SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture
Flam. Liq. 2: H225
Rep. Tox. 2: H361
Spec. Organ Tox., Single exposure 3: H372
Spec. Target Organ Tox., Repeated exposure 1,2:
Eye irritation 2: H319
Sensitization 1: H317
Skin irritation 3: H315
Environmental hazard: Chronic Aquatic Toxicity 3: H412
2.2 Label elements
Signal word: DANGER
Highly flammable liquid and vapor.
Causes skin irritation.
May cause allergic skin reaction.
Causes serious eye irritation.
May cause drowsiness and dizziness.
Suspected of causing cancer.
Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
Causes damages to organs (lungs, central nervous system, inner ear) through prolonged or repeated exposure by inhalation.
Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Keep out of reach of children.
Obtain special instructions before use.
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, flames, and other ignition sources. No Smoking.
Keep container tightly closed.
Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.
Take action to prevent static discharges.
Do not breathe mist/vapors/spray.
Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
Avoid release to the environment.
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection.
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse. Wash with plenty of water.
IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell.
If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
In case of fire: Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, chemical foam, or water spray to extinguish.
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
Store locked up.
Dispose of contents/container in accordance to local/regional/international regulations.
SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Nickel (7440-02-0) 30-60%
SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES
Symptoms: Immediate: irritation, redness.
Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.
Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do.
If eye irritation persists:
Get medical attention.
Symptoms: Immediate: irritation, pain, redness; Delayed: dry skin, rash.
Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
Wash with plenty of water.
If skin irritation or rash persists, get medical attention.
Symptoms: Immediate: dizziness, drowsiness, headaches, nausea, cough, blurred vision, fatigue.
Remove person to fresh air (out of the contaminated zone) and keep comfortable for breathing.
If feeling unwell, call a POISON CENTER/doctor.
If exposed or concerned: Get medical advice.
Symptoms: Immediate: nausea, sore throat, diarrhea, drowsiness, or dizziness.
Call a POISON CENTRE/doctor if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. If
exposed or concerned: Get medical advice.
Note to physician
Medical Conditions generally
Aggravated by Exposure: ND
SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES
Flash Point: -17°C.
Lower bound FP estimate is based on the closed cup value for the acetone component.
LFL 1% UFL 12% (in volume%)
Values based on 1-methoxy-2-propanol acetate, which is the component with the lowest auto-
Fire Extinguishing Media:
Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam to extinguish
Special Fire Fighting Procedures:
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and full fire-fighting turn-out gear for fire-fighting
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards:
Will burn if involved in a fire.
The liquid may float on water and ignite.
Vapors are heavier than air, and may travel to sources of ignition near the ground.
Vapors may travel long distances and ignite at an ignition source, which can cause a flashback or an explosion. Produces irritating and toxic fumes in fires or in contact with hot surfaces. May produce very toxic nickel carbonyl gas in the presence of carbon monoxide in a reducing atmosphere.
Hazardous combustion products:
Produces CO, CO2, nitrous oxides, nickel oxides, and smoke. May produce a very toxic nickel carbonyl gas in presence of CO.
SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
Steps to be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled:
Remove all sources of ignition. Provide adequate ventilation. Wear appropriate personal protection.
Precautions for response: Do not breathe the mist/spray/vapors. Remove or keep away all sources
of extreme heat or open flames.
Cleaning: Collect liquid in a sealable, solvent-resistant container. Sprinkle inert absorbent compound (such as soil, sand, vermiculite) onto spill, then sweep into the container. Wipe up further residue with paper towel and place in container. Wash spill area with soap and water to remove the last traces of residue.
Environmental precautions: Avoid releasing to the environment. Prevent spill from entering drains and waterways.
Recommendation: A metal container is suggested. Dispose of spill waste according to Section 13
Waste Disposal Methods: Dispose of waste according to Federal, State and Local Regulations.
SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
Precautions to be taken in Handling and Storage.
Keep out of reach of children. Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other
ignition sources. No smoking. Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Ground and bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting equipment. Take
precautionary measures against static discharge. Keep container tightly closed. Do not breathe
mist/vapors/spray. Do not eat, drink, or smoke when using this product. Store in well-ventilated place. Store locked up.
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Avoid release to the environment.
SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION
Keep airborne concentrations below exposure limits given in Section 3.
Recommendation: Respect the time weighted average of 20 ppm for toluene.
Personal Protection Equipment
For over-exposures up to 10 x OEL of mist/vapors/spray, wear respirator such as a half-mask respirator with organic vapor cartridges. Above 10 x OEL, use a positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator or a self-contained breathing apparatus. RECOMMENDATION:
Consult your local safety supply store to ensure your respirator has filter cartridges appropriate for the ingredients listed in section 3 of this SDS, and that the respirator is fitted to the employee by a professional.
Recommendation: Consult your local safety supply store to ensure your respirator has filter cartridges appropriate for the ingredients listed in section 3 of this
MSDS, and that the respirator is fitted to the employee by a professional. Ensure vapor cartridges are stored in sealed plastic bags when not being used.
For likely contacts, use of protective butyl rubber, fluorinated rubber, or other chemically
resistant gloves. For incidental contacts, use nitrile, neoprene, PVC gloves, or other chemically-resistant gloves.
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin contact.
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles.
Recommendation: Use safety glasses with lateral protection (side shields).
General hygiene considerations:
Wash hands thoroughly with water and soap after handling.
Additional clothing and/or equipment:
See Composition/Information on Ingredients
SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance and Physical State:
Steel grey liquid.
Benzene like, sweetish (2 ppm)
Specific Gravity (H2O=1):
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg):
100 hPa [75 mmHg]
Vapor Density (air=1):
Percent Volatile by volume:
VOC (Volatile Organic Content) = 27% [466 g/L]
Evaporation Rate (butyl acetate=1):
Freezing point / melting point:
≥34 mm2/s @40°C
Solubility in Water:
SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Ignition sources, open flames, excessive heat, and incompatible substances.
Materials to Avoid (Incompatibility):
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong bases, ammonium nitrate,
perchlorates, phosphorus, selenium, and sulfur.
Reactivity: The nickel can react vigorously with acids and liberate hydrogen, which can form an explosive mixture in air. Nickel may react with carbon monoxide in a reducing atmosphere to form a very toxic nickel carbonyl gas.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Will not decompose under normal conditions. For thermal decomposition, see combustion products in Section 5.
Will not occur.
SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Routes of exposure:
eyes, ingestion, inhalation, and skin.
Cause eye redness and severe irritation.
May causes skin redness and mild irritation.
May cause drowsiness, dizziness, cough, headaches, nausea, unconsciousness.
May cause nausea, sore throat, and diarrhea (see inhalation symptoms).
Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause skin dryness, cracking, as well as defatting the skin.
Chronic inhalation exposure to nickel dust or mist may affect the central nervous system, damage lungs, and lead to hearing loss with co-exposure to loud noises.
Ingestion or inhalation of paint material, mist, or vapor during pregnancy may increase the chances fetal death and developmental defects.
The toluene component is a known severe skin irritant.
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.
Serious eye damage/irritation:
Acetone, ethanol, and ethyl acetate cause serious eye irritations. Contains mechanically abrasive particles.
Sensitization (allergic reactions): Nickel may cause skin sensitization in humans.
Carcinogenicity (risk of cancer):
Nickel is classified as a suspect carcinogen based on animal intratracheal
instillation (intubation) or interperitoneal (in body cavity) injection studies. A reliable 2008 study by Oller et al. shows no carcinogenicity for the nickel metal via normal inhalation route. Evidence of carcinogenicity of ethanol relates to excessive alcoholic beverage consumption, and doesn’t relate to exposure risks when used in the workplace or as a non-comestible consumer product.
SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Acute ecotoxicity: Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Avoid release to the environment.
Biodegradability: The nickel content is not biodegradable.
Note: Nickel can be recovered from the waste to reclaim the value of the nickel.
Chemical Fate Information:
SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
RCRA 40 CFR 261 Classification:
Federal, State and local laws governing disposal of materials can differ. Ensure proper disposal compliance with proper authorities before disposal.
SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
Classified as Consumer Commodity. Ground USA: -4L size and smaller
US DOT Information: Proper shipping name:
Hazard Class: 3
IATA: Proper shipping name:
Proper shipping name: Paint
Hazard class: 3
Packing group: II
UN Number: UN1263
SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
SDS complies with OSHA’s Hazard Communication Rule 29, CFR 1910.1200.
CAA (Clean Air Act, USA)
This product does not contain any class 1 ozone depleting substances.
This product does not contain any class 2 ozone depleting substances.
This product contains toluene (CAS# 108-88-3), which is listed as hazardous air pollutants.
(Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986, USA, 40 CFR 372.4)
SARA Title III:
This product contains Toluene (CAS# 108-88-3, 13%) and Nickel (CAS #7440-02-0 (45%),
toxic chemicals subject to the reporting requirements of section 313 of Title III of the superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 and 40 CFR part 372
(Emergency Planning and Right to Know Act, USA, 40 CFR 372.45
This product contains toluene (CAS# 108-88-3) and nickel (CAS# 7440-02-0) subject to the reporting requirements of section 313 Title III of the SARA of 1986 and 40 CFR part 372.
(Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976, USA) All substances are TSCA listed.
The following components are listed:
RQ is 1000lbs, Acetone(67-64-1)
RQ is 5000 lbs,
Nickel (CAS #7440-02-0)
RQ is 100 lbs, Ethyl acetate (141-78-6)
RQ is 5000lbs. State Regulations
California Proposition 65:
Warning! This product is or contains chemical(s) known to the state of California to cause cancer or reproductive harm.
This product contains Nickel,( metallic), which is listed as a carcinogen.
This product contains toluene, which is listed as reproductively toxic.
Canada WHMIS: Domestic Substance List (DSL) / Non-Domestic Substance Lists (NDSL)
All hazardous ingredients are listed on the DSL/NDSL.
Europe EINECS Numbers:
This product does not contain any lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, PBB’s, or PBDE’s, and complies with European RoHS regulations.