Monodisperse manganese oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, characterization, and chemical reactivity.

Title Monodisperse manganese oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, characterization, and chemical reactivity.
Authors T. Soejima; K. Nishizawa; R. Isoda
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2017.09.082

Highly monodisperse amorphous manganese oxide (MnOx) nanospheres with diameter of ca. 300nm have been obtained from ammonia aqueous solution of KMnO4 at room temperature. The amorphous MnOx nanospheres successfully converted to monodisperse K-OMS-2 (cryptomelane) and K-OMS-2/Mn2O3 nanoraspberries through calcination process at 600 and 800°C, respectively. Analyzing the structure of such amorphous MnOx has been a challenge because fewer reports are available to examine amorphous structure. Thus, shape, crystallinity, and structure of the amorphous and crystalline MnOx nanostructures were characterized in detail by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry/differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). We discussed a plausible formation mechanism of amorphous MnOx nanospheres based on the investigations. The obtained MnOx nanostructures have been demonstrated to possess oxidative degradation ability of Rhodamine B (RhB) under acidic aqueous condition without any additives such as chemical oxidizing agents and UV and/or visible light irradiation. RhB degradation rate of amorphous MnOx nanospheres was about one hundred times faster than that of K-OMS-2 nanoraspberries.

Citation T. Soejima; K. Nishizawa; R. Isoda.Monodisperse manganese oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, characterization, and chemical reactivity.. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2018;510:272279. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2017.09.082

Related Elements


See more Manganese products. Manganese (atomic symbol: Mn, atomic number: 25) is a Block D, Group 7, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 54.938045. Manganese Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Manganese's shells is [2, 8, 13, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d5 4s2. The manganese atom has a radius of 127 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 197 pm. Manganese was first discovered by Torbern Olof Bergman in 1770 and first isolated by Johann Gottlieb Gahn in 1774. In its elemental form, manganese has a silvery metallic appearance. Elemental ManganeseIt is a paramagnetic metal that oxidizes easily in addition to being very hard and brittle. Manganese is found as a free element in nature and also in the minerals pyrolusite, braunite, psilomelane, and rhodochrosite. The name Manganese originates from the Latin word mangnes, meaning "magnet."

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