275 °F
101Mendelevium827°C1521°F
80Mercury-38.83°C-37.89°F
42Molybdenum2623°C4753°F
60Neodymium1024°C1875°F
10Neon-248.59 °C-415.46 °F
93Neptunium637°C1179°F
28Nickel1453 °C2651 °F
41Niobium2477°C4491°F
7Nitrogen-210.00 °C-346.00 °F
76Osmium3033°C5491°F
8Oxygen-218.79 °C-361.82 °F
46Palladium1554.9°C2830.82°F
15Phosphorus (white)44.2 °C111.6 °F
78Platinum1768.3°C3214.9°F
94Plutonium639.4°C1182.9°F
84Polonium254°C489°F
19Potassium63.38 °C146.08 °F
59Praseodymium935°C1715°F
61Promethium1042°C1908°F
91Protactinium1568°C2854°F
88Radium700°C1292°F
86Radon−71.15 °C−96 °F
75Rhenium3186°C5767°F
45Rhodium1964°C3567°F
37Rubidium39.31°C102.76°F
44Ruthenium2334°C4233°F
62Samarium1072°C1962°F
21Scandium1541 °C2806 °F
34Selenium221°C430°F
14Silicon1414 °C2577 °F
47Silver961.78°C1763.2°F
11Sodium97.72 °C207.9 °F
38Strontium777°C1431°F
16Sulfur115.21 °C239.38 °F
73Tantalum3017°C5463°F
43Technetium2157°C3915°F
52Tellurium449.51°C841.12°F
65Terbium1356°C2473°F
81Thallium304°C579°F
90Thorium1842°C3348°F
69Thulium1545°C2813°F
50Tin231.93°C449.47°F
22Titanium1668 °C3034 °F
74Tungsten3422°C6192°F
92Uranium1132.3 °C2070 °F
23Vanadium1910 °C3470 °F
54Xenon (@ 101.325 kPa)−111.7°C−169.1°F
70Ytterbium824°C1515°F
39Yttrium1526°C2779°F
30Zinc419.53 °C787.15 °F
40Zirconium1855°C3371°F
Alloys
Namemp (C)mp (F)
Aluminum-Cadmium Alloy1377 °C2511 °F
Aluminum-Calcium Alloy545 °C1013 °F
Aluminum-Cerium Alloy655 °C1211 °F
Aluminum-Copper Alloy548 °C1018 °F
Aluminum-Germanium Alloy427 °C801 °F
Aluminum-Gold Alloy569 °C1056 °F
Aluminum-Indium Alloy637 °C1179 °F
Aluminum-Iron Alloy1153 °C2107 °F
Aluminum-Magnesium Alloy437 °C819 °F
Aluminum-Nickel Alloy1385 °C2525 °F
Aluminum-Platinum Alloy1260 °C2300 °F
Aluminum-Silicon Alloy577 °C1071 °F
Aluminum-Zinc Alloy382 °C720 °F
Amalgam178-278 °C352.4-532.4 °F
Arsenic-Antimony Alloy605 °C1121 °F
Arsenic-Cobalt Alloy916 °C1681 °F
Arsenic-Copper Alloy685 °C1265 °F
Arsenic-Indium Alloy731 °C1348 °F
Arsenic-Iron Alloy1103 °C2017 °F
Arsenic-Manganese Alloy870 °C1598 °F
Arsenic-Nickel Alloy804 °C1479 °F
Arsenic-Tin Alloy579 °C1074 °F
Arsenic-Zinc Alloy723 °C1333 °F
Babbitt Metal 433-466 °C811.4-870.8 °F
Beryllium-Copper Alloy865 - 955 °C1587 - 1750 °F
Brass930 °C1710 °F
Brass, Admiralty900 - 940 °C1650 - 1720 °F
Brass, Yellow905 - 932 °C1660 - 1710 °F
Bronze, Aluminum600 - 655 °C1190 - 1215 °F
Bronze, Manganese865 - 890 °C1590 - 1630 °F
Copper Nickel1060-1240 °C1940-2264 °F
Field's Metal62 °C144 °F
Gold-Antimony Alloy360 °C680 °F
Gold-Bismuth Alloy241 °C466 °F
Gold-Cadmium Alloy500 °C932 °F
Gold-Cerium Alloy520 °C968 °F
Gold-Germanium Alloy356 °C673 °F
Gold-Lanthanum Alloy561 °C1042 °F
Gold-Lead Alloy215 °C419 °F
Gold-Magnesium Alloy575 °C1067 °F
Gold-Manganese Alloy960 °C1760 °F
Gold-Silicon Alloy363 °C685 °F
Gold-Sodium Alloy876 °C1609 °F
Gold-Tellurium Alloy416 °C781 °F
Gold-Thallium Alloy131 °C268 °F
Gold-Tin Alloy278 °C532 °F
Hastelloy C-2761323-1371 °C2415-2500 °F
Incoloy1390 - 1425 °C2540 - 2600 °F
Inconel1390 - 1425 °C2540 - 2600 °F
Invar1427 °C2600 °F
Iron, Cast1204 °C2200 °F
Iron, Cast (Gray)1175 - 1290 °C2150 - 2360 °F
Iron, Ductile1,150 - 1,200 °C2,100 – 2,190 °F
Iron, Wrought1482 °C2700 °F
Iron-Antimony Alloy748 °C1378 °F
Iron-Gadolinium Alloy850 °C1562 °F
Iron-Molybdenum Alloy1452 °C2646 °F
Iron-Niobium Alloy1370 °C2498 °F
Iron-Silicon Alloy1202 °C2196 °F
Iron-Tin Alloy1127 °C2061 °F
Iron-Yttrium Alloy900 °C1652 °F
Iron-Zirconium Alloy1327 °C2421 °F
Kovar1449 °C2640 °F
Lead-Antimony Alloy247 °C477 °F
Lead-Platinum Alloy290 °C554 °F
Lead-Praseodymium Alloy1042 °C1908 °F
Lead-Tellurium Alloy407 °C765 °F
Lead-Tin Alloy187 °C369 °F
Lead-Titanium Alloy725 °C1337 °F
Magnesium AZ31B~650 °C~1200 °F
Magnesium-Antimony Alloy582 °C1080 °F
Magnesium-Nickel Alloy507 °C945 °F
Magnesium-Praseodymium Alloy585 °C1085 °F
Magnesium-Silicon Alloy950 °C1742 °F
Magnesium-Strontium Alloy426 °C799 °F
Magnesium-Zinc Alloy342 °C648 °F
Molybdenum-Nickel Alloy1317 °C2403 °F
Molybdenum-Niobium Alloy2297 °C4167 °F
Molybdenum-Osmium Alloy2377 °C4311 °F
Molybdenum-Rhenium Alloy2507 °C4545 °F
Molybdenum-Ruthenium Alloy1927 °C3501 °F
Molybdenum-Silicon Alloy2077 °C3771 °F
Monel1300 - 1350 °C2370 - 2460 °F
Nickel-Antimony Alloy1102 °C2016 °F
Nickel-Tin Alloy1130 °C2066 °F
Nickel-Titanium Alloy1117 °C2043 °F
Nickel-Tungsten Alloy1500 °C2732 °F
Nickel-Vanadium Alloy1200 °C2192 °F
Nickel-Zinc Alloy875 °C1607 °F
Nitinol1300 °C2370 °F
Pewter240 °C464 °F
Red Brass990 - 1025 °C1810 - 1880 °F
Rose's Metal98 °C208 °F
Silver-Aluminum Alloy562 °C1044 °F
Silver-Antimony Alloy485 °C905 °F
Silver-Arsenic Alloy540 °C1004 °F
Silver-Calcium Alloy547 °C1017 °F
Silver-Cerium Alloy525 °C977 °F
Silver-Copper Alloy777 °C1431 °F
Silver-Germanium Alloy651 °C1204 °F
Silver-Lanthanum Alloy518 °C964 °F
Silver-Lead Alloy304 °C579 °F
Silver-Lithium Alloy145 °C293 °F
Silver-Magnesium Alloy472 °C882 °F
Silver-Palladium Alloy651 °C1204 °F
Silver-Silicon Alloy837 °C1539 °F
Silver-Strontium Alloy436 °C817 °F
Silver-Tellurium Alloy350 °C662 °F
Silver-Zirconium Alloy827 °C1521 °F
Steel, Carbon1425 - 1540 °C2600 - 2800 °F
Steel, Maraging1413 °C2575 °F
Steel, Stainless1510 °C2750 °F
Stellite315 – 600 °C600 – 1112 °F
Sterling Silver893 °C1640 °F
Ti-6Al-4V1604 - 1660 °C2920 - 3020 °F
Wood's Metal70 °C158 °F
Chemicals & Substances
Namemp (C)mp (F)
2-propanol-89.5 °C-129.1 °F
Acetic acid16.77 °C62.6 °F
Acetone-94 °C-137.2 °F
Agar85 °C185 °F
Alcohol, ethyl (ethanol)-114.38 °C-173.9 °F
Alcohol, methyl (methanol)-97.5 °C-143.5 °F
Ammonium-77.65 °C-107.77 °F
Ammonium Nitrate169.7 °C337.46 °F
Beeswax64 °C140 °F
Benzene5.72 °C42.3 °F
Boric Acid170.88 °C339.6 °F
Canola Oil-10 °C14 °F
Carbon Dioxide-56.6 °C-69.9 °F
Carbon Monoxide-120.6 °C-185.08 °F
Carbonic Acid210 °C410 °F
Chloroform-63.4 °C-82.12 °F
Citric Acid153 °C307.4 °F
Dextrose146 °C294.8 °F
Ethlyne-169.22 °C-272.6 °F
Ethylene Dichloride-35.5 °C-31.9 °F
Ethylene Glycol-12.8 °C8.96 °F
Fructose103 °C217.4 °F
Glucose146 °C294.8 °F
Glycerine17.77 °C64 °F
Hexane-95 °C-139 °F
Hydrochloric Acid−26 °C-14.8 °F
Hydrofluoric Acid-83.55 °C-118.4 °F
Hydrogen Peroxide-0.42 °C31.23 °F
Isopropyl Alcohol-89 °C-128.2 °F
Kerosene24-25 °C75.2-77 °F
Lauric Acid44 °C111.2 °F
Methanol-97.61 °C-143.7 °F
Nitric Acid-42 °C-43.6 °F
Palmitic Acid63 °C145.4 °F
Paraffin65.6 °C150 °F
Phosphoric Acid42.3 °C108.2 °F
Polystyrene240 °C464 °F
Polyvinyl Chloride100-260 °C212-500 °F
Propane-188 °C-306.4 °F
Propylene-185.11 °C-301.2 °F
Propylene glycol-60 °C-76 °F
Silica (silicon dioxide)1710 °C3110 °F
Sodium Chloride801 °C1474 °F
Sodium Hydroxide323 °C613.4 °F
Sodium Hypochlorite18 °C64.4 °F
Stearic Acid71.2 °C160.2 °F
Sucrose186 °C366.8 °F
Sulfuric Acid10.31 °C50.558 °F
Toluene-95 °C-139 °F
Water, Fresh0 °C32 °F
Water, Sea-2.38 °C27.7 °F