Removal of selenate from brine using anaerobic bacteria and zero valent iron.

Title Removal of selenate from brine using anaerobic bacteria and zero valent iron.
Authors J. Liu; J.C. Taylor; S.A. Baldwin
Journal J Environ Manage
DOI 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.05.095

The mining industry needs to treat large volumes of wastewater highly concentrated in chemical compounds that can adversely affect receiving environments. One promising method of treatment is the use of reverse osmosis to remove most of the dissolved salts. However, the resulting brine reject is a highly saline wastewater that needs further treatment to remove the toxic components, such as selenate, which is a chemical compound of great concern in coal-mining regions. Biological reduction and removal of dissolved selenium from a brine solution was achieved. Microorganisms were enriched from environmental samples collected from two mines, respectively, at different geographic locations through adaptive evolution in the laboratory. Batch treatment of typical brine was tested with two different enrichments with the addition of either of two chemical forms of iron, ferrous chloride or zero valent iron. Successful selenium removal in the presence of high nitrate and sulphate concentrations was achieved with a combination of enriched microorganisms from one particular site and the addition of zero-valent iron. The composition and metabolic potential of the enriched microorganisms revealed Clostridium, Sphaerochaeta, Synergistes and Desulfosporosinus species with the metabolic potential for selenate reduction through the YgfK enzymatic process associated with selenium detoxification.

Citation J. Liu; J.C. Taylor; S.A. Baldwin.Removal of selenate from brine using anaerobic bacteria and zero valent iron.. J Environ Manage. 2018;222:348358. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.05.095

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