20th anniversary seal20th anniversary seal20th anniversary seal

Potassium Perchlorate

CAS #:

Linear Formula:

KClO4

MDL Number:

MFCD00011362

EC No.:

231-912-9

ORDER

PRODUCT Product Code ORDER SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
(2N) 99% Potassium Perchlorate
K-PCL-02
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(3N) 99.9% Potassium Perchlorate
K-PCL-03
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(4N) 99.99% Potassium Perchlorate
K-PCL-04
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(5N) 99.999% Potassium Perchlorate
K-PCL-05
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
Question? Ask an American Elements EngineerWHOLESALE/SKU 0000-742-13122

Potassium Perchlorate Properties

Compound Formula

ClKO4

Molecular Weight

138.56

Appearance

White Powder

Melting Point

525° C (977° F)

Boiling Point

600° C (1,112° F)

Density (Theoretical)

2.5239 g/cm3

Exact Mass

137.912

Monoisotopic Mass

137.912

Potassium Perchlorate Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H271-H302
Hazard Codes O,Xn
Risk Codes 9-22
Safety Statements 13-22-27
RTECS Number SC9700000
Transport Information UN 1489 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 3
GHS Pictograms

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 11/24/2017
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Potassium Perchlorate

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. K-PCL-02 , K-PCL-03 , K-PCL-04 , K-PCL-05

CAS #: 7778-74-7

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
10884 Weyburn Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America +1 800-424-9300
International +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
GHS03 Flame over circle
Ox. Sol. 1 H271 May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer.
GHS07
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmful if swallowed.
Hazards not otherwise classified
No information known.
Label elements
Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
The substance is classified and labeled according to the CLP regulation.
Hazard pictograms

Flame Over Circle - GHS03 Exclamation Mark - GHS07

GHS03
GHS07
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements
H271 May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer.
H302 Harmful if swallowed.
Precautionary statements
P221 Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles.
P283 Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
P306+P360 IF ON CLOTHING: rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P371+P380+P375 In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/
national/international regulations.
WHMIS classification
C - Oxidizing materials
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
2
2
3
Health (acute effects) = 2
Flammability = 2
Physical Hazard = 3
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT:
Not applicable.
vPvB:
Not applicable.


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Chemical characterization: Substances
CAS# Description:
7778-74-7 Potassium perchlorate
Identification number(s):
EC number:
231-912-9
Index number:
017-008-00-5


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
General information
Immediately remove any clothing soiled by the product.
After inhalation
Supply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After skin contact
Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After eye contact
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.
After swallowing
Seek medical treatment.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
No further relevant information available.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents
Carbon dioxide, extinguishing powder or water spray. Fight larger fires with water spray or alcohol resistant foam.
For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing agents
Halocarbon extinguisher
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
This substance is an oxidizer and its heat of reaction with reducing agents or combustibles may cause ignition.
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Potassium oxide
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Environmental precautions:
Do not allow product to reach sewage system or any water course.
Methods and material for containment and cleaning up:
Dispose of contaminated material as waste according to section 13.
Prevention of secondary hazards:
Acts as an oxidizing agent on organic materials such as wood, paper and fats
Keep away from combustible material.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Handle under dry protective gas.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.
Prevent formation of dust.
Information about protection against explosions and fires:
Substance/product can reduce the ignition temperature of flammable substances.
This substance is an oxidizer and its heat of reaction with reducing agents or combustibles may cause ignition.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
No special requirements.
Information about storage in one common storage facility:
Store away from flammable substances.
Store away from reducing agents.
Do not store with organic materials.
Store away from metal powders.
Store away from water/moisture.
Store away from oxidizing agents.
Further information about storage conditions:
Store under dry inert gas.
This product is hygroscopic.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.
Protect from humidity and water.
Specific end use(s)
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
The product does not contain any relevant quantities of materials with critical values that have to be monitored at the workplace.
Additional information:
No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
General protective and hygienic measures
The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
Breathing equipment:
Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.
Recommended filter device for short term use:
Use a respirator with type P100 (USA) or P3 (EN 143) cartridges as a backup to engineering controls. Risk assessment should be performed to determine if air-purifying respirators are appropriate. Only use equipment tested and approved under appropriate government standards.
Protection of hands:
Impervious gloves
Check protective gloves prior to each use for their proper condition.
The selection of suitable gloves not only depends on the material, but also on quality. Quality will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.
Material of gloves
Nitrile rubber, NBR
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes)
480
Glove thickness
0.11 mm
Eye protection:
Safety glasses
Body protection:
Protective work clothing


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
General Information
Appearance:
Form: Powder
Color: White
Odor: Odorless
Odor threshold: Not determined.
pH-value: Not applicable.
Change in condition
Melting point/Melting range: 301-304 °C (574-579 °F)
Boiling point/Boiling range: Not determined
Sublimation temperature / start: Not determined
Flammability (solid, gaseous)
Contact with combustible material may cause fire.
Ignition temperature: Not determined
Decomposition temperature: Not determined
Auto igniting: Not determined.
Danger of explosion: Explosive when mixed with combustible material.
Explosion limits:
Lower: Not determined
Upper: Not determined
Vapor pressure: Not applicable.
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 2.52 g/cm³ (21.029 lbs/gal)
Relative density
Not determined.
Vapor density
Not applicable.
Evaporation rate
Not applicable.
Solubility in / Miscibility with Water at 100 °C (212 °F): 218 g/l
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): Not determined.
Viscosity:
dynamic: Not applicable.
kinematic: Not applicable.
Other information
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity
May intensify fire; oxidizer.
May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer.
Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
Reacts with strong oxidizing agents
Reacts with reducing agents
Reacts with flammable substances
Conditions to avoid
No further relevant information available.
Incompatible materials:
Flammable substances
Reducing agents
Water/moisture
Oxidizing agents
Organic materials
Metal powders
Hazardous decomposition products:
Hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Potassium oxide


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity:
Harmful if swallowed.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification:
No data
Skin irritation or corrosion:
May cause irritation
Eye irritation or corrosion:
May cause irritation
Sensitization:
No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity:
No effects known.
Carcinogenicity:
No classification data on carcinogenic properties of this material is available from the EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.
Reproductive toxicity:
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains reproductive data for this substance.
Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure:
No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure:
No effects known.
Aspiration hazard:
No effects known.
Subacute to chronic toxicity:
No effects known.
Additional toxicological information:
To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.
Carcinogenic categories
OSHA-Ca (Occupational Safety & Health Administration)
Substance is not listed.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity:
No further relevant information available.
Persistence and degradability
No further relevant information available.
Bioaccumulative potential
No further relevant information available.
Mobility in soil
No further relevant information available.
Additional ecological information:
General notes:
Do not allow undiluted product or large quantities to reach ground water, water course or sewage system.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT:
Not applicable.
vPvB:
Not applicable.
Other adverse effects
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation
Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation:
Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


SECTION 14. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

UN-Number
DOT, IMDG, IATA
UN1489
UN proper shipping name
DOT
Potassium perchlorate
IMDG, IATA
POTASSIUM PERCHLORATE
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT
Class
5.1 Oxidising substances.
Label
5.1
Class
5.1 (O2) Oxidizing substances
Label
5.1
IMDG, IATA
Class
5.1 Oxidising substances.
Label
5.1
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA
II
Environmental hazards:
Not applicable.
Special precautions for user
Warning: Oxidizing substances
EMS Number: F-H,S-Q
Segregation groups
Perchlorates
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
Not applicable.
Transport/Additional information:
DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT):
No
UN "Model Regulation":
UN1489, Potassium perchlorate, 5.1, Il


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Domestic Substances List (DSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
Substance is not listed.
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male
Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006.
Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the market and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
Substance is not listed.
Chemical safety assessment:
A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About Potassium Perchlorate

Potassium Perchlorate is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. Perchlorates are salts derived from perchloric acid and are commonly used within the pyrotechnics industry. Perchlorates are both naturally occurring and manufactured. Although they do not typically explode or catch fire, most mixtures of perchlorates with organic compounds are reactive. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Potassium Perchlorate Synonyms

Potassium Perchlorate; Perchloracap; Astrumal; Peroidin, Irenal; Irenat; Potassium hyperchloride; Potassium perchlorate anh; Perchloric acid, potassium salt

Potassium Perchlorate Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula

KClO4

Pubchem CID

516900

MDL Number

MFCD00011362

EC No.

231-912-9

Beilstein Registry No.

N/A

IUPAC Name

potassium perchlorate

SMILES

[K+].[O-]Cl(=O)(=O)=O

InchI Identifier

InChI=1S/ClHO4.K/c2-1(3,4)5;/h(H,2,3,4,5);/q;+1/p-1

InchI Key

YLMGFJXSLBMXHK-UHFFFAOYSA-M

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Elements

Elemental PotassiumSee more Potassium products. Potassium (atomic symbol: K, atomic number: 19) is a Block S, Group 1, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 39.0983. The number of electrons in each of Potassium's shells is [2, 8, 8, 1] and its electron configuration is [Ar] 4s1. The potassium atom has a radius of 227.2 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 275 pm. Potassium was discovered and first isolated by Sir Humphrey Davy in 1807. Potassium is the seventh most abundant element on earth. It is one of the most reactive and electropositive of all metals and rapidly oxidizes. As with other alkali metals, potassium decomposes in water with the evolution of hydrogen because of its reacts violently with water, it only occurs in nature in ionic salts.Potassium Bohr Model In its elemental form, potassium has a silvery gray metallic appearance, but its compounds (such as potassium hydroxide) are more frequently used in industrial and chemical applications. The origin of the element's name comes from the English word 'potash,' meaning pot ashes, and the Arabic word qali, which means alkali. The symbol K originates from the Latin word kalium.

Chlorine is a Block P, Group 17, Period 3 element.. Its electron configuration is [Ne]3s23p5. The chlorine atom has a covalent radius of 102±4 pm and its Van der Waals radius is 175 pm. In its elemental form, CAS 7440-44-0, chlorine is a yellow-green gas. Chlorine is the second lightest halogen after fluorine. it has the third highest electronegativity and the highest electron affinity of all the elements making it a strong oxidizing agent. It is rarely found by itself in nature. Chlorine was discovered and first isolated by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1774. It was first recognized as an element by Humphry Davy in 1808.

TODAY'S SCIENCE POST!

November 24, 2017
Los Angeles, CA
Each business day American Elements' scientists & engineers post their choice for the most exciting materials science news of the day

London's buses will soon be fueled by recycled coffee grounds